Anatomy, Its Branches, Dissection and difference between anatomy and dissection

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Anatomy, Its Branches, Dissection and difference between anatomy and dissection Powered By Docstoc
					      Anatomy
     Branches &
  Difference with
     Dissection
Dr. Muhammad Rafique
    Anatomy, DIMC
                 Objectives
Define the Anatomy
Know the different branches of Anatomy
Describe the various fields of Human Anatomy
Mention the different components of Regional
 Anatomy
Have Knowledge of System Anatomy
Define the Dissection
Know the difference between Anatomy and
 Dissection
          Anatomy Definition
Anatomy: is Greek Word, ANA: separate or apart
   from, and TOME, to cut up or cut open.
It is the branch of Biology; deals with structure of
   living things.
It is a general term that can include
Human Anatomy
Animal anatomy (Zootomy )
Plant Anatomy (phytotomy).
                                                 3
     Different Branches of Anatomy
Human Anatomy: is branch of anatomy which deals
  with study of different systems and tissues of
  human being
Animal Anatomy: also called as Zootomy, is the study
  of animal anatomy
Plant Anatomy (phytotomy): study of plant anatomy
Cell Biology: is study of unicellular organism
Comparative Anatomy: deals the comparative
  anatomy of different species
               Human Anatomy
1. Cadaveric Anatomy: This is a branch of
   anatomy which deals with study of dead person
   and understand the different structures by
   doing a technique “Dissection”
2. Living Anatomy: Any intervention on living
   person is called as living anatomy or e.g. clinical
   examination or procedures like endoscopy ,
   Intravenous angiography
        Human Anatomy              cont---
3. Applied anatomy: practical application of
   anatomy, typically in a diagnostic or therapeutic
   clinical procedure, e.g., the application of
   anatomical knowledge during a physical
   examination.
4. Clinical anatomy: the study of anatomy that is
   most relevant to the practice of medicine.
5. Comparative anatomy: study of the anatomies of
   different organisms, contrasts and similarities
   between the structure and function of the
   anatomies.
       Human Anatomy            cont---
6. Cross-sectional anatomy: anatomy viewed in
   the transverse (syn. horizontal) plane of the
   body
7. Developmental anatomy: the study of the
   biological processes that extend from
   fertilization to the formation of the adult
   anatomy. Embryology is a subdivision of
   developmental anatomy that is concerned with
   the developmental processes that occur prior
   to birth.
        Human Anatomy                cont---
9. Gross anatomy: (syn. macroscopic anatomy) the
    study of anatomy with the unaided eye,
    essentially visual observation without the use of
    significant magnifying technologies; classically
    undertaken using dissected cadavers.
10. Microscopic anatomy: (syn. histology) the study
    of anatomy with the aid of the microscopes;
    Neuroanatomy: the study of the central and
    peripheral nervous systems.
       Human Anatomy           cont---
11.Radiographic anatomy: (syn. radiological
   anatomy) the study of anatomy as observed
   with imaging techniques. Within clinical
   practice commonly includes plain film
   radiography (with or without contrast
   materials), magnetic resonance imagery
   (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and
   ultrasonography
        Human Anatomy                cont---
12. Regional anatomy: the study of anatomy by
    regional parts of the body, e.g., thorax, lower
    limb. Under this mode of study all of the biological
    systems, e.g., skeletal, circulatory. Located within
    a particular body region are simultaneously
    studied with an emphasis on the interrelation of
    the systems and their regional function.
               Regional Anatomy
Body is divided into different regions for e.g.
Head & Neck
Upper Limb
Thorax
Abdomen
Pelvis & Perineum
Lower Limb
         Human Anatomy              cont---
13. Surface anatomy: anatomy as it occurs on and
    projects to the external surface of the body.
    Surface anatomy includes both that which can be
    directly palpated on the body surface, e.g.,
    underlying bone or muscle, as well as that which
    cannot be directly palpated, e.g., a deeply
    positioned organ. In the latter, knowledge of the
    surface projection of the organ contributes to
    applied anatomy, e.g., positioning a stethoscope
    on the chest wall so as to maximize the audition
    of heart sounds
     Human Anatomy   cont---
13.Surgical anatomy: the
  application and study of
  anatomy as it relates to
  surgery.
        Human Anatomy            cont---
Systemic anatomy: the study of anatomy by
  biological systems
General Anatomy
Osteology
Arthrology
Myology
Angiology
Neurology
Cytology
               Dissection
Dissection is Latin word, the two words are not
 similar; the anatomy is wide field of Science
 while the dissection is a technique.
Dissection is the process of disassembling and
 observing something to determine its internal
 structure and function and relationships of its
 components.
The first public human dissection was conducted
 by Jan Jesenius at Charles University in Prague
 in the year of 1600.                            15
Human Dissection Lower Limb
Human Dissection Head & Neck
Human Dissection Thorax & Abdomen
Human Dissection Upper Limb

				
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Description: this presentation explains about the anatomy and its branches and difference between anatomy and dissection