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					Zero Incidents=Zero Paperwork



 Zero is the goals but safety is
          Number One



        P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                                  Personal
                                 Commitment

                                                           Leadership
         Inspections &
                                                            Support
            Audits


      Policies &                                                      Partnerships
     Procedures                                                        Developed



   Hazard
  Mitigation                                                              Training

                               ZERO
  Hazard
                                                                           JHA
Recognition              Incidents & Injuries

                                                                             BBS
    Brothers                                                             Observations &
     Keeper                                                                Reporting



                                                                Incident
      Communication
                                                               Reporting




                                  Risk Tolerance

                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
    Connecting the DOT’S
So what have these tools done for us?

•   Increased hazard recognition
•   Increased hazard mitigation
•   Fostered “Brother’s Keeper”
•   Focused on proper behaviors
•   Reduce our risk tolerance (we are not there
    yet!)
•   Better planning creating better efficiency

            P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
      Connecting the DOT’S
• The point is: we have a lot of rigs, crews and
  employees that have accomplished one year, two
  years, three years and more with out a single
  recordable.

• This can be attributed to sticking to the basics,
  connecting the DOT’S and being committed to the
  tools we have been given and changing behaviors.



              ZERO IS ACHIEVABLE

                P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
How do we really want to get there or
   do we really want to get there



IS THE PROCESS SAFETY BEAR
        REAL FOR YOU?



            P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
     Process Safety Definition
• Process Safety is a disciplined framework for managing the
  integrity of hazardous operating systems and processes by
  applying good design principles, engineering and
  operating practices.
  It deals with the prevention and control of incidents that
  have the potential to release hazardous materials or
  energy.
  Such incidents can cause toxic effects, fire or explosion
  and could ultimately result in serious injuries, property
  damage, lost production and environmental impact.



                    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
  HOW ALERT ARE YOU, which
hunter are you the wabbit or the
             bear?




          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
IS THE PROCESS Zero SAFETY REAL
           FOR YOU?




          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
           How will we achieve this?



  •This is reinforced by the belief set that
•ALL injuries and industrial illnesses CAN
               be prevented

   •Underpinned by focussing on leading
    indicators, peoples behaviours and
  determining the root causes of incidents
              P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                  Safety Culture Change

Injuries



     Management                  Self Responsibility       Team Culture
     Requirement                 •Personal knowledge       •Team Building
                                 commitment, and           •Team Commitment
     •Safety as a condition of
                                 standards                 •Development in Team
     employment
                                 •Internalized, personal   •Help Others Conform
     •Use of discipline/ fear
                                 value for safety          •Value for Each Other
     •Enforcement of rules
                                 •Care for self            •Team Goals
     •Supervisory control
                                 •Practice, habits         •Organizational pride
     •Training
                                 •Individual recognition



            Dependent                Independent            Interdependent         Time
            So I Don’t                  So I Don’t            So No one
            Get Caught                  Get Hurt              Gets Hurt
             Why focus On Behaviours?
VisualStrategies and Business Plans                                Structure
       Systems, Structures / Equipment
       Policies and procedures
       People and Injuries




       Attitudes
       Values
       Skills
       Feelings
       Behaviors

Less visual Safety culture is about how                             Culture
               people think, feel and
               interact in relation to Safety.
                       P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
Is our Safety Culture stone
age?
Behavioural Auditing – “mind set
            check”
• Structured common approach.
• Simple 5 step system
 1.   Observation
 2.   Discussion (starting with positive reinforcement)
 3.   Agreement
 4.   Other issues
 5.   Thanks




                           P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                               The Aim
• The aims of the interactions with employees
  are to:
 »   Recognise and praise safe behaviour.
 »   Correct unsafe behaviour.
 »   Instil value for safety in the employee.
 »   Raise awareness for safety.
 »   Identify safety issues.
 »   Demonstrate the manager’s commitment to safety.
 »   Build the safety culture.
 »   Prevent Injuries!




                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
Ask any group of managers
   if they believe safety
 incentive programs are a
        good idea…
“Why should I PAY people to be safe? It’s part of
their job…”

“If we did a safety reward program, how would
we prevent abuse and favoritism?”

“Safety incentive programs do nothing more
than cause under-reporting of injuries … they
produce no real behavior change!”


    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
Why Recognition works…




 P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
Why employees leave*:
  #1 reason -- limited
   recognition and praise
  Ranked higher than
   compensation, limited
   authority, personality conflicts
   and all other responses!



           *Source: Robert Half International



   P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
On-the-Spot                        Recognition MUST:

        Be tracked to eliminate abuse and
         favoritism (dissatisfier)
        Prevent repeat awards to the same
         person
        Reward specific measurable
         behaviors not “warm fuzzies”



              P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
  Unsafe
Behaviors &
Conditions


   Eliminate these
and you eliminate
injuries…
  P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
  Reaching the FAMILY is key….
The Learning Pyramid
Average retention of material presented in different ways
(according to an investigation by National Training Laboratories — Bethel, Maine)



 Lecture                                                        5%
 Reading Text                                                  10%
 Audio-visual representation                                   20%
 Demonstration                                                 30%
 Discussion group                                              50%
 Learning by doing                                             75%
                         (immediate conversion of
 Teaching others          what you have learned)               90%


                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                                               And Finally :-




   B: f(C)

Behaviour is a function of its’ consequences

           P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       Incident Analysis Process Results

• Conducted the Analysis using a top down flow
  chart
• Participation, good discussion, and obtained a
  root cause
• Poor Judgment
• Information gathering to look closer as to the
  why


                P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        Digging Deeper – Why?
• Why the poor judgment?
• What about the others in the room?
• What caused the actions that generated the
  incident?
• Look into our safety culture for answers of
  what went wrong
• Once identified what are we going to do about
  it?
               P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                  Areas of Concern
•   We came up with four keys to the why
    1. Individual Commitment to eliminating injuries, incidents, environmental
       impacts and errors/omissions. This commitment involves every employee
       Taking Responsibility for their Own Behavior and for every employee
       around them.
    2. Everyone, Everywhere, Always: every employee and subcontractors — at
       home, at play, in offices, on project sites, and the world we live in.
    3. Instill a mind set where People Believe any level, frequency or severity of
       injury, negative environmental impact or work error is preventable.
    4. Seek Continual Improvement by evaluating the causes, implementing
       corrective actions, learning from our mistakes




                         P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                 Safety Philosophy - Target Zero

• TargetZero             is a goal to work towards every day.


•   Target Zero culture is based on Individual          Commitment to eliminating injuries,
    incidents, environmental impacts and errors/omissions.

•   This commitment involves every employee       TakingResponsibility for their
    OwnBehavior and for every employee                     around them.

•   It applies to Everyone    EverywhereAlways: everyone in the firm, at
    home, offices, project sites and the world we live in.

•   When an incident does occur we seek Continual            Improvement            by evaluating the
    causes, implementing corrective actions, learning from our mistakes and re-aiming on Target Zero.

•   Every day Target Zero is achieved is another day towards achieving             World-
    classPerformance.
                                       P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
              Safety Philosophy - Target Zero

•   Defined by beliefs, values and behaviors     Consistent among all employees.
•   A Value , not a priority.
•   A Commitment, not a goal.

•   A mind set where People Believe any level, frequency or severity of injury, negative
    environmental impact or work error is preventable.

•   A philosophy focused on people having      Intrinsic Worth                for who they are as much as
    for what they do.

∙   About Relationships, not just statistics.
•   A person behaving in at at-risk manner is not a confrontation to avoid, rather an
    Opportunity to     Share concern, learn, coach and build relationships.
                                  P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                      Conclusion
• We as safety professionals must find the ways to improve our
  company’s safety performance
• Looking beyond the root cause can help to make those
  improvements
• The culture of a company can influence the incident rates and
  other incidents
• Target Zero is our philosophy – yours is probably similar – use
  your company beliefs to question the why – Even before an
  incident occurs



                      P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada

				
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