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SOUTHEAST ASIA

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					SOUTHEAST ASIA

   Chapter 33
HISTORICAL INFLUENCES
1. Many groups have
 come here to trade
 a. India
 b. Southwest Asia
 c. China
 d. European
  Indian Influences
1. Traders sailed
 from India bringing:
 a. Hinduism
 b. Buddhism
2. Temples are the
 center of village life
Southwest Asian Influences
 1. Muslim traders
   from Arabia brought
   Islam
 2. Islam spread
   quickly
 3. Major religion of
   Indonesia &
   Malaysia
Chinese Influences
1. China had little effect on
   Southeast Asia
2. China felt that the people were
   barbarous
 a. Barbarous: People without
     manners or uncivilized
3. One exception:
 a.   Vietnam was invaded by China
      and held for nearly 1000 years
Europeans Bring Change
1. Europeans wanted:
  a. Silks
  b. Spices
  c. Precious metals (gold & silver)
2. First the Portuguese followed by:
  a. French
  b. Spanish
  c. Dutch
  d. British
  e. U. S.
Europeans Bring Change
3. Three changes came rapidly
 a. Europeans wanted to buy coffee &
     tea that grew well here
 b. Rapidly growing population in
     Europe led to a greater demand
     for coffee & tea
 c. The manufactures in Europe sought
     the raw-materials and especially a
     place to sell their stuff
 d. By the 1880s, Europe had colonized
     almost all of Southeast Asia
Europeans Bring Change
4. Europeans changed the
    physical & human geography
 a. Cleared large areas of JUNGLE
 b. Encouraged landowners to
     grow rice for export
    Paddies: Wet land on where rice
      is grown
 c. Small farmers could not
     compete and sold their small
     farms
Europeans Bring Change
5. European colonizers sold
   factory-made goods at
   lower prices than local
   merchants
6. Local merchants were
   forced out-of-business
7. Economy became
   dependent on Europe for
   factory-made goods
Europeans Bring Change
8. Europeans also built
   roads and railroads
9. Built large ports
 a. Many people came
    from neighboring
    countries seeking
    work
 b. Indigenous people
    (native born people)
    also flocked to these
    port-cities
  Myanmar (Burma)
1. About the size of Texas
2. Over 100 different
   languages
3. Colonized by Great Britain
   in the 1800s
4. Independence came in
   1948, but many groups
   wanted their own country
   and became insurgents
  a. Insurgents: People who
     rebel against the
     government
    Myanmar (Burma)
5. Due to the fighting,
   the economy is
   weak
6. Another problem is
   the harsh military-
   government
  a. Military-
     Government:
     Government run by
     the military
Thailand
  Thailand Prospers
1. Though several ethnic groups
   live here
2. 97% of the population speak
   Thai
3. People have a strong national
   identity
4. Thailand was never colonized
 a. Flexible in their dealings with
   Europeans
 b. Kept their independence
 Thailand Prospers
5. Progress brings
  change:
 a. One of the strongest
   economies in Southeast
   Asia
 b. Once dominated by
   agriculture
 Thailand Prospers
6. In the 1960s, Thailand
   began to diversify
7. Industry is now twice the
   income of agriculture
8. Tourism brings $5 billion
   yearly
9. Transportation-Hub for
   Southeast Asia
 a. Transportation-Hub: A center-
    point of transportation
VIETNAM
       VIETNAM
1. After years of French
  occupation
 a. The Vietnamese wanted
    independence
 b. Ho Chi Minh (communist) led
    them to victory over the French in
    1958
2. Vietnam was split into:
 a. Communist North
 b. Democratic South
      VIETNAM
3. The communist North and
   Communists in the Democratic
   South started another war wanting
   to unite the country
4. With the help of the U.S., South
   Vietnam held-out until:
 a. U.S. Pulled out in 1973 because of
    political pressure from Home
 b. South Vietnam fell to the Communists
    just two years later
    VIETNAM
5. During the 1990s, Vietnam
   has turned away from strict
   government control
6. Began allowing a limited
   free-market, called doi moi
   (dwa mwah)
7. Foreign investment came in
   and their economy is
   growing
CAMBODIA
    CAMBODIA
1. Also once a French Colony
2. Also turned to Communism
3. Communist government
  began killing anyone with
  an education (2 million)
4. Vietnam invaded and
  stopped the killing
      Indonesia
1. More than 200 different
   languages
2. 200 Million people
3. Government often controls
   by violent means
4. Economic success is based
   on Oil reserves
5. Uses Oil $$$ to build
   roads/airports/railroads
PHILIPPINES
  PHILIPPINES
1. Ruled by Spain for 333
  years…then U. S.
2. Independence came in 1946
  (after WW-II)
3. 90% Roman Catholic…How?
4. U. S. brought a new
  education system (English)
5. U. S. brought a new political
  system: Democracy
Singapore
     Singapore
1. Smallest country in Southeast
   Asia
2. But big economically &
   politically
3. Center of important trade
   routes
4. Once a colony of Great Britain
5. Highly educated workforce
   supplies workers for high-tech
MALAYSIA & BRUNEI
1. Economies are not based
  on agriculture
2. Wealth comes from oil
3. Used oil$$$ to support:
 a. Free schooling
 b. Medical care
 c. Manufacturing & trade
 PAPUA NEW GUINEA
1. Ethnically diverse, over
   700 ethnic groups
2. Lives in two worlds:
 a. Modern
 b. Traditional
3. 80% are in agriculture
Reach For A Star Production
John P. Luke
www.mrluke.net

				
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posted:10/15/2010
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