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ACHIEVEMENTS IN CHINA-ASEAN PART

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					ACHIEVEMENTS IN CHINA-
  ASEAN PARTNERSHIP



             Chin Kin Wah
            Deputy Director
 Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
 Brief Historical Background
  From ASEAN’s formation (1967) to formalization of
  ASEAN-China relations (1991):

• Communist insurgencies in S-E Asia: the China threat
  syndrome
• Confrontations of the lingering first cold war
• Mutual suspicions of the 1970’s
• Disruptive impact of the Cultural Revolution (1966-76)
• Border disputes & territorial claims in S. China Sea
  (1980’s – mid 1990’s)
• The second cold war (1979-1991):
    S-E divided by Cambodia conflict
    Sino-Vietnamese confrontation
    Some Positive Counter-currents
• 1978: Economic reforms & opening up of China
• 1978: Deng Xiaoping’s visit to Thailand, Malaysia,
  Singapore – friendly ties on the principles of peaceful
  coexistence
• Importance of a stable regional environment to China &
  ASEAN
• Normalisation of bilateral relations between China &
  regional states – process completed by 1991
• Dissipation of regional cold war & arrival of “one
  Southeast Asia”
• Strengthening of ASEAN’s role in regional affairs
 Progressive Engagement between China &
                 ASEAN
• July 1991: Chinese Foreign Minister attended
  opening of AMM – first informal meeting
• Sept 1993: ASEAN Sec-Gen led ASEAN
  delegation to Beijing. Explored strengthening of
  economic & functional cooperation. China
  effectively became ASEAN consultative partner
• July 1994: 2 joint committees formed – (a) trade &
  economic matters (b) science & technology
• July 1994: China participated in first ARF meeting
  in Bangkok
• April 1995: First ASEAN-China political
  consultations @ senior official level in Hangzhou
• 1996: China became full dialogue partner of
  ASEAN
• 1997: First meeting of the ASEAN-China Joint
  Cooperation Committee (Beijing). ASEAN-China
  Cooperation Fund established
      Progressive Strengthening of
         Confidence Building

• Early 1990’s: Track 2 workshops on the S China Sea
• Confidence building through multilateral frameworks
  such as ARF
• 1997 Asian Financial Crisis – opportunity for China to
  be supportive (no RMB devaluation; assistance to
  affected ASEAN countries)
• Dec 1997: ASEAN + 3 Summit & Informal ASEAN-
  China summit; Joint statement of partnership of good
  neighbourliness & mutual trust
• 2002 Phnom Penh summit:
   Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the S. China
    Sea.
   Declaration on Cooperation in Non-Traditional Security
    (drug-trafficking, trafficking in persons, illegal
    immigration, sea piracy, terrorism, arms smuggling,
    money laundering, etc.)


• 2003 ASEAN-China summit:
   China became first ASEAN Partner to accede to TAC.
   China became the first “strategic partner” of ASEAN.
   China reiterated willingness to work towards signing
    protocol to SEANWFZ treaty
     Economic Underpinnings

• China currently the 4th trading partner of ASEAN
  after the US, Japan and EU
• Nov 2002: Signing of Framework Agreement on
  Comprehensive Economic Cooperation:
    ASEAN-China FTA by 2010 for more developed
     ASEAN members and by 2015 for CLMV countries
    Oct 2003: Early Harvest Programme to accelerate tariff
     reduction & elimination – implemented since Jan 2004
Nov 2004 ASEAN-China Summit:
  Agreement on Trade in Goods
  Agreement on Dispute Settlement Mechanism

  Now working on agreement on trade in services
   & on investments
   Functional Underpinnings
• Nov 2001 ASEAN-China Summit (Brunei):
  Agreed to focus on 5 priority areas:
  Agriculture
  ICT
  HRD
  Development of Mekong River Basin
  2-way investment
• March 2005 (6th ASEAN-China Joint Coop
  Committee). China proposed 5 new priority
  areas:
  Energy
  Transport
  Culture
  Public Health
  Tourism
   Institutional Underpinnings
• ASEAN-China Summit as key decision-making,
  direction-setting mechanism
• ASEAN-China Foreign Ministers Meeting for
  overall coordination
• ASEAN-China Senior Officials Consultations
  (strategic, political & security cooperation)
• ASEAN-China Joint Cooperation Committee
  (custodian of ASEAN-China Cooperation Fund,
  oversees implementation of ASEAN-China Plan
  of Action)
• Sectorial dialogue mechanisms
      China-ASEAN Partnership: Some
               Conclusions

•   Rapid development over the past 15 years but at a
    pace comfortable to both sides
•   Underpinned by substantive economic and functional
    cooperation
•   Wide ranging and multi-faceted
•   Underpinned by a range of mechanisms to facilitate
    cooperation
•   Moved from rudimentary confidence building to a
    strategic partnership for peace & prosperity
•   Not an exclusive partnership but one open to rest of
    the world & integrated with the global economy –
    namely, reflecting an open & inclusive approach

				
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posted:10/15/2010
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