AP Psychology Curriculum Standar by fjwuxn


									                                               AP PSYCHOLOGY COURSE OUTLINE

History & Approaches and Research Methods                            Sensation and Perception
Textbook:        Unit 1 (pages 2-15)                                 Textbook:       Unit 4 (pages 115-169)
                 Unit 2 (pages 19-46)                                Objectives:
Objectives:                                                              Contrast the processes of sensation and perception.
     Define psychology and trace its historical development.            Distinguish between absolute and difference thresholds.
     Compare and contrast the seven major psychological                 Identify the structures of the ye and explain their function in
        perspectives.                                                        vision.
     Identify basic and applied research subfields of psychology.       Describe the operation of the sensory systems (five senses).
     Identify basic elements of an experiment (variables, groups,       Assess the different theories of color vision.
        sampling, population, etc.).                                     Explain the monocular and binocular cues used in depth
     Compare and contrast research methods (case, survey,                   perception.
        naturalistic observation).                                       Classify theories of form and motion perception.
     Explain correlational studies.                                     Identify the structures of the outer ear and explain their
     Describe the three measures of central tendency and                    function in audition.
        measures of variation.                                           Explain the chemical senses of olfaction and gustation and
     Discuss the ethics of animal and human research.                       how they interrelate.
                                                                         Identify the specialized cells in pressure, pain, and
Biological Basis of Behavior                                                 temperature sensation.
Textbook:        Unit 3 (pages 51-110)                                   Compare kinesthesis to the vestibular senses
     Describe the structure of a neuron and explain neural          States of Consciousness
        impulses.                                                    Textbook:        Unit 5 (pages 175-210)
     Describe neural communication and discuss the impact of        Objectives:
        neurotransmitters.                                                Define the different levels of consciousness and theories of
     Classify and explain major divisions of the nervous system.            attention.
     Describe the functions of the brain structures (thalamus,           Describe the cyclical nature and possible functions of sleep.
        cerebellum, limbic system, etc.).                                 Compare differences between NREM and REM sleep.
     Identify the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and their            Identify the major sleep disorders.
        functions.                                                        Discuss the content and possible functions of dreams.
     Discuss the association areas of the cortex.                        Discuss hypnosis, noting the behavior of hypnotized people
     Explain brain lateralization and the split-brain studies.              and claims regarding its uses.
     Describe the nature of the endocrine system and its                 Discuss the nature of drug dependence.
        interaction with the nervous system.                              Describe the physiological and psychological effects of
                                                                             depressants, stimulants, and hallucinogens.
                                              AP PSYCHOLOGY COURSE OUTLINE

Learning & Memory                                                   Motivation and Emotion
Textbook:        Unit 6 (pages 215-249)                             Textbook:        Unit 8 (pages 327-406)
                 Unit 7a (pages 255-294)                            Objectives:
Objectives:                                                             Compare the early theories to contemporary views on
    Explain the process of classical conditioning and its                  motivation.
        components (Pavlov’s experiments).                              Discuss the theories of hunger and hunger regulation.
    Describe the process and elements of operant conditioning          Define achievement motivation, including intrinsic and
        (Skinner’s experiments).                                            extrinsic motivation.
    Describe the process of observational learning (Bandura’s          Identify the three theories of emotion (James-Lange,
        experiments).                                                       Cannon-Bard, Schachter-Singer).
    Discuss the biological and cognitive factors in learning.          Describe the physiological changes that occur during
    Describe memory in terms of information processing, and                emotional arousal.
        distinguish among sensory memory,                               Explain how emotions are measured and studied.
        short-term memory, and long-term memory.                        Describe the biological response to stress.
    Distinguish between automatic and effortful processing.
    Explain the encoding process (including imagery,               Developmental Psychology
        organization, etc.)                                         Textbook:       Unit 9 (pages 411-473)
    Distinguish between implicit and explicit memory.              Objectives:
    Describe the importance of retrieval cues.                         Discuss the course of prenatal development.
    Discuss the effects of interference and motivated forgetting       Explain changes in physical, cognitive, and social
        on retrieval.                                                       development throughout the lifespan according to Piaget,
    Describe the evidence for the constructive nature of memory.           Vygotsky, Erikson, Kohlberg, and Gilligan.
                                                                        Differentiate between continuous and discrete models of
Thinking & Language                                                         development.
Textbook:     Unit 7b (pages 298-322)                                   Discuss the effect of body contact, familiarity, and styles of
Objectives:                                                                 parenting on children’s temperament and attachments.
    Explain the physiological structures involved in language.         Describe the early development of self-concept.
    Describe the components of language (phonemes,                     Distinguish between cross-sectional and longitudinal studies.
        morphemes, and grammar).                                        Discuss the effects of age on cognitive abilities.
    Identify the stages of language development.
    Assess the theories of linguistic relativity.
    Classify the kinds of thinking.
    Explain the strategies and obstacles to problem solving.
    Demonstrate an understanding of reasoning and logic.
    Evaluate the elements of creativity.
                                                AP PSYCHOLOGY COURSE OUTLINE

Personality                                                            Objectives:
Textbook:        Unit 10 (pages 479-518)                                   Differentiate and explain the various approaches to
Objectives:                                                                    disorders.
    Describe the psychodynamic theory of personality in terms             Understand the aims of the DSM-IV and discuss the
        of the interactions of the id, ego, and superego.                      potential dangers of diagnostic labels.
    Identify defense mechanisms and how they protect the                  Describe each category of disorders and the explanations for
        individual from anxiety.                                               the cause from each perspective.
    Compare Freud’s theory to neo-Freudian theories.                      Apply the five main approaches to psychotherapy to the
    Discuss the humanistic perspective on personality.                        different classifications of disorders.
    Trace the formation of the trait theory of personality and the        Explain the strengths and weaknesses of each model of
        methodologies used.                                                    psychotherapy.
    Explain the role of biology in personality.                           Discuss eclectic approaches to psychotherapy.
    Explain the uses of different projective and objective                Identify the common forms of drug therapy and the use of
        personality tests.                                                     electroconvulsive therapy.
    Compare and contrast the different theories of personality.           Examine the ethical issues of treating individuals with
Textbook:        Unit 11 (pages 523-556)                               Social Psychology
Objectives:                                                            Textbook:       Unit 14 (pages 643-692)
     List and explain the historical concepts of intelligence and     Objectives:
        intelligence testing.                                              Explain the relationship between attitudes and behaviors and
     Describe the importance and types of validity and reliability.           how we form and change attitudes.
     Evaluate the different contemporary approaches to                    List and describe attributional heuristics and biases.
        intelligence.                                                      Assess the different theories of attraction and love.
     Identify the factors that influence intelligence.                    Explain the concepts of obedience and conformity through
     Summarize research on the nature/nurture debate concerning               the research of Asch and Milgram.
        intelligence.                                                      Discuss how group interaction can facilitate group
     Discuss the two extremes of the normal distribution of                   polarization and groupthink.
        intelligence.                                                      Describe the social, emotional, and cognitive factors that
     Examine whether intelligence tests are culturally biased.                contribute to the persistence of cultural, ethnic, and gender
                                                                               prejudice and discrimination.
Abnormal Psychology                                                        Discuss the issues related to aggression.
Textbook:    Unit 12 (pages 561-600)                                       Identify the factors that may facilitate or inhibit
             Unit 13 (pages 605-638)                                           performance.
                                                                           Trace the development of prosocial and antisocial behaviors.

To top