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					             DEGREES OF COMPARISON

     The Degrees of Comparison in
     English grammar are made with
     the Adjective and Adverb words
     to show how big or small, high
     or low, more or less, many or
     few, etc., of the qualities,
     numbers and positions of the
     nouns (persons, things and
     places) in comparison to the
     others mentioned in the other
     part of a sentence/expression.
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        Kinds of Degrees of comparison

                                    Kinds of degrees of comparison



                         POSITIVE DEGREE      COMAPRATIVE DEGREE SUPERLATIVE DEGREE




Degree of equality                  Progressive degree      Parallel degree




             Degree of inequality



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                   Positive Degree

             Positive Degree



                                   Degree of equality



                                 Degree of inequality

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               POSITIVE DEGREE




 One noun – person, thing or place – and one quality… above average
   tall
– adjective
 John is a
  man.


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              Positive degree (continued)




 Eifel tower is a
   tall
   man-made structure.
   One noun with one quality – „tall‟ adjective in positive form


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Degree of equality
      The adjective or adverb is in positive form
     showing that two persons or things are the
     same – two nouns having the same quality.
    The common conjunction used is “as…as”.




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             Degree of equality: example 1
 John is
     as
     strong
     as
     James.
     „strong‟ – adjective in positive form showing equality




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Degree of inequality

  The adjective or adverb is in positive
   form showing that two persons or things
   are not the same – two nouns not having
   the same quality.




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              Degree of inequality




   Peter is not
    as (so)
    fast
    as
    Paul.

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COMPARATIVE DEGREE
    Two persons, things or places are being
    compared with one adjective or adverb
    to show that one has more quality or
    quantity of the adjective or adverb than
    the other.
    The adjective or adverb takes ‘r’ or ‘er’
    to its positive form, and is said to be in
    comparative form.
    The conjunction ‘than’ is used to connect
    the two clauses.

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Comparative Degree: example




      A horse can run
       faster
       than
       a dog.

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Degree of Comparison:


                        Comparative degree

              Progressive Degree


               Parallel Degree


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             Progressive Degree
    Two adjectives or adverbs are being
    compared to show that one
    continues to increase (or decrease)
    when the other increases (or
    decreases).
    The adjective or adverb is in its
    comparative form with the definite
    article ‘the’ before it.

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         Progressive Degree: example




   The steeper the hill, the more difficult it is to
    push the rock up!




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Parallel Degree

The quality or quantity of the adjective or
 adverb continues to increase (or
 decrease) as the time passes.
The adjective or adverb in its comparative
 form is repeated using the conjunction
 „and‟.



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             Parallel Degree: example

► The   days are getting hotter and hotter.
► It is getting hotter and hotter day by day.




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             SUPERLATIVE DEGREE
► Comparing     one noun – person, thing or place –
  with several others of its kind to show that this
  particular noun has the highest degree of the
  quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb being
  used to compare.
► The adjective or adverb takes the ‘superlative
  form’, ending with ‘st’ or ‘est’, with the definite
  article ‘the’ before it.
► The preposition ‘of’ is used when the comparison
  is among items, and ‘in’ is used to specify the
  place, position or area.
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             Superlative Degree:       example 1




   The elephant is the largest of all land animals.

   The giraffe is the tallest of all animals.



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Superlative Degree: example 2
   Susan is the most intelligent girl in the class.
Susan




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       Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 1




• Gerald is           footballer in our team.
  fast
  the fastest
  the faster

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Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 2




   Tom is a        boy.
    stronger
    the strongest
    strong
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Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 3




    This man is   , but that man is   .
     sad
     happy
     angry

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Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 4




  Kate is       than Sue.
   more active
   activer
   active


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    Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 5




• The white flower is as             as the red flower.
  the most beautiful
  more beautiful
  beautiful

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Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 6




                        the weights, the        it is to lift
                them.
             The heavy
             the difficult
             The heavier
             the more difficult


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Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 7




 The sea is getting                     .
     rough and rough
     rougher and rougher
     the rougher and the rougher

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      Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 8

 Mt. Everest is       mountain in the world.
  higher than
  high
  the highest




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