Dietmar Schwarz

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					                                      Dietmar Schwarz
                                      Curriculum Vitae
                                       September 20, 2007


Office Address:
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Department of Entomology
320 Morrill Hall
505 S. Goodwin Ave.
Urbana, IL 61801
Tel.: ++1 (217) 333-2929

Home Address:
1005 S. Race St.
Urbana, IL 61801

E-mail: dschwarz@life.uiuc.edu
Website: http://www.ento.psu.edu/mcpheronlab/schwarz.html


Education
July 2007 – present: Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Illinois at Urbana-
    Champaign, Department of Entomology. Funded through USDA grant on apple maggot fly
    genomics, PIs: Stewart Berlocher, Hugh Robertson, and Jeffrey Feder.
September 2004 – June 2007: Postdoctoral Scholar, The Pennsylvania State University,
    Department of Entomology. Funded through NSF grant on ecologically mediated hybrid
    speciation in a diploid, bisexual animal, PI: Bruce A. McPheron.
August 2000 – August 2004: Ph.D. in Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University,
    University Park, PA. Adviser: Bruce A. McPheron. Committee: Warren Abrahamson,
    Thomas Baker, Ottar Bjornstad, Stephen Schaeffer.
September 1994 – July 2000: Diplom in Biology, Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel, Kiel,
    Germany. Thesis adviser: Thomas Hoffmeister.
August 1997 – May 1998: International exchange student at The Pennsylvania State University,
    University Park, PA.
July 1993: Abitur, Städtisches Gymnasium Erwitte, Erwitte, Germany


Publications
Published:
Gavrilovic, V., G. L. Bush, D. Schwarz, J. E. Crossno, J. J. Smith. 2007. Rhagoletis zephyria
   Snow (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Great Lakes Basin: a native insect on native hosts? Annals
   of the Entomological Society of America100, pp. 474-482.
Schwarz, D. and B. A. McPheron. 2007. When Ecological isolation breaks down: sexual isolation
   is an incomplete barrier to hybridization between Rhagoletis species. Evolutionary Ecology
   Research 9, pp. 829-841.


Page 1 of 7. D. Schwarz Curriculum Vitae
Schwarz, D., K. D. Shoemaker, N. L. Botteri, B. A. McPheron. A novel host preference for an
    invasive plant as a mechanism for animal hybrid speciation. Evolution 61, pp. 245-256.
Schwarz, D., B. M. Matta, N. L. Shakir-Botteri, B. A. McPheron. 2005. Host shift to an invasive
    plant triggers rapid animal hybrid speciation. Nature 436, pp. 546-549.
Schwarz, D., B. A. McPheron, G. B. Hartl, E. F. Boller, T. H. Hoffmeister. 2003. A second case of
    genetic host races in Rhagoletis? – A population genetic comparison of sympatric host populations in
    the European Cherry Fruit Fly, Rhagoletis cerasi. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 108, pp.
    11-17.
Submitted:
Xie, X., A. P. Michel, D. Schwarz, J. Rull, S. Velez, A. A. Forbes, M. Aluja, and J. L. Feder.
      Radiation and divergence in the Rhagoletis pomonella species group: inferences from DNA
      sequence data (submitted to Journal of Evolutionary Biology)
In preparation:
Schwarz, D., C. A. Schwarz, and O. N. Bjornstad. Homoploid hybrid speciation via ecological
    trade-offs (in preparation)
Cario, C., D. Schwarz, and B. A. McPheron: Differences in infestation rates of individual
    nonnative honeysuckle plants with the Lonicera fly correspond to morphometric plant
    characters (in preparation)
Schwarz, D., B. A. McPheron. The biological metaspecies – hybridization as a mechanism for the
    acquisition of new hosts (in preparation)
Theses:
Schwarz, D. 2004. Natural hybridization and speciation in Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae).
    Ph.D. thesis. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
Schwarz, D. 2000. Wirtsrassendifferenzierung in der Kirschfruchtfliege Rhagoletis cerasi (L.). Diploma
    thesis. Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel, Kiel.


Grants
Funded grants:
2003: “Ecologically Mediated Hybrid Speciation in a Diploid, Bisexual Animal”, awarded by the
   National Science Foundation to Bruce McPheron, Ottar Bjornstad and Wendell Roelofs
   (DEB-0343771, $ 336,000). This project is based on my Ph.D. thesis, and I wrote the first
   draft of the proposal.
1999: First Draft of methods section and budget for a grant from the Deutsche
   Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Science Foundation) to Thomas Hoffmeister for my
   diploma thesis on the host race differentiation of Rhagoletis cerasi (HO 1251/6-1, DM
   12,000). This project was the result of a cooperation with Bruce McPheron that was initiated
   during my exchange visit to the Pennsylvania State University.
Grants authored (not funded):
2006: “Recombinational speciation in a host-specific animal.” Dietmar Schwarz, Bruce
   McPheron, and Loren Rieseberg. Submitted to the National Science Foundation.


Collaborators
Wendell Roelofs, Shannon Olsson, and Charles Linn, Department of Entomology, Cornell
   University, Geneva, NY. Chemical ecology of host specialization in the Lonicera fly and its
   parents.

Page 2 of 7. D. Schwarz Curriculum Vitae
Ottar Bjornstad, Departments of Biology and Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University,
    University Park, PA. Modelling of homoploid hybrid speciation via host shift.
Jeffrey Feder, and Andrew Forbes, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN. Cascading
    speciation of Rhagoletis parasitoids.
James Smith, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Distribution and Phylogeography of
    Rhagoletis zephyria.


Invited Seminars and Guest Lectures
August, 2007: Invited seminar at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of
   Entomology: “Exotic invasive plant triggers hybridization and speciation in native insects”
March 2007: Invited seminar at student organized symposium at the Eastern Branch Meeting of
   the Entomological Society of America, Harrisburg: “Reticulate phylogenies in insects?
   Hybrid speciation as an origin for insect diversity”
October, 2005: Invited seminar at The Pennsylvania State University, Intercollege Program in
   Ecology: “Invasive honeysuckle and ecologically mediated hybrid speciation in a native fruit
   parasite”
October, 2005: Invited seminar at the University of Maine, Department of Biological Sciences:
   “Ecologically mediated hybrid speciation in Rhagoletis”
January, 2005: Invited seminar at Cornell University, Department of Entomology, New York
   State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva: “Hybridization, host shift, and rapid
   speciation in a host specific insect“
November, 2004: Invited seminar at Clemson University, Department of Entomology:
   “Speciation via hybridization in a specialist insect is triggered by the shift to a new host”
October, 2004: Lecture as part of the seminar series of the Institute for Molecular Evolutionary
   Genetics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA: “Speciation via
   hybridization in a specialist insect is triggered by the shift to a new host”
October, 2004: Invited seminar at Penn State, Department of Entomology: “Speciation via
   hybridization following the host shift of a specialist insect”
August, 2002: Informal seminar at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva,
   NY. “Hybrid Speciation is favored by a Rhagoletis host shift”
November, 2001: Lecture as part of the seminar series of the Institute for Molecular Evolutionary
   Genetics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. “ Speciation via
   Hybridization in a Diploid, Bisexual animal?”
June, 2001: Guest lecture at the Abrahamson lab, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA.
   “Colonization of introduced Lonicera spp. by tephritid flies of the genus Rhagoletis”


Presented Conference Papers
February 2007: Poster at the International summit on “Evolutionary Change in human-altered
    environments,” Los Angeles, CA: “Invasive plant promotes hybridization and speciation in
    native host specialist insects”
July 2006: Poster the symposium “Genetics of Speciation,” Vancouver, Canada: “Isolation of the
    hybrid origin Lonicera fly in the field”
June, 2006: Talk at the Evolution 2006 meeting, Stony Brook, NY: “Geographic structure of
    animal hybrid speciation in the Lonicera fly”
August, 2005: Talk at the annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Montreal,
    Canada: “Rapid hybrid speciation in native insects resulting from exotic plant introductions ”
Page 3 of 7. D. Schwarz Curriculum Vitae
March, 2005: Talk at the North Eastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, University Park, PA:
   “Rapid speciation via introgressive hybridization within the last 250 years?”
August, 2004: Talk at the annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Portland, OR:
   “The other hybrid bridge - Hybridization between specialist insects facilitates host shifts”
June, 2004: Poster at the annual meeting of the Society of Molecular Biology and Evolution,
   University Park, PA: “Ecologically mediated hybrid speciation in a diploid, bisexual animal”
June, 2003: Talk at Evolution 2003 meeting, Chico, CA: “Simultaneous host shift and
   hybridization – the fast road to sympatric speciation?”
March, 2003: Talk as part of graduate student symposium at the Entomological Society of
   America, Eastern Branch annual meeting: “Does invasive honeysuckle trigger a novel mode
   of insect speciation in native Rhagoletis?”
August, 2002: Poster at the annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Tucson, AZ:
   “Hybrid speciation is favored by a Rhagoletis host shift”
May, 2002: Talk at the annual meeting of the Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft (German
   Zoological Society), Halle, Germany: “Hybrid Speciation is favored by a Rhagoletis host
   shift”
June, 2002: Talk at the Evolution 2002 meeting, Urbana-Champaign, IL. “Speciation via
   hybridization in a bisexual animal? – Rhagoletis hybrids colonize introduced honeysuckle”
June, 2001: Poster at the Evolution 2001 meeting, Knoxville, TN. “A new host race of hybrid
   origin? - flies from the apple maggot species complex colonize non-native honeysuckle”


Teaching Experience
Instructor:
Fall 2006: Instructor for the 4 credit taxonomy and evolution portion of the entomology graduate
    core course Diversity of Insects (ENT 497A)
Spring 2006: Instructor for seminar course on rapid evolution, Penn State Department of
    Entomology
Spring 2001: Lab Instructor for Biology 220 W – Biology: Populations and Communities, Penn
    State Department of Biology.
Fall 2000: Lab Instructor for Biology 110 – General Biology, Penn State Department of Biology.
Teaching assistant:
Fall 2001: Teaching Assistant for Entomology 411 – Insect Taxonomy, Penn State Department of
    Entomology.
Guest lectures:
July 2006: Field excursion and discussion on insect diversity and evolution with participants of
    the “advanced bug camp for kids.”
February 2006: Guest lecture in “teaching with insects” for education majors on hypothesis
    testing in evolutionary biology
November 2004: Two guest lectures in Penn State Insect Genomics, Proteomics, and
    Bioninformatics course on Molecular Evolution.
March, 2004: Guest lecture in Penn State integrated pest management course: “Quarantine of
    non-native insect pests.”




Page 4 of 7. D. Schwarz Curriculum Vitae
Mentoring of Undergraduate Students
Katrina Shoemaker (2001-2002): Behavioral, genetic, and phenological studies. Katrina received
    a College of Agricultural Sciences undergraduate research grant and pursued an independent
    study on the morphological differentiation of a hybrid origin fly population from its parents.
    She won first prize at the 2002 Penn State undergraduate research exhibition with her poster:
    “Evidence for hybridization of Rhagoletis pomonella and R. zephyria using surstyli
    morphometrics & eigenshape analysis.” Katrina is now working as a research technologist for
    a commercial laboratory.
Benjamin Matta (2002-2003): Behavioral, genetic, and phenological studies. Benjamin received a
    College of Agricultural Sciences undergraduate research grant and independently adapted a
    new genetic marker for our study system. He presented a poster at the 2003 Penn State
    undergraduate research exhibition: “Invasive plant triggers rapid evolution in native flies via
    hybridization.” Benjamin is now a Ph.D student in interdisciplinary biomedical science at the
    University of Pittsburgh.
Nicole Shakir-Botteri (2003-2005): Behavioral, genetic, and phenological studies. Nicole
    returned for a second and third summer after her graduation while working as a high school
    teacher. After working as a technician in the McPheron lab she started a Ph.D. program in
    zoology at the University of Florida.
Clinton Cario (2004-2007): Genetic and behavioral studies. Clint was funded by an REU
    supplement to our current NSF grant and conducted an individual study on the hybridization
    of invasive honeysuckle species and differences in infestation rate of plant hybrids by a
    tephritid fly. He presented a poster at the 2005 Penn State undergraduate research exhibition
    and the 2005 North Eastern Ecology and Evolution Conference: “Does hybridization in an
    invasive plant facilitate its colonization by a native insect?” Clint continued this work in the
    2005 and field seasons with a more extensive field study and is currently finishing data
    analysis. He is in the process of applying to graduate programs in synthetic biology and
    immunology.
Eric Deutsch (2005-2006): Genetic studies. In collaboration Norman Barr at USDA-APHIS Eric
    characterized sequences of ITS-1 in multiple Ceratitis fruit fly species. After leaving our lab
    Eric started Ph.D. studies in pharmacology at the University of Pennsylvania.
Lara Miles (2006-2007): Population genetics. Lara received an REU fellowship in the summer of
    2006 and concentrated in an independent project on the local population differentiation
    between Lonicera fly and parent species using multiple microsatellite markers.


Coverage of Research in Popular Press (selection)
Printed press:
New Scientist: (Jul 30, 2005): Maggots push the envelope for evolution speed
Los Angeles Times (Jul 30, 2005): Fly species making its debut in new habitat
Christian Science Monitor (Aug 4, 2005): An alien invader sparks a species
Folha de Sao Paulo (Brazil, Aug 15, 2005): Duas espécies de mosca se unem e se transformam
numa só nos EUA
Websites:
Sciencenow: A new hybrid, animal style
http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/727/2
National Geographic News: Evolution Revolution: two species become one, study says
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/07/0727_050727_evolution.html


Page 5 of 7. D. Schwarz Curriculum Vitae
Served as Reviewer for
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B
Molecular Ecology
Evolution
Oecologia
Evolutionary Ecology Research
Journal of Heredity
Annals of the Entomological Society of America
Environmental Entomology
International Journal of Tropical Insect Science


Other Professional Activities
Invitation and hosting of Entomology seminar speakers Christine Boake (Spring 2001), Jeffrey
    Feder (Spring 2003), Shannon Olsson (Fall 2005)
Participation in the invitation and hosting of seminar speakers for the lecture series “Evolutionary
    Ecology” of the Penn State Ecology program


Scholarships and Awards
German National Scholarship Foundation (1997-2000)
Phi Kappa Phi (2001-)
Vartkes Miroyan Award for Academic Excellence, Department of Entomology, The
    Pennsylvania State University (2003)

Professional Societies
Society for the Study of Evolution
Entomological Society of America
Ecological Society of America
Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft (German Zoological Society)


Undergraduate Experience in Biological Research and Conservation:
January – May 1998 and July – September 1998: Molecular population genetics of Rhagoletis
    spp., The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
April – July 1997: Laboratory study of parasitoid foraging behavior, Christian-Albrechts
    Universität Kiel, Germany
July 1996 – Monitoring of riverbed vegetation by snorkeling, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Biologischer
    Umweltschutz, Bad Sassendorf, Germany.
March – June 1996: Monitoring of song bird populations in garden cities, Christian-Albrechts
    Universität Kiel, Germany
July and August 1994: Volunteer for the USDA Forest Service at the Oregon Dunes NRA,
    Reedsport, OR. Monitoring of disturbances to endangered shore birds.
July 1993 – June 1994: National service at a local conservation society, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft
    Biologischer Umweltschutz, Bad Sassendorf, Germany.


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