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Pulitzer Prize A Pulitzer Prize is an award given in honor of literary achievements, musical compositions and newspaper journalism. The University of Columbia, which is in the city of New York, administers these American awards annually. The organizers present gold medals to the winners in different categories such as 'public services'. The organizers normally present this award to newspapers though a citation of individuals may crop up. Joseph Pulitzer, who was born in Hungary but raised in America, established the award. The award ceremony takes place in the month of April each year. Independent boards conduct the nomination of the recipients of the award; some of the famous people to receive these awards include Eudora Welty and Toni Morrison. The Pulitzer awards have twenty-one categories such as the investigative reporting category, which is an award contested by journalists who investigate on social matters and publish an article on them. Another category is the explanatory reporting category, which is for newspapers that illuminate complex or significant subjects; they demonstrate lucid writing, clear presentation and subject mastery. Another category is the National Reporting category, which newspapers that report on national affairs contest for. This category has been part of the Pulitzer prizes since 1948. The board that organizes these awards differentiates between 'nominated finalists' and 'entrants'. Entrants are people who submit their work for consideration. Any person, group or body may submit their work for consideration; the organizing board normally announces the period in which any member of the public may submit their work. People selected by an organizing board or a jury are 'nominated finalists', who the Master of Ceremony may name when presenting the awards. Only the nominated finalists have the title 'Pulitzer Prize nominees'. Other categories include history, poetry, fiction, non-fiction, drama and music, all these fall in the general category of entertainment. The board normally reads some of the work submitted to them before deciding on the nominees. The board does not issue the awards based on popularity of the journalists or authors but on the quality of the content. If a person's work impresses the panel of judges, one may win an award in that category. The organizing board ensures that the presentation of Pulitzer prizes occurs only during the ceremony and not prior to the ceremony. The board organizing the event normally has about eighteen members or slightly more. In other categories such as Editorial Cartooning, the award goes to the newspaper that publishes the best cartoon portfolios inclusive of editorial effectiveness, originality, pictorial effect and drawing quality. Breaking news photography, formerly known as 'spot news photography', is an award that the board presents to photographers who produce quality albums and sequence. Others include feature photography, criticism, commentary, international reporting and feature writing. Over the years, the elected boards have discontinued some of the awards due to their expansion or renaming. Some of them include Pulitzer prizes for reporting, explanatory journalism, correspondence, telegraphic international reporting, specialized reporting, telegraphic national reporting, novel writing and beat reporting. Some of awards have expanded due to the increasing number of categories, thus causing the board to alter the names of the awards. Elimination of some awards occurred due to their irrelevancy.