Phrases by wuyunyi

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									Phrases

              ENG 110
     Prof. K. Horowitz
                         Index

•   Objectives
•   Introduction
•   Phrase Types
•   Try Your Luck!
•   Practice Exercises
                Objectives

• This module is designed to instruct student in
  the different phrases that compose sentences.
  After completing the previous modules and by
  the end of this one, students should be able
  to break sentences down into subject and
  predicate, as well as identify the individual
  noun, verb, adjective, and adverb phrases
  that compose those two parts.
              Introduction

• Language, as we know, is processed in our
  minds in meaningful chunks. Were we to try
  to interpret it on a word by word basis, we
  would put too much of a strain on short-term
  memory, causing us to lose comprehension of
  long, complex sentences. By breaking
  language into chunks with meaning, we can
  process at an acceptable speed and retain
  comprehension.
                    Phase Types
• These chunks, or segments, that we divide information into are
  called phrases. There are several types of phrases, the largest
  being the subject & the predicate.
• Noun Phrase: consists of a noun or any word that can
  substitute a noun, such as a gerund or pronoun. Nouns here can
  be modified by other words (the blue car), phrases (the students
  in Math 101) or clauses (the house that we own). Words that
  modify nouns are determiners and adjectives.
• Adjective Phrase: consists of an adjective or any word that
  can be adjectival in function. The typical adjective phrase
  consists of a single adjective (the tall man) or an adjective
  modified by a qualifier (the very tall man).
• Main Verb Phrase: includes the main verb of the sentence, as
  well as auxiliaries. The main verb is the headword and can be
  modified here by an auxiliary “be” verb (I am speaking), a
  “have” or “do” verb (we have seen the movie), or a modal (I
  must speak with you).
• Adverb Phrase: includes an adverb or any word that can
  substitute an adverb (be adverbial in function). The typical
  phrase consists of a single adverb (quickly) or an adverb
  headword and a qualifier (very quickly).
• Prepositional Phrase: consists of at least two words that
  begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. The
  noun or pronoun is called the object of the preposition, and
  every prepositional phrase has one. For example, the phrase
  “with Tom” has a preposition (with) and an object (Tom). You
  can have as many prepositional phrases in a sentence as you
  need.
Try Your Luck
             Practice Exercises

    Identify the phrases in the sentences below.
•   My young friend loves big red apples.
•   Jack might have been sleeping quietly.
•   The large fish jumped out of the water
    suddenly.
•   Bill should be very happy.
•   Antonio is the best player in town, really.
•   A huge African elephant has been stepping
    on Mickey Mouse mercilessly.
•   My brother Tom is a policeman.
•   Jack and Jill went up the hill.
•   Trixie had left her husband desperately.
•   Our English class is hard but fun.
• Wonderful! See you next module!
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