September Zoning Marine Parks for Multiple Uses Marine parks by kerrib


									                                                                                    September 06

                 Zoning Marine Parks for Multiple Uses

Marine parks in South Australia will be zoned for multiple-uses. This means that most activities,
including recreational and commercial fishing, will still be allowed within a marine park. There
will be particular zones or periods of time, however, where some activities will not be
permitted, to provide for the conservation of those areas.

Key Highlights

• 	 In a marine park, up to four zones will be used to guide people’s activities and uses.

• 	 The zones provide for varying levels of conservation, recreational and commercial use.

• 	 Through multiple-use zoning, marine parks will provide economic, recreational and
    cultural benefits for local communities, as well as environmental benefits.

• 	 Wherever possible, every effort will be made to accommodate existing uses when
    developing marine park zoning plans.

Multiple-use Marine Park Zones

1.	 General managed use zones provide for a full range of recreational and licensed
    commercial activities that are ecologically sustainable and consistent with the overall
    objectives of South Australian marine parks.

2.	 Habitat protection zones provide for a wide range of recreational and commercial
    activities. For example, activities such as boating, commercial and recreational line fishing
    and lobster potting are allowed in habitat protection zones. Higher risk activities, such as
    gill netting, trawling, aquaculture and mining, are not permitted.

    The combination of use and conservation allows habitat protection zones to deliver a
    range of important economic, social and environmental outcomes in a marine park.

   Conservation benefits are achieved in habitat protection zones by protecting habitats
   (eg seagrass meadows and reefs) and natural processes. In other words, the resources
   that fish and other marine animals and plants need to survive, as well as their ability to
   access and use these resources, are protected.
3.	 Sanctuary zones provide a high level of protection for the marine environment. Also
    known as ‘no-take areas’, sanctuary zones are the core conservation areas of a marine
    park, where the objective is to protect marine ecosystems in natural condition. This
    approach recognises that every species of plant, fish or animal has an important role to
    play in developing and maintaining healthy marine ecosystems.

     In a sanctuary zone, the emphasis is placed on conservation. Low-impact activities,
     such as diving, snorkelling, beach walking and boating, are permitted in sanctuary
     zones, providing for a wide range of social and economic opportunities, particularly
     nature-based tourism.

   Nature-based activities benefit greatly from maintaining the marine environment in
   natural condition. To achieve this, the removal or harm of any plant, fish, other animal or
   product in a sanctuary zone is prohibited.

   By maintaining the marine environment in natural condition, sanctuary zones also provide
   important baseline sites, which can be used to monitor changes in other areas resulting
   from our uses.

4.	 Restricted access zones, also known as ‘no-go areas’, are generally the smallest
    component of a marine park zoning plan. Public access, as well as the removal or harm of
    any plant, fish, other animal or product, is prohibited.

   Restricted access zones will conserve and protect unique or highly significant habitats,
   and/or provide reference points for scientific research. The knowledge gained from
   research will build on our understanding of marine ecosystems, reveal new opportunities
   for economic benefit and help to ensure our uses and activities are sustainable into the

5.	 Special purpose areas are an overlay to the marine park zones and provide for a specific
    use or management outcome, where necessary. Examples could include the need to
    provide a greater level of protection in a specific area or the need to accommodate an
    existing use or activity.

   The flexibility provided by special purpose areas enables marine park management plans
   to be tailored to meet specific management needs, maximising the range of
   environmental, economic, social and cultural benefits marine parks can generate.

For further information please contact
Department for Environment and Heritage
Coast and Marine Conservation Branch
Phone: (08) 8124 4900

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