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					                     Toolbox Talk - Forklifts
    Forklifts are used to perform a large number of different tasks
    involving the lifting and movement of materials on site. The size and
    weight of forklifts and the loads they can carry makes it important to
    prevent accidents, avoid injuries and prevent damage.

    There are numerous ways in which forklifts may contribute to
    workplace accidents.

    Hazards from forklift operations may include:

   Being struck by a forklift
   Falling loads
   Crush injuries
   Falls from heights
   Environmental hazards caused by spilt Dangerous Goods.

    It is important both when operating or working in the vicinity of
    forklifts to assess the risks to ourselves and others constantly by
    doing this, the risk of accidents occurring can be significantly
    reduced.

    Difficult or complex tasks may require extra planning before the job
    is started.

    Equipment

    Pre-operational safety checks must be performed daily on all forklifts
    and their attachments prior to being used. Checks should include:

    Lifting and tilt systems – including hydraulic lines, fluid leaks,
    damaged chains, steering brakes and controls.

    Tyres – for wear damage and correct inflation pressure (where
    relevant).

    Braking systems – on vehicles.



    Warning devices – all are working properly including;

                   Flashing lights
                   Audible reversing alarms
                   Horn
                   Headlights, tail lights and indicators (where fitted)


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                   Toolbox Talk - Forklifts
    Fluid levels – are at correct levels

    Mirrors and windows – are cleans and correctly adjusted to provide
    good visibility.

    Any attachments are in good condition

    All controls are labelled and in good working order.

    Safe Operation

    To prevent potentially serious injuries from occurring and costly
    property damage, all forklifts need to be driven carefully.

    Attention should be paid to:

         Seat belts must be worn whenever Forklifts are being
    operated.
          Pedestrians and personnel in the work area.
          Other vehicles in the work area.
          Stationary plant and equipment.
          Securing of all loads.
         Placement of loads, clear from fire equipment, doorways,
    stairways, aisles, roadways and other areas where they may create
    problems.
          Never overloading the forklift beyond its rated capacity.
          Drivers must remain at the controls at all times whilst loads
    are    suspended.


    Dual Lifts

    Must only be performed once a risk assessment has been performed
    and approved by a suitably qualified engineer.

    Work Platforms/Cages for Raising and Lowering Personnel

   Where possible, preference should be given to other means to
    perform work from heights e.g scaffolding, cherry picker or scissor
    lift.
   The personnel cage must conform to the relevant Australia Standard,
    be physically attached to the forklift and in those states demanding
    it, be appropriately authorised by the authority.




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                  Toolbox Talk - Forklifts
   Safety harnesses must be worn by each occupant and attached by a
    lanyard to the cages anchor point.
   Stepping out from suspended work platforms at heights is not allowed
    unless it is performed in accordance with documented and approved
    work instructions.
   The driver must remain at the controls at all times personnel are
    suspended.
   The forklift must not travel whilst personnel are suspended at height.
    Alternations/Modifications

    Must only be performed by competent personnel after consultation
    with the manufacturer has occurred and written approval is given
    that the modifications will not adversely affect health and safety or
    increase the risks associated with the operation of the forklift.

    Unsafe forklifts must not be used and should be immobilised by
    removing the key, isolation or disconnecting the battery and placing
    a danger tag on the controls. Any faults identified during pre-
    operational checks must be reported to your supervisor.

      Report hazards and unsafe situations before accidents happen.




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posted:10/5/2010
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Description: safety