The Politics of Internet Security 21st November 2006

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					The Politics of
Internet Security
21st November 2006


Richard Allan, Head of Govt Affairs UK and Ireland, Cisco




                                                            1
The Main Political Stage
References to “internet” in House of Commons
Hansard 2001-2005
                                                                 References to Internet - Cumulative Totals


                        450


                        400


                        350


                        300
 Number of References




                                                                                                                                                 2001
                        250                                                                                                                      2002
                                                                                                                                                 2003
                        200                                                                                                                      2004
                                                                                                                                                 2005

                        150


                        100


                        50


                         0
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                                                                                                                                                        2
Parliamentary Questions - Commons
Numbers of answers to Parliamentary Questions
referring to “internet” in the Commons 2001-2005
   600




   500




   400




   300                                        References




   200




   100




    0
         2001   2002    2003    2004   2005

                                                           3
       What are they talking about (1)?
Commons Hansard (30 Oct 2006) Iraq
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 30 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
Previous Section Index Home Page 30 Oct 2006 : Column 40 Points of Order 4.31 pm Mr. If exemptions are going to be made to allow a group of that size
                                                                                                                             DODGY GOODS
to trade in imitation firearms on the internet or otherwise, a huge part of this Bill will be wrecked before it is enacted. .....
Commons Hansard (26 Oct 2006) Employment
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 26 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
but may we have debate about child pornography so that we can combat the distribution of such material and its accessibility on the internet? The
availability of that filth is much greater these days, precisely because of the internet. .....                             PORNOGRAPHY
Commons Hansard (26 Oct 2006) Employment
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 26 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                      GPS
Previous Section Index Home Page 26 Oct 2006 : Column 1767 I accept, however, that we cannot rest on our laurels, and we must still do more. Half of all
motorists have planned routes using internet mapping, which is a closely associated technology. .....
Commons Hansard (25 Oct 2006) Pakistan
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 25 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                              CENSORSHIP
25 Oct 2006 : Column 1500 Michael Gove (Surrey Heath) (Con): The Minister will be aware that the Vietnamese Government have been responsible for a
campaign of censorship that has seen the internet filtered and two newspapers closed down. .....
Commons Hansard (24 Oct 2006) petitions
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 24 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                              CENSORSHIP
Previous Section Index Home Page 24 Oct 2006 : Column 367WH Human Rights (Burma) 11 am Mr. It offers access to a library of 30,000 uncensored
books, newspapers and journals, the BBC World Service radio and the internet. .....
Commons Hansard (24 Oct 2006) petitions
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 24 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                            CALL CENTRES
From the 1970s onwards, it was clear that call centres were here to stay, because of the internet, modern technology and so on, in the sense that it is
possible to access information across the globe by pressing a button or two. .....
Commons Hansard (24 Oct 2006) petitions
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 24 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                RESEARCH
Previous Section Index Home Page Question accordingly agreed to. He researched the company involved long and hard by using the internet; The
association should have regulations in place so that, at the very least, these companies are investigated and their financial returns examined; .....
Commons Hansard (23 Oct 2006) Rape
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 23 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                            PORNOGRAPHY
We have done extraordinarily well in the work that has been done in trying to control other areas of abuse on the internet, such as child pornography,
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although we are always running to catch up, but let us grab hold of this one before it is too late. .....
Commons Hansard (23 Oct 2006) Rape
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 23 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
A few years ago I was a member of the Home Office's internet child protection taskforce, which was responsible for a number of issues, not least the
                                                                                                                            PORNOGRAPHY
drafting of those parts of the Sexual Offences Act 2003, considered by the House in the last Parliament, that created the new offence of grooming. .....
Commons Hansard (23 Oct 2006) Rape
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 23 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
Previous Section Index Home Page 23 Oct 2006 : Column 1300 Amendment No. How will the welcome new legislation that the Minister's colleagues at the
                                                                                                                            PORNOGRAPHY
Home Office will introduce on dealing with extreme images, particularly on the internet, interface with this legislation? .....

                                                                                                                                                     4
      What are they talking about (2)?
Commons Hansard (20 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 20 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                           VOTING
Gentleman has come up with some very interesting ideas, but I draw the line at the idea of internet voting because it would disfranchise an awful lot of
people who do not have access to the internet or are not computer literate. .....
Commons Hansard (17 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 17 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                        GAMBLING
Previous Section Index Home Page 17 Oct 2006 : Column 728 Mr. Given that a general election was imminent, the Government agreed to the idea that
there should be only one regional casino, eight large casinos and eight small casinos, and that that would be the way that the measures would be
proceeded with, unless the House decided otherwise, through a statutory instrument such as that which I... .....
Commons Hansard (16 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 16 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                          TRADING
He talked about the internet and e-mail, but internet trading is resulting in the postage of a lot more packages and parcels. The idea was to reorientate it
by moving it to a different site, investing in an internet cafe linked to an advice centre and arranging meetings there. .....
Commons Hansard (16 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 16 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                          BANKING
As we all know, for many people text messaging, the internet and e-mail have become part of their everyday lives, virtually replacing traditional written
communications. People, young and old alike, increasingly use phone or internet banking, cash-point machines or direct debits to pay their bills. .....
 Commons Hansard (16 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 16 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                          REPORT
Ruane (Vale of Clwyd) (Lab) rose- Mr. Hutton: I am grateful to my hon. Is he able to give us a date when he expects to publish his White Paper and when
he expects to publish on the internet the responses to his consultation? .....
Commons Hansard (12 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 12 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
Previous Section Index Home Page 12 Oct 2006 : Column 512 Mr. 3.26 pm Colin Challen (Morley and Rothwell) (Lab): I hope that today we will see the
                                                                                                                                          REPORT
end of a long retreat from Rio. I commend an excellent report, "Carbon Trading", by the Dag Hammarskjold Foundation, which was recently published on
the internet. .....
Commons Hansard (12 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 12 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                         RUMOURS
Previous Section Index Home Page 12 Oct 2006 : Column 505 Action on the world stage must be matched by leadership in our own country. The Royal
Society is standing by every word that he wrote, as it made clear in a subsequent press release attempting to deal with internet rumours. .....
Commons Hansard (12 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 12 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                      POST OFFICE
Previous Section Index Home Page "some significant improvements. There has been a serious decline in traditional letters since the introduction of e-mail
and the internet, so the Post Office has to make changes. .....
Commons Hansard (10 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 10 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                    GOVT SERVICE
In addition, information on disability benefits is provided by the benefit inquiry line and the Directgov website, and people with internet access can use it to
make claims for disability living allowance and attendance allowance. .....
Commons Hansard (9 Oct 2006)
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 09 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                                   PORNOGRAPHY
Denis MacShane (Rotherham) (Lab): But is not the real problem that the internet is now spreading gambling as a vice, as it does with pornography? We
certainly ban internet material where it is pornographic and promotes violence. .....
                                                                                                                                                               5
What are they talking about (3)?
Commons Hansard (9 Oct 2006)
Young People in Care
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 09 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
Previous Section Index Home Page I was especially struck by two points. I know that the Minister does not like my rattling off stuff
                                                                                                                         RESEARCH
from the internet so I shall not go into detail at length. Indeed, he has supported similar proposals many times in the past. .....

Commons Hansard (9 Oct 2006)
Skateboarding
House of Commons Hansard Debates for 09 Oct 2006 (pt 0001)
                                                                                                                          GAMBLING
Previous Section Index Home Page Mr. Richard Caborn): Before I answer the questions, I am sure the whole House will join me in
remembering Lord Monro-Hector Monro-who, sadly, died on 30 August. Mr. Caborn: In commissioning the Budd report, the issue
was not casinos but online and internet gambling, which is the big growth area. .....




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                                                                                                                                       6
Drive to Legislate – Jane Longhurst Case
9th Feb 2004 – Early Day Motion 583 tabled by Martin Salter

9th Feb 2004 – Early Day Motion 588 tabled by Tim Loughton

27th Feb 2004 – opposition spokesman raises case in question to Home Office Minister Paul
Goggins

6th May 2004 – Martin Salter refers to his EDM and asks for a debate

18th May 2004 – debate in Westminster Hall initiated by David Lepper

31st Aug 2005 – Home Office Minister Paul Goggins announces intention to ban
“extreme” pornographic material and publishes consultation

23rd Nov 2005 – petition presented by Martin Salter

2nd December 2005 – Home Office consultation closes

9th March 2006 – Martin Salter raises case in debate on violence against women
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April – May 2006 – Home Office met with BBC, C4, BBFC, IWF, law enforcement, internet and
mobile phone industries and BDSM groups.

30th August 2006 – Home Office Minister Vernon Coaker publishes consultation
response and intention to legislate


                                                                                            7
Cleanfeed and Filtering
26th October 2005

Margaret Moran (Luton, South) (Lab): I beg to move,

That leave be given to bring in a Bill to require internet service providers and other
commercial organisations providing access to the internet to declare whether or
not they have taken steps to prevent access to web sites containing indecent
images of children; and for connected purposes.

The effect of the Bill is to require every internet service provider to declare in its
company's annual reports and on its corporate website whether it is actively
pursuing measures intended to prevent its customers from obtaining access to
known child pornography websites. The Bill would not compel ISPs to take such
measures, but would require them only to say whether they are taking such
measures.

IWF and violent pornography?

Animal rights activists?

Terrorism videos?
                                                                                         8
Legislation on wider internet security
issues is passed, often unobserved
Computer Misuse Act – main “anti-hacking” law

Data Protection Act – subscriber and traffic data privacy

Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act – interception of
internet traffic, retention of comms data, treatment of
encryption keys

Communications Act – telecoms network regulation

Civil Contingencies Act – Text Box
                            protection of critical
infrastructure including telecoms

Anti-terrorism legislation – data retention
                                                            9
And there are “Noises Off”
House of Lords – inquiry into Personal Internet
Security

All Party Internet Group – inquiries into subjects
including Spam, Computer Misuse

Home Office – working groups, industry contact

Law Enforcement – Jim Gamble, CEOP

Industry – ISPA, IWF, ITSPA, Nominet
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                                                     10
Meanwhile, on a planet, far, far away…
Data Protection Directive – source of Data Protection
Act, Article 29 Working Party

Telecoms Framework Directives – source of
Communications Act, under review

Electronic Communications and Privacy Directive –
security requirement, anti-spam, comms data privacy

Data Retention Directive – exception to comms data
privacy

EU Green Paper on Critical Infrastructure Protection –
cross-border infrastructure

                                                         11
EU Content Regulation
Television Without Frontiers Directive….

…morphs into Audiovisual Media Services Directive

Commissioner Viviane Reding – does not intend to
“regulate internet”…. but ….

Audiovisual content whether streamed or on demand
will have to conform to rules including:

Advertising, right of reply, European works, protection
                           Text of
of human dignity, protection Box minors

Definitions are still being worked on into 2007

                                                          12
EU Network Regulation
From general requirement on security in ECP
Directive to….




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                                              13
EU Network Regulation
And…




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                          14
Summary
Main UK Parliamentary debate heavily focussed on
bad content

Legislation on broader issues largely driven by EU

Watch out for –
Pressure to expand scope of blocked material
Regulation of audiovisual content
Regulation of service providers on security
New rules for critical infrastructure protection
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