Learning Center
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out
Get this document free



									The Participle and the
Participle Phrase
Verbals and Verbal Phrases

 • A VERBAL is a word that is
   formed from a verb but is used
   as a noun, an adjective or an
 • There are 3 types of verbals
   • The participle
   • The gerund
   • The infinitive
The Participle

• A participle is a verb form that
  can be used as an adjective.
  • 1. Present participles end in –ing
    • Ex) The smiling child waved.
         – Smiling, a form of the verb smile,
           modifies the noun child.
    • Ex) The horses trotting past were not
      frightened by the crowd.
         – Trotting, a form of the verb trot,
           modifies the noun horses.
• 2. Most past participles end in –d
  or –ed. Some past participles are
  irregularly formed.
  • Ex.) The police officers searched the
    abandoned warehouse.
       – Abandoned, a form of the verb
         abandon, modifies the noun,
  • Ex.) This plate, bought at a flea
    market, is a valuable antique.
  • Ex.) Chosen for her leadership
    abilities, Dawn was an effective team
*One last Tip:

• Do not confuse a participle used
  as an adjective with a participle
  used as part of a verb phrase.
  • ADJECTIVE: Planning their trip, the class learned
    how to read a road map.
  • VERB PHRASE: While they were planning their
    trip, the class learned how to read a road map.
The Participial Phrase

• A participal phrase consists of a
  participal and any modifiers or
  complements the participle has.
  The entire phrase is used as an
• A participle may be modified by
  an adverb or an adverb phrase
  and may also have a
  complement, usually a direct

• Seeing itself in the mirror, the
  duck seemed quite amused.
    • The participal phrase modifies the
      noun duck. The pronoun itself is the
      direct object of the present participle
      seeing. The adverb phrase in the
      mirror modifies the present participle

• After a while , we heard the
  duck quacking noisily at its own
    • The participal phrase modifies the noun duck.
      The adverb noisily and the adverb phrase at its
      own image modify the present participle

• Then, disgusted with the other
  duck, it pecked the mirror.
    • The participal phrase modifies the pronoun it.
      The adverb phrase with the other duck modifies
      the past participle disgusted.
• A participial phrase should be placed
  as close as possible to the word it
  modifies. Otherwise, the phrase may
  appear to modify another word and
  the sentence may not make sense.
  • MISPLACED: Slithering through the grass, I saw
    a snake trimming the hedges this morning.
  • CORRECTED: Trimming the hedges this
    morning, I saw a snake slithering through the

To top