Education resources pack

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Education resources pack
Treasure Island is a wonderful book, full of adventures and great descriptions. Our adaptation of
Stevenson‟s classic with its exciting story, colourful characters, music and action is ideal for
children and can be used a as stimulus for Key Stages 1 and 2 teaching. A quick search for
“Treasure Island” or “pirates” on the internet brings up lots of great ideas for work - here are
some of ours.
This pack is intended as a jumping-off point for activities before you come to see the show and
follow-up afterwards. The suggested activities can be linked directly to the national curriculum or
can be used as part of a creative curriculum.
The New Theatre Royal would like to thank Liz Bradbury of St Swithuns School, Southsea, for
her invaluable help in preparing this pack.
Send us your poems and pictures and we will try display them in the theatre for everyone to
see. If you are coming to see the show – we will be delighted if you come in pirate costumes
(see page 13 for pirate hat and eye-patch “pattern”). Contact Liz Weston on 023 9277 8993 or
e-mail if you want to send us your pictures or ask any questions or
want more information.


Pirate Poetry, Word Games and Language                                      Page 3
Drama, Listening and Speaking                                               Page 5
Alternative means of communication                                          Page 6
Geography                                                                   Page 7
Science                                                                     Page 8
Pirate Maaarths                                                             Page 10
History of Piracy                                                           Page 11
About Robert Louis Stevenson                                                Page 12
Pirate Hat Pattern                                                          Page 13
Milk Carton Pirate Ship                                                     Page 14
Plastic Pop Bottle Pirate Ship                                              Page 16
Pirate Treasure Chest                                                       Page 17
Pirate Faaarcts                                                             Page 18
Recipe for Hard Tack Biscuits                                               Page 19
Honour Among Thieves – The Pirate Code                                      Page 20
And more ideas..........                                                    Page 21
Pirate poetry, word games and language
All these ideas are useful for written work as well

Pirates are ....... adjectives beginning with “a”, “b”, “c” etc.
This can be done in a circle, in small groups or by going round the class. It is also a useful
memory game, pupils trying to remember all the adjectives in alphabetical order.

Pirates, Pirates, Pirates This is an easy way to get children to write poetry and think of
alliteration and adjectives. Give your pupils this format:

                                     Pirates, pirates, pirates,
                                  _______, ________, _______

                                      Pirates, pirates, pirates.

Give children a letter e.g. 'c'. Children have to come up with three adjectives beginning with c to
describe the pirates –cunning, cold, cruel ,

                                      Pirates, pirates, pirates,
                                      cunning, cold and cruel
                                      Pirates, pirates, pirates.

You can make as many verses as you want !

Lists are a great way of stimulating the imagination

List 10 things in a Pirate‟s pocket
List 10 things in a Treasure chest
List 10 things on a Tropical Island

Gold coins and a cutlass
A map and a compass
A bottle of rum
An eye-patch
A big gold watch
Pieces of eight
A length of rope and a big heavy weight

Acrostics - here are a few examples

Powerful               Cunning                Swift
Interesting            Adventurous            Happy
Red                    Pompous                Invisible
Angry                  Terrifying             Pretty
Tropical               Ambitious
Exciting               Impatient

Pirate language
Pirates are well known for speaking exclusively in the present tense. So your students could
have fun trying to talk, and write in the present tense for a lesson – or a whole day!!

Do you know about International Talk Like a Pirate Day?
It‟s on Sunday 19 September just type “Talk Like a Pirate Day” into your internet browser and
see what comes up. There are even websites that will translate anything you type into “pirate”

If you are going to talk like a pirate then you will need some special Pirate words!

Ahoy - a greeting; "Hello"

Arrr - a word that can mean many things, from "yes","maybe", "I'll think about it", "I don't know",
"That was good", "That was bad", "That hurts", "The tropical sunset with its colours of red, gold,
and orange is so beautiful” Well....the possiblities are endless!

Aye - Yes or okay.

Aye Aye - I'll do that right away, or "Yes, I understand"

Booty - treasure, spices, jewels, or anything stolen from another ship

Jolly Roger - a pirate flag usually showing white skull and crossbones on a black background

Landlubber- a person who lives on land and does not sail the Seven Seas

Matey - a friend and/or shipmate

Mutiny - a revolt against authority, especially naval or military power

Plunder - the act of robbery or raiding

Scallywag - a bad person; scoundrel

"Shiver Me Timbers!"- to express shock or surprise; The idea of timbers shivering comes from
the shaking sent through the ship by either running aground or being hit by a cannon ball

The Spanish Main - referred to the land and waters around the Caribbean during the 17th
century when the area was a major location for pirates

Sprogs - untrained recruits; children

Other ideas for written work and discussion

Write a postcard from your treasure island
What other stories do you know about islands?
What other stories do you know about Pirates?
Circle discussion:

Before you‟ve seen the show

What would it be like to be stranded on an Island?
What would it be like to live on a ship all the time?

After you‟ve seen the show
What can we remember about the story and the characters?
What were our favourite bits - and why?

Character games:
First of all everyone discusses the characters and the actions and the physical positions that
best sums up the character. (there can be more than one for each character)
Pupils move around the room.
The teacher calls out the name of the character and the pupils freeze into the action or position
for that character.
This can be developed to include facial expressions, sounds and noises.

Create Your Own Pirate Character
Pupils create their own pirate character.
What do they look like?
How do they stand?
How do they talk?
What is their outstanding peculiarity?
How can you make your pirate different from the others?

Group work
Capturing a rival Pirate Ship
A Mutiny
Telling the story of the play as a “serial” round the class, each pupil taking it in turn to tell the
next part of the story

And of course there are lots of Pirate jokes....................

Why are pirates called pirates?
Because they Aaaar!

What do Pirates like to drink?

Alternative means of communication
and non-verbal communication
This is a really interesting project to explore. How do ships communicate to each other at sea?
Nowadays we have telephones and radios but how do people communicate across distances
without that kind of technology?

Traffic lights are a simple method of signaling using colour to communicate a meaning. Are
there any other examples of non-verbal communication /signaling in every day life?

The means of communication are many and very varied and can be used in all kinds of lessons.

Morse code can be sent by sound or by lights has the morse code alphabet and there are
numerous morse code translator /convertor sites – just type “morse code” into you browser.

Semaphore uses 2 flags held in different positions has the semaphore alphabet

Then there is the signalling where the design of the flag itself has a meaning has the international flag alphabet

National flags are a signal or symbol for the country – and the Jolly Roger a signal for “pirates”.
Did you know that different pirates had different flags? and for different pirate flags

you could invent your own means of signaling using colours or shapes or sounds – or a
combination of all 3.

Send your messages to us at

More pirate jokes..........................

Why does a pirate get when he‟s old?

What is a pirate‟s favourite food?

Making treasure maps is great fun, you can give the co-ordinates of where the treasure is buried
and see how quickly people can find it. Or you can have a treasure hunt with different clues
leading to the treasure.

Make a map of your class-room and hide the treasure somewhere – you can then give
directions to finding it using the points of the compass – 3 metres North , 2 metres East etc.
(See the science section for details of how to make your own compass)
Make a map of your Treasure Island showing the main geographical features; mountains,
streams, coves etc. If you make it to scale you can then make a 3-dimensional model of the
island using papier mache            -out ceiling tiles - they are great for doing contour-lines.

You can keep a ship‟s log of the journey across from Portsmouth to the Caribbean – this can be
written by hand or kept on the computer as a spread sheet.

What is it like on the tropical islands of the Caribbean? What plants grow there? What are the
animals like?

Why did pirates have parrots? where did they get them from?

What crops grow in the tropical islands? – this can lead into discussing such issues as Slavery
and Fair Trade.

The Pirate Map
You are the captain and crew of a pirate ship. You have captured a large number of pieces of
eight but you need to bury them because the Spanish and British Navy are chasing you. If you
are caught with the coins you will be imprisoned. You have sighted an island and decided to
hide your treasure. Only one very old pirate has ever been on this island but he is too old to
leave the ship to act as a guide. He has given you a description of the island written on a
scroll (see below). You have to decide the best location to bury the treasure and accurately
mark this hiding place on the map with a X . The Captain will use the map to retrieve the
treasure at a later date.
Use the compass to plot the directions and draw out a map based on the description.
Mark all the geographic landmarks on the map. Mark the direction of North on the map.

The island is about 500m wide and 1000m long. In the middle there is a large volcano.
On the Western coast there are steep cliffs with a large number of caves.
You cannot sail near the beaches at the bottom of the coastline in the west because the current is
strong and there are many hidden rocks.
You can land on the Eastern coast where the water is shallow and there are golden beaches.
Behind the beaches on the East coast is dense rain forest which covers the whole of the Eastern
side of the island.
There is a path across the island which runs East to North and then North to West in order to
avoid the volcano.

Make your own Compass

You will need: A large needle or nail, a magnet, a
plastic dish, a cork or polystyrene cup for a float. The
teacher will need to have checked out where North is

Step 1 Magnetize the needle by stroking a magnet down the
needle 20 times in one direction . You can check if has been magnetised by trying to pick up a
pin. Sometimes it needs up to 30 strokes

Step 2 Put about 2.5 cms of water in the plastic dish

Step 3 Place a float in the water in the dish. A float can be made by slicing a piece from a cork,
cutting out the bottom of a styrofoam cup, or using the plastic cap from a juice bottle or similar.

Step 4 Put the magnetized needle in the centre of the float. It is okay if the needle or nail
extends past the edges of the float.

Step 5 Wait for the needle to slowly turn and stop. It will point toward magnetic North.

You can then mark the other points of the compass on the side of the dish and start using it.

Even easier is the Cup Compass: Tie one end of a piece of thread to the centre of your
magnetized needle. Tie the other end of the thread to a pencil. Place the pencil across the top
of a plastic cup with the needle hanging down into the centre of the cup. You don‟t even need
water for this version.

                                 How do we know which way to go?
                                 Look at the magnet and it will show
                                      North, south, east or west,
                                  For finding directions it is the best.
                                           How does it work?
                                        It’s as simple as can be.
                            The planet’s biggest magnet is itself, you see.
                              The biggest, and strongest magnet of all.
                              Compared to it, all others are quite small.
                                Because of its size, it’s pull is so strong
                               that all other magnets are pulled along.
                             Try as they might, for all that they’re worth,
                             Magnets can’t help but point toward north.
                             So the next time you’re lost without a clue,
                                      Let a magnet find your way
                                              to rescue you.

One Eye or Two?

Materials needed:

      10 cms x 10 cms piece of cardboard with holes punched around the edges
      Shoelace or piece of string (shoelace is better)
      eye patch or strip of material to cover one eye


1. Put the eye patch or strip of material over one of your eyes. If you have one eye that is
weaker than the other, you could take turns with which eye to cover up.

2. Ask someone to time you while you thread the shoelace through all the holes around the
cardboard. How long did it take? Once you are finished, you may unthread the shoelace.

3. Take the eye patch off. Ask someone to time you while you thread the shoelace through the
holes of the cardboard again … without the patch. How long did it take you this time? If you took
turns covering each eye, which eye were you able to thread the fastest with? How fast could
you do it with both eyes?


What happens? It takes more time to thread the shoelace through the holes when you only use
one eye.

Why? Each eye sees things a little bit differently than the other. Each eye then sends its own
information to the brain. Our brain then takes the information each eye sends it, puts it together,
and forms a correct picture. This is called binocular vision.

Another pirate joke…..

Where does a pirate keep his ship?
In the Haaarbour!

The possibilities are endless - pirate division, multiplication, addition and subtraaarction.

For younger children there are simple pirate maths

Treasure Chest: “Jewels” and gold coins made from paper and a treasure chest.
You can make a treasure chest from a tea-bag box using the instructions on Page 17
How much treasure have you got? Can you group the treasure into 2s, count it and write it
Can you group it into 10s, count it and write it down.

Green emeralds =
Red rubies =
Yellow gold =
White diamonds =

How much would you have if you took away 1 green jewel? If you added 1 red jewel?

You can also give each jewel and coin a value. You can write the value on the item or have a
reference chart. The pupils can work out the total value of the treasure chest. Remove and add
items to change the value.

Pirate Ship: The class is the crew of a pirate ship – each pirate has 10 “gold coins” how many
gold coins are there on the ship?
The pirate ship is attacked by another pirate ship and half their treasure is taken. How much
have they got left?
The pirate ship attacks a rich merchant ship full of treasure worth 25 gold pieces for each pirate
– how much is the pirate ship worth now?
How much has each pirate got?

Dividing the Spoils: According to pirate rules “booty” was divided up in a certain way: (see
Honour among Thieves on Page 20)

“The Captain and Quartermaster shall each receive two shares of a prize: the Master Gunner
and Boatswain, one share and a half, and all other officers one and one quarter, and private
gentlemen of fortune one share each”.

You are the captain of a pirate ship you have a quarter master, a master gunner, a bo‟sun
(boatswain) and 15 crew. You capture a ship with £1,000 of treasure on board. How much does
each person get?

Codes are useful for maths too, where numbers are used instead of letters. 8 1 22 5 1 7 15 !
Don‟t forget to leave a space been each “letter” and a double space between words. You can
make it harder for the older children by leaving out the spacing between the words and if they
get too good remove the spacing between the letters!

History of Piracy
This is a very brief history of piracy – but it will give you lots of things to look up and find out
more about.

What is meant by “The New World” ?
What sort of goods were being transported in the ships the pirates attacked?
Where did the run-away slaves in Port Royal come from?
The word „Pirate‟ comes from the Latin word „pirata‟, which means „robber‟, a pirate is a robber
who attacks ships at sea.
Piracy was a problem thousands of years before the Spanish began to bring gold, silver, and
other treasures from the New World back to Spain. Men sailed the seas as pirates when
countries began to cross the Oceans to trade goods with each other.
There were powerful pirates who sailed the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. These pirates
set up a large pirate nation in the area which is now Turkey. Barbary corsairs controlled the
western part of the Mediterranean. Vikings were brave and strong pirates, they sailed all over
the Atlantic Ocean, but especially terrorized the European coastlines. Pirates were also active
in the waters surrounding Asia. As ships were built bigger and better and men became braver,
piracy began to spread into the New World.
Although piracy has occurred since ancient times, the golden era of piracy was the sixteenth,
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries on the Mediterranean and Caribbean seas. When the
early American colonists established successful trade routes to Europe, many pirates turned
their attention to the Atlantic. There were many famous English pirates, including Francis Drake
who robbed the Spanish ships coming back from South America and the Caribbean.
The main pirate base was Port Royal in Jamaica. Port Royal was owned by the British and they
didn't interfere in the lives of the pirates. It was filled with runaway slaves, pirates, drunkards,
and pickpockets. There were at least 44 drinking dens at Port Royal. At the docks pirates could
fix their ships and trade their stolen goods. Then in 1692, Port Royal was destroyed by an
earthquake and about 4,000 people died.
Soon the Europeans began to get tired of the pirates. Steam powered ships were much faster
than the old ones, which depended on the wind. With these new ships, they were able to chase
down and capture most of the pirates. The pirates just couldn't out run these powerful new
ships. Rewards also inspired many people to help capture pirates.
If a pirate was captured they were sent to prison in England. Those who were sent to England
usually didn't make it that far, they died of disease on board. If they made it to England they
usually went to Newgate Prison in London. Newgate Prison was a dirty and foul place to be.
Many prisoners died from diseases before they could ever be executed.
Piracy still continues today. The only difference is that modern day pirates use high-tech
gadgets and rely on stealth rather than brute force. Modern day pirates usually plunder a ship in
the middle of the night and climb ropes to get on to the deck. It only takes them a few minutes to
scourge a ship and take all of the valuables. Then they go back into their boats and disappear
into the darkness. Most of the weapons modern pirates use are speed boats, automatic rifles,
and machine guns. They make their plans on computers and contact each other by radios.

Robert Louis Stevenson was born on November 13, 1850 in Edinburgh,
Scotland, the only son of respectable middle-class parents. Throughout
his childhood, he suffered chronic health problems that confined him to
bed. In his youth, his strongest influence was that of his nurse, Allison
Cunningham, who often read Pilgrim's Progress and The Old Testament
to him. In 1867, Stevenson entered Edinburgh University as a science
student, where it was understood that he would follow his father's
footsteps and become a civil engineer. However, Robert was at heart a
romantic, and while working towards a science degree, he spent much
of his time studying French Literature, Scottish history, and the works
of Darwin and Spencer. When he confided to his father that he did not
want to become an engineer and instead wished to be a writer, his
father was quite upset. They settled on a compromise, where Robert
would study for the Bar exam and if his literary ambitions failed, he
would have a respectable profession to fall back on.

In the autumn of 1873, Stevenson fell ill, suffering from nervous exhaustion and a severe chest condition.
His doctor ordered him to take an extended period of rest abroad. For the next six months, he convalesced
in the South of France, and worked on essays. On his return to Edinburgh, he spent much of his time writing
book reviews and articles and experimenting with short stories. Slowly but surely, he earned a name for
himself in journalism and his pieces began appearing in distinguished journals such as The Fortnightly
Review. While establishing his name as a writer, Stevenson met an American married woman, Fanny
Vandergrift Osbourne, who was ten years his senior. Osbourne had travelled to Europe in an attempt to
escape her estranged husband's influence. For three years, Stevenson, who was still in ill health, continued
his relationship with her and eventually followed her to San Francisco, where she divorced her husband and
married Stevenson in May 1880.

In 1878, Stevenson published “An Inland Voyage”, which recounts a canoeing holiday in Belgium. In August
1880, the Stevensons returned to England. He and his wife wintered in the South of France and lived in
England from 1880-1887, a period of time marked by great literary achievement.

Stevenson's first novel, “Treasure Island”, was published in 1883, followed by “The Strange Case of Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” , which was written in Bournemouth ,(1886) and “Kidnapped” (1886). Stevenson's
work was highly popular and he received great critical acclaim.

Upon his father's death in 1887, Stevenson chose to leave England and sailed for America, where he stayed
for a year. In May 1888, accompanied by his wife, stepson, and mother, he set sail for the South Seas.
Stevenson grew so enchanted by the life of the South Seas that in December 1889 he bought an estate in
Apia, Samoa, convinced that he could never again endure the harsh winters of his native Scotland or
England. Apia was a perfect location because the climate was tropical but not wild, the people were friendly
and hard working, and there was good postal service in the country.

Stevenson lived at his 300-acre estate, Vailima, in the hills of Apia until his death in 1894. While in Vailima,
Stevenson wrote a great deal, completing two of his finest novellas, "The Beach of Falesa" and "The Ebb
Tide", two novels, “The Wrecker” and “Catriona”, the short stories "The Bottle Imp," "The Isle of Voices,"
and "The Waif Woman." He also published short works under the title “Fables”. Stevenson left a significant
amount of work unfinished. On December 3, 1894 he dictated another installment of a novel, seemed in
excellent spirits, and was speaking with his wife in the evening when he felt a violent pain in his head and
lost consciousness. Stevenson had suffered a brain hemorrhage and died a few hours later at the age of

 Carton Pirate Ship
      2 milk cartons
      2 straws
      playdough
      yellow, black and white construction paper
      glue, scissors and tape

ALTERNATIVE: use craft foam instead of construction
paper and you'll have a ship that you can play with in the

      tape a piece of construction paper about 1/2 way
       up the milk carton as shown in the photo to the

      tape black construction paper all the way up the
       back of the milk carton, leaving about 1 inch
       sticking up over the carton

      tape white construction paper over the rest of the
       milk carton

      glue two blobs of playdough into the center of the
       pirate ship


Milk Carton Pirate Ship
This is useful for maths as the pupils will have to
measure the cartons in order to work out how much
paper to use.

      2 milk/fruit cartons
      2 straws
      playdough
      yellow, black and white paper
      glue, scissors and tape

ALTERNATIVE: use craft foam instead of paper and
you'll have a ship that actually floats!

      tape a piece of black paper about 1/2 way up the
       milk carton as shown in the photo to the right.

      tape black paper all the way up the back of the
       milk carton, leaving about 2.5cms sticking up
       over the carton

      tape white paper over the rest of the milk carton

      stick two blobs of playdough into the centre of the
       pirate ship

      cut a 5 or 6cms piece off the bottom of the
       second carton.

      Tape it onto the ship (covering the playdough)

      poke two holes in it (with a pencil) right above the
       playdough blobs

      cover with white paper

      stick two straws through the holes you poked in
       the top carton

      cut two large rectangles and two small rectangles
       from yellow paper

      poke two holes in each rectangle with scissors or
       a hole punch and thread onto the straws as

      draw windows and a door with markers

      Cut yellow circles and glue them to the side of the
       ship as portholes

      Add a gangplank made of cardboard and a Jolly

Here’s one more pirate joke…..

When do pirates have a wash?
At Baaarthtime.

                          FIZZY POP BOTTLE PIRATE SHIP
           An empty fizzy pop plastic bottle               Scissors
           (but leave the top on!)                         A cocktail stick
           An empty milk or fruit carton                   Blank white paper
           Two Straws                                      Paint
           A single cone from an egg carton
           1 cup of sand
           Firstly, you can make the most important part... the jolly
           roger pirate flag! Cut out a rectangular shape from the
           white paper and paint it black. Leave it until it is dry, then
           with a small paint brush, paint on a skull and cross bones.

           Or you could cut out a skull and crossbones using white
           paper and stick it on your black flag
           To make the body of the ship, lie the plastic bottle on its
           side, cut out a rectangular shape and pour in the sand.
           Then, cut off the bottom of the milk carton and stick it to
           the inside of the plastic bottle to make a cabin.
           Using the tip of the scissors, you should carefully make two
           holes in the centre of the top of the cabin, only big enough
           so that straws can fit through. Poke the straws through the
           Cut a blank A4 piece of paper, widthways, across the
           middle. To make the sails of your pirate ship you will need
           to make holes, running down the middle of both pieces of
           paper. You can then thread the two pieces of paper onto
           the two straws. And you’re almost ready to set sail!
           Next, take a single cone from the egg carton and poke a
           hole through the bottom. Slide the cone over one of the
           straws (masts) and fix in place using some sticky tape.
           Then, put some blue tack in the top of one of the masts.
           Using some sticky tape, stick your jolly roger flag to the
           cocktail stick and stick it in the blue tack. You now have
           your crow’s nest and flag in place, so you can set sail and
           go treasure hunting!

    And just one more……

    What does a Pirate get if you tread on his foot?
    Very aaarngry!

                     Pirate Treasure Chest
     Supplies Needed                                               Finished Craft

Supplies Needed:
Coloured paper, gold and silver card

Glue or Tape, crayons and a tea-bag box

Step 1: Tea-bag boxes are perfect for a pirate
treasure chest because they are shaped like a
chest. Take your tea box and cover it with brown or
yellow paper. You can tape or glue the paper on
the outside and the inside of the tea box.

Any kind of empty food box that you may have will do for this, but the tea boxes are
ideal as they have built-in lids.

Step 2: Next cut out circles for your gold and silver
coins. Or use white paper and colour them silver
and gold or cut them out of yellow and white paper.
Also cut out diamond, emerald and ruby shapes so
your pirate treasure chest can have some jewels in
it. Cut out the shape of a lock for you pirate
treasure chest as well to keep all of the riches safe.

You can decorate your chest with black bands and studs to make it look more realistic

A pirate is a robber who works at sea rather than land
True - For as long as people have been transporting valuables by ships, pirates have been
around trying to rob them.
The pirate crew often votes on who their Captain would be
True - Life aboard a pirate ship was often run as a democracy and pirate crews voted on who
their Captain would be.
It‟s up to the Captain of the ship to discipline his crew.
False - Discipline was strictly enforced by a pirate‟s code of conduct. (see Honour among
Thieves on Page 19 )
Booty is another word for pirate‟s treasure.
True - Booty is another word for treasure, and is always shared amongst the crew.
(See Page 19)
A pirate flag was designed to strike fear into the victims.
True - A pirate flag was designed to strike fear into the victims and encourage a speedy
Women pirates were not common on ships because they were considered „bad luck‟.
True - Women pirates weren‟t common because they were considered „bad luck‟. Two of the
most famous female pirates who often dressed as men were Anne Bonny and Mary Read.
Named after his large black beard that covered his entire face, Edward “Blackbeard”
Teach was one of the most feared pirates of all time.
True - Edward “Blackbeard” Teach was one of the most feared pirates of all time. His tactic was
to light matches into his beard and hair to scare people!.
A „Privateer‟ was a pirate who worked for himself.
False - Privateers worked for the government and were given a license called a „Letter of
Marque and Reprisal‟ to attack other countries‟ ships.
The word „Buccaneer‟ is used to describe pirates and privateers who had bases in the
West Indies.
True - Buccaneers got their name from the meaning of the French word “boucan” (which means
barbecue), as they were frequently seen barbecuing their meat on grill.
When peace developed between the European countries, many privateers became
True – Unemployment led to an increase in piracy during the Golden Age because ships loaded
with treasure from the Americas often sailed through the Caribbean Sea.
Piracy still goes on today in the 21st Century
True – see page 11 “History of Piracy”

Traditional Pirate Hard Tack Biscuit Recipe

2 cups of flour
1/2 to 3/4 cup water
6 pinches of salt                                                     Some recipes also recommend a
1 tablespoon of shortening (optional)                                 second baking at 250°F (120°C) to
                                                                      thoroughly dry out the bread.

Mix all the ingredients into a batter and press onto a cookie sheet to a thickness of ½ inch.

Bake in a preheated oven at 400°F (205°C) for one hour.

Remove from oven, cut dough in 7cm squares, and punch four rows of holes, four holes per row into the
dough (a fork works nicely).

Flip the crackers and return to the oven for another half hour.

More Pirate jokes…………..

What kind of parties do Pirates like best?

How do you spell Pirate?

Honour Among Thieves
This charter of conduct drafted by Bartholomew Roberts' crew was preserved in Captain Johnson's
General History of the Pirates.

I. Every man has a vote in affairs of the moment; has equal title to the fresh provisions, or strong
liquors, at any time seized, and may use them at pleasure, unless a scarcity makes it necessary, for
the good of all, to vote a retrenchment.

II. Every man to be called fairly in turn, by list, on board of prizes because over and above their
proper share, they are allowed a shift of clothes. But if they defraud the company to the value of
even one dollar in plate, jewels, or money, they shall be marooned. If any man rob another he shall
have his nose and ears slit, and be put ashore where he shall be sure to encounter hardships.

III. None shall game for money, either with dice or cards.

IV. The lights and candles to be put out at eight o'clock at night: if any of the crew, after that hour,
still remain inclined for drinking, they shall sit upon the open deck without lights.

V. Each man shall keep his piece, cutlass, and pistols at all times clean and ready for action.

VI. No boy or woman to be allowed amongst them. If any man were to be found carrying a woman to
sea in disguise, he shall suffer death.

VII. He that shall desert the ship or his quarters in time of battle shall be punished by death or

VIII. None shall strike another aboard the ship, but every man's quarrel shall be ended on shore by
sword or pistol in this manner: at the word of command from the Quartermaster, each man being
previously placed back to back, shall walk an agreed upon number of paces, turn and fire
immediately. If any man do not, the Quartermaster shall knock the piece out of his hand. If both miss
their aim, they shall take to their cutlasses, and he that draws first blood shall be declared the victor.

IX. No man to talk of breaking up their way of living, till each had shared £1,000. If in order to do this,
any man should lose a limb, or become a cripple in their service, he was to have 800 pieces of eight
from the common stock, and for lesser hurts, proportionately.

X. The Captain and Quartermaster shall each receive two shares of a prize: the Master Gunner and
Boatswain, one share and a half, and all other officers one and one quarter, and private gentlemen
of fortune (ie the crew) one share each.

XI. The musicians shall have rest on the Sabbath Day only, by right, on all other days, by favour

And there are more ideas ……….

Sea Shanties
The word Shanty comes form the French word “chanter” – to sing.
What was a sea shanty?
Why did they sing them?
Find some shanties and make up your own.
Find out about Caribbean music
Write your own Pirate song – send us your pirate song on a cd or a dvd and we‟ll put it on our

There is loads of information to research on the internet.
Why not create a pirate data base?
Create a Powerpoint presentation about your voyage


Find out about Hornpipes
Invent your own Pirate Dances – send us your pirate dances on dvd and we‟ll put it on our


Model making: islands/ships/pirates etc
Flag designs
Signalling systems
Design a pirate costume
Make pirate hats

And if there is anything else you do, make or create – let us know by e-mailing Liz Weston, the
Theatre‟s Education Officer on, we‟d love to hear from you.

And final pirate jokes………

What is a pirate‟s favourite subject at school?

What does a pirate drive?
A caaar

Why can‟t pirates do their homework?
Because it‟s too haaard!