The_History_Of_The_Brooklyn_Dodgers

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					Title:
The History Of The Brooklyn Dodgers

Word Count:
602

Summary:
The Brooklyn Dodgers are one of the most storied and fabled teams in all
of baseball history. Most famous for their second baseman, Jackie
Robinson, breaking the color barrier in not only baseball but all of
professional sports, the Dodgers were one of the first teams to join the
then-upstart National League. The Brooklyn Dodgers Baseball Club was
established in 1883 and joined the now-defunct American Association the
following year; they won the American Association Pennant ...


Keywords:
Brooklyn Dodgers, Brooklyn, Dodgers, Baseball, Baseball History


Article Body:
The Brooklyn Dodgers are one of the most storied and fabled teams in all
of baseball history. Most famous for their second baseman, Jackie
Robinson, breaking the color barrier in not only baseball but all of
professional sports, the Dodgers were one of the first teams to join the
then-upstart National League. The Brooklyn Dodgers Baseball Club was
established in 1883 and joined the now-defunct American Association the
following year; they won the American Association Pennant in 1889 and
joined the National League in 1890.

The Dodgers tried out a variety of nicknames before one finally stuck;
they were originally called the Brooklyn Atlantics, and later the
Brooklyn Grays. The New York City press even took to calling them the
“Brooklyn Bridegrooms” when many of the players had gotten married in
quick succession. The team earned the nickname “Trolley Dodgers” when
they played at Eastern Park during the 1890s since the fans and players
had trouble accessing the ballpark because of the scarce trolley lines in
Brooklyn at the time.

Early Dodger teams played in two ballparks—Eastern Park and Washington
Park—before they moved to Ebbets Field. They won National League Pennants
in 1941, 1947, 1949, 1952, and 1953 and were defeated all five times by
the New York Yankees. Thus, the immortal baseball slogan “Wait Till Next
Year!” was born. The only Brooklyn Dodger team to ever win the World
Series did so in 1955 at Yankee Stadium.

In 1902, Charles Ebbets went deeply into debt to keep the Dodgers in
Brooklyn. He invested heavily to replace Washington Park with the
appropriately-titled Ebbets Field, located in the Crown Heights section
of Brooklyn, which became the Dodgers’ home until their move to Los
Angeles. Ebbets acquired parcels of land until he owned the entire block;
Ebbets Field opened its gates on April 9, 1913. The team had limited
success until “player development genius” Branch Rickey was hired; then
the Dodgers became a perennial contender for the National League pennant.
Ebbets Field hosted the 1949 All Star Game and the ballpark and the
Dodgers’ move to Los Angeles were featured in an entire episode of Ken
Burns’s acclaimed documentary, Baseball; additionally, Arthur Miller’s
classic American drama Death of a Salesman references Ebbets Field. After
the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles, Ebbets Field was demolished on February
23, 1960.

Perhaps the most famous and historically significant aspect of the
Brooklyn Dodgers was the breaking of the color barrier with young,
talented Jackie Robinson. Winner of the first ever Rookie of the Year
award and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, Robinson ended almost 80
years of segregation in baseball. Jackie Robinson attended UCLA and
became the first Black athlete to earn varsity letters in four sports—
baseball, football, basketball, and track. He later served in the U.S.
Army as a 2nd Lieutenant. On April 15, 1947, Robin son became the first
African American player for a Major League Baseball team. He earned the
Major League minimum, $5000, his rookie year, while he also played first
base (Robinson played second base for most of his career). Jackie
Robinson played on six World Series teams, received six consecutive All
Star Game nominations, and won the National League MVP award in 1949. He
retired on January 5, 1957, and became a political activist until his
death on October 24, 1972. Robinson was posthumously awarded the
Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his
key role in the American Civil Rights movement. On April 15, 1997, on the
50th anniversary of his debut, Major League Baseball retired his jersey
number, 42.

After the 1957 season, the Brooklyn Dodgers controversially moved to Los
Angeles. The Los Angeles Dodgers have won the World Series five times
since their move, in 1959, 1963, 1965, 1981, and 1988.

				
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posted:10/9/2010
language:English
pages:2