Linux by MarijanStefanovic

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									Linux


Linux is a relative newcomer to the operating system scene. It is based
on Unix technology developed as part of a programmer’s dream of freeware
operating systems that people could download, analyze, change, and then
re-distribute.

The first Linux systems were completed in 1992 by combining system
utilities and libraries from the GNU program which was another freeware
based operating system. Since then, Linux has gained the support of
corporations like IBM, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard, and Novell.

Linux is predominantly known for its use in servers. It is used as an
operating system for a wider variety of computer hardware than any other
operating system. Linux is used on desktop computers, super computers,
mainframes, and embedded devices such as cell phones. It is packaged for
different uses in Linux distributions which contain the Linux kernel
along with a variety of other software packages tailored to specific
requirements.

Many people feel that Linux is only for use by computer experts. This
thought came about because many mainstream computer magazine reporters
cannot explain Linux in simple terms. This is mainly because they lack
experience using the system.

While Linux is growing in popularity, adoption of it as an operating
system by regular computer users has not been as easy as its developers
had hoped. That’s because changing over from another operating system
like Windows is often difficult. Plus, many software programs are
designed to run on Windows only. However, significant progress continues
to be made towards hardware compatibility.

Advocates of the Linux operating system say it is one of the most
exciting products in the computer industry today. It is a secure system,
low cost, and provides an outlet from vendor lock-in.

Linux was originally developed as a freeware product and remains free in
most cases. However, some corporations have established business models
that involve selling, supporting, and contributing to Linux and free
software. A number of companies offer a specialized version of Linux
which adds support packages to the system software.

Another advantage of Linux is that the desktop software that is in high
demand is usually of high quality. This includes word processing
programs, spreadsheets, e-mail clients, and web browsers. They have
software applications that are comparable to such products as Microsoft
Office and more.

If you are a gamer, you will find some restrictions when it comes to
software programs that will run on the Linux system. While progress is
being made to make gaming software compatible with the Linux system,
there still are relatively few games that can be played on a Linux
operated computer.
Many experts say that Linux is the future of computer operating systems.
With the near monopoly of Microsoft Windows, this is generally thought of
as a great indicator that people will have many more choices in the
future when it comes to their computers.

								
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