FACT SHEET 2008 PNA: SUBSTANCE USE AND PROBLEM BEHAVIOR Carbon County Lifetime Substance Use 30-Day Substance Use 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Alcohol(31%) Alcohol(6%) 6th 6th Cigarettes(17%) Inhalants(5%) Inhalants(9%) Cigarettes(3%) Alcohol(64%) Alcohol(28%) 8th 8th Cigarettes(38%) Cigarettes(10%) Marijuana(19%) Marijuana(7%) Alcohol(77%) Alcohol(41%) 10th 10th Cigarettes(48%) Cigarettes(21%) Marijuana(31%) Marijuana(13%) Alcohol(72%) Alcohol(45%) 12th Cigarettes(45%) 12th Chewing Tobacco(25%) Chewing Tobacco(40%) Cigarettes(16%) The PNA measures use of 13 substances. The The chart above displays the three most above chart displays the three most commonly reported substances used in the commonly reported substances used in each last 30 days in each grade. grade. Heavy Use Problem Behaviors 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Binge Drinking (4%) Suspended from School (7%) 6th 6th Half Pack of Cig./Day (1%) Attacked Someone (7%) Binge Drinking (20%) Suspended from School(20%) 8th 8th Half Pack of Cig./Day (1%) Drunk or High at School (17%) Binge Drinking (28%) Suspended from School (19%) 10th 10th Half Pack of Cig./Day(6%) Drunk or High at School (17%) Binge Drinking (35%) Drunk or High at School (20%) 12th 12th Half Pack of Cig./Day (6%) Suspended from School (9%) The above chart displays heavy use rates for The PNA closely studies seven problem alcohol and cigarettes. Binge drinking is behaviors. The above chart displays the two defined on the PNA as having five or more most commonly reported problem behaviors alcoholic drinks in a row. committed in the past 12 months. FACT SHEET CONT. 2008 PNA: RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS Risk Factors 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Community Disorganization (47%) 6th Interaction with Antisocial Peers (46%) Rebelliousness (45%) Low Commitment to School (60%) 8th Perceived Risk and Harm of Drug Use (55%) Favorable Attitude toward Antisocial Behavior (54%) Interaction with Antisocial Peers (56%) 10th Parents' Favorable Attitude toward Antisocial Behavior (54%) Laws and Norms Favoring Drug Use (49%) Parents' Favorable Attitude toward Drug Use (55%) 12th Rewards for Antisocial Behavior (50%) Sensation Seeking (50%) A Risk Factor is an influence that increases the likelihood that students may participate in substance use or problem behaviors. The 2008 PNA measures 19 Risk Factors. The above chart presents the three Risk Factors with the highest prevalence of at-risk youth for each grade. Protective Factor A Protective Factor is an influence that decreases the 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% likelihood that students may participate in substance use 6th Religiosity (50%) or problem behaviors. The 8th Religiosity (45%) 2008 PNA measures three 12th 10th Protective Factors. The chart Religiosity (44%) at right presents the Social Skills (56%) Protective Factor with lowest prevalence for each grade. Page 2 Carbon County FACT SHEET CONT. Social Norms Results The 2008 PNA included new 2008 PNA: Perception of Use by Most Students 6th Grade 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% “social norms” questions that Actual (6%) Alcohol asked students whether they Perceived Norm (65%) Actual (1%) believed most students in Marijuana Perceived Norm (47%) Actual (1%) their schools had used alcohol, Methamphetamines Perceived Norm (33%) Actual (6%) marijuana, illegal drugs, Illegal Drugs Perceived Norm (40%) methamphetamines, Binge Drinking Actual (4%) Perceived Norm (47%) cigarettes, or chewing tobacco Cigarettes Actual (3%) Perceived Norm (45%) in the last 30 days. Chewing Tobacco Actual (2%) Perceived Norm (47%) They were also asked if they thought most of their schoolmates had participated 8th Grade 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Actual (28%) in binge drinking (drinking five Alcohol Perceived Norm (81%) or more alcoholic drinks in a Marijuana Actual (7%) Perceived Norm (67%) row) in the past two weeks. Methamphetamines Actual (0%) Perceived Norm (37%) Actual (12%) The charts at right show these Illegal Drugs Perceived Norm (60%) Actual (20%) results. Data from self- Binge Drinking Perceived Norm (70%) reported 30-day use is Cigarettes Actual (10%) Perceived Norm (56%) included for comparison. Chewing Tobacco Actual (6%) Perceived Norm (55%) For all grades and all substances, students usually 10th Grade 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% reported that their own (or Actual (41%) actual) use rates were low. Alcohol Perceived Norm (93%) Actual (13%) However, they often believed Marijuana Perceived Norm (77%) most of their schoolmates Methamphetamines Actual (1%) Perceived Norm (52%) were using, so these perceived Illegal Drugs Actual (17%) Perceived Norm (73%) use rates were generally Binge Drinking Actual (28%) Perceived Norm (86%) higher than actual use rates. Actual (21%) Cigarettes This is consistent with similar Perceived Norm (86%) Actual (11%) Chewing Tobacco studies’ results. Perceived Norm (85%) Social norms data like these show youth that substance 12th Grade 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% use is not as common as they Actual (45%) tend to believe. In fact, many Alcohol Perceived Norm (90%) Actual (13%) are shocked to discover that Marijuana Perceived Norm (73%) Actual (0%) “fitting in” means not using Methamphetamines Perceived Norm (40%) alcohol, tobacco, and other Illegal Drugs Actual (15%) Perceived Norm (64%) drugs. This knowledge greatly Binge Drinking Actual (35%) Perceived Norm (88%) reduces the pressure on Cigarettes Actual (16%) Perceived Norm (79%) students to try substances in Chewing Tobacco Actual (25%) Perceived Norm (83%) order to feel like they belong to a group. Page 3 Carbon County UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center Dept. 3925, 1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071-2000 WYSAC Prevention Needs Assessment 2008 PNA The Wyoming Survey and Analysis The Prevention Needs Assessment (PNA) is Carbon County Profile Center (WYSAC) at the University of a survey designed to gather information for Fact Sheet Wyoming seeks to provide clear, the planning and evaluation of substance November 2008 accurate and useful information to abuse, violence, and delinquent behavior WYSAC Technical Report decision-makers, on a contract basis, prevention programs, policies, and No.CHES-827-05 through applied social research, practices. The Wyoming Survey & Analysis scientific polling, information Center (WYSAC), under contract to the Produced for the Wyoming Dept. of Health technology services and rigorous Wyoming Department of Health, program evaluation. Without bias and administered the 2008 PNA as a census with the highest standards of validity, survey of all 6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th grade WYSAC collects, manages, analyzes students who were enrolled in public and reports data for public and private schools in Wyoming. Researchers have sectors in Wyoming and throughout administered the survey in Wyoming in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains. 2001, 2004, 2006 and 2008 for a total of four iterations. For more information about PNA, please visit Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center Dept. 3925, 1000 E. University Ave. wysac.uwyo.edu/pna Laramie, WY 82071-2000 (307) 766-2189 email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.uwyo.edu/wysac WYSAC is a unit of the College of Arts & Sciences at the University of Wyoming. Persons seeking admission, employment, or access to programs of the University of Wyoming shall be considered without regard of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, veteran status, sexual orientation, or political belief.
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