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Higher and higher Level: 2º E.S.O. Grammar: comparative and superlative form of adjectives (regular and irregular); comparative and superlative structures. Functions: to describe sports and general activities; to compare sports, teams and players Vocabulary: soccer, footballers, hooliganism. Phonetics: pronunciation of comparative and superlative endings The lesson is divided into four sections: Footballers, Teams, Games and Culture. Each section contains various exercises that cover the contents described above. Sessions: This lesson has been designed to be covered in approximately 120 minutes, that is, two 60 minute teaching sessions, but of course, the time spent on it by each group of students will depend on their previous knowledge of the topic, the contents and the grammar and vocabulary included in the lesson. The structure of the unit is as follows: PART 1 - Footballers Exercise 1 consists of three parts. The first two parts introduce a brief description of a couple of footballers for students to read and understand, whereas part three contains the reading comprehension exercise that students must do after reading the texts. It is a fill in the gaps exercise for them to use comparative forms of the adjectives they have previously read in the two texts. Exercise 2 consists of two parts. In both parts students are provided with a list of adjectives and they must write their comparative and superlative form. Exercise 3 provides students with an example of a comparative clause. Following that pattern, they must write more comparative clauses in order to describe the two footballers they have seen before. They are provided with a sample key to check their sentences. Exercise 4 is a rewriting exercise for students to consolidate the use of comparative and superlative adjectives and the description of people. They are provided with an original sentence together with an adjective between brackets and they must use that adjective to rewrite the original sentence in such a way that it does not change its meaning. PART 2 - Teams Exercise 1 consist of two parts. In the first part, students can see information about three well known football teams. In the second part they must use that information in order to answer several comprehension questions. They can check their answers using the buttons provided. Exercise 2 is a multiple choice comprehension exercise in which the students must choose the right form of the adjective in order to complete several sentences based on the previous text. Exercise 3 consists of two parts. In both of them students can listen to a basic comparative or superlative sentence regarding the footballers and teams introduced along the lesson. They must translate what they hear into Spanish. They can compare their translation with a sample key by clicking the Key button. Exercise 4 is a fill in the gaps exercise that includes two parts. It is aimed at students’ consolidating comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. They must complete each sentence on the screen by dragging the right form of the adjective into the space provided. PART 3 - Games Exercise 1 is a phonetics exercise that consists of two parts. In the first part students must join each phonetically transcribed comparative form of an adjective with its corresponding spelling, whereas in the second part they must do the same, although now the forms are superlative ones. Exercise 2 consists of three parts. In each part students are provided with unordered comparative and superlative clauses, which they must put into the right order. Exercise 3 contains a listening text in which five footballers are compared. Students must listen to the text and write it in the space provided. Exercise 4 consists of two parts. Each part is a memory game in which students must match the right adjective with its corresponding comparative or superlative form. PART 4 - Culture Exercise 1 is a reading and listening comprehension text. Students can read and listen to a text regarding football and hooliganism. Exercise 2 is a multiple choice exercise that consists of four parts. Students must choose the right option to complete the sentences they can see on the screen. All the sentences regard the comprehension text they have read in the previous exercise. Exercise 3 is a Hangman game for students to learn vocabulary regarding football. They are provided with 25 Spanish words which they must try and find in English. Extra information: Each exercise in the unit contains a Task button, which shows students what to do in the exercise, together with a Grammar button, which opens grammar explanations regarding comparative. Besides, students will find Verify, Clear and Solve buttons that will provide them with their score in the exercises, will allow them to start the exercises again or will let them see the right answers to the exercise. The key button always provides students with a sample answer to their exercise, which does not mean it is the only possible answer; it is just a sample answer, the teacher may well provide more answers if he or she considers it necessary. The Listen button is there for students to click and listen to the texts provided. The retry button allows students to start the game again; it appears in the Memory game so that they can begin from scratch if considered adequate. Higher and higher - Answer key PART 1 - Footballers Exercise 1 younger / older / older / younger / thinner / fatter / better / worse / more / fewer Exercise 2 Screen 1 strong stronger strongest quick quicker quickest fast faster fastest large larger largest short shorter shortest nice nicer nicest old older oldest fat fatter fattest Screen 2 thin thinner thinnest good better best slim slimmer slimmest bad worse worst more most heavy heavier heaviest intelligent intelligent intelligent more most happy happier happiest relaxed relaxed relaxed Exercise 3 (Possible answers) 1. Raúl plays better than Beckham 2. Beckham is more relaxed than Raúl 3. Raúl's hair is darker than Beckham's 4. Beckham is more handsome than Raúl 5. Raúl is more serious than Beckham 6. Raúl is fitter than Beckham 7.Raúl is fitter than Beckham 8. Beckham is more friendly than Raúl / Beckham is friendlier than Raúl 9. Beckham is slimmer than Raúl. Exercise 4 1. Raúl is younger than Beckham 2. Beckham is fatter than Raúl. 3. Beckham has scored fewer goals 4. Raúl is uglier than Beckham 5. Beckham is a worse player than Raúl 6. Beckham is slower than Raúl 7. Beckham's ring is smaller than Raúl's 8. Becham's T-shirt is darker than Raúl's 9. Raúl is stronger than Beckham 10. Beckham has more children than Raúl PART 2 - Teams Exercise 1 Manchester United is the oldest Barcelona has the largest stadium Real Madrid has won most European Cups Real Madrid has won the Premier League most often Manchester United is the richest Exercise 2 richest / best / more / fitter / richer Exercise 3 Screen one: El Manchester United es más antiguo que el Real Madrid El Barcelona es más rico que el Real Madrid El Bernabeu es mayor que el Old Trafford Screen two: Beckham es el jugador más tranquilo de Gran Bretaña Raúl es el jugador más rápido de Europa Raúl es el jugador más serio de España Exercise 4 Screen one: Real Madrid is very good. It's the best team in the world Manchester United is very old. It's the oldest team in Europe Barcelona has a very large stadium. It's the largest in Spain Old Trafford is a small stadium. It's the smallest in Europe Screen two: Beckham is a very friendly player. He's the friendliest player I know Raúl is a very hard-working player. He's the most hard-working player I've met Beckham is a bad player. He's the worst player in Britain Raúl is a happy player. He's the happiest player in Spain PART 3 - Games Exercise 2 Screen one: Madrid is bigger than Manchester / Manchester is the oldest town Screen two: Which is the largest city? / Barcelona is more beautiful than Manchester Screen three: Which is the most popular city? / Madrid has more teams than Barcelona Exercise 3 Hierro is the oldest in the team. Raúl isn't older than Morientes, but he is shorter. Morientes has got more hair than Roberto Carlos, but Roberto Carlos is faster than him. Zidane is the tallest and the fittest of the five players. PART 4 - Culture Exercise 2 Tennis isn't older than football It is the sport with the greatest number of supporters in the world Football is the richest sport in the world. Hooligans are the worst supporters in football Exercise 3 bench / championship / changing room / crossbar / defender / draw / extra-time / field / first / half / flagpost / forward / foul / free kick / goal kick / goalkeeper / injured / kick-off / league / linesman / coach / match / midfield player / national team / referee / scoreboard Higher and higher - Audio scripts PART 2 - Teams Exercise 3 Screen one: Man United is older than Real Madrid Barcelona is richer than Real Madrid The Bernabeu is bigger than Old Trafford Screen two: Beckham is the most relaxed player in Britain Raúl is the fastest player in Europe Raúl is the most serious player in Spain PART 3 - Games Exercise 3 Hierro is the oldest in the team. Raúl isn't older than Morientes, but he is shorter. Morientes has got more hair than Roberto Carlos, but Roberto Carlos is faster than him. Zidane is the tallest and the fittest of the five players. PART 4 - Culture Exercise 1 Football began in England. It's a very old game, older than basketball or tennis. It's more than a hundred years old and it's the sport with the greatest number of supporters in the world. In the past, football was a game for fun, but nowadays it is the richest sport all over the planet and football players are the best-paid sportsmen of all times. Football supporters are the most faithful and enthusiastic fans in the world, but there are some very violent supporters in every team. They are called hooligans and they are the most dangerous football fans. They do not enjoy the game, they only spoil it.
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