Bio10 syllabus F2010 MHP by nuhman10


									                                     Biology 10 - The Living World
                                                         Fall 2010, 3 Units

                                             Mary Poffenroth, M.S.
                                       Office location: DH 448 OR DH554
                             Office Hours: T1230-230(DH448) & Th1230-230(DH554)

                Check our class Website for Copies of the PowerPoints, Handouts and Announcements!

           Lecture/Class meeting time : Section 03: Tu/Th 10:30AM - 11:45AM - Science Building 142

  How to be successful in this class: READ THIS GREENSHEET! (Seriously!), print out the powerpoint slides before
  coming to class (yes, that means actually coming to class), check your email often (and make sure your MySJSU
        email is current), visit my website often for updates, after looking to this greensheet AND to the
            website/handouts/slides/notes and you still need help, please ask questions and have fun!

Email etiquette: Remember your audience. It is fine to write in “txt” to your friends, but not to your professors! Would you show a
potential employer that you have no command of the English language? If you are requesting that I take the time to respond to your
issue, please have the common courtesy to address us properly and use language that is becoming of a University student.

Recommended Text (Beat the Bookstore, Pearson Online or Amazon):
    Campbell, Reece and Simon. Essential Biology with Physiology. 2nd edition. 2007 (Paper or E-Book)
        o There are also a few copies in MLK Course Reserves for 3 hour check out, free of charge
    Pechenik, Jan A. A short Guide to Writing About Biology 5th edition. 2004

Course Description:
Biology 10 is an introductory level general biology course that satisfies the general education requirement for a Life
Science without a lab. This course assumes no background in biology, but some interest in the subject will help to
make your learning experience more enjoyable.

This course and your book are divided into six major areas: 1) Chemistry and Cell Biology; 2) DNA, Genetics and DNA
technology; 3) Evolution and the Diversity of Life on Earth; 4) Ecology, Community Structure and Biodiversity; 5)
Animal structure and function; and 6) Plant structure and function.

NO Laptops, Cell Phones, or other electronic communication devices: All laptops and phones must be
turned off, “powered down”, and inaccessible (this includes text messaging) upon entering class and shall remain off
during class. Anyone not complying with this policy will be asked to leave immediately. This will be strictly enforced
during exams. If you are found to be disruptive to the class, you will be asked to leave and loose any in-class points for
that day. This includes talking with your neighbor (even if you think your being quiet, if I can hear you, your too

Course Objectives:
We will focus on six major concept areas that all Life science courses address:

        1. Levels of organization of living systems – Beginning at the atomic level we will continue on to the
           molecular, cell and organism levels and then finally to the ecology of populations, communities and the
        2. Structures and function of living organisms – We will study the basic unit of all life, the cell, and also
           discuss the structure and function of several body organ systems.

   Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                                    1
        3. Principles of genetics and variation – We will study Mendel’s experiments to discover how they reveal the
           laws of heredity, how these laws apply to human genetics, and DNA codes for the variation we see in
        4. Patterns, rates and trends of evolution - We will trace the history of life on earth and patterns of evolution
           as seen in the fossil record, with emphasis on the evidence of evolution, speciation, and vertebrate
        5. Strategies of reproduction and thus survival – We will study the various types of reproduction,
           concentrating on the unifying concepts of animal structure, function and reproductive strategies among
           different organisms.
        6. Interaction of organisms and the Natural environment – We will study interactions between and among
           species, their ecological relationships, the importance of maintaining biodiversity and how human
           population growth, our actions and economics affect this planet.

Goals for Core General Education Classes in Science:
Science is a continuous and adaptive process through which we discover and communicate how the natural world
works, separate facts from inference, and establish testable hypotheses. All students should master essential
quantitative and qualitative skills that are necessary to understand scientific knowledge and methods in order to
incorporate these processes into professional and everyday life experiences.

Student Learning Objectives for Core General Education Classes in Science:
Students should be able to: Use the methods of science and knowledge derived from current scientific knowledge in
the Life Sciences to question existing explanations, i.e. Understand how scientists use testable hypotheses, and
evaluate experimental data. (Readings throughout text/slides, Assignments, comprehension checks, Exams 1-4, Final,
and the writing assignment) Demonstrate ways in which science influences and is influenced by complex societies,
including political and moral issues, i.e. Know how our knowledge of genetics, anatomy and physiology, and ecology
affect our daily personal lives, our personal choices, and the natural world we live in. ((Readings throughout
text/slides, Assignments, comprehension checks, Exams 1-4, Final, and the writing assignment) Recognize methods of
science, in which quantitative analytical reasoning techniques are used, i.e. Understand the importance of numerical
data in establishing such things as risk in genetic counseling, the use of pesticides and fertilizers on agricultural crops,
or the correlation between carbon dioxide levels and global warming. (Assignments, Exams 2-4, Final, and the writing


Library Assignment (20 points): You will receive a self-guided library/journal database tour assignment that you will
complete on September 9th. The assignment is worth 20 points and will make sure you a prepared for your writing
assignment. Although you are given lecture time to complete it on September 9th, you may complete it anytime before
it is due on September 14th . This assignment is posted on my website, no hard copy will be given in class.

Self Guided tour of the California Academy of Sciences (50 points): You will be required to take a self-guided tour to
the Cal Academy in San Francisco, The cost to enter the academy is $19.95 per person
for students, but free admission is available to visitors on the third Wednesday of every month. Admission is on a first
come, first served basis, and early arrival is recommended due to the likelihood of high demand. Also, please note that
final entry to the museum on free days is 4pm. In order to get credit for this assignment your must do ALL of the
following: 1-take a self guided tour of the cal academy on any day before the end of the semester. 2-Take a picture of
yourself inside the cal academy and bring a map back with you 3- write a minimum of a one page summary of your
experience that discusses at least 3 of your favorite exhibits, 4- attach your picture, free map and summary together
and turn in on the last day of lecture, December 9th. You may complete this assignment anytime during the semester.
There will be 2 unannounced half day lectures in order to compensate you for your time out of class.

Writing Requirement (185 Points):
The minimum writing requirement for a G. E. course is 1500 words in a language and style appropriate to the
discipline. For us, this means that the writing will be factual, documentary style writing, rather than creative or
poetic. Your writing shall be assessed for correctness, clarity, and conciseness. Therefore, I want you to follow the
“scientific journal” style of writing. You will have one major writing assignment (more details below), of 1500-2000
words. This writing assignment is made in order to satisfy the writing requirement for Core G. E. Classes in
Science and must be completed in order to receive a grade for this course. You will be using - more
details to follow.

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                            2
In Class Activities & Unannounced Quizzes (Up to 50 points, between 5-10 points per item): There will be various
in-class activities, assigned activities and unannounced “pop” quizzes that will be assigned during lecture therefore it
is imperative you attend lecture! These quizzes and in-class assignments CAN NOT BE MADE UP. It is also very
important to have a Scantron 882E with you at every lecture for the pop quizzes. I will have between 1-5 pop
quizzes for the entire semester and I will not tell you when they will occur or how many we will ultimately have for the
entire semester. I do not provide scantrons nor will I have any extra available for you to borrow and you can not take
the quiz without a scantron. Beat the Bookstore also provides these free of charge (as far as I know).

Grades: Your grade will be based on Assignments, In Class Activities and Pop Quizzes, Exams and one large Writing
Assignment. Your grade is the number of points you earn divided by total points possible as compared to the scale
below. This class will not be graded on a curve!!

Exams: Will be multiple choice with possible short answer fill in and short essay using a ScanTron 882E that you MUST
bring on exam day. You will be provided with paper for the fill in/short answer. The exams will include information
from lectures, discussions, multimedia and activities. For ONE missed Exam, the average of the other exams, minus
20%, is entered for the missed exam (i.e., no make-ups on exams). If you have missed an exam due to a verifiable
emergency that you can provide documentation for, please contact me immediately. If more than one exam is missed,
a zero will be given for that exam.
Grades cont:

        Assignment                                             Points:
        Exams (5 at 75 pts each)                               375
        Bird Identification Quiz                               25
        Plant Identification Quiz                              25
        Library Assignment                                     20
        Required Self Guided Field Trip to Cal Academy         50
        Writing Assignment                                     165
        In Class Activities & Unannounced Quizzes (up to)______50
        Total Points (up to)                                    710

Grades Assignment: A standard percentage grading scale, based on the above earned points, rounded to the nearest
       whole number, by rounding up from 0.5, will be used to calculate your final grade:
                     A+ = 97%-100%          C = 72%-76%
                     A = 92%-96%            C- = 69%-71%
                     A- = 89%-91%           D+ = 67%-68%
                     B+ = 87%-88%           D = 62%-66%
                     B = 82%-86%            D- = 59%-61 %
                     B- = 79%-81%           F = 0% -58%
                     C+ = 77%-78%

Academic Integrity: Academic Integrity (from Office of Judicial Affairs), “Your own commitment to learning, as
evidenced by your enrollment at San Jose State University, and the University’s Academic Integrity Policy requires you
to be honest in all your academic course work. Faculty are required to report all infractions to the office of Judicial
Affairs.” The policy on academic integrity can be found at

Academic Dishonesty Of Any Form Will Not Be Tolerated: Plagiarism is a serious issue treated at the university level.
It will not be tolerated in this class. If you plagiarize part of all of any assignment or exam, you will receive an F on
the assignment or exam, and may receive NC in the course. An Academic Dishonesty Report form will also be filed with
the Office of Student Affairs, which can impose its own sanctions in response to this report. READ this policy in the
most recent SJSU catalog or at or at There are many different forms of academic dishonesty that are listed
in the University Catalog. Some examples are:
              copying part or the whole of another student’s (current or former student) assignment or exam; this
                  includes computer files as well as written or oral work;
              submitting an assignment you submitted in another course
              using another student’s clicker in class for them when they are not in attendance

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                           3
               copying part or the whole of a published work without using quotation marks or without using your own
                words to explain the other author’s ideas;
             summarizing/paraphrasing another author’s ideas or work without giving credit to that author (i.e. a
                citation) and/or without using your own words;
             quoting another author’s ideas or work without giving credit to that author (i.e. a citation);
             copying information from the internet without putting into your own words and/or without giving
                credit to the author.
        There are many other forms that plagiarism can take, all of which have serious consequences. Another resource
on plagiarism can be found at

Note: University and Department guidelines require a serious and compelling reason to drop a course. Grades alone
do not constitute reason to drop a course (see University Catalog).

Late or retroactive adds: The Department of Biological Sciences does not approve Late Adds (adding classes after the
end of the add period indicated in the SJSU Schedule of Classes). You are responsible for adding classes BEFORE the
last day to add and for confirming via the campus registration system “My SJSU” that you are in the class. If you are
given an add code, you should use it as soon as possible to avoid problems. NOTE: No late or retroactive add forms will
be approved in the department office after the last day to add!

Americans with Disabilities Act Compliance: “If you need course adaptations or accommodations because of a
disability, or if you need special arrangements in case the building must be evacuated, please make an appointment
with The Disability Resource Center (924-6000, located in Adm 100) as soon as possible. Presidential Directive 97-03
requires that students with disabilities register with DRC to establish a record of their disability.” If you will be taking
your exam at the DRC you MUST email me two days before the exam with your full name and a reminder to send
you exam to the DRC. I am always happy to do whatever I can to make every student as successful as possible, so
please come talk to me about how we can work together to make Bio 10 a great experience for you.

PowerPoint Slides: All of my lecture PowerPoint slides will be posted on my website, along with class
information/updates/documents. It is your responsibility to check this website frequently. The slides will be posted
before the start of class, generally the night before at the latest. You should print them out and bring them to lecture
to make notes next to the slides. My faculty website is - I PROVIDE YOU WITH MY SLIDES SO YOU MAY BE AS SUCCESSFUL

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                                4
                                  INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE WRITING ASSIGNMENT (165 pts)

This document is the only paper you will receive regarding instructions on how to finish this paper successfully – so
please read it often and clearly, and if there are any questions come see me, sooner rather than later.

Your task at hand is to learn how to locate reliable and scholarly information in order to research your topic
thoroughly and develop an informed opinion. Your product will be a 4-6 page, double spaced, 12 point font, 1500-2000
word paper describing your findings and conclusions about your chosen topic or place.

Purpose: The paper is all about researching data collected by other scientists and synthesizing it into a coherent
review of the information on your chosen topic. This paper is NOT an argument or opinion piece. A scientific paper
presents facts and data in an unbiased, straight forward manner. Your paper should not be an argument for or against
an issue.

The purpose of this assignment is to:
       1.) Learn as much as you can about your topic
       2.) Evaluate the benefits and pitfalls of using a combination of primary and secondary sources (references).
       3.) Draw conclusions as an informed member of society.
       4.) Learn how to write a concise, grammatically correct, non-plagiarized review paper.

                                                  General Instructions
Writing Assignment. You must write a SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL STYLE paper on the species/biodiversity crisis. You can
either choose a specific species that is threatened or endangered or you may choose a group of species, like frogs. It is
up to you which endangered or threatened species/group you choose to do your paper on (check out , , for
ideas). It should be an example of your best efforts at written communication. Part of your grade will be based on
form, style, and grammar, while the content of your report will carry the heaviest weight towards your grade. The
length of the write-up should be 4-6 pages (please no more than 6 pages! But a minimum of 4 FULL pages, Minimum of
1500 words (not counting citations), 12pt. times new roman or arial font, double spaced, and word processed (approx.
1500-2000 words). You will be turning all written assignments into AND a hardcopy in class on the due
date. You must turn in both a hardcopy and the copy to in order to receive a grade. The class code for is 3406435 the password is conserve

Please utilize the book Pechenik, Jan A. A short Guide to Writing About Biology 5th edition. 2004 and check out the
SJSU Writing Center for additional help with general English writing structure and
grammar. This paper must have the all the attributes of a well written paper. This includes having a good sentence
structure, excellent grammar and a logically, well thought out overall flow.

FORMAT: - You do not need to place underline headers in your paper
         1. Introduction: describe the topic, indicate the scope and give any history and/or background information that
is appropriate. (Cite literature)
         2. Body: Include current information/arguments drawn from a wide array of literature sources and text.
Connect the issue to some aspect represented in the text (In other words what have you learned in the class that has
enabled you to write on this issue). Develop your ideas sequentially. (Cite literature)
         3. Conclusion/Discussion: Pull together the information and ideas to make a coherent picture. Give some idea
of the importance of the topic and its role in its community (if applicable). Also, indicate what the future may hold.
(Cite literature)
         4. Literature cited: Follow the form as given at the end of these instructions. Note: all scientific names are in
                   For example, if we were doing our paper on tigers, it might look something like this:
         1. Introduction: Introduce what the tiger is, where it is found, what it current status is
(endangered/threatened?), how many are left in the world. (Cite literature)
         2. Body: Why tigers are important to the health of the ecosystem, what has caused their decline, what is being
done to help conserve the species (Cite literature)
         3. Conclusion/Discussion: wrap up all points into a coherent closing, give ideas/hopes for the future (Cite
         4. Literature cited: Follow the form as given at the end of these instructions.

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                          5
NOTE: Always give credit for ALL information you have gained from someone else. If it did not come from your brain or
is not common knowledge (like the sky is blue), then you must cite your source. In science direct quotes are seldom
used. Instead, information is summarized and the sources indicated. Citations occur in the text in the following
format (Author last name, year article written) NOT as footnotes. DO NOT PUT DIRECT QUOTES FROM YOUR SOURCE. will recognize that as plagiarism and you will receive a zero on your paper. You must REPHRASE the
information you have gathered. You MUST follow the literature cited format as stated below. You must cite all your
sources both within the body of the paper AND at the end, in the literature cited section.

Use this format for your Literature citations within text:
(Single Author)
Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones, 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith, 1982).

(Two Authors)
Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones and Davis, 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith and Kirk,

(More than 2 Authors) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones et al., 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal
(Smith et al., 1982).

(Websites) Alligator lizards are active during the day (, 2008) while desert geckos are nocturnal
(, 2008).

If you have used a reference multiple times within the same paragraph, you may cite your reference at the end of the
last sentence in your paragraph. Otherwise, site your source at the end of the thought/idea of which you are using
their information.

These references are then included more fully in the Literature Cited section at the end of your report, in the
following format. If you have used the latin abbreviation et al., (and of course you have italicized et al.) within the
body of your paper you MUST spell out each authors name in the literature cited section.

Use this format for your Literature Cited section: - Your literature cited section should be alphabetized by first
authors last name. No numbers or bullets, all left justified with each citation single spaced and separated from the
next citation by a double space.

For journal articles and books:
       Jones, V.W. 1984. Activity periods of alligator lizards. Journal of Lizard Research. 34(2):182-189.
       Smith, I.M. 1982. The Life of the Gecko. College of the Desert Press, Tucson. 333pp.

For citation of a website:
        World Health Organization. Malarial mortality in Africa. 3 July 2001.
[accessed 2003 May 5]

Your sources must be diverse! You must have at least 10 reputable literature sources, and only a maximum of 2 can
be from a online only website, maximum of 2 books and a maximum of 2 secondary literature resources such as
magazines. The rest must be primary literature articles. You MUST HAVE PRIMARY, PEER REVIEWED ARTCILES CITED IN
YOUR PAPER. You may have NO Wikipedia resources! If you use multiple pages from a single website, it is still
considered just one website-one source. When you access journals from the library through the internet, these are
considered NON-WEB resources because they are simply electronic versions of hard copy papers that have been
published in paper form elsewhere. Most libraries know store journal articles in electronic form. A “web” resource, is a
website that does not exist in a published, printed format anywhere. If you access an electronic copy from a library
database, treat it as a journal – do not put any info on what database you accessed it from.

If this is your first time writing a scientific paper I find it helpful to start with excellent secondary resources and work
from there. For example, if you wanted to write about polar bears but knew nothing about them, you could start by
reading articles in National Geographic. National Geographic is a well respected magazine and although would not
count towards your primary literature requirement, would help you to gain knowledge about your subject in a more
palatable manner. This would then arm you with the foundation to continue your research and may give you some
great ideas/leads on what to research when you visit the library for primary journal articles!

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                                6
Part I. On September 16th, 2010 turn in the following at the start of lecture: {15points}

State your intended topic that you will be addressing in your paper AS WELL, list at least three references (using
complete bibliographic citations) that you have consulted other than your textbook. Remember : You can do any
endangered species, it does not have to be a mammal (think fish, amphibian, insect) and it doesn’t need to be an
animal! (Think plants!). Lots of endangered species out there – get creative!!!

Check out for ideas on which species to choose

Topics that you may NOT do are (any specie of): tigers, whales, giant pandas, elephants, polar bears, or California

Mandatory: please submit these above items (topic choice and references) at the start of lecture. For part 1 – no submission is needed.

If your paper is written on an unapproved topic your will lose a minimum of 30 points from the final grade.

Part II. Full Paper Due on October 14th, 2010: Hardcopy due in lecture, copy by 4:00 pm PST: {150

Note: Penalty for late papers is 5 points off per day (including weekends) – submit date will be marked once the
paper is submitted to . No papers will be accepted after October 21 st . If your paper is late, it will be
marked late as of when it was submitted online. The you must turn in your hardcopy during the next lecture.
There will be NO opportunity to make up the points allotted to this assignment.

Your paper should be between 4-6 pages long plus a separate page for Literature Cited, please no longer- your
literature cited section does not contribute to your minimum word count. If you include drawings and diagrams these
are not included in your page count. Remember that papers must be typed, double spaced, 12 point times or times
new roman font with 1 inch margins on ALL sides and submitted to Check carefully for spelling and
grammatical errors. Absolutely no binding material will be accepted and no cover page is necessary – save some trees!


The instructions in this packet supercede all other instructions found anywhere else in terms of grammar, style and
reference formatting. Once you have satisfied the format guidelines outlined on these sheets, you may use whatever
approved scientific writing style you wish.

It is critical for you to understand that when you summarize articles, you must put what you read into your own words.
By failing to do this you are plagiarizing (in essence stealing another person’s work) and will be penalized by receiving
a zero on this assignment, putting you in danger of failing the course (NO exceptions)! is a powerful tool
that scans your paper for any unoriginal material, so please do not even think about turning in unoriginal work!

   Lastly, I am available during office hours or by appointment to discuss any ambiguities regarding this assignment.
 Please if you do not understand something contact me sooner rather than later in order to successfully complete this

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                         7
Fall 2010                                    TENTATIVE          SCHEDULE                                 Bio 10

 WEEK          DATE                                           TOPIC

    1        August 26     Welcome / Greensheet /Class info
            August 31 &
    2          Sep 2       Intro Chp. 1 / Essential Chemistry (Ch 2)
                           Molecules of Life (Ch. 3)/ Begin: The Cell
    3        Sep 7 & 9     Thurs. Sep. 9th: Library Day – No Lecture
                           Sep 14: The Cell (chps 4 & 5) & Library Assignment Due             1&2

    4       Sep 14 & 16    Sep 16 : Cellular respiration ( Chp. 6) – Writing Part 1 DUE       1&2

                           Sep 21 : Exam #1 Chapters 1-6 (75 pts)                             1&2
    5       Sep 21 & 23    Cellular Reproduction (chp. 8)                                     2&3

                           Patterns of Inheritance (chp. 9)                                   3
    6       Sep 28 & 30    DNA (chp 10)                                                       3
                           DNA technology (chp.12)                                            3&4
    7        Oct 5 & 7     Evolution & Natural Selection (chp. 13) –
                           Oct 12 - Exam #2 Chapters 8-10 & 12, 13 (75 pts)                   2, 3, & 4
    8       Oct 12 & 14    Oct 14 - Biological Diversity (chp. 14) - Biodiversity Paper Due

                           Origin of life (chp. 15)                                           2&4
    9       Oct 19 & 21    Origin of Animals (chp. 17)                                        2, 4, 5 & 6
                           Oct 26 - Ecology (chp. 18) - BIRD QUIZ (25 points)                 5&6
                                                                                              2, 5 & 6
   10       Oct 26 & 28    Communities and ecosystems (chp. 19)
                                                                                              2, 3, 4, 5 & 6
                           Human Impacts (chp. 20)                                            2-6
   11        Nov 2 & 4     Nov 4 - Exam #3 (75 pts) {chps14, 15, 17-20}
                                                                                              2, 5 & 6
                           Nov 9 - Animal structure & function (chp. 21)
   12       Nov 9 & 11     Nov 11 – Veterans Day – Campus Closed
                           Animal nutrition (chp. 22)                                         2, 5 & 6
   13       Nov 16 & 18    Circulation and Respiration (chp. 23) –

                           Nov 23 - Exam #4 (75 pts) {chps 21-23}                             2, 5   &   6
   14       Nov 23 & 25    Nov 25 – Thanksgiving, Campus Closed                               2, 5   &   6
                           Photosynthesis (chp. 7)                                            2, 5   &   6
             Nov 30 &      Origin of Plants (chp.16)                                          2, 5   &   6
   15         Dec 2
                           Dec 7 - Plant structure (chp.28) – PLANT QUIZ, (25 Points)         2, 5 & 6
                           Dec 9 - Plant functions (chp. 29) – Cal Academy Write Up DUE       2, 5 & 6
   16       Dec 7 & 9
                           Final Exam Friday, December 17, 0945-1200 - Chapters 7, 16, 28
   17         Dec 17       & 29 (75 pts) – Not Accumulative

Poffenroth : Bio 10 – Fall 2010                                                                                   8

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