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Manual Handling - DOC

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					             Toolbox Talk - Manual Handling

      Manual handling refers to any activity that requires us to use force to
      lift, push, pull, carry or move in any other way a moving or non-
      moving object.

      Each year a large percentage of Lost Time Injuries (that is injuries
      that resulted in one or more full shifts to be lost) were manual
      handling injuries. This percentage represents a significant amount of
      pain, suffering and financial loss to the individuals who sustained
      these injuries.

      No one gains when injures and accidents occur both as individuals
      and also together as a company. We must all work together to
      identify problems and unsafe work practices and then take action to
      prevent accidents and injuries from occurring.

Hazards

      Poor manual handling practices and accidents have the ability to
      cause both short and long term health effects. Some injuries may be
      relatively minor and can heal quickly and effectively. Many other
      injuries particularly involving our backs may be serious and may take
      extended periods of time to heal, and in some cases may never heal
      completely.

      Prevention must be the number one priority at all times.

Planning and Assessment of Risks

      To prevent accidents from happening we need to be able to identify
      risks and situations that have the ability to cause harm to ourselves
      and those who work along with us.

      Before any object is moved, the best and safest way of doing the job
      needs to be considered and established. This may simply be a case of
      thinking for a couple of seconds the best way to lift or move an
      object, or alternatively in complex cases may involve a lot of
      thought, time and effort going into determining the best way to get
      the job done by a number of personnel.

      Risk associated with manual handling may include:

     Excessively heavy weights/loads
     Awkward loads or those that are difficult to grip and hold onto due to
      their size and shape.



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              Toolbox Talk - Manual Handling

     Repetitive movement where a task is performed time and time again.
     Static loading of joints and muscles due to working in fixed or limited
      positions for extended periods of time.
     Poor or incorrect lifting techniques.
     Obstructions in the work area that my lead to slips, trips and falls.
     Poor co-ordination of lifting efforts when lifting as a team.

      Planning is an important part of preventing manual handling related
      injuries, we should always plan to do the job safely and efficiently as
      possible. This planning is an important first step in safe work
      practices.

Safe Work Practices

      When we are planning our work the following factors need to be
      considered in order to protect ourselves and maintain safety.

      Does the item need to be lifted or moved?

      By avoiding unnecessary movement of materials and equipment, we
      can eliminate the chance of being injured when trying to do so. A
      number of injuries have occurred here on site that should not have
      happened, because the object should not have been moved in the
      first place.

      Can some form of mechanical lifting device be used?

      Wherever possible, mechanical lifting aids should be used to lift and
      move objects in and around the workplace. By doing this, the lifting
      takes the strain and does most of the work, thus reducing the chance
      of us injuring ourselves.

      Examples of mechanical lifting devices that can help make our jobs
      safer include:

     Forklifts and pallet lifters
     Cranes, hoists and lifts
     Chain blocks and comealongs
     Jacks
     Trolleys




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               Toolbox Talk - Manual Handling

       Lifting as a team where it is not possible to mechanically lift or move
       an object, lifting together as a team can help reduce the risk of
       strains, sprains and injury. It is important that team lifts are planned
       so everyone knows how they are going to lift the object and that
       everybody lifts together at the same time.

       Loads where possible:

      Limit the size of loads and limit the weight of loads that are to be
       lifted.

       Lifting Technique

       When lifting it is important to do it as safely as possible, this can be
       done by paying attention to the following points:

      Plan before you lift
      Ensure the route to be taken is clear and free of hazards
      Know the weight of the object before lifting
      Get a firm grip on the object
      Lift using your let muscles not your back
      Hold loads as close to your body as possible.
       The further away the load is held, the greater the strain on your
       body.
      Avoid over-reaching.
      Keep your back straight and avoid twisting when carrying or lifting
       loads
      Know your limitations and don’t be afraid to ask for help if the load is
       too heavy.
      Avoid double handling where possible.
      Allow yourself time to recover in between lifts.

    Reporting of Faults/Hazards

       Any situations with the potential to cause harm need to be acted on
       to prevent them from causing accidents and injuries. Faults or
       defects that re identified in lifting equipment must be reported so
       action can be taken to fix the problem. Any faults or hazardous
       situations should be reported to your immediate supervisor for
       action.



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posted:10/5/2010
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Description: safety