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Environmental Impacts of Mining

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The mineral industries and Mining activities, in general, cause extensive environmental damage. Dealing with them is in many cases technically possible, but the cost is often prohibitive in an industry. Two of the most important tools for controlling environmental accidents are the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), which is a statutory requirement, and the voluntary tool Environmental Management System (EMS). Despite EIA being demanded by law in most countries there are no general definitions of the processes or the report. Identification of techniques and, more particularly, clear and unequivocal evidence regarding environmental impacts at all stages of production are becoming quite relevant. An attempt has been made in this paper to identify various aspects needed in order to improve environmental standard of the surroundings. Thus, Environmental impact assessment and approvals management are fundamental for minimising risk and maximising outcomes.

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