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					Remember the structure of the sentences:


           I                         went                    to Colorado                 last year.

       (subject)                     (verb)                      (place)                   (time)

All parts of a sentence must be connected in order to make sense  subject + verb + place + time

If we use adverbs, they must be related to the verb tense:

Mary always goes to school by bus.

In the sentence above we express habit using the present and the adverb used is related to habits
(always). Adverbs and expressions of frequency (always, never, sometimes, usually, every day / week, on
Mondays) are usually used with Present.

Adverbs and expressions referring to future (next week, tomorrow, tonight) are used with verbs in Future
Tenses; adverbs referring to past (yesterday, last week, two months ago) are used with verbs in the Past.

Words or expressions that infer a degree of uncertainty (maybe, perhaps, I think, probably) are used with
will and not going to future.

Some words and expressions (now, right now, at this moment) are related to actions in progress in the
present and are expressed with the verb in the Present Continuous.

Susie is studying at this moment.

Complete the sentence with the missing part (the verb “to go”:                   Remember:

    1- My father ……………………… to work by bus every day.                             Negative:

    2- I will go to Yosemite …………………………………………………….                               Subject + auxiliary + verb

    3- I think I’ll go …………………………………………….. next weekend.                         Interrogative:

    4- My family and I ………………………………. to Europe last year.                        Auxiliary/verb + subject

    5- My mother is going to the supermarket ………………………………………..




When the question starts with a verb, the answer normally starts with yes/no and can be a short answer:

Are you my neighbor? – Yes, I am.

Do you come here every day? – No, I don’t.

Notice that we use the same verb in the question to form the short answer.

Is there any mustard in the fridge? – Yes, there is.

Will your sister go with you to Maine? – No, she won’t.
Attention!

When giving short answers, we contract the negative and don’t contract the affirmative:

Does your mother like flowers? – Yes, she does.

Do your friends study with you on weekends? – No, they don’t.

Give short answers:                                                                   When there is an interrogative word started
                                                                                      with H or W before the verb in the question,
    1) Does your father like dogs? ...................................
                                                                                      the answer never starts with yes/no:
    2) Is there a garage in your house? ……………………….
                                                                                      How old are you? – I am 12.
    3) Can you swim? ………………………………………………………..
                                                                                      Why are you so happy? – Because Sue is coming
    4) Are your parents American? ………………………………                                        home.

    5) Did you watch a movie yesterday? ……………………..                                    Who is that tall woman over there? – She’s Ann.


Answer the questions:                                                                                          Remember:

    1- Where are you from? .................................................................................   When answering a question,
                                                                                                               we use the same verb or
    2- What are you doing right now?..................................................................
                                                                                                               auxiliary in the answer. If
                                                                                                               the subject is he, she, it,
    3- When do you have English class? …………………………………………………………..
                                                                                                               or they (or a noun or name
    4- How many brothers and sisters do you have?.........................................                     corresponding to them) we
                                                                                                               don’t change it in the answer.
    5- Why are you studying English? ………………………………………………………………                                                  If the subject is I, we
                                                                                                               change to you and vice versa.
    6- How much do you spend in sweets every week? …………………………………
                                                                                                               If the subject is we, we only
    7- How are you today? …………………………………………………………………………………..                                                    change it if we are not
                                                                                                               included in the idea.

Pay attention to the connection between the question and the answer:

Is Susan at home now? – No, she isn’t. She is at school.  in this example we used Susan (she) in the
question so the answer contains the same subject. The verb used in the question is the verb to be in the
present, that also appears in the answer. Look at another example:

Are you my neighbor? – Yes, I am.  in this example the subject is you and we changed it to I in the
answer. One more example:

Am I late? – No, you aren’t late. You’re early.  Here we changed the subject I to you. More examples:

Why are the kids so quiet today? – Because they are studying for a test.  When the question refers to
the 3rd person (plural or singular) we don’t change it in our answer.

But look at something a little different:

(One student to another) Are we late? – Yes, we are. (the student answering the question also used we
because s/he is included in the idea of being late.)

(One of the two students to the teacher) Are we late? – Yes, you are. (the teacher changed the subject
in his/her answer because s/he is not included in the idea of being late.

				
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