degrees.of.comparison by pengxiuhui

VIEWS: 501 PAGES: 27

									             DEGREES OF COMPARISON

     The Degrees of Comparison in
     English grammar are made with
     the Adjective and Adverb words
     to show how big or small, high
     or low, more or less, many or
     few, etc., of the qualities,
     numbers and positions of the
     nouns (persons, things and
     places) in comparison to the
     others mentioned in the other
     part of a sentence/expression.
27-04-2009                made by BCK   1
        Kinds of Degrees of comparison

                                    Kinds of degrees of comparison


Degree of equality                  Progressive degree      Parallel degree

             Degree of inequality

27-04-2009                          made by BCK                                2
                   Positive Degree

             Positive Degree

                                   Degree of equality

                                 Degree of inequality

27-04-2009                 made by BCK                  3
               POSITIVE DEGREE

 One noun – person, thing or place – and one quality… above average
– adjective
 John is a

27-04-2009                    made by BCK                              4
              Positive degree (continued)

 Eifel tower is a
   man-made structure.
   One noun with one quality – „tall‟ adjective in positive form

27-04-2009                  made by BCK                            5
Degree of equality
      The adjective or adverb is in positive form
     showing that two persons or things are the
     same – two nouns having the same quality.
    The common conjunction used is “as…as”.

27-04-2009              made by BCK                 6
             Degree of equality: example 1
 John is
     „strong‟ – adjective in positive form showing equality

27-04-2009                            made by BCK             7
Degree of inequality

  The adjective or adverb is in positive
   form showing that two persons or things
   are not the same – two nouns not having
   the same quality.

 27-04-2009        made by BCK           8
              Degree of inequality

   Peter is not
    as (so)

27-04-2009           made by BCK     9
    Two persons, things or places are being
    compared with one adjective or adverb
    to show that one has more quality or
    quantity of the adjective or adverb than
    the other.
    The adjective or adverb takes ‘r’ or ‘er’
    to its positive form, and is said to be in
    comparative form.
    The conjunction ‘than’ is used to connect
    the two clauses.

27-04-2009            made by BCK            10
Comparative Degree: example

      A horse can run
       a dog.

 27-04-2009              made by BCK   11
Degree of Comparison:

                        Comparative degree

              Progressive Degree

               Parallel Degree

 27-04-2009                made by BCK       12
             Progressive Degree
    Two adjectives or adverbs are being
    compared to show that one
    continues to increase (or decrease)
    when the other increases (or
    The adjective or adverb is in its
    comparative form with the definite
    article ‘the’ before it.

27-04-2009          made by BCK           13
         Progressive Degree: example

   The steeper the hill, the more difficult it is to
    push the rock up!

27-04-2009                made by BCK                   14
Parallel Degree

The quality or quantity of the adjective or
 adverb continues to increase (or
 decrease) as the time passes.
The adjective or adverb in its comparative
 form is repeated using the conjunction

27-04-2009          made by BCK                15
             Parallel Degree: example

► The   days are getting hotter and hotter.
► It is getting hotter and hotter day by day.

27-04-2009              made by BCK             16
► Comparing     one noun – person, thing or place –
  with several others of its kind to show that this
  particular noun has the highest degree of the
  quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb being
  used to compare.
► The adjective or adverb takes the ‘superlative
  form’, ending with ‘st’ or ‘est’, with the definite
  article ‘the’ before it.
► The preposition ‘of’ is used when the comparison
  is among items, and ‘in’ is used to specify the
  place, position or area.
27-04-2009              made by BCK                  17
             Superlative Degree:       example 1

   The elephant is the largest of all land animals.

   The giraffe is the tallest of all animals.

27-04-2009               made by BCK                   18
Superlative Degree: example 2
   Susan is the most intelligent girl in the class.

27-04-2009                made by BCK                  19
       Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 1

• Gerald is           footballer in our team.
  the fastest
  the faster

27-04-2009           made by BCK                20
Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 2

   Tom is a        boy.
    the strongest
27-04-2009            made by BCK   21
Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 3

    This man is   , but that man is   .

27-04-2009            made by BCK          22
Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 4

  Kate is       than Sue.
   more active

 27-04-2009        made by BCK   23
    Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 5

• The white flower is as             as the red flower.
  the most beautiful
  more beautiful

27-04-2009             made by BCK                        24
Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 6

                        the weights, the        it is to lift
             The heavy
             the difficult
             The heavier
             the more difficult

27-04-2009                        made by BCK          25
Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 7

 The sea is getting                     .
     rough and rough
     rougher and rougher
     the rougher and the rougher

27-04-2009                 made by BCK       26
      Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 8

 Mt. Everest is       mountain in the world.
  higher than
  the highest

27-04-2009          made by BCK                 27

To top