Measurement – A Common Language The _____________ is a system of measurement based on the number ___. The common version of the metric system is called the International System of Units, abbreviated___. - Using SI as the standard system of measurement allows scientists to compare data and communicate with each other about their results. Each unit is ten times larger than the next smallest unit and one tenth the size of the next largest unit. Converting between units: King (_____), Henry (_____), Died (_____), By (grams, liters, meters) Drinking (_____), Chocolate (_____), Milk (_____) 1. Write down the measurement you want to ______. 2. Find the _____ that matches your _____ and put a decimal to the right of that letter._____ side of the new prefix letter you are converting to. 4. Fill ______ in. The distance from one point to another is________. The basic unit of length in the SI system is the _________ (m). Measuring Length: To measure the length of this seashell, line up one end of the shell exactly with the ______ _______ on the ruler. Read the number at the ________ ________ of the shell to ________ its length. A measure of the ________ of _______an object contains is the ________ of the object. The basic unit of mass in the SI system is the ________ (kg). When you use a triple-beam balance, you first place the object on the pan. You then ______ the ______ on the beams until they ______ the ________ of the object Mass is often confused with weight. But _______ is _____ the ______ thing as _______. _______ is a measure of the _______ of _______ acting on an object. This force can change from place to place. For example, you would weigh less on the moon because the force of gravity is much weaker on the moon than on Earth. But how would your mass compare? Because mass measures the amount of matter an object contains, it remains constant wherever an object may be. Your mass on the moon is the same as your mass on Earth. The amount of space an object takes up is its_________. To measure the volume of a liquid, scientists use a unit known as the ________ (L). You can measure smaller liquid volumes using milliliters (mL). There are 1,000 milliliters in a liter. Measuring Volume To find the volume of a regular solid, multiply ______ × _______ × ________. ____________ = Length x Width x Height ________________is a measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume. To calculate the density of an object, ________ its ________ by its _________. ____________ = Mass / Volume The density of a substance ________the ________ no matter how large the sample of the substance is. ____________is a measurement of how hot or cold something is. - Scientists commonly use the __________ temperature scale. On the Celsius scale, water f- __________ at ____°C and _______at ______°C. There are exactly 100 degrees between the freezing point and boiling point of water Scientists use the Celsius and ________ scales to measure temperature. Units on both scales are the same.