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Adjectives and - Facultad de Cie

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									MATERIAL COMPLEMENTARIO                        MEDICINE 1er AÑO



Title: Adjectives and adverbs
Author: Prof. Licenciada Susana Abella Navarro

Introduction:
 Within the use of that material the students must deep on the use of adjectives and
adverbs in different patterns. They can also practice the use of them by means of several
written exercises for them to fix their usedge in a grammatical structure.
 This material have the students encreased their knowledgment on each lexical and
grammatical content, usefull for the developing content, usefull for the developing of
their skills and abilities of descriptions, transpositions, oral report and to foodfill the
comunicative roll of the language.

Development:
 Adverbs: Like adjectives, are modifiers, generally they modify or add to the meaning
of verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
 An adjective is a word used to describe or give more information about a noun, or,
rather more fully, a word that qualifies a noun, adds to its meaning but limits its
application, An example will make this latter definition clearer.
 The noun house can be used to signify any house. The big house tells more about the
house but limits. The application (it rules out all small house). The big new house tells
still more, but narrows the field still further. The description the big, new white house
applies to only a very few the most limited application.
 Abjectives can be used in two ways:
     (I)    Attributively, (2) Predicatively.
     They are used attributively when they qualify a noun, Eg: Robert is an honest, hard
     working
                                                                 Boy.
  Adjective are used predicatively when they form the predicate with the verb To Be or
other verbs of incomplete predication. So in the sentence:
 That is new house. El adjective New is used attributively in the sentence:
 That house is new.
 It is used predicatively. Other examples of the predicate use of adjectives after verbs of
incomplete predication are:
 Richard is very tired. The dog was hungry. I thought him very intelligent.
 Note, that in interrogative sentences, formed by inversion of subject and verb, the
predicate adjective comes after the subject:
 Eg: Is the house new?
       Was the car expensive?
 Most adjectives can be use attributively or predicatively, but some, especially those
that begin with a, can only be used predicatively, Eg: Asleep, afraid, awake, alone,
aware, alive.
 A few. Eg: Former, latter, inner can be used attributively.
 Adjectives, whether predicative or attributive, are invariable for number, gender
persons or case.
 The formation of the negative of adjectives and adverbs is frequently formad by the
use of profixes or suffixes.
 Eg: Un: Unhappy, unfortunate (            )
      In: Inaccurate, inartistic, inattentive
Im: Impossible, imperfect, immodest
Ir: Irresponsible, irregular
Less: ( To the stem of adjectives, especially adjectives ending in-ful): Helpless,
hopeless, useless, valveless.
Adverbs can be classified according to their meaning, some of them are formad from
adjectives by the addition of a suffix, Eg: Quickly, clearly, splandidly, others are formed
from two words (Eg: Anywhere, sometimes, however) but have become so fuesed
together that the towo parts have made a word whose meaning is different from the
meanings of the individual parts.
  Others can be classified according to the way in which they answer questions asking
when, where, how and action was done.
  Eg: The litle boy behaved badly.
  They are others that are adverbs of manner commonly used as for inst: Actively
anyhow, carefully, easily, fast, gladly, how, late, quickly, quietly, etc.
  There are abverbs that express when an action is or was done, these are adverbs of
time, Eg: The boy said, I will do the work tomorrow.
 The teacher said, you will do it now.
  Adverbs of time commonly used are: after(wards), already, before, immediately,
late(ly), once, shortly, soon, still, today, (Tomorrow, tonight) when, yesterday, yet.
  Included among adverbs of time are the “Adverbios of Frecuency” Eg: Always, often,
frequently, etc.
  These are words that answer the question “How often”.
  Eg: He always does his work well
       He is always on time at school.
  Their position according to the verb varies: Be + Adverb (After Be verb) (Before the
verb) adverb + Action verb.
  Example: He sometimes practices sports in the afternoon.
                     Adv         Verb
              He is never at home on weekends
                  Verb Adv
  They must be used after the article and before the adjectives.
  Eg: 1- Article + Abverb + Adjective + Noun
             A very interesting place
             Art abv Adjective Noun
       2- Be + Adverb + Adjective
            It is very interesting
                Be Adv Adjective
            It is fairly expensive
           They are pretty good
  There are some that emphasize the adjective
  Eg. Rather, quite, fairly, pretty, very.
  Eg: This car is rather expensive
       This place is quite beautiful



Exercises:
1- Supply suitable attributive adjectives for these nouns: crossing, pianist, fox, hermit,
   disaster legend.
2- Supply suitable predicative adjectives:

1- His unsuccessful life had left him _______________________
2- James was very_______________ of his son´s success.
3- Charles seemed__________ to be off at the earliest possible moment, and to be
   growing more and more _____________ of delay.
4- We should be ___________ if you would send us samples.
5- The publishers are ________ the succers of the book will be ______ and
   ___________.

III- Write sentences using the words list: Rather, expensive, sometimes, fairly, pretty
good, not cheap, very.

IV- Describe your home town.

V- Answer these questions:

1-   How often do you visit old Havana?
2-   What’s your home town like?
3-   Is Havana a very crowded city?
4-   What’s the climate like in your home town?

Bybliography:
Comprehensive English Grammar for foreing students.
By C. E. Eckersley and J. M. Eckersley.

								
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