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Adjective or Adverb ffi ffi by pengxiuhui

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									                                      Adjectiveor Adverb?
 Basic Rules:
    l. Adjectives Modi$ Nouns. Adverbs Modift Verbs, Adjectives, and other Adverbs.
        You can recognizeadverbs easily becausemany of them are formed by adding the
        suffix u-lyn onto an adjective.

      Richardis careless
                                  Here careless is an adjective that modifies the proper nowr Richard.


     Rchard talks carebssiy.
                                 Here carelessly is an adverb that modifies the verb lalks.

     2. Adverbs cannot modifv nouns.

     thayefiur€tfFd€g,           The correcl s€ntence should rcad: "I bave a quiet dog."
     thave{+appit}dog,           The correct sentence should read: *l have a happy dog."

     3. Adjectives cannot modify verbs,

    W                                     The correct sentenceshould read "He talks carelesslyaboul his wife."
    @r+                                   The t-onect sentenceshould read "He is breathing normally agun',

    4. An adjective always follows a form of the verb to he when it modifies the noun
       before the verb.
      ffi,
      I was neryous.                      Here nen ous is an adjective and "was" is the form of to be.
       ffi\
     She has beenslck all week.
                                          Here sick is an adjectivc and "has been" is the form of to be.



    5. An adjective always follows a senseverb or a verb of appearance(i.e. feel, taste,
       smell, sound, look' appear, and seem)when it modifies the noun before the verb.

    Castor ail ra$tes awful'
                                  Hereawful is an adjective modifiesfte nounorl
                                                            that
                                 Using the adverbawfully would not makeselseherebecause would meanthat
                                                                                      it
                                 the oil is bad at performingthe act of tasting.


              ffi
     I nfs apple smelts sweet.   Heresweetis an adjective modifiesthe noun
                                                        that                 apple.
                                 Usingthe adverbsweellywould makesense
                                                             not           herebecause would meanthat
                                                                                      it
                                 the appleperforms act of smellingthingsin a sweet
                                                  the                             numner.




This handoutwasadapted   from the OWL at hudue University websiteavailableat:
hrp'//qrLl=9!c!rrh-pur&re.d@
                                                Avoiding Common Errors

 Good or Well?
    l. Good is an adjective, so you do not do good or live good. Remember,though, that an
       adjective follows sense-verbs be-verbs,so you dofeel good, took good, smell gyood,
                                     and
       etc.
   2- Well canfunction as either an adverbor an adjective. When well isused as an adverb,
       you do well andlive well. When well isused as an adjective,it means"not sick" or "in
       good health." For this specificuse of well, it is correctto sayyoufeel well or are well-
       for example,when recoveringfrom an illness. When not usedin this health-related
       sense,however,well functionsas an adverb;for example,"I did well onmy exam.',

Bad or Badly?
When you want to describe  how you feel, you shouldusean adjective. (Why? Feel is a sense
verb; seerule #5 on the other side). So you would say:"I feelbad." Sayingyou feel badly
would be like sayingyou play football badly It wourd meanthat you are unuut. to feel- as
thoughyour handswere numb.

Double Negatives
In Engfish, only one negative is ever used at a time. Adverbs such as scarcely andharclly
already carry anegative connotationand to add anothernegativeis redundani.

                                                                                            "rhey
                                                                                         read    found
                                                                                                     scarcely
                                                                                                           any
                                                             ffi;ffit,ff,t;H:{rould
@                                                            The correct senlenceshould read "Hardly anvone came to tlre
                                                             patrly."

Sureor Surely?
Sureis an adjective.Surelyis an adverb
ffi\
 I am sure that you were there.
                                                    Here sure is an adjective lhat modifies thc pronoun L
ne is turffiady      to take oo this project. Here surely is an adverb
                                                                       lhat rnodifies the adjer;l,jvereacty.

Real or Really?
Real is an adjective Really is an adverb
             .g%
She did really weil on that test.
                                                            Here really is an adverb that modifies the adverb well.
Pc;uiar
      cultu* crototts krcgiEary
                             $*th,ts ro r#itij*r.
                                                            Here real is an adjective that modifies lhe noun prohlems

Near or Nearly?
Near canfunction as a verb, adverb, adjective, or preposition. Nearly is used as an adverb to
mean"in a closemanner"or "almost but not quite."

vceare *      r,r*     rrne"d this proJect.
                            w.th                            Herenearlyis an adverb modifiestheverbfinished.
                                                                                  that
          you
r1fbeseeing irl ,nun*rrffiur*.                              Hereneor is an adjective modifieslhenounfuture.
                                                                                   that
The
  cat..ffi"                                                 Herenear is an dverb of placethat modifies the verbcrept.

								
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