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					Challenges and Opportunities in Development of a REDD Project




                                                                Stanford University
                                                                 Feb. 11-12, 2009
Summary

      1. Cordillera Azul National Park (PNCAZ) and
         Buffer Zone
      2. El Centro de Conservación, Investigación y
         Manejo de Áreas Naturales Cordillera Azul –
         CIMA Cordillera Azul
      3. The REDD Opportunity
      4. Project Design Challenges
      5. Project Design Advances
      6. Lessons Learned To Date
1. Cordillera Azul National Park and Buffer Zone

                                    Created May 21, 2001

                                    The Park covers over
                                    1.35 million ha between
                                    the Huallaga and Ucayali
                                    watersheds, distributed
                                    over four departments

                                    The Buffer Zone covers
                                    over 2.6 million ha., with
                                    225 communities and
                                    approximately 250,000
                                    inhabitants
1. Cordillera Azul National Park and Buffer Zone

       • One of Peru’s most biologically diverse National
         Parks
       • Contains some of the last remaining unbroken
         elevational gradients in the Andes
       • Contains 16 evaluated habitat types, from lush
         lowland tropical forests to stunted, specialized
         vegetation on mountain tops
       • Evidence of non-contacted indigenous groups in
         the south-eastern section of the Park
2. CIMA Cordillera Azul

          Formed in July 2002,
          directly identifying itself
          with protection of the
          PNCAZ.

          In 2003, signed an
          agreement with INRENA
          to support management of
          the PNCAZ.

          Since August 2008 has
          been granted full
          administrative control of
          the Park.
2. CIMA Cordillera Azul

       CIMA’s Multi-Component Strategy for protecting the
                                 PNCAZ
       • Protection: Created fully functioning Park
         management infrastructure
       • Zoning, titling and land use stabilization in the Buffer
         Zone
       • Promotion of ecologically-compatible development
         and economic activities in Buffer Zone and larger
         region
       • Environmental Extension and Education Activities
         with Buffer Zone
3. REDD Opportunity


       When developing
       sustainable funding
       options for the Park, CIMA
       Cordillera Azul identified
       the opportunity to develop
       a REDD project with
       technical support from The
       Field Museum and
       financial assistance from
       the Exelon Corporation.

                                    Deforestation 1996 - 2006
3. REDD Opportunity
        Opportunities for a REDD Project in the Park:
       •   Interest of CCX and support from the Field Museum and Exelon
           Corporation
       •   Rapidly developing REDD mechanisms
       •   A well-managed Park with intact forest, extraordinary biodiversity,
           and a management committed to benefiting local communities
       •   On-going deforestation threat to Park
       •   Abundant environmental and socio-economic information
       •   A successful Park monitoring system: ICC and SIG
       •   Potential to use the Park as a pilot carbon project and use lessons
           learned to develop a series of REDD projects in Peru
       •   Authority granted by Government to CIMA through its 20-year
           administrative contract to develop and market carbon credits, with
           any resulting revenues supporting management of the Park
3. REDD Opportunity




          = deforestation


                            2000
3. REDD Opportunity




          = deforestation

                            2003
3. REDD Opportunity




          = deforestation


                            2020
          = roads

                            (Projected)
4. REDD Project Design Challenges

        1. Prove “additionality” of a protected area
4. REDD Project Design Challenges

      2. Establish a baseline to determine vulnerability to deforestation


                                            Over 80% of the
                                            PNCAZ has high or
                                            very high vulnerability
                                            to deforestation


                                            Over 1.2 million ha
                                            could be developed into
                                            a carbon project
4. REDD Project Design Challenges

      3. Establish a Reference Area and Leakage Belt
          PNCAZ, leakage belt (=buffer     Suitability map for deforestation 2006- 2011.
          zone) and first reference area    PNCAZ and new reference area (Winrock)
5. Project Design Advances


      Current Project Status

      • All necessary information to develop a REDD
        project

      • Willingness of CCX to move forward in the
        voluntary carbon market

      • Project document being developed for CCBA (with
        goal of Gold Standard)

      • CIMA’s team now trained in measuring carbon
        stocks
5. Project Design Advances

      But….

      • GEOMOD analysis limitations are not fully
        reflecting local realities and calculating reliable
        deforestation inside Park if current management
        activities stopped due to lack of funding.

      • “Protection Paradox”: past 6 years have been
        successful in stopping deforestation, but efforts
        are dependent on current funding, which will
        decrease in next 2-3 years. If REDD project does
        not provide funding, many management activities
        may stop.
Lago del Mundo Perdido
rodeado de bosque primario
SECTOR: PONASA
Valle alto
SECTOR: PONASA
Valle medio
SECTOR: PONASA
Valle bajo
Limite de la Zona de
amortiguamiento del Parque,
cerca a Picota
6. Lessons Learned

       • Enormous potential and opportunity for REDD projects in Peru’s
         protected areas

       • Need analytical models that better reflect local realities and
         generate credible results on past, present and future threats

       • Essential to have ample biodiversity and socio-economic
         information for protect areas and surrounding regions

       • REDD standards need to better support protected areas and
         calculate the real pressures from deforestation and degradation,
         regardless of legal status

       • Necessary to build protected area management capacity to improve
         local communities’ quality of life and implement and monitor REDD
         projects
Lucia Ruiz Ostoic
Lruiz@cima.org.pe
www.cima.org.pe

				
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