Partnership for Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia - DOC by iiz13167

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									                     Partnership for Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia
                            Monthly News Archive for April 2005
The archive contains news items featured in the PSUTA News Digests released in the said month. The articles are
arranged in reverse chronological order, starting from the most recent. Click on the title to go to the full article.

Summaries

ANALYSIS - Asia Oil Trade to See Clean Fuel Turmoil For Years
Mia Shanley, PLANET ARK (29 April 2005) SINGAPORE: Asia's uneven sprint to match the West's
stringent fuel standards has roiled markets, tightened supplies and forced older refiners to gear up or bow
out.
key words: clean fuel, policies

In six years, Mumbai will Metromorphose
ASHLEY D‟MELLO, TIMES NEWS NETWORK (28 APR 2005) MUMBAI, INDIA: Come 2011 and you will
be able to ride in air-conditioned comfort from Versova to Ghatkopar—in the Metro. Though experience
with other big projects such as the Bandra-Worli Sea Link shows that deadlines are often flexible.
key words: rail, mass transit

China targets car exhaust in bid to clean up its air
Reuters (28 Apr 2005) BEIJING, CHINA: China plans to clean up its air by raising vehicle emission
standards over the next two years, the State Environmental Protection
key words: vehicle, emission standards, policies

China releases Five New National Vehicle Emission Standards Today
VECC (27 Apr 2005) CHINA: The State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) promulgated five
new national standards on vehicle pollution on April 27th, 2005. “It is the ultimate choice and effective
measure to solve vehicle emission pollution problems by formulating and implementing stricter emission
standards and reducing emission” said Luo Yi, deputy head, Department of Science, Technology and
Standards of SEPA. New standards were formulated according to China‟s vehicle emission pollution
conditions, and the demand of development and environmental protection.
key words: vehicle, emission standards, policies

Bid to reduce road deaths
The Star (27 Apr 2005) PUTRAJAYA, MALAYSIA: Malaysia is studying the practices of different countries,
including Germany to establish a nationwide surveillance system aimed at reducing the fatality rate and
improving road safety in the country, said Transport Minister Datuk Seri Chan Kong Choy.
key words: road safety

Malaysia may revive rail modernisation plan
John Burton, Financial Times (27 April 2005) Malaysia may revive at least part of a M$14.5bn ($3.8bn)
railway modernisation project, the nation's biggest infrastructure contract, after it was delayed in 2003 to
reduce the government's large budget deficit.
key words: rail, mass transit, transport plan

Suspend traffic blues, the Sky Bus technology is here
newindpress.com (27 Apr 2005) HYDERABAD,INDIA: Sky Bus - another mode of public transport - is
being considered to ease traffic congestion in the city. B Rajaram, former managing director of Konkan
Railway Corporation Ltd, developed the technology. The other options include metro rail, mono-rail and
Bus Rapid Transit system.
key words: traffic management, rail, mass transit

MMDA to appeal SC ruling; BF unaware of the case



PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                                      Page 1 of 13
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abs-cbnnews.com (26 Apr 2005) METRO MANILA, PHILIPPINES: The Metro Manila Development
Authority (MMDA) on Tuesday said it will appeal the Supreme Court (SC) ruling clipping its powers to
issue traffic-violation receipts and confiscate drivers' licenses.
key words: policies, traffic management

Bus reduction on EDSA seen
Inquirer News Service (26 Apr 2005) METRO MANILA, PHILIPPINES: MOTORISTS can expect a
measure of relief from traffic jams along EDSA (Epifanio delos Santos Avenue) in three months with the
reduction of the number of buses plying the major thoroughfare, according to Land Transportation
Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) chair Elena Bautista.
http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-59867.html
key words: transport demand management, monitoring, mandatory scrappage

Delhi rates most unsafe metro on women’s survey
Single women have trouble finding safe places to stay in Capital; husbands score high on support.
Kavita Chowdhury, ExpressIndia.com (20 April 2005) New Delhi, India: FOR working women in the
Capital, the results of a study of the five metros conducted by the FICCI Ladies Organisation (FLO) are
mixed. While women in Delhi enjoy some of the highest income levels, the city ranks the lowest as far as
personal safety is concerned. Hyderabad was found the safest city.
Key words: Road safety; Rail and metros; Poverty alleviation and gender

Rail system to link Delta
Jane Chen, Shanghai Daily news (20 April 2005) SHANGHAI, CHINA: An 815 kilometer rail network will
be built by 2020 to connect cities in the Yangtze River Delta area, it was revealed at "the Third China
Urban Rail Transport International Summit" held in Shanghai on April 19.
Key words: rail and metros

Benefits of good transport plan
Penang, The Star(20 April 2005) KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA: An effective public transportation system
in the Klang Valley will go a long way in alleviating the squatter problem in Selangor, said Mentri Besar
Datuk Seri Dr Mohamad Khir Toyo.
Key words: Sustainable transport policy; Poverty alleviation and gender

Urban transport may go Bangalore style
TIMES NEWS NETWORK (19 APRIL 2005) LUCKNOW, INDIA: City residents who wrestle daily with
commuting woes may get ready for a pleasant surprise, if a state government plan to adopt the Bangalore
pattern of urban transport system materialises. The green signal was given to the proposal at a recent
meeting of the Urban Transport Authority here. At the meeting — which private operators attended — it
was decided in principle to introduce the system by constituting a separate urban city bus corporation.
Key words: Transport demand management; Buses; Urban transport institutions

Chongqing road accident kills 27
Xinhuanet (19 April 2005) CHONGQING,CHINA: Twenty-seven people were killed and four seriously
injured when a coach bus fell off a bridge in southwest China's Chongqing Municipality in the small hours
Tuesday.
Key words: road safety

State to act fast on bus terminal woes
Penang, The Star (18 April 2005) MALAYSIA: Any problem arising from the opening of the new RM5.8mil
express bus terminal in Sungai Nibong will be looked into immediately.
Key words: transport demand management, buses

Koizumi has funds key to skybus plan
ARYA RUDRA, TIMES NEWS NETWORK (16 APRIL 2005) KOLKATA: The city has much to hope for
when Japanese premier Junichiro Koizumi comes to India later this month. He may have the key to
solving Kolkata's traffic chaos that is fast spiralling out of control.
Key words: Rail and Metros; Urban transport financing

Traffic Police Gear Up to Control Kathmandu's Streets
Nepal Samacharpatra, 16 April 2005 (Translated and Summarized by CE News) The intensive efforts of
the Traffic Police over the last two months to enforce traffic rules are beginning to show results. In the
past two months (Falgun and Chaitra, 2061), the Kathmandu Valley Traffic Police has fined 43,855
vehicle drivers for breaking traffic rules and collected Rs. 52,46,975 in revenue. This is almost 50 percent
higher than the previous two months. The rate of traffic accidents has also reduced by about half during
this period.
Key words: Regulations, costs, subsidies


Full Articles

ANALYSIS - Asia Oil Trade to See Clean Fuel              "The tightening of standards plus the tightening of
Turmoil For Years                                        refining capacity is going to drive margins and shift
Mia Shanley, Reuters, PLANET ARK (29 April               trade," said Peter Fusaro, chairman of Global-
2005) SINGAPORE: Asia's uneven sprint to match           Change Associates. "The markets are going to get
the West's stringent fuel standards has roiled           really tight this summer."
markets, tightened supplies and forced older
refiners to gear up or bow out.                          Still haunted by the anemic margins and costly
                                                         overcapacity of the 1990s, refiners are
And, say experts, the race has years left to run.        understandably reluctant to plough in the up to
                                                         $30 billion analysts say is needed to meet higher
By the end of 2007, countries that consume more          environmental standards over the next decade.
than half of Asia's 24 million barrels per day (bpd)
of oil demand will move to lower sulphur emission        China alone needs at least $3 billion worth of
standards, a Reuters survey has found. By 2010,          investment.
nearly all of Asia will have tightened specifications.
                                                         PLAYING CATCHUP
Looming changes in Indonesia and Vietnam, Asia's
leading importers of gasoline and diesel, threaten       Asia -- which has the fastest rate of vehicle growth
to further strain clean fuel supplies after new          in the world -- has a proven track record in
specifications in India and the Philippines triggered    catching up with the West when it comes to
a wave of imports.                                       consumer fuels.

Further down the line, refiners in China -- the          Europe and the United States took 20 years to
world's second biggest consumer -- face the              remove lead from gasoline; most of Asia did it in
challenge of satisfying more stringent rules in 2010     four.
at the same time as rapidly rising demand and
increasing high-sulphur crude imports.                   Now, Asian governments are racing to institute
                                                         European fuel quality standards at a breakneck
Unlike the West, Asia has no harmonized standard         pace.
on limits for sulphur, a cause of acid rain and lung
problems.                                                In the next year alone, four Asian countries that
                                                         consume 8.2 million bpd will reduce their sulphur
Nations are left to move forward at their own pace,      limit to 500 parts per million (ppm) -- or 0.05
causing sometimes sudden and irregular shifts in         percent -- the so-called EURO-II standard that
cleaner-fuel demand that can spike prices and re-        came into force in Europe in 1996.
route trading flows.
                                                         More than half of Asia is already at this standard.
Multi-billion-dollar investments have also taxed
budgets at a time when analysts say the world's          By 2010, nations with more than 8 million bpd of
refiners should be expanding capacity to meet            demand plan to cap sulphur at 50ppm, a move
soaring demand for transport fuels.                      Europe officially made this year.


PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                                Page 3 of 13
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                                                          India, normally a top exporter of diesel and
"A lot has happened in the last three or four years,"     gasoline, bought a massive 80,000 bpd of cleaner
said Cornie Huizenga, head of secretariat for the         diesel in March to meet new clean fuel laws in its
Asian Development Bank's Clean-Air Initiative. "The       11 largest cities and may not be able to provide
majority of fuels in Asia are now covered by some         high-quality fuel nationwide until the end of this
kind of roadmap to reduce sulphur."                       year.

Refiners who spent early enough can expect                Diesel imports could stay as high as 45,000 bpd
bumper profits, while those who waited will be            through June due to refinery upgrade delays, an
under pressure to catch up or face a dwindling            Indian refinery source said.
market and lower returns.
                                                          And in Thailand, Bangchak Petroleum PCL is
Major oil product exporters such as Singapore,            raising funds for a $220-million plant to make
South Korea and Taiwan, whose refiners are set to         cleaner fuels and boost profits by 2007 amid
leapfrog mid-tier European standards to meet a            worries it would be left behind as the government
diesel sulphur limit of 50ppm by 2007, will gain as       aims for 50-ppm fuels by 2010.
the region's supply tightens, analysts say.
                                                          China has taken a measured approach, instituting
Japanese refiners produce the region's cleanest           a nationwide 500-ppm limit for both gasoline and
gasoline and have moved faster than government            diesel from July that refiners say they are able to
regulation.                                               meet. Beijing has committed to improving air
                                                          quality ahead of the 2008 Olympic Games.
But faced with high investment costs and a rapidly
shifting landscape, some refiners have opted              The next push to make even cleaner fuel by 2010
simply to shut older plants, exacerbating the current     may be more difficult, however, as Chinese
crunch in product supply.                                 refiners face the fastest demand growth of any
                                                          major consumer.
Exxon Mobil Corp. mothballed its Port Stanvac
refinery in Australia due to poor profits, turning the    (Additional reporting by Nopporn Wong-Anan in
country into a net importer of petrol. Analysts say       Bangkok, Joanne Collins in Melbourne, Dolly
new specifications from 2009 could keep the plant         Aglay in Manila and Park Sung-woo in Seoul)
off the market for good.
                                                          Source: planetark.com
DEVELOPING NATIONS HIT                                    key words: clean fuel, policies
                                                          back to summaries
The changes are taking a heavy toll on Asia's
developing nations, which for years have been a           In six years, Mumbai will Metromorphose
dumping ground for lower-quality oil products             ASHLEY D‟MELLO, TIMES NEWS NETWORK
produced elsewhere.                                       (28 APR 2005) MUMBAI, INDIA: Come 2011 and
                                                          you will be able to ride in air-conditioned comfort
In the Philippines and India, where new standards         from Versova to Ghatkopar—in the Metro. Though
took hold this year, refiners have been forced to         experience with other big projects such as the
import low-sulphur fuel after hesitating to invest in     Bandra-Worli Sea Link shows that deadlines are
costly upgrades.                                          often flexible.

Analysts say Royal Dutch/Shell's 10-year-old              For the next few years, Mumbai is going to be
refinery in the Philippines may struggle if it does not   turned inside out. Literally. Stretches of the city will
upgrade soon. Caltex mothballed a 49-year-old             be cut open and dug up. The Metro Rail will use a
refinery there in 2003.                                   combination of underground and elevated
                                                          corridors supported by 11-metre high pillars, which
"Developing countries such as India lack the              will alter the look of the city drastically. But with its
secondary units needed to produce sufficient              Metro Mumbai will join the ranks of Kolkata, Delhi,
quantities to meet the new specifications," said an       New York, London and Singapore as a city with its
analyst at FACTS Inc. in Singapore.                       own tube.
The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development                  Tougher requirements for vans, minibuses and
Authority (MMRDA), which has been entrusted with            other vehicles would be implemented on July 1,
the mammoth task, has already invited bids. Work            2007, the administration said.
on the Versova- Andheri- Ghatkopar line will start
by the end of the year. Roads will be widened for           The new standards follow other recent steps by
the Metro.                                                  China to improve air quality. Last October, petrol
                                                            stations in Beijing were told to sell cleaner
Officials are reluctant to talk of the cost of travel but   gasoline and diesel.
a rough estimate is that a ticket on the metro will
cost 50%more than a BEST ticket. The project is             "If our environment is going to bear the burden of
estimated to cost Rs 23,336 crore and the MMRDA             more vehicles, we have to impose stricter
is pushing hard for central funding. "We are                emissions standards on all kinds of vehicles," Luo
expecting the Union ministry of urban affairs to            Yi, deputy director of the administration's
share the burden," said G S Madan, MMRDA                    Department of Science, Technology and
director for Mass Rapid Transport System. "We               Standards, was quoted as saying at a Wednesday
want the Centre to take 50%of all that the MMRDA            news conference.
takes as equity or as viability gap funding. We have
made presentations to the central government on             "Though we have made much progress, China is
the issue," he added.                                       still far behind many developed countries in terms
                                                            of controlling vehicle emissions."
According to Delhi Metro officials, who have
prepared detailed technical plans for the project,          Source: Reuters
the first phase on the Colaba- Mahim- Charkop line          Posted at CAI-Asia.
will be completed by March 2013. "To make the               key words: vehicle, emission standards, policies
project viable, property along the corridor will be         Back to summaries
developed," said Delhi Metro officials. Will the
Metro run alongside the existing suburban railway           China releases Five New National Vehicle
network? "The alignment of the Metro will be                Emission Standards Today
different though at certain points the two systems          VECC (27 Apr 2005) CHINA: The State
will intersect," said Madan.                                Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA)
                                                            promulgated five new national standards on
Source: Times of India                                      vehicle pollution on April 27th, 2005. ”It is the
Posted at CAI-Asia                                          ultimate choice and effective measure to solve
key words: rail, mass transit                               vehicle emission pollution problems by formulating
Back to summaries                                           and implementing stricter emission standards and
                                                            reducing emission” said Luo Yi, deputy head,
China targets car exhaust in bid to clean up its            Department of Science, Technology and
air                                                         Standards of SEPA. New standards were
Reuters (28 Apr 2005) BEIJING, CHINA: China                 formulated according to China‟s vehicle emission
plans to clean up its air by raising vehicle emission       pollution conditions, and the demand of
standards over the next two years, the State                development and environmental protection.
Environmental Protection
                                                            The 5 new standards include Limits and
New rules ensuring cleaner exhaust systems for              Measurement Methods for Pollutants from Light-
trucks, agricultural vehicles, motorcycles and              Duty Vehicles (Phase III, IV) (i.e. No. ?,?
mopeds would take effect on July 1, the                     standards for light-duty vehicles in China), Limits
administration said on its Web site, sepa.gov.cn.           and Measurement Methods for Emissions from
                                                            Crankcase of Heavy-Duty Vehicles Equipped by
China is the world's fastest-growing car market.            Spark-Ignition Engines, Limits and Measurement
Vehicle and factory emissions and construction              Methods for Emissions from Fuel Evaporation of
dust choke many of its cities, including Beijing,           Heavy-Duty Vehicles Equipped by Spark-Ignition
where the government has promised to improve air            Engines and Limits and Measurement Methods for
quality before it hosts the 2008 Summer Olympics.           Noise from Motorcycles and Mopeds at
                                                            Accelerated Speed. The No. ? emission standards
                                                            for light-duty vehicles will come into force on July
                                                            1,2007, other standards will be in effect on July 1,


PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                                  Page 5 of 13
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2005. As these new standards step in enforcement,        Bid to reduce road deaths
the current 9 emission standards and measurement         The Star (27 Apr 2005) PUTRAJAYA, MALAYSIA:
methods standards for No. II light-duty vehicles will    Malaysia is studying the practices of different
be replaced by the new standards.                        countries, including Germany to establish a
                                                         nationwide surveillance system aimed at reducing
   “The new standards for light-duty, heavy-duty         the fatality rate and improving road safety in the
vehicles and motorcycles and mopeds, regulates           country, said Transport Minister Datuk Seri Chan
not only emission limits of pollutants but also the      Kong Choy.
requirements of implementation and supervision.”
LuoYi said, “comparing with the No. ? standards,         He said Malaysia recorded more than 6,000 road
the No. ?, ? standards for light-duty vehicles make      fatalities last year for a population of 25 million
significant changes in technical contents such as        compared to Germany which had only 5,000
further lowering emission limit values, adding           fatalities last year for a population of 80 million
requirements of onboard diagnosis system to              people.
ensure the stability of complying with the emission
limit values and secure the durability of emission       “So we still have a long way to go. This is one
control system, as well as prescribing new fuel          area in which we can learn from Germany,” he
property specifications suitable to China‟s              said yesterday after receiving the German Deputy
conditions of vehicle fuel characteristics.”             Minister of Transport Ralf Nagel and his
                                                         delegation here.
    As China‟s vehicle production and population
increase rapidly in recent years, exhaust gas and        “They (the Germans) were able to bring down their
noise emitted by vehicles have brought extensive         road fatality rate from 15,000 to 5,000 in the last
concern       from      the     society.    Automobile   15 years,” he said, commending Germany for
manufacturing technology level in China is not good      taking safety initiatives to reduce fatalities by two-
enough, resulting in the large amount of vehicle         thirds.
emission pollutants and low durability of emission
control performances; the sharp increase of              “Each German family owns about three to four
pollutants emission amount by fast growth of             cars. The number of cars is increasing and yet the
automobiles population impairs urban ambient air         number of deaths in road accidents has gone
quality improvement. Vehicle emission has become         down so substantially that we must learn from
the first important air pollution source in some large   them.”
cities, pointed out by Luo Yi.
                                                         Chan revealed that the ministry was sending a
   Environment capacity will to a great extent limit     team comprising members from his ministry, the
the increase of vehicle population. If we want to        Road Transport Ministry, Road Safety Department
have more vehicles in a certain environment              and enforcement agencies to Germany soon to
capacity, we have to reduce individual vehicle           study its nationwide surveillance system which
emission load, i.e. to comply with the emission          had created a high level of awareness on
control    regulations    and     standards.     The     enforcement forcing drivers to be more careful.
promulgation of the new emission standards
symbolizes a higher level of China‟s vehicle             According to a research by the Road Safety Unit
emission control. Low, even zero emission vehicles       of Universiti Putra Malaysia, Chan said the
will be the future development direction of China‟s      awareness level among Malaysian drivers was
auto industry. To implement the No. III and IV           only 17%.
emission standards will have great and proactive
significance to future vehicle emission control work     But in countries like Germany and Australia, he
and enhance the competence of China‟s                    said, the awareness level was 95%.
domestically produced vehicles, according to Luo
Yi.                                                      On the ministry‟s target of two fatalities for every
                                                         10,000 registered vehicles by 2010, Chan said the
Source: VECC                                             figure was 4.5 last year compared to 4.9 in 2003.
Posted at CAI-Asia
key words: vehicle, emission standards, policies         “It used to be 8.5 (fatalities) per 10,000 (registered
Back to summaries                                        vehicles) but after the Government‟s intervention
in the mid 90‟s, the figure has gone down               reapply for the contract, which was expected to be
substantially,” he said.                                subject to open tender.

Source: The Star                                        Ismail Shahudin, MMC chief executive, said
Posted at CAI-Asia                                      yesterday that no contract had been signed for the
key words: road safety                                  project, although a letter of award had been
Back to summaries                                       granted. “We don't know what the government's
                                                        position is,” he said.
Malaysia may revive rail modernisation plan
John Burton, Financial Times (27 April 2005)            Other possible bidders include China Railway
Malaysia may revive at least part of a M$14.5bn         Engineering and Indian Railway Construction,
($3.8bn) railway modernisation project, the nation's    which had been shortlisted as co-contractors for
biggest infrastructure contract, after it was delayed   the project. The sudden decision by Dr Mahathir to
in 2003 to reduce the government's large budget         switch the contract to Mr Syed Mokhtar's MMC
deficit.                                                provoked allegations of crony capitalism, although
                                                        the government said the Malaysian businessman's
The decision to freeze the rail programme by            offer was 30 per cent lower than that of the two
Abdullah Badawi soon after he became prime              foreign rail companies.
minister was seen as a sign his administration
would stop spending on expensive infrastructure         Mr Abdullah last week announced he would speed
projects favoured by Mohamad Mahathir, his              up the award of M$2.4bn in construction contracts,
predecessor.                                            which include schools, hospitals and roads, initially
                                                        scheduled for next year to help relieve the plight of
But Mr Abdullah has come under increased                the building industry.
pressure to resume state spending on construction
in response to complaints by the politically            Source: Financial Times
influential building industry, which suffered a 1.9     Posted at CAI-Asia
per cent contraction last year in spite of the          key words: rail, mass transit, transport plan
economy expanding by 7 per cent.                        Back to Summaries

Chang Kong Choy, the transport minister,                Suspend traffic blues, the Sky Bus technology
suggested at least half of the rail project would be    is here
included in the government's next five-year             newindpress.com          (27      Apr       2005)
economic plan, which begins next year. The project      HYDERABAD,INDIA: Sky Bus - another mode of
would include upgrading single-track sections of the    public transport - is being considered to ease
railway network to dual tracks and electrifying the     traffic congestion in the city. B Rajaram, former
system, which runs the length of the Malaysian          managing director of Konkan Railway Corporation
peninsula. The project is part of a planned trans-      Ltd, developed the technology. The other options
Asia rail link from Singapore to China.                 include metro rail, mono-rail and Bus Rapid
                                                        Transit system.
The Transport Ministry wants the cabinet to
approve the next phase of the project, which would      Rajaram who got a patent for the Sky Bus
cover the northern part of the railway network that     technology, made a presentation on the public
would stretch from the Thai border to the town of       transport mode to Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara
Ipoh, about 180km north of Kuala Lumpur.                Reddy at Secretariat on Tuesday.

Few have questioned the need to overhaul the            Sky Bus consists of two coaches. About 150
inefficient rail network but there was criticism that   commuters can be accommodated in each coach.
Dr Mahathir had awarded the original project            It has been developed taking into consideration
contract to a close business associate, Syed            the growing transport needs of modern cities.
Mokhtar al-Burkhary, without open bidding during
his last weeks in office.                               Speaking to media persons, Rajaram claimed Sky
                                                        Bus incorporates the safest technology. A
In postponing the project in December 2003, Mr          presentation on Sky Bus project was made to
Abdullah said Mr Syed Mokhtar's Malaysia Mining         President APJ Abdul Kalam in 2001.
Corp and Gamuda, its construction partner, could


PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                               Page 7 of 13
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The project is cheaper as compared to the metro         Section 5F of Republic Act 7924, the law creating
rail. It costs Rs 50 crore per km, while the cost of    the MMDA, which authorizes the agency to
metro-rail project is Rs 120 to 180 crore per km.       confiscate, suspend or revoke drivers‟ licenses, is
Moreover, there isn‟t any need for land acquisition     an "unauthorized exercise of police power."
to execute the Sky Bus project.
                                                        Fernando said the MMDA was even unaware
In the presentation Rajaram explained, Sky Bus          there was such a case filed before the Court's five-
needs a minimum of 9-metre area to lay a two-way        man Second Division.
track. Pillars for laying the track can be raised on
the existing road dividers.                             In fact, Fernando said, the MMDA has not
                                                        received a copy of the Supreme Court ruling.
Initially, the project was proposed for a distance of
20 km between Kukatpally and Dilsukhnagar at a          "Wala pa akong nakikitang order, kung may order
cost of Rs 1,000 crore. Currently, Sky Bus is being     sila kung anuman hindi ko nalalaman sapagkat
run on a test-track at Madgaon, Goa.                    alam ko hindi naman basta puwedeng ipatigil
                                                        naman ng korte ng ganun-ganun sapagkat sino
The project funding will be borne by Doxport            ang manghuhuli niyan sa ating mga kalye.
Technologies, Malaysia and Konkan Railway               Magpipiyesta ang lahat ng driver (I haven't seen a
Corporation will lend the technology support.           copy of the order. If they (Supreme Court) have an
                                                        order, I have no knowledge of it. As far as I know,
Doxport Technologies will execute the project in the    they can't just stop us just like that. Who will be
city on BOT (Build, Operate and Transfer) basis.        there in the streets? All drivers will have a field day
The project will be transferred to the state            on this)," Fernando said.
government after 20 years.
                                                        The Supreme Court ruling, he said, also had direct
Rajaram said the Chief Minister responded               impact on all MMDA operations. It will affect all of
positively to introduction of Sky Bus in the city. A    the agency's traffic policies such as number-
team of experts will be sent to Goa to study the        coding, the pink fences, and the wet rag scheme,
technical feasibility of implementing the project in    among others.
Hyderabad city.
                                                        He added the high tribunal's ruling had rendered
Source: newindpress.com                                 the MMDA "useless" and without authority to even
Posted at CAI-Asia                                      have control of its own budgetary allocations,
key words: traffic management, rail, mass transit       much less pay wages of MMDA employees.
Back to summaries
                                                        Fernando also stated he is in favor of amending
MMDA to appeal SC ruling; BF unaware of the             the charter of the MMDA in light of the Supreme
case                                                    Court ruling.
abs-cbnnews.com (26 Apr 2005) METRO MANILA,
PHILIPPINES: The Metro Manila Development               Businessman Dante Garin, a lawyer by profession,
Authority (MMDA) on Tuesday said it will appeal         filed the case six years ago after he was
the Supreme Court (SC) ruling clipping its powers       apprehended by MMDA personnel in Manila for
to issue traffic-violation receipts and confiscate      parking violations. He first filed the case before the
drivers' licenses.                                      Regional Trial Court of Parañaque, where he's a
                                                        resident, and won.
"Mag-a-appeal kami sa Supreme Court dahil sa
mukhang sa tingin ko ay hindi yata tama 'yon,           Source: abs-cbnnews.com
aapela kami (We will appeal before the Supreme          Posted at CAI-Asia
Court because in my view, this is not right)," MMDA     key words: policies, traffic management
Chairman Bayani Fernando told DZMM's morning            Back to summaries
program "Tambalang Failon at Sanchez."
                                                        Bus reduction on EDSA seen
The Supreme Court earlier stripped the MMDA of          Inquirer News Service (26 Apr 2005) METRO
its power to issue traffic-violation receipts (TVRs)    MANILA, PHILIPPINES: MOTORISTS can expect
and confiscate drivers‟ license, saying the agency      a measure of relief from traffic jams along EDSA
has no police power under the law. The ruling said      (Epifanio delos Santos Avenue) in three months
with the reduction of the number of buses plying the    conducted by the FICCI Ladies Organisation
major     thoroughfare,     according   to     Land     (FLO) are mixed. While women in Delhi enjoy
Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board         some of the highest income levels, the city ranks
(LTFRB) chair Elena Bautista.                           the lowest as far as personal safety is concerned.
                                                        Hyderabad was found the safest city.
Bautista said a survey would be conducted in the
next three months to gather concrete data on how        While Hyderabad was considered to be the
many passengers use the EDSA route, and how             „easiest place to work in‟, Delhi is overall an „easy
many buses actually need to be deployed there.          place to live‟. But the high rate of crime against
                                                        women and eve-teasing are reasons the city has
But she added that by her reckoning, the current        been judged the lowest for safety. Mumbai was
occupancy of buses along EDSA is only 52 percent,       also found „unsafe‟ for women.
meaning even with almost half of the buses gone,
the commuting public could still be serviced.           The study, „Women in Service Industry in Five
                                                        Metro Cities of India‟, surveyed 3,519 women in
"I just need scientific data to back up the logical     the age-group of 20-40 years in the five cities, to
plan. In the event that cases are filed against me, I   analyse their working conditions and issues they
have the data to back me up," she said yesterday.       face. The study was conducted with the support of
The plan Bautista referred to was the diversion of      the Hanns Seidel Foundation, Germany.
the excess number of buses to other routes where
these would be needed.                                  According to the study, women in the Capital enjoy
                                                        fixed hours of work, have high work satisfaction
She also said the popularity of the Metro Rail          and good job prospects. But problems they face
Transit, which traverses EDSA, is one reason for        include long distances to the workplace and
the planned reduction of buses along the route. The     difficult access to the public transport system. The
MRT already services around 500,000 passengers          city also ranks low in terms of cooperation from
daily, she added.                                       enforcement agencies and authorities. Those
                                                        surveyed felt that in Delhi, commuting by personal
The LTFRB chair also noted the discrepancy              vehicles was a way to ensure safety.
between the number of bus operators servicing
EDSA, and the number of operators in the                Single working women surveyed in the Capital
provinces. In EDSA alone, there are 30 operators        spoke of problems finding accommodation. But as
with franchises.                                        for family support and help from husbands, Delhi
                                                        women were certainly happy.
Bautista added that this was an offshoot of her
predecessor's earlier move to approve all               Apart from the self-employed, a majority of the
applications for franchises at EDSA after the MRT       respondents are employed in the service industry
was built.                                              — in banks, call centres, customer service
                                                        organisations,   hospitals, hotels    and   the
When she joined the LTFRB in 2003, her first move       entertainment sector.
was to impose a moratorium on the granting of
franchises.                                             FLO president Namita Gautam said, „„The end use
                                                        of the findings is to suggest areas of action to
Source: inq7.net                                        enable women to overcome their difficulties and
Posted at CAI-Asia                                      draw the attention of the enforcement agencies to
key words: transport demand           management,       address their ground-level concerns.‟‟
monitoring, mandatory scrappage
Back to summaries                                       The study recommended measures that could
                                                        improve the situation for working women, including
Delhi rates most unsafe metro on women’s                the upgradation of infrastructural facilities like
survey                                                  improving street lighting.
Single women have trouble finding safe places to
stay in Capital; husbands score high on support.        The study also called for an attitudinal change in
Kavita Chowdhury, ExpressIndia.com (20 April            enforcement agencies and brought up the need for
2005) New Delhi, India: FOR working women in the        gender sensitisation.
Capital, the results of a study of the five metros


PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                               Page 9 of 13
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Source: Expressindia.com                                 “This will also help to ease the migration to urban
Key words: Road safety; Rail and metros; Poverty         areas,” he said in a paper at a national seminar on
alleviation and gender                                   Urban Poor and Low Income Families here
Back to summaries                                        yesterday.

Rail system to link Delta                                Dr Khir said there had been instances of squatters
Jane Chen, Shanghai Daily news (20 April 2005)           demanding for two parking bays when they were
SHANGHAI, CHINA: An 815 kilometer rail network           asked to relocate.
will be built by 2020 to connect cities in the Yangtze
River Delta area, it was revealed at "the Third          “We cannot blame them as the vehicles have
China Urban Rail Transport International Summit"         become a necessity.
held in Shanghai on April 19.
                                                         “Husband and wife work in different places and
The network, consisting of five rail lines, will         one of them will have to send their children to
shorten the ride between the area's three key            childcare centres or run errands,” he added.
transport hubs-- Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou-
- and other cities down to two hours, according to       Dr Khir said the Federal Government has to come
the plan revealed at yesterday's meeting.                out with a blueprint for an effective public
                                                         transpiration system so that the housing problem
Over the next 15 years, the network, based on the        could be addressed.
two backbone lines Shanghai-Nanjing and
Shanghai-Hangzhou, will reach most key cities in         “With a good system, the people need not have
the Delta area.                                          two cars or pay a major portion of their earnings
                                                         as instalments for their vehicles,” he said,
The five lines are Nanjing-Zhenjiang-Wuxi-Suzhou-        admitting that his statement might not be well
Shanghai (295 kilometers), Shanghai-Jiaxing-             received by the national car makers.
Hangzhou (160 kilometers), Hangzhou-Shaoxing-
Ningbo (158 kilometers), Changzhou-Jiangyin-             In another paper, Deputy Women, Family and
Changshu-Suzhou (124 kilometers) and Suzhou-             Community Development Minister Datuk G.
Jiaxing (78 kilometers).                                 Palanivel said private companies, particularly the
                                                         well-established ones, should join the government
Upon completion, the network will provide a bus-         to combat poverty.
like frequent rail service at speeds between 250
and 300 kilometers per hour and Shanghai to              “The onus should not just be on the government.
Nanjing will take only 80 minutes.                       The private sector should also play a major role,”
                                                         he said, adding that the thinking of local industries
The two backbone lines of Shanghai-Nanjing and           and employers must change.
Shanghai-Hangzhou will lead the entire project to
be completed in 2010.                                    He said employers should not rely on foreign
                                                         countries for a continuous pool of “cheap labour”
Source: English.eastday.com                              but look at employing locals at more competitive
Posted at CAI-Asia                                       salaries and good fringe benefits.
Key words: Rail and metros
Back to summaries                                        Palanivel said there are enough employment
                                                         opportunities in the plantation sector and other
Benefits of good transport plan                          sectors to boost income opportunities of the locals.
Penang, The Star(20 April 2005) KUALA LUMPUR,
MALAYSIA: An effective public transportation             “If conditions are attractive, rural migration to
system in the Klang Valley will go a long way in         urban areas can be reduced.
alleviating the squatter problem in Selangor, said
Mentri Besar Datuk Seri Dr Mohamad Khir Toyo.            “We can even encourage under-employed and
                                                         unemployed urban people to migrate to nearby
“A good system will enable people to stay in rural       rural areas,” he said.
areas and travel daily to work in urban areas.
                                                         Palanivel said vulnerable groups like those without
                                                         savings, proper housing or proper jobs as well as
unhealthy and disabled people should also be
given attention.                                         Under the plan, setting up of an umbrella
                                                         organisation for operators is also being considered.
He called on the private sector to set up childcare      It would include government representatives. "The
centres or subsidise working mothers who send            umbrella organisation would coordinate with
their young ones to such centres near their homes.       private operators in solving their problems,
                                                         chalking out time schedules and distributing profits
Source: The Star                                         in equal proportions," the official said. He said the
Key words: Sustainable transport policy; Poverty         move was to safeguard interests of small
alleviation and gender                                   operators.
Back to summaries
                                                         Prior to the meeting, a team of officials, including
Urban transport may go Bangalore style                   transport commissioner, MD, UPSRTC and
TIMES NEWS NETWORK (19 APRIL 2005)                       secretary, Urban Transport Authority had visited
LUCKNOW, INDIA: City residents who wrestle daily         Bangalore, Chennai and Mumbai to study urban
with commuting woes may get ready for a pleasant         transport systems in place there.
surprise, if a state government plan to adopt the
Bangalore pattern of urban transport system              However, some transport department officials are
materialises. The green signal was given to the          skeptical about the plan. "In Bangalore the
proposal at a recent meeting of the Urban                municipal bus service, the transport department
Transport Authority here. At the meeting — which         and the traffic department run the system in a
private operators attended — it was decided in           coordinated       manner.   Here   the   transport
principle to introduce the system by constituting a      commissioner‟s office and the UPSRTC lack
separate urban city bus corporation.                     coordination. Traffic, transport and the proposed
                                                         urban transport corporation working in perfect
In Bangalore, urban transport system runs under a        coordination is asking for too much," a senior
separate,    state-owned     municipal    transport      official of the department said.
corporation (MTC). The model transport system
has three components — the MTC, the transport            "We have to first streamline traffic system and
department and the traffic department. Work of the       improve city roads. Once this is done, the role of
departments are well-defined. There is hardly any        each of three components of the new transport
scope for overlapping, and therefore they work in        system has to be well-defined to avoid overlapping.
perfect coordination. The Uttar Pradesh transport
authority has decided to introduce the system in         Above all, minimal bureaucratic interference
KAVAL towns and Noida in the first phase.                should be ensured. If the government is prepared
                                                         for all this, good days are ahead for city
"In Karnataka, the state government runs city buses.     commuters," said the official.
In UP, owing to fund-scarcity, private operators
would be roped in," said a senior transport official     Source: Times of India
who added that during discussions with private           Posted at CAI-Asia
operators, it was decided to extend plying areas of      Key words: Transport demand management;
city buses to development authority limits rather        Buses; Urban transport institutions
than stick to municipal limits. "If services are to be   Back to summaries
improved, the scheme should attract private
operators. Once plying limit is extended, the offer      Chongqing road accident kills 27
would be economically viable for private                 Xinhuanet (19 April 2005) CHONGQING,CHINA:
entrepreneurs," said the official.                       Twenty-seven people were killed and four
                                                         seriously injured when a coach bus fell off a bridge
He said the transport minister who chaired the           in southwest China's Chongqing Municipality in the
meeting has directed the department officials to         small hours Tuesday.
prepare a proposal for the state cabinet for formal
approval. "Once buses start plying beyond                Local traffic police said the bus, with 31 people
municipal limits, people residing in colonies            aboard and all passengers in their berths, veered
developed by the government would also benefit. It       off a bridge on a mountain highway in the outlying
would also be more lucrative for private operators,"     Qianjiang district at 2:50 a.m.
said the official.


PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                              Page 11 of 13
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Police said the bus fell apart instantly and 25          Source: The Star
people were killed on the spot. Two others died          Posted at CAI-Asia
later -- one on his way to a nearby hospital and the     Key words: transport demand management, buses
other during emergency treatment.                        Back to summaries

The municipal government of Chongqing has                Koizumi has funds key to skybus plan
demanded all-out efforts to save the four injured.       ARYA RUDRA, TIMES NEWS NETWORK (16
                                                         APRIL 2005) KOLKATA: The city has much to
The sleeper coach was a Chinese Sanxiang                 hope for when Japanese premier Junichiro
bearing number plate H00182, registered in               Koizumi comes to India later this month. He may
Chongqing. It belonged to the Qianjiang branch of        have the key to solving Kolkata's traffic chaos that
Chongqing Transportation Group and was en route          is    fast    spiralling    out      of      control.
from downtown Chongqing to Qianjiang district.
                                                         The proposed Rs 2385-crore Elevated Mass
Source: Xinhuanet                                        Rapid Transit System (EMRTS) for Kolkata is
Posted at CAI-Asia                                       among the high visibility projects that Prime
Key words: road safety                                   Minister Manmohan Singh will put on Koizumi's
Back to summaries                                        platter. Top officials of the state transport de par
                                                         tment met the bosses of the ministry of urban
State to act fast on bus terminal woes                   development earlier this week to push their case
Penang, The Star (18 April 2005) MALAYSIA: Any           for Japanese assistance under the STEP loan.
problem arising from the opening of the new
RM5.8mil express bus terminal in Sungai Nibong           "The ERTS covers 32.3 km of the proposed 95 km
will be looked into immediately.                         integrated mass rapid transit system in Kolkata,
                                                         connecting the central business hub with different
State Local Government, Traffic Management,              corners of the city," said state transport secretary
Information and Community Relations Committee            Sumantra Chowdhury.
chairman Datuk Dr Teng Hock Nan, who gave the
assurance, said teething problems were expected          The transport department feels it makes more
and would be promptly rectified.                         financial sense to go for ERTS. The 22.3 km east-
                                                         west metro corridor, being constructed by the
“If there are complaints from the public, we will take   Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, is expected to cost
immediate steps to tackle the problem,'' he told         Rs 6,000 crore, whereas the 32.3 km EMRTS will
reporters after opening a health campaign at the         cost only Rs 2,385 crore, sources said.
Pantai Molek community hall yesterday.
                                                         In its submission before the urban development
The campaign was jointly organised by the state's        ministry, the transport department clarified that the
Special Affairs Department and the service centres       EMRTS proposal has only 3.6 km in common
of Bukit Bendera MP Chia Kwang Chye, Pulau               ( Salt Lake to EM Bypass along east-west stretch,
Tikus assemblyman Dr Teng and Kebun Bunga                with the DMRC's east west metro corridor
assemblyman Quah Kooi Heong.                             proposal). It was suggested that if the state gave
                                                         its approval for the east-west metro corridor, the
Dr Teng was commenting on complaints by the              3.6 km stretch could be truncated from the
Gold Coast and Taman Sri Nibong residents that           EMRTS proposal. It will provide connectivity
the new terminal would aggravate traffic congestion      between Howrah and Sealdah.
in the area.
                                                         "The metro corridor from Dum Dum to Tollygunge
The chairmen of both resident associations said on       and then to Garia (24 km) is on a different
Saturday that they have appealed to the authorities      alignment.
to consider an alternative route.
                                                         The EMRTS project is a supplement to the
They said the new express bus route via Jalan Aziz       existing metro link," Chowdhury explained. The
Ibrahim would inconvenience many, as that road is        EMRTS would provide much-needed connectivity
a narrow two-way road connecting a few major             between Howrah and Sealdah — two of the
housing estates and shop lots.                           busiest areas around the city — and also
                                                         supplement the existing 12 km suburban circular
railway system, which runs along the western              (Chaitra), it earned Rs. 14,27,720 from 2,837
periphery of the city.                                    vehicles.

The state government has urged the Union urban            According to Senior Superintendent of Police
development ministry to consider the proposal and         Surendra Bahadur Pal, the large number of
recommend it to the department of economic affairs.       vehicles on limited narrow roads and lack of
                                                          discipline among road users are the main cause of
Source: Times of India                                    traffic problems in Kathmandu. The problem is
Posted at CAI-Asia                                        especially bad during VVIP movements, rallies
Key words: Rail and Metros; Urban transport               and political unrest.
financing
Back to summaries                                         Pal also believes that unnecessary political
                                                          interference causes difficulties. "Now we are able
Traffic Police Gear Up to Control Kathmandu's             to work without any political interference," says Pal.
Streets                                                   "Previously although most transport workers were
Nepal Samacharpatra, 16 April 2005 (Translated            willing to follow the rules, the leaders of the unions
and Summarized by CE News) The intensive                  often politicized the issues," he added.
efforts of the Traffic Police over the last two months
to enforce traffic rules are beginning to show results.   The Traffic Police has also started to give
In the past two months (Falgun and Chaitra, 2061),        awareness classes to drivers and conductors. Last
the Kathmandu Valley Traffic Police has fined             week, an awareness programme was organized
43,855 vehicle drivers for breaking traffic rules and     for the drivers and conductors of Arniko
collected Rs. 52,46,975 in revenue. This is almost        Transportation Association. "We need more
50 percent higher than the previous two months.           awareness and training programmes, but we lack
The rate of traffic accidents has also reduced by         adequate facilities and budget," says Pal. He said
about half during this period.                            that he has contacted the National Planning
                                                          Commission regarding this matter.
The increased activity of the traffic police has also
benefited    the    Department        of    Transport     "We need awareness among people to follow
Management. The police have been checking the             traffic rules. For this we must work together with
blue books of the vehicles and sending them to the        DoTM, Ministry of Environment, vehicle owners
DoTM if they have not been renewed. As a result,          and NGOs; Traffic Police cannot do it alone," says
during the last two months, the earnings of DoTM          Pal.
has increased by nearly seven folds says Hari
Prasad Nepal, Director General of DoTM. In the            Source: CE News
month of Magh, the Department had earned only             Posted at CAI-Asia
2,64,895 from 605 vehicles. But last month                Key words: Regulations, costs, subsidies
                                                          Back to summaries



Compiled for Asian Development Bank RETA 6016 Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities under the pilot
program on Partnership for Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia. Contact us.




PSUTA Monthly News Archive for April 2005                                                Page 13 of 13
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