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Diagnosing Autism and the Differences With Sensory Integration Disorder

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					Diagnosing Autism and the Differences With Sensory Integration Disorder
When it comes to diagnosing autism, there are many different factors that
need to be considered. This is because the autism spectrum disorders have
such a vast range of potential symptoms and no two cases are alike.
Therefore, it is very easy to mistake autism for another condition. Among
the most common mistakes when diagnosing autism is not understanding the
difference between being on the spectrum, and sensory integration
disorder.
This leads to the question of whether autism spectrum disorder and
sensory integration disorder (also known as sensory processing disorder)
are the same condition, or at the very least if they are related. Does
one exclude the other? To begin, they are considered to be completely
separate disorders, but to further understand them, Dr. Lucy Jane Miller
performed a study "Quantitative psychophysiologic evaluation of Sensory
Processing in children with autistic spectrum disorders", involving 40
high functioning autism or Aspergers Syndrome children who were tested
for sensory integration disorder.
Dr Miller's results showed 78 percent of the participating children also
displayed notable signs of sensory integration disorder. While, 22
percent of the participants did not show signs. However, a secondary
study by the same researchers, "Relations among subtypes of Sensory
Modulation Dysfunction" looked into children diagnosed with sensory
integration disorder and tested them to see how many also had autism.
Within that experiment, zero percent of the participants had autism. The
reason that this is interesting is that while children with autism can
exist without having sensory integration disorder, the majority show
signs of the condition. On the other hand, there is no inclination toward
autism in children who have only sensory integration disorder.
Children with both disorders demonstrate challenges with high-level tasks
that involve the integration of different areas of the brain. This can
include emotional regulation as well as complex sensory functions.
However, the key to diagnosing autism as opposed to sensory integration
disorder usually lies in the fact that autistic children experience
greater problems in the areas of language, empathy, and social skills.
Sensory integration disorder children do not experience the same
connective breakdowns for controlling emotional empathy and social
interaction.
In both disorders, children experience difficulties in tasks that require
their brains to make long-distance connections, for example, between the
frontal lobes (which coordinate the activities of the brain) and with the
cerebellum (which regulates the perceptions and responses within the
brain).
If you think that your child may have one or both of these disorders, it
is important to speak to your child's pediatrician for autism diagnosing
or identification of sensory integration disorder on its own or in
combination with autism. If autism or autism alongside sensory
integration disorder is the diagnosis, then you will be able to begin
talking about the possible treatments available. These treatments can
include various medications as well as alternative therapies and may
overlap in terms of addressing aspects of both conditions simultaneously.
For example many children with autism benefit from sensory integration
therapies that also work well for children with sensory integration
disorder.
Grab your free copy of Rachel Evans' brand   new Autism Newsletter -
Overflowing with easy to implement methods   to help you and your family
find out how to go about diagnosing autism   and for information on autism
characteristics please visit The Essential   Guide To Autism.


				
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