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the_phrase_and_the_clause

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                                         The Phrase:
Definition:
       A group of words, which makes sense, but not completes sense, is called Phrase.
   “OR”
   A phrase is a group of related words that:
           – is used as a part of speech
           – does not contain both a verb and its subject
       For Example:
                    The sun rises in the east.
                    It was a sunset of great duty.
                    Show me how to do it.
                    The top of the mountains were covered with snow.
           In the above sentences, the groups of word in underline are Phrase.
Types of Phrase:
   1. Adjectives Phrase:
               An Adjectives Phrase ia a group of words that does the work of an
           Adjectives.

        Study of Adjectives and Adverb Adjectives

     Adjectives               Adjectives Phrase
 A golden crown       A crown made of gold
 A white elephant     An elephant with a white skin
 A jungle track       A track through the jungle
 A blue-eyed boy      A boy with blue eye
 A deserted village   A village without any inhabitants
 A blank page         A page with no writing on it
 The longest day      The day of greatest length

   2. Adverb Phrase:
              An Adverb Phrase is a group of words that does the work of an adverb.
       Note: An Adverb Phrase, like an Adverb, may modify also an Adjective or
Adverb: as,
       Quinine is good for malaria.
       A have done well on the whole.
Study of Adverb and the Adverb Phrase that are equivalent to them.

  Adverb                      Adverb Phrase
Bravely       In a brave manner, with bravery.
Unwisely      In an unwise manner, or without wisdom
Swiftly       In a swift manner, or with swiftness.
Beautifully   In a beautiful style.
Formerly      In former times, or once upon a time.
Recently      just now, or at a recent date.
Soon          Before very, or at an early date.
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   3. Noun Phrase:
            A Noun Phrase is a group of words that does the work of a Noun.
      Examples:
          I tried to get the sum right.
          He hopes to win the prize.
          We enjoy playing cricket.
          Did you enjoy reading this boo?


                                     The Clause
Definition:
       A group of word which forms part of sentence, and contain a subject and a
predicate, is called a Clause.
   For Example:
        We cannot start while it is raining.
        I think that you have made a mistake.
Types of Clause
   1. Adverb Clause:
                An Adverb Clause is a group of words which contains a Subject and a
       Predicate of its own, and the work of an Adverb.
            For Example:
                 When I smiled at him he waved.
                 Because she wakes up early, she is always on time.

   2. Adjective Clauses:
             An Adjective Clause is a group of words which contains a Subject and a
      Predicate of its own, and the work of an Adjective.
         For Example:
              The girl who is sitting in the front row is my best friend.
              The car that is bright red is speeding.

   3. Noun Clause:
              A Noun Clause is a group of words which contains a Subject and a
   Predicate of its own, and the work of an Noun.
          For Example:
               They asked who won.
               My friend asked whoever was able to please stand.




                                                       Source: Wren & Martin English Grammar
                                                                           Muhammad Zahoor
                                                                     BS Commerce1st Semester
                                                                                       QACC

				
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