FACT SHEET PNA SUBSTANCE USE AND PROBLEM BEHAVIOR Carbon by kbrillhart

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									FACT SHEET




                                                                                                                             2008 PNA: SUBSTANCE USE AND PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                      Carbon County

Lifetime Substance Use                                        30-Day Substance Use
                                      0%   25% 50% 75% 100%                                      0%     25% 50% 75% 100%

                    Alcohol(31%)                                                   Alcohol(6%)
  6th




                                                                6th
                 Cigarettes(17%)                                                 Inhalants(5%)
                    Inhalants(9%)                                               Cigarettes(3%)
                    Alcohol(64%)                                                  Alcohol(28%)
  8th




                                                                8th
                 Cigarettes(38%)                                               Cigarettes(10%)
                 Marijuana(19%)                                                 Marijuana(7%)
                    Alcohol(77%)                                                  Alcohol(41%)
  10th




                                                                10th
                 Cigarettes(48%)                                               Cigarettes(21%)
                 Marijuana(31%)                                                Marijuana(13%)
                    Alcohol(72%)                                                  Alcohol(45%)
  12th




                 Cigarettes(45%)                                12th   Chewing Tobacco(25%)
         Chewing Tobacco(40%)                                                  Cigarettes(16%)


 The PNA measures use of 13 substances. The                    The chart above displays the three most
 above chart displays the three most                           commonly reported substances used in the
 commonly reported substances used in each                     last 30 days in each grade.
 grade.

Heavy Use                                                     Problem Behaviors
                                      0%   25% 50% 75% 100%                                            0% 25% 50% 75% 100%

               Binge Drinking (4%)                                      Suspended from School (7%)
  6th




                                                                6th




         Half Pack of Cig./Day (1%)                                         Attacked Someone (7%)

             Binge Drinking (20%)                                      Suspended from School(20%)
  8th




                                                                8th




         Half Pack of Cig./Day (1%)                                    Drunk or High at School (17%)

             Binge Drinking (28%)                                      Suspended from School (19%)
  10th




                                                                10th




         Half Pack of Cig./Day(6%)                                     Drunk or High at School (17%)

             Binge Drinking (35%)                                      Drunk or High at School (20%)
  12th




                                                                12th




         Half Pack of Cig./Day (6%)                                     Suspended from School (9%)



 The above chart displays heavy use rates for                  The PNA closely studies seven problem
 alcohol and cigarettes. Binge drinking is                     behaviors. The above chart displays the two
 defined on the PNA as having five or more                     most commonly reported problem behaviors
 alcoholic drinks in a row.                                    committed in the past 12 months.
FACT SHEET CONT.
 2008 PNA: RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS

                                         Risk Factors
                                                                                                                      0%          25%         50%   75%   100%

                                                                              Community Disorganization (47%)
                                             6th




                                                                         Interaction with Antisocial Peers (46%)

                                                                                          Rebelliousness (45%)

                                                                              Low Commitment to School (60%)
                                             8th




                                                                     Perceived Risk and Harm of Drug Use (55%)

                                                            Favorable Attitude toward Antisocial Behavior (54%)

                                                                         Interaction with Antisocial Peers (56%)
                                             10th




                                                    Parents' Favorable Attitude toward Antisocial Behavior (54%)

                                                                      Laws and Norms Favoring Drug Use (49%)

                                                             Parents' Favorable Attitude toward Drug Use (55%)
                                             12th




                                                                          Rewards for Antisocial Behavior (50%)

                                                                                       Sensation Seeking (50%)



                                         A Risk Factor is an influence that increases the likelihood that students may participate in
                                         substance use or problem behaviors. The 2008 PNA measures 19 Risk Factors. The above
                                         chart presents the three Risk Factors with the highest prevalence of at-risk youth for each
                                         grade.

                                         Protective Factor
                                         A Protective Factor is an
                                         influence that decreases the
                                                                                                                             0%     25%       50%   75%   100%
                                         likelihood that students may
                                         participate in substance use
                                                                                           6th




                                                                                                        Religiosity (50%)
                                         or problem behaviors. The
                                                                                           8th




                                                                                                        Religiosity (45%)
                                         2008 PNA measures three
                                                                                           12th 10th




                                         Protective Factors. The chart                                  Religiosity (44%)

                                         at right presents the                                         Social Skills (56%)
                                         Protective Factor with lowest
                                         prevalence for each grade.




                                                           Page 2                                                             Carbon County
FACT SHEET CONT.
                                        Social Norms Results
The 2008 PNA included new




                                                                                                                    2008 PNA: Perception of Use by Most Students
                                            6th Grade                             0%      25%    50%   75%   100%
“social norms” questions that                                       Actual (6%)
                                       Alcohol
asked students whether they                               Perceived Norm (65%)
                                                                    Actual (1%)
believed most students in              Marijuana
                                                          Perceived Norm (47%)
                                                                    Actual (1%)
their schools had used alcohol,        Methamphetamines
                                                          Perceived Norm (33%)
                                                                    Actual (6%)
marijuana, illegal drugs,              Illegal Drugs
                                                          Perceived Norm (40%)
methamphetamines,                      Binge Drinking               Actual (4%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (47%)
cigarettes, or chewing tobacco         Cigarettes                   Actual (3%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (45%)
in the last 30 days.                   Chewing Tobacco              Actual (2%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (47%)
They were also asked if they
thought most of their
schoolmates had participated                8th Grade                             0%      25%    50%   75%   100%

                                                                   Actual (28%)
in binge drinking (drinking five       Alcohol
                                                          Perceived Norm (81%)
or more alcoholic drinks in a          Marijuana
                                                                    Actual (7%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (67%)
row) in the past two weeks.            Methamphetamines             Actual (0%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (37%)
                                                                   Actual (12%)
The charts at right show these         Illegal Drugs
                                                          Perceived Norm (60%)
                                                                   Actual (20%)
results. Data from self-               Binge Drinking
                                                          Perceived Norm (70%)
reported 30-day use is                 Cigarettes                  Actual (10%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (56%)
included for comparison.               Chewing Tobacco              Actual (6%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (55%)

For all grades and all
substances, students usually
                                            10th Grade                            0%      25%    50%   75%   100%
reported that their own (or
                                                                   Actual (41%)
actual) use rates were low.            Alcohol
                                                          Perceived Norm (93%)
                                                                   Actual (13%)
However, they often believed           Marijuana          Perceived Norm (77%)
most of their schoolmates              Methamphetamines
                                                                    Actual (1%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (52%)
were using, so these perceived         Illegal Drugs               Actual (17%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (73%)
use rates were generally               Binge Drinking              Actual (28%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (86%)
higher than actual use rates.                                      Actual (21%)
                                       Cigarettes
This is consistent with similar                           Perceived Norm (86%)
                                                                   Actual (11%)
                                       Chewing Tobacco
studies’ results.                                         Perceived Norm (85%)


Social norms data like these
show youth that substance                   12th Grade                            0%      25%    50%   75%   100%
use is not as common as they
                                                                   Actual (45%)
tend to believe. In fact, many         Alcohol            Perceived Norm (90%)
                                                                   Actual (13%)
are shocked to discover that           Marijuana          Perceived Norm (73%)
                                                                    Actual (0%)
“fitting in” means not using           Methamphetamines   Perceived Norm (40%)
alcohol, tobacco, and other            Illegal Drugs               Actual (15%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (64%)
drugs. This knowledge greatly          Binge Drinking              Actual (35%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (88%)
reduces the pressure on                Cigarettes                  Actual (16%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (79%)
students to try substances in          Chewing Tobacco             Actual (25%)
                                                          Perceived Norm (83%)
order to feel like they belong
to a group.


                                   Page 3                                              Carbon County
UNIVERSITY
OF WYOMING
Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center
Dept. 3925, 1000 E. University Ave.
Laramie, WY 82071-2000




WYSAC                                                Prevention Needs Assessment
                                                                                                                                   2008 PNA
The Wyoming Survey and Analysis                      The Prevention Needs Assessment (PNA) is                                 Carbon County Profile
Center (WYSAC) at the University of                  a survey designed to gather information for                                   Fact Sheet
Wyoming seeks to provide clear,                      the planning and evaluation of substance                                       November 2008
accurate and useful information to                   abuse, violence, and delinquent behavior                                    WYSAC Technical Report
decision-makers, on a contract basis,                prevention programs, policies, and                                            No.CHES-827-05
through applied social research,                     practices. The Wyoming Survey & Analysis
scientific polling, information                      Center (WYSAC), under contract to the                       Produced for the Wyoming Dept. of Health
technology services and rigorous                     Wyoming Department of Health,
program evaluation. Without bias and                 administered the 2008 PNA as a census
with the highest standards of validity,              survey of all 6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th grade
WYSAC collects, manages, analyzes                    students who were enrolled in public
and reports data for public and private              schools in Wyoming. Researchers have
sectors in Wyoming and throughout                    administered the survey in Wyoming in
the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains.                2001, 2004, 2006 and 2008 for a total of
                                                     four iterations.


    For more information about PNA, please visit
                                                                                                                      Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center
                                                                                                                              Dept. 3925, 1000 E. University Ave.

    wysac.uwyo.edu/pna                                                                                                             Laramie, WY 82071-2000
                                                                                                                           (307) 766-2189 email: wysac@uwyo.edu
                                                                                                                                    www.uwyo.edu/wysac


WYSAC is a unit of the College of Arts & Sciences at the University of Wyoming. Persons seeking admission, employment, or access to programs of the University of Wyoming shall be
considered without regard of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, veteran status, sexual orientation, or political belief.

								
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