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					Nursing Informatics
Ann Shepard, RNC, MSN Director, Customer Support Services Information Technology Mercy Medical Center-Des Moines

Objectives
Informatics Certification for Nursing Informatics Application of Nursing Informatics Future of NI
Introduce Nursing

How it all began….
first computer systems were implemented in hospitals Computer nurses began to appear in hospitals
clinicians Technically curious and willing to try new things
Excellent

Late 1960‟s

…or did it? The First Informatics Nurse?
 “In attempting

to arrive at the truth, I have applied everywhere for information, but scarcely an instance have I been able to obtain hospital records for any purposes of comparison. If they could be obtained, they would enable us to decide many other questions besides the one alluded to. They would show subscribers how their money was spent, what amount of good was really being done with it, or whether the money was not doing mischief rather than good.”

NI as a specialty
Disconnected parts

responsibilities varied Definitions similar, conceptual models considered, research in varied directions, all good—standard languages Panel assembled to help sort out the pieces

Roles, titles, and

Definitions
1989—Graves and

Corcoran defined Nursing

Informatics as
“Computer

science, information science, and nursing science combined to assist in the management and processing of nursing data, information and knowledge to support the practice of nursing and the delivery of nursing care.”
Image, p. 227

1996—Turley defined Nursing

Informatics as the intersection point with Nursing Science, Computer Science and Information Science. 1995—Graves et al, began to incorporate knowledge as a product of the sciences into the definition.

National Center for Nursing Research
 Began

in 1988
scholars met to discuss priorities for nursing research

 Noted
 Dr.

Gloria Bulechek, Dr. Judith Graves, Dr. Susan Grobe  Dr. Kathryn Hannah, Dr. Norma Lang, Dr. Judy Ozbolt, Dr. Wm Paisley, Elliott Roberts, Dr. Samuel Schultz, and Rita Zielstorff

„Criteria for Promising Dimensions‟  Group discussed early needs for standardization of data sets, taxonomy to classify and allow for use of a common language  Developed seven focus areas for Nursing Informatics
» NCNR 1993 » Reference available on line: http://www.nih.gov/ninr/research/vol4/Overview.html

 Determined

American Nurses Association
specialty in 1992 Defined NI, outlined roles and responsibilities and developed standards for practice. Certification for generalist
Recognized as a

www.ana.org ANCC (American Nurses Credentialing Center)

American Nurses Association
1994, Scope
“Nursing

of Practice for Nursing Informatics

Informatics is the specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science in identifying, collecting, processing, and managing data and information to support nursing practice, administration, education, research, and the expansion of nursing knowledge”.

ANA today
2001, Scope
NI

and Standards of Nursing Informatics Practice
is an evolving field—expect change in definitions Three categories of definitions
 Technology

focused  Conceptually focused  Role-Orientated
To order or for additional info on the booklet: www.nursebooks.org (part of the ANA web site)

New Definition -- ANA
 “Nursing Informatics

is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate date, information, and knowledge in nursing practice. Nursing informatics facilitates the integration of data, information, and knowledge to support patients, nurses, and other providers in their decision-making in all roles and settings. This support is accomplished through the use of information structures, information processes,and information technology.”


ANA (2001)p. 17

Certification
1995 First computer based exam—able to take at any time at any approved testing location Knowledge expected of a NI generalist Focus areas of knowledge—from the NCNR recommendations for focus
Began in

Exam Focus Areas
Analysis and Design  System Implementation and Support  System Testing and Evaluation  Human Factors  Computer Technology  Information/Database Management  Professional Practice/Trends and Issues  Theories
 System

System Analysis and Design
and feasibility assessments Process flow charting Understanding requirements Quality management and customer satisfaction concepts
Conducting need

System Implementation and Support
Project management strategies

procedures Education and training Communication
management Customer expectations
Vendor

Policies and

System Testing and Evaluation
what we hoped it would for the costs we thought in the time frame we planned? This is our strength--assessment
Design

Will it do

process Testing the system Reviewing output of the system—reports Measurement of pre-system goals
 Less

time, more efficiently, legibility, accurate data, single entry, etc

Human Factors
Ergonomics
Right tool for

the location, the care delivered, the

care provider Screen flow, use of data for decisions

Computer Technology
Understanding of
Networks Personal

the actual technology

computers Portable devices Operating systems Software

Information/Database Management
Understand database architecture—how data

is

stored and accessed Nursing structure
Nomenclature/vocabulary Taxonomies
 ICD-P,

and Coding Schemes

CPT NANDA,

Nursing

Minimum Data Sets

 NIC,NOC,

Theories
Nursing

Management
Information Computer

Communication Systems

Behavioral
Change

theory Organizational behavior Learning

Professional Practice/Trends and Issues
Ethics
Privacy Roles of

NI

Manager Researcher Educator Consultant Advocate/Policy Developer Product Developer Decision Support / Outcomes Manager

Project

Future of Nursing Informatics
Emerging roles
CIO,

Entrepreneurs, Product Developers, Web design, Independent Consultants

Challenges

of data—duplication often Inability to access data for decision making Unique distinctions between roles has not been defined--competencies

Integration

Questions?

References
Nurses Association (ANA). (1996). The scope of practice for nursing informatics. Washington, DC: Author  American Nurses Association (ANA). (2001). Scope and standards of nursing informatics practice. Washington, DC: Author.  Graves, J.R. & Corcoran, S. (1989). The study of nursing informatics. Image, 21(4), 227-231.  Graves, J.R., Amos. L.K., Huether, S., Lange, L., and Thompson, C.B. (1995). Description of a graduate program in clinic nursing informatics. Computers in Nursing,13, 60-70.
 American

 National

Center for Nursing Research (NCNR). (1993). Nursing informatics: Enhancing patient care: A report to the NCNR priority expert panel on nursing informatics/national center for nursing research. NIH Publication No. 93-2419. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Turley, J.P. (1996). Toward a model for nursing informatics, Image, 28(4), 309-313.


				
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