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Handout - PICTURE PROMPT Powered By Docstoc
					  Scribo Ergo Disco
The Use of Writing in the World
     Language Classroom

     American Classical League Institute
                June 2008

                Presented by:
                John Rathgeb
            Kinnelon High School
                The Writing Process

I. Exploring

II. Shaping

III. Drafting

IV. Sharing

V. Revising

VI. Publishing
Clustering is a brainstorming activity which is very helpful in the pre-writing stage.

Place discussion topic, theme, etc in central circle. Connect subordinating ideas to
the main theme in the circles branching off from the central one. Connect related
words to each of the subordinating ideas. You may use as many circles and spokes as

Suggestions for use:
      - Generate student vocabulary related to a particular theme
      -Analyze qualities of a character in a story
                                            Sample Lesson #1

1. 1. Brainstorm list of noun, verb, adj for your chosen topic
           Place words in cluster graphic organizer

2. 2. Compose English sentence from cluster

3. 3. Look up Latin equivalent in dictionary
           Show students how to interpret entries

   4. Compose Latin sentence
           Remind students about grammar points they need to remember

       Sample sentence:

       At night, my family and I sit down at the table and eat a delicio us meal.

       Mea familia et ego ad mensam considimus et cenam suavem edimus.

                                                                                                    Sit down

                                    Food               Family

                                   Plate                             Dinner                     Drink



                                                         Filling            Adjective

Pre-writing Cluster

                              PICTURE PROMP T

As the name implies, picture prompt involves showing students a picture and asking them
to answer specific questions related to what they see. In addition to looking at the whole
picture, you can:

               1. Focus student attention on just the foreground or background
               2. Block out all but 1 section of the picture
               3. Tilt the picture to give a different perspective
               4. Walk students through the picture moving left to right, or vice versa

Suggested uses:
       -As a pre-reading activity: Have students use answers to the questions as the
              basis of a creative writing piece. Students become more engaged in
              the text as they read to assess the accuracy of their own versions.

       -As a post-translation activity: Students apply what they know about a story
              to explain the iconography employed by the artist or to assess the accuracy
              of the artist’s interpretation.
Strategy: Picture prompt
Grade Level: Latin 4/5 Advanced Placement

Activity: By making reference to the picture, students will answer the questions in the
        graphic organizer and then, using their answers as a base, students will write a
        short story explaining what is depicted in the picture.

Assessment: Students will compare their stories with the Greek myth of Daphne and
      Apollo, noting what aspects they guessed correctly.
Step 1: Answer the following questions about the picture.

               Question                                        Answer
Whom do you see?

Where are they?

What has happened?

What is happening now?

Why is it happening?

What will happen?

Step 2: Using the answers you developed above, write a short story describing the scene.
Diamante is a poetic arrangement of words that require the students to make a contrast
between objects or ideas.

        1. Write a noun which has an opposite
        2. Write 2 adjectives to describe the noun
        3. Write 3 verbs, using the present participle
        4. Write 4 more nouns
        5. Add 3 more verbs
        6. Add 2 more adjectives
        7. Add a noun which is the opposite of the first


                              ambitious          callous

                       plotting        seizing             killing

               queen          ruler             wife                 paragon

                       honoring       respecting           judging

                               virtuous          dutiful


Cinquain is a variation on the diamante, utilizing 5 instead of 6 lines. The format is:

                           Adjective Adjective Adjective
                         Verb   Verb   Verb    Verb    Verb
                              Adverb Adverb     Adverb

I use this format to have students compose Latin poems on a winter/holiday theme
                                Interactive Writing
Interactive writing is a strategy that asks the student to assume the role of a character in a
story. The student then writes a letter to another character in the story from the
perspective of their assumed role.

Steps for implementing interactive writing:

       1. Create a graphic organizer, listing characters from the story.

       2. Brainstorm about words that address both positive and negative traits of each

       3. Decide which character will be writing the letter and to whom they will write.

       4. Select which of the recipient’s traits (+ or -) to focus on while writing.

       5. As part of the pre-writing session, consider the purpose in writing.

    Sample activity: As a review of the unit on Daedalus & Icarus, students will brainstorm
          about the positive and negative qualities of each character as depicted by Ovid,
          and then, pretending to be one of the two characters, will write a letter to the
          other providing more insight into the personality of the writer.

                                         Daedalus &

                                                                            Plus            Minus
        Plus            Minus
                                                                    Playful            immature
Creative                impatient                                   Buoyant            inattentive
Intelligent             self- focused                               Fun- loving        disobedient
Loving                  conniving                                                      thoughtless
Cautious                jealous                                                        bothersome
                              MAGIC WHO
Magic Who is another brainstorming technique.

Place central theme in the rectangular box. Brainstorm qualities/characteristics
that relate to the central theme. Connect each idea to the box with a spoke. You
can put as many spokes as you like.

Suggested uses:
       -As the basis for a body paragraph in an essay
       -As a pre-translation activity to activate student expectations of content
       -As a closing activity to help students solidify their understanding
                            Turnus vs. Aeneas
     Inde Turnus auxilium petiit ab Etrūscīs, quī tōtam Italiam fāmā nōminis suī
     implēverant; illī metuentēs novam urbem multitūdine opibusque crēscentem laetī
     auxilium tulērunt. Aenēās in tantō discrīmine, ut Aborīginēs Troiānōsque sub
     eōdem iūre atque nōmine habēret, Latīnōs utramque gentem appellāvit. Cum
     adversus Etrūscōs sē moenibus
5    dēfendere posset, tamen in aciem cōpiās ēdūxit. Etrūscī victī sunt.



Strategy: Magic Who
Grade Level: 7th Grade

Activity: Following student presentations on 12 Olympian gods, students will brain-
        storm 6 characteristics for a god assigned to their group at random. Choosing
        3 of the characteristics, student will compose 3 sentences following the format
        “I am a ______ who ______”. Using their 3 statements as a basis, students will
        write a “Who Am I” riddle.

Assessment: Students will read completed riddle to whole class to see if peers can
      guess the identity of their god.

                                       Son of Zeus
                      Twin                                           Musician


                         Sun                                         Healer

           I am a son of Zeus who brightens his day whenever we meet.

           I am an archer who killed the monstrous Python

           I am a healer who could not cure the wound I received from Cupid’s .arrow.

                                            Who Am I?

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