Quick Guide on Wheelchair Sports and Popular Wheelchair Sports

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					Quick Guide on Wheelchair Sports and Popular Wheelchair Sports
Wheelchair sports were invented because the awareness that even disabled
people have rights to play sports and participate in competitions.
Nowadays, wheelchair sports are very popular and people who are
physically disabled and affected due to their intellectual disability can
participate. Most of the sports are adapted from the normal sports with
some modifications in the rules and regulations to accommodate wheelchair
players. Wheelchair sports are also part of international competition for
disabled people called Paralympic Games, which now is conducted at the
same period and country as Olympics.
There are many types of wheelchair sports, among them are racing,
basketball, tennis, table tennis, badminton, bowling, hockey, football,
and baseball. Some of them are played in manual wheelchairs, while others
in electric wheelchairs. Normally sports that are required electric
wheelchairs have the term electric before the name like Electric
Wheelchair Baseball.
Wheelchairs, either manual or electric, that are used in sports are not
the same as regular ones. It is specially designed to have higher speeds
and it is also easy to be maneuvered. The wheels have angles for added
stability and the frame is stronger to sustain rough activities during
sports. The following sections discuss two popular wheelchair sports,
namely wheelchair basketball and wheelchair tennis.
Wheelchair Basketball
It is believed that wheelchair sports were started in 1946 during the
Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games and wheelchair basketball was
introduced in 1956 where Pan Am Jets is the first team who won the
competition. The sport gained popularity and the International Wheelchair
Basketball Federation (IWBF) was formed in 1973 to oversee the sport
until now.
Most of the rules in the wheelchair basketball follow the rules of
regular basketball. The biggest difference is perhaps concerning the
rules of traveling. In regular basketball, traveling happens when a
player moves both feet while holding the basketball. Traveling is closely
related to double-dribbling, where a player stops dribbling, holds the
ball, and dribbles again. In wheelchair basketball, traveling is when a
player touches his wheels more than two times after rec eiving or
dribbling the ball. The player must pass, bounce, or shoot before he or
she can touch the wheels again.
Wheelchair basketball has a player classification system, which basically
is a number system from 1 to 5. The number indicates the severity o f the
handicap, where a player that is almost paralyzed completely is
classified as 1.0, while an able-bodied player is classified as 5.0.
Everyone can participate in a wheelchair basketball games and the system
is intended to balance the teams and ensure fairness.
Wheelchair Tennis
Wheelchair tennis is basically played in the same way as regular tennis.
There are two or four players, one or two on each side of the net, and
they need to hit the ball back and forth. The only difference is that the
players are not running, but they use wheelchairs to reach and hit the
ball. It was started in 1970s by a young man named Brad Parks.
Many people like to play wheelchair tennis and this sport has gained much
popularity among other wheelchair sports. You may need specialized
equipments to play it as regular ones can be quite difficult to be
handled. The wheelchair should really be in a good condition for playing
wheelchair tennis so you can maneuver quickly.
Cindy Heller is a professional writer. To learn more about wheel chair
van conversion, please visit Wheel Chair Accessory.