Portugal

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					Travel tips to European Countries: Portugal

About the county

Portugal was a world power in 15th and 16th century but was reduced to
rubbles during an earthquake in 1755, Napoleon’s Invasion and Brazil’s
Independence. Sharing the Iberian Peninsula with Spain and bordering
Atlantic Ocean by both west and south coast it is popular for its long
and varied coastline, sunny climate and the charming towns makes it a
traveler’s paradise. Lisbon is the capital of Portugal.

The best thing about Portugal is that despite being a part of modern
Europe one can still find the rural dwellings which has stood by time and
has preserved its traditions. While modern architectural marvels like
high-rise resorts dot the coast in the Southern province of the Algarve,
Lisbon on the west coast on the other hand is a crowded city home to many
fine tourist resorts. If you want to go back in time you have to just
travel few miles north or east where you will see scenic countryside
still resemble medieval villages and towns of earlier centuries.

Population & Languages

The population of Portugal is roughly 10.6 million and the official
language being spoken is Portuguese. Mirandese is also second officially
language spoken in some parts of Portugal.

Electricity

The voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used
are round pin with attachment and "Schuko" plug and receptacle with side
grounding contacts.

Geographic Location

It is located in Southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It shares
the Iberian Peninsula with Spain in north and east and borders Atlantic
Ocean by both west and south coast.

Climate

The climate of Portugal can be classified into two. It is oceanic in the
north and Mediterranean in the south. It is also one of the warmest
countries of Europe. The average temperatures in the mainland are 13°C
(55°F) in the north and 18°C (64°F) in the south. Summers are hot and
dry. Winters are cold and wet. Spring and autumn are the best seasons to
visit Portugal.

Local Customs
Casual dressing is acceptable. But keep in mind not to wear beachwear in
towns. Smoking is allowed after meals in Restaurants. Smoking is
prohibited in theatres, cinemas and buses. Tipping is 10 to 15 percent in
restaurant and hotels and 10 percent to taxis.

Attractions
Castelo de Sao Jorge – Castle of St. George
Alfama - The oldest part of Lisbon
Sé (Cathedral) - first church in Lisbon
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Museum
The Bairro Alto - The Bairro Alto district, an historic enclave dating
back to 1513
Monument to the Discoveries - One of the popular attractions in Lisbon is
the monument, situated on the riverbank in the Avenida de Brasilia in the
district of Belem, which was designed to commemorate the Portuguese Age
of Discovery
Tower of Belem - This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Parque das Nacoes
Fatima
Museu Nacional de Soares dos Reis - dedicated to Soares dos Reis, the
famous sculptor born and bred in Porto
Igreja de Sao Francisco
Solar Vinho do Porto
Vila Nova de Gaia
Frederico de Freitas Museum
Sao Vicente Caves
Cable Car
Cathedral
Whale Museum
Porto Santo
Setubal
Coimbra
Coimbra University
Guimaraes
Guimaraes church and palace
Braganca

Travel

By Air – The national airline of Portugal is TAP Air Portugal (TP). The
airlines operates direct flights to many destinations like Faro, Lisbon
and Porto from a number of countries, including Canada, France, Spain,
the UK and USA. Portugalia Airlines (NI) operates flights from Europe.
Many popular airlines that fly to Poland from UK are British Airways, GB
Airways and Monarch Airlines, Easyjet, bmibaby, Jet 2, MyTravelLite,
Flybe, Flyglobespan and SATA.The biggest airport is Lisbon International
Airport which is located like 4.5 miles north of the city.

By Sea – The main ports for international passengers are Lisbon, Leixes
(Oporto), Funchal (Madeira) and Portimão (Algarve), served by Cunard,
Italia, Linea C, Olympia, P&O and Union Cas

By Rail – If coming from UK, the fastest way is to get on Eurostar train
to Paris and from Paris to Portugal by Sud-Express.

Road – Spain is the only country sharing border with Portugal. The major
border posts are open most of the time now.

Duty Free Items
1. Up to 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g smoking
tobacco for Non-European union countries.
2. 1 liter spirits with alcohol greater than 22%, or 2 liter spirits or
aperitifs made of wine less than 22% or sparkling wines or liqueurs, or a
proportionate mix of these, and 2 liters of wine
3. perfume up to 50g and 250ml eau de toilette
4. Gifts up to €175
5. 500g coffee or 100g tea or 40g of tea extract
6. Medicines for personal use

Prohibited Items

Birds and poultry arriving from countries infected with Avian influenza,
Un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, Narcotics, firearms, ammunition,
weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic
beverages that contain more than sixty per cent alcohol.

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