Chapter 6 Perception Student Not

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					                                  Chapter 6 Perception Student Notes

   1.   Define the following terms:
           a. Selective attention

           b.   The “party effect”

           c. Inattentional blindness

Perceptual Illusions
    2. Describe illusions

   3.   Define visual capture

Perceptual Organization
    4. Describe Gestalt psychology and how it contributes to perception

   5.   Explain the figure-ground relationship.

   6.   Define the following terms
           a. Proximity

           b.   Similarity

           c. Continuity

           d. Connectedness

           e. Closure

   7.   Define perception

   8.   Explain the importance of the “visual cliff”.
9. Define the following:
       a. binocular cues

       b. retinal disparity cue

       c. convergence cue

       d. Monocular cues

       e. Relative size

       f.   Interposition

       g. Relative clarity

       h. Texture gradient

       i.   Relative height

       j.   Relative motion or motion parallax

       k. Linear perspective

       l.   Light and shadow

10. Explain the assumptions we make in our perception of motion.
       a. Shrinking objects

       b. Stroboscopic movement

       c. Phi phenomenon

11. Explain the importance of perceptual constancy
   12. Define the following:
          a. Shape constancy

           b. Size constancy

           c. Muller-Lyer illusion

           d. The distorted room illusion

           e. Lightness constancy

           f.   Color constancy

Perceptual Interpretations

   13. Describe Kant’s theory of organizing sensory experiences.

   14. Describe Locke’s theory of organizing sensory experiences.

   15. Discuss the critical period for vision.

   16. Explain how research on distorting goggles increases our understanding of adaptabloilty of

   17. Define the following:
          a. Perceptual set

           b. Concepts or schemas

   18. Why the same stimulus can evoke different perception sin different contexts.

   19. Define the following:
          a. Human factors psychologists

   20. What role to human factor psychologist play in physical environments.

   21. Define the following:
          a. ESP
b. Telepathy

c. Clairvoyance

d. Precognition

e. psychokinesis

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