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Criminology by ianmc1981


									Overview of Criminology

When investigators are examining and studying crime from a scientific
perspective, this is referred to as criminology. This includes the
parallels between crime and different forms of phenomenon such as the
development of particular types of laws. Criminology also works to
identify how to address the criminal behavior of criminals and how to
eventually control the criminal element. Drawing on psychological and
sociological research, criminologists are able to look at the different
ways in which a criminal’s environment will affect them. It can also
help when it comes to profiling criminals in order to understand them and
have a better chance of catching a criminal that is on the loose. By
using criminology, individuals are able to not only profile a potential
perpetrator, but they are also able to take a more intellectual look at
how crime is perpetuated in our world and what steps can be taken in
order to limit crime.

There are different schools of thought when it comes to how individuals
approach the concept of criminology. Some of the most popular schools
include those that are known as the Classical school, the Positivist
school and the Chicago school. These schools were developed over a
period of time, ranging from the middle of the 19th century and
continuing well into the 20th century with the Chicago school of thought.
One of the main factors that differentiate the schools of thought would
be how the criminologists view environment in the life of the criminal.
Some believe that the criminals have to take responsibility for their
actions regardless of what is happening in the environment at the time,
in line with the Classical movement, while others believe that criminals
may be predisposed to crime, as is proposed by the Positivists. The
Chicago school of thought poses the possibility that criminals are able
to learn deviant behaviors from others and that when social
organizations, such as schools and neighborhoods, are not organized they
will not be able to control the criminal element that occurs. By
identifying how an individual feels that crime is either created or
continued, it can provide the basis for the school of thought that the
individual falls under when it comes to criminology.

Criminology experts look at crime in a variety of different manners. By
defining the distinctions between the different types of crimes, it is
easier to come up with theories as to how and why the crime took place.
One type of crime would be those that go against core values. These
seemingly natural laws are ones that are common among many different
cultures, separated by time and space. Natural laws are those that are
considered to be able to protect individuals and their property from
abuse by others. Some of the more controversial laws include statutes
which are put into place by legal institutions. The relationship between
state and citizen is explored in these laws, which is what causes the
conflict in some instances. As a result of looking at the different
construction foundations behind laws, it is possible to understand the
many different ways in which crimes are categorized. Organized crime,
state crime, blue or white collar crimes and organized crime are some of
the most popular types of crime that exist.

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