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MATERIAL COMPLEMENTARIO MEDICINE 1er AÑO Title: Adjectives and adverbs Author: Prof. Licenciada Susana Abella Navarro Introduction: Within the use of that material the students must deep on the use of adjectives and adverbs in different patterns. They can also practice the use of them by means of several written exercises for them to fix their usedge in a grammatical structure. This material have the students encreased their knowledgment on each lexical and grammatical content, usefull for the developing content, usefull for the developing of their skills and abilities of descriptions, transpositions, oral report and to foodfill the comunicative roll of the language. Development: Adverbs: Like adjectives, are modifiers, generally they modify or add to the meaning of verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. An adjective is a word used to describe or give more information about a noun, or, rather more fully, a word that qualifies a noun, adds to its meaning but limits its application, An example will make this latter definition clearer. The noun house can be used to signify any house. The big house tells more about the house but limits. The application (it rules out all small house). The big new house tells still more, but narrows the field still further. The description the big, new white house applies to only a very few the most limited application. Abjectives can be used in two ways: (I) Attributively, (2) Predicatively. They are used attributively when they qualify a noun, Eg: Robert is an honest, hard working Boy. Adjective are used predicatively when they form the predicate with the verb To Be or other verbs of incomplete predication. So in the sentence: That is new house. El adjective New is used attributively in the sentence: That house is new. It is used predicatively. Other examples of the predicate use of adjectives after verbs of incomplete predication are: Richard is very tired. The dog was hungry. I thought him very intelligent. Note, that in interrogative sentences, formed by inversion of subject and verb, the predicate adjective comes after the subject: Eg: Is the house new? Was the car expensive? Most adjectives can be use attributively or predicatively, but some, especially those that begin with a, can only be used predicatively, Eg: Asleep, afraid, awake, alone, aware, alive. A few. Eg: Former, latter, inner can be used attributively. Adjectives, whether predicative or attributive, are invariable for number, gender persons or case. The formation of the negative of adjectives and adverbs is frequently formad by the use of profixes or suffixes. Eg: Un: Unhappy, unfortunate ( ) In: Inaccurate, inartistic, inattentive Im: Impossible, imperfect, immodest Ir: Irresponsible, irregular Less: ( To the stem of adjectives, especially adjectives ending in-ful): Helpless, hopeless, useless, valveless. Adverbs can be classified according to their meaning, some of them are formad from adjectives by the addition of a suffix, Eg: Quickly, clearly, splandidly, others are formed from two words (Eg: Anywhere, sometimes, however) but have become so fuesed together that the towo parts have made a word whose meaning is different from the meanings of the individual parts. Others can be classified according to the way in which they answer questions asking when, where, how and action was done. Eg: The litle boy behaved badly. They are others that are adverbs of manner commonly used as for inst: Actively anyhow, carefully, easily, fast, gladly, how, late, quickly, quietly, etc. There are abverbs that express when an action is or was done, these are adverbs of time, Eg: The boy said, I will do the work tomorrow. The teacher said, you will do it now. Adverbs of time commonly used are: after(wards), already, before, immediately, late(ly), once, shortly, soon, still, today, (Tomorrow, tonight) when, yesterday, yet. Included among adverbs of time are the “Adverbios of Frecuency” Eg: Always, often, frequently, etc. These are words that answer the question “How often”. Eg: He always does his work well He is always on time at school. Their position according to the verb varies: Be + Adverb (After Be verb) (Before the verb) adverb + Action verb. Example: He sometimes practices sports in the afternoon. Adv Verb He is never at home on weekends Verb Adv They must be used after the article and before the adjectives. Eg: 1- Article + Abverb + Adjective + Noun A very interesting place Art abv Adjective Noun 2- Be + Adverb + Adjective It is very interesting Be Adv Adjective It is fairly expensive They are pretty good There are some that emphasize the adjective Eg. Rather, quite, fairly, pretty, very. Eg: This car is rather expensive This place is quite beautiful Exercises: 1- Supply suitable attributive adjectives for these nouns: crossing, pianist, fox, hermit, disaster legend. 2- Supply suitable predicative adjectives: 1- His unsuccessful life had left him _______________________ 2- James was very_______________ of his son´s success. 3- Charles seemed__________ to be off at the earliest possible moment, and to be growing more and more _____________ of delay. 4- We should be ___________ if you would send us samples. 5- The publishers are ________ the succers of the book will be ______ and ___________. III- Write sentences using the words list: Rather, expensive, sometimes, fairly, pretty good, not cheap, very. IV- Describe your home town. V- Answer these questions: 1- How often do you visit old Havana? 2- What’s your home town like? 3- Is Havana a very crowded city? 4- What’s the climate like in your home town? Bybliography: Comprehensive English Grammar for foreing students. By C. E. Eckersley and J. M. Eckersley.
"Adjectives and - Facultad de Cie"