Parameter Measured

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					                                                     Habitat attribute protocols used for watershed condition monitoring/surveys (in wadable streams)
                                                                              Based on agency input and website info (7/2/03)1
                                                                                           Steve Lanigan - editor
           Common protocols
           Common protocols
           Common protocols
           Questions about protocols

Parameter         Aquatic and Riparian     Pacfish/Infish           National Park Service   Oregon                  Washington              California North        Oregon Dept. Fish &       FS R6 Level II          Action Agency
Measured          Effectiveness            Biological Opinion       (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon          DOE and                 Coast Watershed         Wildlife Stream           Stream Survey9          (BPA, COE, BOR)
                  Monitoring Program       (PIBO)3                  NP)4                    Plan5                   Comprehensive           Assessment7             Survey and BLM8                                   and NMFS Research
                  (AREMP)2                                                                                          Monitoring Strategy6                                                                              Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Evaluation Plan
Subwatershed      Boundaries follow        Currently using          Undecided but likely    Oregon Plan – ESU’s     DOE: Ecoregions         31 North Coast          Surveys placed on         Boundaries follow       Watershed
(6th Field        REO delineated lines.    ICBEMP 6th field         6th field HUC and sub   and GCA’s EMAP –        (Level III & IV).       hydrologic basins       GIS coverages. Can        REO delineated lines.   boundaries are
HUC) No.                                   HUC coverage.            basins within HUCs.     Ecoregion and 4th       Water Resource          ranging from 68-        be summarized                                     defined by the
                                           Lines will not match     Are you using REO       field HUC Ambient       Inventory Area          1615 sq. mi divided     within 6th, 5th, or 4th                           distribution of ESUs,
                                           with the 5th field       delineated HUCs?        Program – Statewide     (WRIA).                 into subbasins          field HUCs.                                       populations, or
                                           coverage used by                                 TMDL’s – 4th            EMAP and CMS -          according to common                                                       subpopulation and
                                           most of the BLM.                                                         WRIA, ecoregions,       attributes. These are   Are you using REO                                 may include different
                                           The Effectiveness                                Watershed basins are    salmon recovery         based on “CAL           delineated HUCs?                                  HUCs.
                                           monitoring team will                             defined as area above   regions.                water” units.
                                           be acquiring the REO                             sample points.          http://www.epa.gov/e    http://www.ncwatersh
                                           layer so they can                                                        map/html/pubs/docs/     ed.ca.gov
                                           present compatible                                                       groupdocs/surfwatr/fi
                                           5th field HUC                                                            eld/fomws.html          Use REO 6th HUCs
                                           numbers.                                                                                         for coho recovery
                                                                                                                                            program.
Reach             Sample site locations    Reach locations are      Tributary               Starting point of       Water Monitoring:       LLID is assigned to a   Record UTM                Start and end points     The program defines
Location          are randomly selected    selected using 2         confluences,            survey located with     Lower mainstem &        stream at its           coordinates at the        are recorded as River   a reach as a relatively
                  within watersheds        strata. 1) the lowest-   landmarks, changes      GPS and recorded as     reaches with frequent   confluence with its     beginning of the          derived miles from      homogeneous stretch
                  using the EPA’s          most nonconstrained      in stream type – with   UTM.                    criteria violations.    receiving stream.       reach and at the end      1:24000 USGS topo       of stream having
                  GRTS design.             reach on public land     GPS locations                                   Biological              Event sites are         of all surveys, and       maps. Will be GIS       similar regional,
                                           (85% of sites)                                                           Monitoring: Ambient     located with GPS and    mark on a 7.5-minute      generated in the        drainage basin, valley
                  Starting point of        2) And lowest most                                                       Biological              usually by distance     topo map.                 future.                 segment, and channel
                  survey is located with   constrained reach on                                                     Monitoring uses         from LLID as well,                                                        segment
                  GPS and recorded as      public land (15% of                                                      targeted locations      using dynamic                                                             characteristics.
                  UTM.                     sites)                                                                   (upstream/downstrea     segmentation.                                                             Reaches are
                                                                                                                    m, reference,                                                                                     identified by using a
                                           Recorded as UTM at                                                       representing                                                                                      hierarchical list of
                                           the upstream and                                                         gradients of                                                                                      classification
                                           downstream ends of                                                       degradation). EMAP                                                                                variables. Reaches
                                           the reach.                                                               and CMS - uses                                                                                    may contain one or
                                                                                                                    probabilistic design                                                                              more sampling sites.
Parameter      Aquatic and Riparian       Pacfish/Infish          National Park Service     Oregon                   Washington               California North         Oregon Dept. Fish &       FS R6 Level II          Action Agency
Measured       Effectiveness              Biological Opinion      (North Cascades           DEQ and Oregon           DOE and                  Coast Watershed          Wildlife Stream           Stream Survey9          (BPA, COE, BOR)
               Monitoring Program         (PIBO)3                 NP)4                      Plan5                    Comprehensive            Assessment7              Survey and BLM8                                   and NMFS Research
               (AREMP)2                                                                                              Monitoring Strategy6                                                                                Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Evaluation Plan
                                                                                                                     methods for random                                                                                  The boundaries of a
                                                                                                                     location of sites                                                                                   reach will be
                                                                                                                     within a spatial area.                                                                              measured with GPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and recorded as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         UTM.
Reach Length   Reach length is 20x        Reach length is 20x     20 to 40x average         Reach lengths for        CMS and DOE:             For randomly             Habitat surveys and       Reach length is based   Reaches will vary in
               average bankfull           average bankfull        BFW with minimum          biological monitoring    Reach lengths for all    selected sites: Reach    fish surveys based on     on geomorphic and       length according to
               width with minimum         width with a            length of 150 m for       activities are defined   Biological               length is 20x average    length of channel         hydrologic              the characteristics of
               length of 150m and         minimum length of       intensive Level III       as 40X the average       Monitoring activities    bankfull width, with     type.                     characteristics.        the basin, valley, and
               maximum of 500m.           150m and maximum        (TFW ambient              wetted width of the      are defined as 40X       minimum length 150       Reaches are defined                               channel. Sampling
                                          of 320m.                monitoring                stream (minimum          the average wetted       meters and maximum       as: stream segments       Is this the same        sites within reaches
               Reach lengths                                      protocols).               length of 150            width of the stream      length of 500 m.         between named             protocol used by        will vary according to
               stratified into            Reach lengths           Level II extensive        meters).                 (minimum length of       Habitat surveys and      tributaries, changes in   ODFW?                   the width of the
               categories based on        stratified into         surveys (USFS             Reach lengths may        150 meters). DOE:        fish surveys based on    valley and channel                                stream channel. Sites
               BFW. E.g., for 8-10        categories based on     Region 6 protocol)        vary for other           Reach lengths            length of Rosgen         form,                                             will be 20x the
               BFW, reach = 10x20         BFW. E.g., for 8-10     collect data for entire   projects depending       representative of        channel type.            Major changes in                                  average bandfull
               BFW.                       BFW, reach = 10x20      length of response        on objectives (ex.       water quality                                     vegetation type, or                               width with a
                                          BFW.                    zone (gradients           TMDL modeling).          conditions can be                                 changes in land use                               minimum length of
               Reaches start at the                               generally less than                                determined by                                     or ownership.                                     150 m and a
               closest pool tail to the   Reaches start at the    8% and unconfined to                               location on the                                                                                     maximum length of
               randomly chosen            closest pool tail to    moderate                                           National                                          Is this the same                                  500 m. The starting
               UTM point.                 lowest point of the     confinement) broken                                Hydrography Data                                  protocol used by R6                               point of the site will
                                          integrator reach.       into reaches by major                              Layer (U.S. EPA).                                 Level II surveys?                                 be measured with
                                                                  changes in channel                                                                                                                                     GPS and recorded as
                                                                  type. Level III                                                                                                                                        UTM.
                                                                  segments are nested
                                                                  within Level II
                                                                  reaches.
Channel        Non-constrained            Uses methods            Two protocols for         Eleven evenly spaced     Ambient Biological       Use AREMP                Channel dimensions        Not collected           Each sample site will
Cross          reaches: Eleven            adapted from            Stream surveys.           transects are selected   Monitoring: Four         protocols at randomly    are collected                                     be divided into 11
Sections       evenly spaced              Harrelson et al. Four   Level II extensive        by dividing the reach    cross sections per       selected sites.          including active                                  evenly-spaced
               transects are selected     cross-sections are      survey (based on          into 10 equidistant      reach. Cross sections                             channel width and                                 transects by dividing
               by dividing the reach      measured within each    USFS Region 6             intervals.               represent biological     Use DFG California       depth, floodprone                                 the site into 10
               into 10 equidistant        reach.                  protocols) take x-                                 monitoring locations     Salmonid Stream          width and depth, and                              equidistant intervals
               intervals.                                         section at each major                              and where additional     Habitat Restoration      constraining terrace                              with “transect 1” at
                                          A cross-section is      riffle with depth-                                 habitat                  Manual protocols         width and height.                                 the downstream end
               Constrained reaches:       located at the widest   distance recorded at                               characterizations are    (see parts 2 and 3) in   Collected at 5                                    of the site and
               Six cross-sections are     point within each of    ¼, ½, and ¾ of BFW.                                made. Cross sections     tributary channel and    transects on surveys                              “transect 11” at the
               evenly spaced by           the first 4 riffles.    Level III intensive                                are located based on     habitat typing           (site surveys) or                                 upstream end of the

                                                                                                                      2
Parameter      Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish          National Park Service    Oregon                 Washington               California North          Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II           Action Agency
Measured       Effectiveness           Biological Opinion      (North Cascades          DEQ and Oregon         DOE and                  Coast Watershed           Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9           (BPA, COE, BOR)
               Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                 NP)4                     Plan5                  Comprehensive            Assessment7               Survey and BLM8                                   and NMFS Research
               (AREMP)2                                                                                        Monitoring Strategy6                                                                                 Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Evaluation Plan
               dividing the reach                              surveys (TFW                                    a stratified selection   surveys. Manual is        every 10 habitat units                            site.
               length by 5.                                    ambient monitoring                              method. The              on DFG website:           during basin surveys.
                                                               protocol) – start at                            selection process        http://www.dfg.ca.go
               Cross sections are                              downstream and then                             targets in-stream        v                         Compatible with type
               measured with a laser                           every 100m at least                             riffle habitat and                                 of constraining
               rangefinder.                                    10 points measured                              stratifying variables    Measured with tape,       features and level I
                                                               with tape, stadia rod                           of: substrate size,      stadia rod and level at   Rosgen typing
                                                               and level.                                      water depth, and         the velocity cross        combined with
                                                                                                               location within the      over (tail crest)         gradient and
                                                                                                               riffle. Is the same      nearest each tenth        substrate.
                                                                                                               method used by           habitat unit, and at
                                                                                                               PIBO?                    each channel type
                                                                                                               EMAP and CMS:            change.
                                                                                                               Eleven evenly spaced
                                                                                                               transects are selected
                                                                                                               by dividing the reach
                                                                                                               into 10 equidistant
                                                                                                               intervals.
Longitudinal   Stream length is        Stream length is        Level III surveys –      Stream length is       EMAP and CMS:            Stream length is          Profiles are             Not collected            Lengths of sampling
Profile        measured along the      measured along the      throughout segment       measured along the     Location of reach is     measured along the        developed based on                                sites are measured
               thalweg using a laser   thalweg using a tape.   with points along        thalweg. Profile       identified and eleven    thalweg                   habitat unit length                               along the thalweg.
               range finder and an                             thalweg at every 10      measurements are       equidistant transects                              and water surface
               electronic compass.                             m and additional         taken on an            are located. Several                               gradient at each unit.
               Shots are taken on an                           points at qualifying     increment that is      of the following
               increment that is                               pools (tail crest, max   approximately 1/100    physical habitat                                   Is profile measured
               approximately 1/100                             depth, and head)         of the reach length.   features are measured                              along the thalweg?
               of the reach length.                                                     Additional             between and at each
                                                                                        measurements are       transect.
                                                                                        taken at pool tail     ???
                                                                                        crests, maximum
                                                                                        pool depth, and pool
                                                                                        head.
Pool           Two types of pools      Two types of pools      Level II survey pools    Calculated from        CMS: EMAP                To be measured as a       Are there any criteria   Pool defined as being    Estimated as the
Frequency      are measured:           are measured:           defined same as          thalweg depth and      protocols                pool, must occupy         for channel              longer than the          count of pools within
and Length     Must occupy greater     Must occupy greater     AREMP.                   velocity                                        greater than half the     spanning?                average wetted width     a reach. To be
               than half the wetted    than half the wetted    Level III survey –       measurements.          Are there any criteria   wetted width, be                                   unless unit is a         counted, a pool must
               width, be longer than   width, be longer than   defined by size of                              for channel spanning,    longer than wide,         Channel geomorphic       plunge pool and          span more than half
               wide, include the       wide, include the       pool (sq meters and      No criteria for        longer than wide?        include the thalweg,      units are relatively     habitat unit has to be   the wetted width, be
               thalweg, and the        thalweg, and the        residual depth           channel spanning, or                            and the maximum           homogeneous lengths      channel spanning.        longer than it is wide,

                                                                                                                3
Parameter    Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish           National Park Service      Oregon                Washington             California North         Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II        Action Agency
Measured     Effectiveness           Biological Opinion       (North Cascades            DEQ and Oregon        DOE and                Coast Watershed          Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9        (BPA, COE, BOR)
             Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                  NP)4                       Plan5                 Comprehensive          Assessment7              Survey and BLM8                                and NMFS Research
             (AREMP)2                                                                                          Monitoring Strategy6                                                                           Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Evaluation Plan
             maximum depth is at     maximum depth is at      criteria). Criteria also   longer than wide.                            depth is at least 1.5    of the stream that are                         and include the
             least 1.5 times the     least 1.5 times the      vary with categories                                                    times the crest depth.   classified by channel                          thalweg.
             crest depth.            crest depth.             of stream BFW                                                                                    bed form, flow
                                                              (TFW ambient                                                            Length measured          characteristics, and                           Any depth
             Length measured         Length measured          monitoring protocols)                                                   along the thalweg        water surface slope of                         requirements?
             along the thalweg       along the thalweg                                                                                between the head and     each unit in meters.
             between the head and    between the head and                                                                             tail crest.              Pools are longer than
             tail crest.             tail crest.                                                                                                               the active channel
             or                      or                                                                                                                        width, except for
             Pool defined as being   Pool defined as being                                                                                                     selected subunit pool
             longer than the         longer than the                                                                                                           types. The width and
             average wetted width    average wetted width                                                                                                      length are estimated
             and habitat unit has    and habitat unit has                                                                                                      every unit; it is
             to be channel           to be channel                                                                                                             estimated and
             spanning.               spanning.                                                                                                                 verified every 10th
                                                                                                                                                               unit. Lengths and
                                                                                                                                                               widths are measured
                                                                                                                                                               when surveying
                                                                                                                                                               randomly selected
                                                                                                                                                               sites under OR Plan
                                                                                                                                                               protocols. Pool
                                                                                                                                                               frequency is
                                                                                                                                                               calculated based on
                                                                                                                                                               total length of stream
                                                                                                                                                               and on primary
                                                                                                                                                               channel length.
Pool depth   Pool tail crest, max    Pool tail crest, max     Pool tail crest, max       Calculated directly   CMS: EMAP              Pool tail crest, max     Pool tail crest, max     Pool tail crest and   Measured as residual
             pool depth, and pool    pool depths are          pool depth, and pool       from thalweg depth    protocols              pool depth are           pool depth:              maximum depth are     pool depth, which is
             head depth and          measured with depth      head locations             and velocity                                 measured with stadia     Maximum depth in         measured with a       the difference
             locations are           rod to the nearest cm.   measured with stadia       measurements.         Are you using pool     rod to the nearest       pools measured to        depth rod.            between the
             measured with laser                              rod for depth                                    tail crest, max pool   1/10 foot. Mean          nearest 0.01 m.                                maximum pool depth
             rangefinder                                      measurement.                                     depth?                 depth calc.              Depth at pool tail                             and the pool crest
                                                                                                                                      measurements taken       crest to the nearest                           outlet depth. This
                                                                                                                                      min. of 3 points at 3    0.01 m in every pool                           metric is then used to
                                                                                                                                      cross sections in        habitat unit, with the                         estimate pool quality
                                                                                                                                      pool.                    exception of subunit                           following the
                                                                                                                                                               pools.                                         protocols in Platts et
                                                                                                                                                                                                              al. (1983).


                                                                                                                4
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian      Pacfish/Infish            National Park Service    Oregon                   Washington                 California North         Oregon Dept. Fish &       FS R6 Level II           Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness             Biological Opinion        (North Cascades          DEQ and Oregon           DOE and                    Coast Watershed          Wildlife Stream           Stream Survey9           (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program        (PIBO)3                   NP)4                     Plan5                    Comprehensive              Assessment7              Survey and BLM8                                    and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                                              Monitoring Strategy6                                                                                   Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Evaluation Plan
Gradient    Stream gradient is        Stream gradient is        Level II - gradient      Measured with laser      Ambient Biological         Measured with a          Expressed as the          Stream gradient is       Both valley gradient
            calculated as the rise    measured from the         from USGS maps.          range finder within      Monitoring: Sighted        sight level, tape, and   percent change in         measured from            and channel gradient
            of the streambed          water surface at the      Level III – use level    sample reach, and        downstream from the        stadia rod along the     elevation over the        1:24000 USGS topo        are measured as part
            divided by the length     downstream end of         and stadia rod           calculated from maps     top of the riffle at the   thalweg over two         length of the unit.       maps. It is calculated   of the hierarchical
            of the sampling           the reach to the water    throughout segment       using GIS.               transect sampled to        meander bends, or a      Estimated with a          using rise/run of the    classification system.
            segment. Thus, the        surface at the            along bank at water                               the bottom of the          distance > 20            clinometer using the      stream reach              Gradients are
            gradient is the slope     upstream end using        level.                                            riffle sampled. Four       bankfull widths.         scale on the right side   (Channel Gradient is     expressed as percent
            of the streambed, not     surveyor’s rod and                                 Field measurements       slope measurements         Elevation is based       in the viewfinder.        calculated by            slope and calculated
            the water surface.        transit level.            Is gradient based on     are slope of water       are made. Percent          upon water surface at    Data are summarized       dividing the elevation   from maps with GIS.
                                                                slope of streambed or    surface. Map info is     slope is recorded at       velocity cross over      across a reach, but       gain by the mapped
            Measure the               Measure the               slope of water           based on changes in      four locations in the      (tail crests)            detailed in the           channel length for
            elevation change          elevation change          surface?                 elevation from lower     reach.                                              longitudinal profile.     each reach). Gradient
            twice, with the level     twice, with the level                              to upper transects.      EMAP and CMS:                                       QA/QC with gradient       is the slope of the
            at a different position   at a different position                                                     Sighted downstream                                  on 7.5 min topo map.      streambed.
            each time and record      each time and record                                                        from the top of each                                Gradient is the slope
            to the nearest cm.        to the nearest cm.                                                          transect to the next                                of the streambed.
            Record the average if     Record the average if                                                       lowest transect. Ten
            the two                   the two                                                                     measurements are
            measurements are          measurements are                                                            made per reach and
            within 10 percent of      within 10 percent of                                                        an overall slope for
            each other. If not,       each other. If not,                                                         the reach is
            take a third              take a third                                                                calculated. Percent
            measurement and           measurement and                                                             slope is recorded
            average it with one of    average it with one of                                                      between each of the
            the originals.            the originals.                                                              segments.

            Sufficient data is        Sufficient data is                                                          Is gradient based on
            collected to report       collected to report                                                         slope of streambed or
            valley slope (straight    valley slope (straight                                                      slope of water
            line length) and reach    line length) and reach                                                      surface?
            slope (follows            slope (follows
            thalweg).                 thalweg).
Sinuosity   Calculated as the         Calculated as the         Aerial photos            Calculated using         EMAP and CMS:              Calculated for each      Not recorded in the       Sinuosity is measured    Not estimated, but
            length of the stream      length of the stream                               longitudinal profile     Sum of the distances       reach from a 1:24000     field, but can be         for each reach from a    can be calculated
            channel along the         channel along the         How is it calcultated?   data. Sum of the         between 11 transect        USGS topo map. It        calculated using 7.5      1:24000 USGS topo        from information
            thalweg divided by        thalweg divided by                                 distances between        thalweg                    is calculated by         min topo maps. It is      map. It is calculated    collected during
            the straight line         the straight line                                  profile points divided   measurements               dividing the channel     calculated by             by dividing the          classification.
            distance between the      distance between the                               by straight-line reach   divided by the             length of the reach by   dividing the channel      channel length of the
            top and bottom of the     top and bottom of the                              length.                  straight-line distance     the mapped valley        length of the reach by    reach by the mapped

                                                                                                                   5
Parameter    Aquatic and Riparian     Pacfish/Infish          National Park Service    Oregon                   Washington               California North         Oregon Dept. Fish &       FS R6 Level II            Action Agency
Measured     Effectiveness            Biological Opinion      (North Cascades          DEQ and Oregon           DOE and                  Coast Watershed          Wildlife Stream           Stream Survey9            (BPA, COE, BOR)
             Monitoring Program       (PIBO)3                 NP)4                     Plan5                    Comprehensive            Assessment7              Survey and BLM8                                     and NMFS Research
             (AREMP)2                                                                                           Monitoring Strategy6                                                                                  Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Evaluation Plan
             sample reach             sample reach                                                              between the top and      length.                  the mapped valley         valley length.
                                                                                                                bottom of the reach.                              length.
Discharge    Measured with flow       Discharge not           Measured with            Measured with flow       Ambient Biological       Measured with flow       Description of            Measured with flow        Measured at the
             meter (Marsh-            measured.               Swoffer flow meter at    meter (Marsh-            Monitoring and           meter (Marsh-            observed discharge        meter (Marsh-             downstream end of
             McBirney or Pygmy).                              representative           McBirney or Pygmy).      EMAP and CMS:            McBirney or Pygmy).      condition. Best           McBirney or Pygmy).       the distribution of
                                                              locations within a                                Discharge measured        Generally done at       observed in riffles. If    Twenty-five to thirty    each population or
             10 cells are                                     reach or segment.                                 at the base of each      beginning of stream      a gauging station is      subsections are           subpopulation
             measured.                                                                 10 cells are             site reach with a        survey, or at            present, be sure to       measured across the       (defined by the TRT).
                                                              20 cells are             measured.                Swoffer or Marsh-        bifurcations. In small   record the stage          channel.                   To the extent
             Does this follow                                 measured.                                         McBirney flow            streams, channel is      height.                                             possible, the program
             USGS protocol?                                                            Probably close to        meter. USGS              squared using posts                                                          will rely on USGS
                                                                                       USGS protocol, but       methods for flow         and plastic “wings”                                Does this follow          stream-gauge data.
                                                              Does this follow         not sure if it matches   measurement are          which are formed         Does this follow          USGS protocol?            For streams with no
                                                              USGS protocol?           exactly.                 used. In addition,       with blue tarps.         USGS protocol?                                      USGS data, methods
                                                                                                                current velocity is                                                                                   will follow
                                                                                                                measured at the          Don’t think they are                                                         procedures outlined
                                                                                                                locations where          using USGS protocol                                                          in Chapter 14 in Bain
                                                                                                                biological samples       (construct a flume to                                                        and Stevenson
                                                                                                                are collected along      measure stream                                                               (1999).
                                                                                                                each of four transects   flow).
                                                                                                                (Biological Program                                                                                   Does this follow
                                                                                                                only).                                                                                                USGS protocol?
Large Wood   AREMP protocol           Length and              Level II (USFS           LWD must first be        DOE:                     Use DFG California       . The ODFW counts         R6 measures the           Estimated as the
             adapted from ODFW.       circumference are       Region 6 protocols)      partially in the base    Large Woody Debris       Salmonid Stream          all pieces of dead        wood diameter at a        number of pieces of
             Length and DBH are       measured for every      number of pieces by      flow of the channel.     i) size/length           Habitat Restoration      wood longer then 3m       point 50' from the        LWD per stream mile
             estimated occularly      piece up to 60 pieces   the following classes:   LWD is tallied over      ii) decay class          Manual protocol (see     (and root wads <3m        large end (35' for        within a reach. The
             for each piece that is   in the reach, every     12’’ dia. 25’ long;      the entire length of     iii) % in water          part 3) for measuring    long) and larger than     eastside streams),        program defines
             at least partially       other piece if 60 to    24’’ dia. 50’ long;      the reach. Length,       iv) structural           near- stream stems       15 cm in diameter         allows for counting       LWD as any piece of
             within bankfull          120 pieces, every       36’’ dia. 50’ long.      large end diameter,      configuration            and downed wood for      that touch, are within,   standing or spanning      wood with a diameter
             channel (including       third piece if 120 to   For both Level II and    and small end                                     potential recruitment    or are above the          trees as LWD if the       greater than 10 cm
             spanners and             180 pieces, etc.        Level III all pieces     diameter are visually    EMAP and CMS:            estimates. Also used     active channel. The       base of the tree is       and a length greater
             leaners).                Pieces are divided      with dia of 10cm at      estimated and then       LWD must first be        to estimate in stream    diameter is measured      within the bankfull       than 1 m. It can
             Measurements of          into those within the   midlength and  to       tallied by size class.   partially in the base    wood at a                at a point 2 m from       channel width. LWD        occur as a single
             length and dbh are       bankfull channel and    2m are measured and      There are twelve size    flow of the channel.     reconnaissance level.    the bole. Type,           (within the category      piece, an aggregate,
             taken on the first 10    those that extend       data recorded by         classes for wood.        LWD is tallied over       Use FFFC protocols      location, and             for >24" dia and 50'      or as a rootwad.
             pieces in the reach      above the bankfull      position in the                                   the entire length of     for secondary and        configuration of each     long, on westside)        Program follows
             and every 5th piece      channel (spanners       channel, type of         Diameter at large        the reach. Length,       tertiary level           piece are recorded.       that is shorter than50'   methods described in
             thereafter. Data on      and leaners).           wood and decay state     end:                     large end diameter,      measurements of in       Since all pieces are      is counted if the         BURPTAC (1999).
             type, location, and      Minimum size            (TFW protocols).         0.1 to 0.3 m             and small end            stream wood.             classes by diameter       length is 2X bankfull     Is there only 1 size

                                                                                                                 6
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian   Pacfish/Infish         National Park Service   Oregon           Washington               California North           Oregon Dept. Fish &    FS R6 Level II            Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness          Biological Opinion     (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                  Coast Watershed            Wildlife Stream        Stream Survey9            (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program     (PIBO)3                NP)4                    Plan5            Comprehensive            Assessment7                Survey and BLM8                                  and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                               Monitoring Strategy6                                                                                 Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Evaluation Plan
            configuration are      criteria = 1 m long    Log jams recorded       0.3 to 0.6 m     diameter are visually                               and length, data can   width and meets the       class for LWD?
            recorded.              and 0.1 m in           separately and          0.6 to 0.8 m     estimated and then       Recon protocol (part       be queries for LWD     diameter
            Minimum size           diameter as measured   require minimum of      > 0.8            tallied by size class.   III of manual): 20%        that meets the 2X      requirement.
            criteria = 3 m long    one-third of the way   10 pieces of wood       Length:          There are twelve size    sample in each             BFW.
            0.3 m dbh.             up from the base.      meeting the 10cm        1.5-5 m          classes for wood.        stream reach (defined                             R6 tallies the pieces
                                   (Can also partition    and 2m criteria. Key    5-15 m                                    by Rosgen channel          Is there only 1 size   of wood (small,
                                   data the same way      pieces recorded         > 15 m                                    type) – count pieces       class for LWD?         medium, and large)
                                   AREMP does).           (TFW criteria)                           What are the size        (1-2 ft in diam, 3-4 ft,                          within bankfull that
                                                                                                   classes?                 > 4 ft, length                                    meet the following
                                                                                                                            categories: 6-20 ft                               criteria for east and
                                                                                                                            long, >20ft long).                                westside forests:
                                                                                                                                                                              Eastside Forests:
                                                                                                                            Also do a LWD                                     S = Diameter > 6 in.,
                                                                                                                            count in every habitat                            at a length of 20 ft.
                                                                                                                            unit (categorized as                              from the large end
                                                                                                                            either small or large).                           M = Diameter > 12
                                                                                                                                                                              in., at a length of 35
                                                                                                                            2nd level: do this in                             ft. from the large end
                                                                                                                            reaches where they                                L = Diameter > 20
                                                                                                                            are interested in                                 in., at a length of 35
                                                                                                                            movement of large                                 ft. from the large end.
                                                                                                                            wood – measure                                    Westside Forests:
                                                                                                                            every LWD.                                        S = Diameter > 6 in.,
                                                                                                                                                                              at a length of 20 ft.
                                                                                                                            3rd level: tag every                              from the large end
                                                                                                                            piece (research                                   M = Diameter > 12
                                                                                                                            effort).                                          in., at a length of 35
                                                                                                                                                                              ft. from the large end
                                                                                                                                                                              L = Diameter > 20
                                                                                                                                                                              in., at a length of 35
                                                                                                                                                                              ft. from the large end.
                                                                                                                                                                              .




                                                                                                    7
Parameter      Aquatic and Riparian     Pacfish/Infish            National Park Service   Oregon                  Washington             California North        Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II           Action Agency
Measured       Effectiveness            Biological Opinion        (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon          DOE and                Coast Watershed         Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9           (BPA, COE, BOR)
               Monitoring Program       (PIBO)3                   NP)4                    Plan5                   Comprehensive          Assessment7             Survey and BLM8                                   and NMFS Research
               (AREMP)2                                                                                           Monitoring Strategy6                                                                             Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Evaluation Plan
Bankfull       Calculate BF width to    Mean bankfull depth       BFW at every x-         Calculate BF width to   Ambient Biological     Mean bankfull depth     "Active channel          Bankfull width to        The ratio is expressed
width: depth   depth ratios at every    determined from 10        section                 depth ratios at every   Monitoring: Bankfull   determined from 10      width" and "active       depth ratio is           as bankfull width
               cross section.           measurements of                                   cross section.          width and depth are    measurements of         channel height" are      calculated at each       divided by the mean
               Eleven depth             depth in the cross                                                        measured at each of    depth in the cross      measured in every        measured unit (10%       cross-section bankfull
               measurements are         section, taken at                                                         four transects.        section, taken at       10th unit and at start   of all units).           depth. The ratio will
               taken between and        equal distances. First                                                    Bankfull width and     equal distances.        of new reaches.                                   be measured at the 11
               including the BF         measurement is                                                            depth measurements                                                      Mean bankfull depth      transects within each
               points at each           randomly chosen.                                                          are maintained as      Calculate BF width to                            is calculated by         sampling site.
               transect for                                                                                       separate               depth ratios at every                            taking the average of    Methods follow those
               determination of         A cross-section is                                                        characterizations of   cross section.                                   the measurements at      described in
               mean bankfull depth.     located at the widest                                                     the stream channel.                                                     ¼, ½, and ¾ points       BURPTAC (1999).
                                        point within each of                                                      CMS: EMAP                                                               across the channel.
                                        the first 4 riffles.                                                      protocol
Entrenchment   Floodprone width         Floodprone width          Same as AREMP.                                                         Floodprone width        Floodprone width         Floodprone width         Not an identified
ratio          divided by bankfull      divided by bankfull       Done at all x-                                                         divided by bankfull     divided by bankfull      divided by bankfull      variable, but it is a
               width, as determined     width, as determined      sections.                                                              width, as determined    (active channel)         width, as determined     component of the
               from the cross           from the four cross                                                                              from the cross          width.                   from the cross section   Rosgen channel
               sectional profiles. FP   sections. Floodprone                                                                             sectional profiles.                              information taken at     classification, which
               width is calculated      width measured with                                                                                                                               measured units.          is recorded.
               based on                 at tape if possible and                                                                                                                           Floodprone measured
               measurements of two      estimated if not (too                                                                                                                             at 2x max bankfull
               randomly selected        brushy or wide                                                                                                                                    depth.
               transects within a       riparian area.
               given reach.




                                                                                                                   8
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian      Pacfish/Infish             National Park Service      Oregon                   Washington                California North          Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II          Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness             Biological Opinion         (North Cascades            DEQ and Oregon           DOE and                   Coast Watershed           Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9          (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program        (PIBO)3                    NP)4                       Plan5                    Comprehensive             Assessment7               Survey and BLM8                                  and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                                                 Monitoring Strategy6                                                                                 Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Evaluation Plan
Substrate   Percent Surface Fines     Percent Surface Fines      Level II survey –          Substrate particle       DOE: Ambient              Substrate                 Percent distribution     R6 uses the Wolman      The program
            in Pool Tails (1st 12     in Pool Tails (1st four    Wolman 100ct               sizes are measured at    Biological                Characterization          by streambed area of     pebble count            measures three
            scour pools : Using a     scour pools) Using a       pebble counts from 2       five locations           Monitoring -              i) Twenty equidistant     substrate material in    technique. It is        substrate variables,
            modified version of       modified version of        riffles in each reach      equidistantly placed     Substrate size            points are sampled        six size classes: silt   performed two times     depth fines, dominant
            USFS R5 SCI               USFS R5 SCI                and observations of        on each of the eleven    measurements are          with a dropped rod at     and fine organic         in each stream reach    substrate, and
            protocol. Grids are       protocol. Grids are        dominant/                  transects and at an      made at four transects    a velocity cross- over    matter, sand, gravel     at representative       embeddedness.
            placed at 25%, 50%,       placed at 25%, 50%,        subdominant particle       additional 10            in a reach within a 60    transect. ii) substrate   (pea to baseball; 2-     riffles with at least   Depth fines will be
            and 75% of the            and 75% of the             size for all habitat       transects equally        cm grid hoop at each      embeddedness is           64mm), cobble            100 pebbles collected   measured with
            distance along the        distance along the         units.                     spaced between the       location. 50              estimated at each         (baseball to bowling     at each count.          McNeil core
            pool-tail crest. Fines    pool-tail crest. Fines     Level III same as          primary 11 transects.    equidistant               velocity cross over       ball; 64-256mm),                                 samplers following
            are defined at both <     are defined at both <      above for pebble           A total of 105 pebble    observations are          (tail crest) by           bounders, and                                    methods described in
            2 mm and < 6 mm (to       2 mm and < 6 mm (to        counts with at least       counts are taken in      made within this          measuring the depth       bedrock. Estimate                                Schuett-Hames et al.
            allow direct              allow direct               three for each survey      the reach. An            sampling area. Size       of embeddedness of        distribution relative                            (1999). Three
            comparison with           comparison with            segment                    observation for the      Classes include:          at least five D50 –       to the total area of                             subsamples will be
            PIBO)                     AREMP)                     (downstream, mid           particle size at the     Bedrock (smooth),         D84 sized particles.      each habitat unit                                collected from
                                                                 segment, and               base of a stadia rod     Bedrock (rough),          The estimates are         (wetted area). Round                             spawning gravels
            Substrate particle size   25 particles are           upstream)                  placed on the left       Boulder, Cobble,          binned in increments      off to nearest 5                                 within each site. The
            (D50) determined by       sampled from each of       Embeddedness data          edge, right edge, at     Coarse Gravel, Fine       of 25% (0-25% =           percent.                                         volumetric method
            measuring 11              the first 4 riffle/runs.   also collected with        25% across, at 50%       Gravel, Sand,             Category 1; 26 – 50%                                                       will be used to
            particles at systematic    Substrate Particle        each pebble count for      across, and at 75%       Silt/Clay/Muck,           = Category 2)                                                              process samples
            intervals within the      Size (D16, D50, and        all particles greater or   across. Size Classes     Wood, Other. We           iii) substrate                                                             sorted via a standard
            11 cross section          D84 in riffles/runs):      equal to 64mm by           include: Bedrock         also take pebble          composition is                                                             set of sieves (64.0
            transects using           uses Wolman (1954)         high med low based         (smooth), Bedrock        counts along each         visually estimated in                                                      mm, 16.0 mm, 6.4
            EMAP protocols            method.                    on observation of          (rough), Boulder,        transect (4 transects).   each fully measured                                                        mm, 4.0 mm, 1.0
                                                                 particle.                  Cobble, Coarse            We currently do 50       habitat unit and                                                           mm, 0.85 mm, 0.50
                                                                 Pebble count data          Gravel, Fine Gravel,     counts along the          categorized as                                                             mm, 0.25 mm, and
                                                                 represented in             Sand,                    bankfull width.           dominant and co-                                                           0.125 mm).
                                                                 cumulative frequency       Silt/Clay/Muck,                                    dominant..
                                                                 curves for calculation     Wood, Other.             EMAP and CMS:                                                                                        Pebble counts will be
                                                                 of D50 and percent                                  Same as Oregon                                                                                       used to identify
                                                                 fines at user selected     This is different than   DEQ and Oregon                                                                                       substrate
                                                                 particle size criteria     what AREMP and           Plan,                                                                                                composition.
                                                                                            PIBO do.                                                                                                                      Substrate will be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          measured at five
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          equidistant points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          along each of the 11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          transects. Following
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bunte and Abt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          (2001), a 60 x 60-cm

                                                                                                                      9
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian   Pacfish/Infish         National Park Service   Oregon               Washington             California North       Oregon Dept. Fish &   FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness          Biological Opinion     (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon       DOE and                Coast Watershed        Wildlife Stream       Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program     (PIBO)3                NP)4                    Plan5                Comprehensive          Assessment7            Survey and BLM8                        and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                                   Monitoring Strategy6                                                                 Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                            Evaluation Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                            sampling frame will
                                                                                                                                                                                            be used to sample
                                                                                                                                                                                            substrate at each
                                                                                                                                                                                            point along a
                                                                                                                                                                                            transect. The
                                                                                                                                                                                            sampling frame will
                                                                                                                                                                                            be divided into four
                                                                                                                                                                                            grid points by
                                                                                                                                                                                            spacing the elastic
                                                                                                                                                                                            bands 30 cm from
                                                                                                                                                                                            each other.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Embedded will be
                                                                                                                                                                                            measured with the
                                                                                                                                                                                            methods described in
                                                                                                                                                                                            MacDonald et al.
                                                                                                                                                                                            (1991). The method
                                                                                                                                                                                            involves the use of a
                                                                                                                                                                                            60-cm-diameter hoop
                                                                                                                                                                                            as the basic sample
                                                                                                                                                                                            unit. Embeddedness
                                                                                                                                                                                            will be collected
                                                                                                                                                                                            within riffles in the
                                                                                                                                                                                            upstream and
                                                                                                                                                                                            downstream portions
                                                                                                                                                                                            of each reach.




Water       Field measured         Conductivity and       Field measured          Temperature using    Temperature) using     Conductivity, water    Not collected         Not collected    The program will
Chemistry   conductivity, water    alkalinity measured    conductivity, water     thermographs, from   thermographs, from     temperature, DO,                                              measure temperature
            temperature, DO,       using calibrated       temperature,            roughly July 1 to    when to when? , pH,    conductivity, and pH                                          (MDMTand
            conductivity, and pH   meters and titration   conductivity, and pH    Sept 15th , pH,      conductivity,           measured using                                               MWMT), turbidity,
             using calibrated      kits.                   measured using         conductivity,        dissolved oxygen,      calibrated meters at                                          pH, dissolved
            meters at downstream                          calibrated meters.      dissolved oxygen,    turbidity, total       random sites.                                                 oxygen, nitrogen, and
            end of each reach.                            at downstream end of    turbidity, total     suspended solids,                                                                    phosphorus. Data


                                                                                                       10
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish         National Park Service   Oregon                    Washington                California North       Oregon Dept. Fish &   FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness           Biological Opinion     (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon            DOE and                   Coast Watershed        Wildlife Stream       Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                NP)4                    Plan5                     Comprehensive             Assessment7            Survey and BLM8                        and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                                         Monitoring Strategy6                                                                    Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Evaluation Plan
                                                           each reach.             suspended solids,         fecal coliform            In tributary surveys                                          loggers will be used
            Water temperature        Water temperature                             fecal coliform            bacteria, ammonia-N,      temperature is                                                to measure MWMT
            measured using Hobo     measured using Hobo                            bacteria, ammonia-N,      nitrate+nitrite-N,        measured each tenth                                           and MDMT
            temps from July 1 to    temps from July 1 to                           nitrate+nitrite-N,        total nitrogen, total     habitat unit.                                                 following methods
            Sept 1 at most sites.   Sept 1 at most sites                           total nitrogen, total     phosphorus, soluble                                                                     outlined in Zaroban
                                                                                   phosphorus, soluble       reactive phosphorus,      Use thermographs                                              (2000). At a
            Laboratory samples                                                     reactive phosphorus.      and at most stations,     during the summer                                             minimum, loggers
            collected and                                                                                    discharge. Dissolved      (May – Oct).                                                  will be placed at the
            analyzed for Total                                                     Field meters for pH,      metals are monitored                                                                    upstream and
            Kjeldahl Nitrogen:                                                     conductivity, and         bi-monthly at a few                                                                     downstream ends of
            and Total                                                              turbidity. Field          stations. using                                                                         reaches.
            Phosphorus.                                                            titration for dissolved   meters, titration, lab
                                                                                   oxygen. Lab analysis      analysis?]                                                                              Turbidity will be
                                                                                   at DEQ Laboratory                                                                                                 measured with a
                                                                                   or EPA contract lab       Monitor about 82                                                                        portable turbidimeter
                                                                                   for remaining             stations each year,                                                                     (calibrated on the
                                                                                   chemical parameters.      twenty on a one-year                                                                    nephelometric
                                                                                                             basis, 4 on a five-year                                                                 turbidity method)
                                                                                   DEQ Ambient               rotation, and 58 are                                                                    following protocols
                                                                                   Surveys: 152 sites        monitored                                                                               described in Chapter
                                                                                   sampled quarterly to      continuously.                                                                           11 in OPSW (1999).
                                                                                   monthly for the same                                                                                              At a minimum,
                                                                                   parameters listed         Washington’s draft                                                                      turbidity will be
                                                                                   above.                    Water Quality Index                                                                     measured at the
                                                                                                             (WQI) is a unitless                                                                     downstream and
                                                                                                             number ranging from                                                                     upstream ends of
                                                                                                             10 to 100; a higher                                                                     each reach.
                                                                                                             number is indicative
                                                                                                             of better water                                                                         Procedures described
                                                                                                             quality relative to                                                                     in OPSW (1999) will
                                                                                                             expectations.                                                                           be used to measure
                                                                                                             Multiple constituents                                                                   pH (Chapter 8),
                                                                                                             are combined and                                                                        dissolved oxygen
                                                                                                             results aggregated                                                                      (Chapter 7), nitrogen,
                                                                                                             over time to produce                                                                    and phosphorus
                                                                                                             a single score for                                                                      (Chapter 10).
                                                                                                             each sample station.                                                                    Dissolved oxygen
                                                                                                             http://www.ecy.wa.go                                                                    will be measured with
                                                                                                             v/apps/watersheds/wq                                                                    the Winkler Titration

                                                                                                             11
Parameter      Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish          National Park Service     Oregon                  Washington              California North    Oregon Dept. Fish &    FS R6 Level II         Action Agency
Measured       Effectiveness           Biological Opinion      (North Cascades           DEQ and Oregon          DOE and                 Coast Watershed     Wildlife Stream        Stream Survey9         (BPA, COE, BOR)
               Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                 NP)4                      Plan5                   Comprehensive           Assessment7         Survey and BLM8                               and NMFS Research
               (AREMP)2                                                                                          Monitoring Strategy6                                                                      Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Evaluation Plan
                                                                                                                 i/WQIOverview.html                                                                        Method. Nitrogen
                                                                                                                                                                                                           will be described as
                                                                                                                                                                                                           nitrate/nitrites and
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Kjeldahl nitrogen.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Phosphorus will be
                                                                                                                                                                                                           described as total
                                                                                                                                                                                                           phosphorus and
                                                                                                                                                                                                           orthophosphates.
Annual Water   Uses average weekly     Uses average weekly     Hobo-Temp                 Continuous              DOE and CMS:            Hobo-Temp           Stream temperature     Uses 7-day average     The program
Temperature    temperatures and        temperatures and        continuous data           temperature loggers     Continuous              continuous data     recorded only during   minimum and            measures MDMT and
               average weekly          average weekly          loggers placed in         measure every half      temperature loggers     loggers placed in   stream survey          maximum water          MWMT with data
               maximum                 maximum                 targeted study            hour from early June    from early June to      targeted study      (measured at each      temperatures           loggers placed at the
               temperatures. Data      temperatures. Data      reaches at                to late September.      late September.         reaches at          reach change or once   obtained from a        upstream and
               acquired from           acquired from           downstream end (We                                                        downstream end      per page of Unit 1     recording              downstream ends of
               thermographs placed     thermographs placed     will be developing a                                                                          data.)                 thermograph placed     each reach. From
               in the lowest portion   in the lowest portion   monitoring protocol                                                                                                  in the surveyed        when to when?
               of the watershed on     of the watershed on     and sampling design                                                                                                  stream from mid June
               federal land.           federal land.           for this in the future)                                                                                              through late
                                                                                                                                                                                    September.
                                       Currently collecting
                                       “B” quality data
                                       using Oregon DEQ
                                       protocols. Data is
                                       summarized
                                       following DEQ
                                       standards for each
                                       State.
Benthic        EMAP protocol. At       Switched from EPA’s     Not collected             EMAP protocol. At       CMS: EMAP               Not collected       Not collected          Not collected          Not collected.
Periphyton     each transect,          EMAP method in                                    each transect,          protocol. At each
               periphyton is           2001 to Stevenson                                 periphyton is           transect, periphyton
               removed from a 12       and Hawkins                                       removed from a 12       is removed from a 12
               cm2 area.               protocol in 2002.                                 cm2 area.               cm2 area.
               Subsamples are                                                            Subsamples are          Subsamples are
               composited into a                                                         composited into a       composited into a
               single sample for the                                                     single sample for the   single sample for the
               reach.                                                                    reach.                  reach.
               We will likely switch
               to Hawkins and
               Stevenson protocol in

                                                                                                                 12
Parameter      Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish          National Park Service    Oregon                  Washington               California North   Oregon Dept. Fish &   FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured       Effectiveness           Biological Opinion      (North Cascades          DEQ and Oregon          DOE and                  Coast Watershed    Wildlife Stream       Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
               Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                 NP)4                     Plan5                   Comprehensive            Assessment7        Survey and BLM8                        and NMFS Research
               (AREMP)2                                                                                         Monitoring Strategy6                                                               Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Evaluation Plan
               2003.




Aquatic        Two subsamples are      Two subsamples are      Currently, samples       Two subsamples are      Ambient Biological       RAPID EPS          Not collected         Not collected    Not collected.
Benthic        taken in each of four   taken in each of four   from reaches under       taken in each of four   Monitoring: Four         Protocol.
Macroinverte   riffles in the reach    riffles in the reach    3000 m in elevation.     riffles in the reach    riffle kicknet samples
brates         using kicknet. The      using kicknet. The      Total of 4 to 5 – 2 sq   using kicknet. The      collected at each site
               eight subsamples are    eight subsamples are    ft samples taken with    eight subsamples are    are sub-sampled
               composited into a       composited into a       D-frame net (500         composited into a       using a 500-organism
               single sample for the   single sample for the   m). Samples             single sample for the   count. Pools are only
               reach (Hawkins et al.   reach (Hawkins et al.   collected from riffles   reach (Hawkins et al.   sampled in specific
               revised protocol).      revised protocol).      distributed              revised protocol).      circumstances/
               Samples are analyzed    Samples are analyzed    throughout the reach.    Samples are analyzed    projects The riffle
               by the National         by the National          Sub-samples kept        by the National         collection technique
               Aquatic Monitoring      Aquatic Monitoring      separate and all         Aquatic Monitoring      complies with the
               Center using a          Center using a          specimens are picked     Center using a          methods required for
               minimum of 500-         minimum of 500-         and identified.          minimum of 500          generating RIVPACS
               organism count. The     organism count. The     Samples will be          organism count          scores.
               11 standard methods     11 standard methods     composites for data      EMAP Two                Macroinvertebrates
               suggested by Karr       suggested by Karr       analysis and a           strategies for          are removed from a
               (1997) and a            (1997) and a            random sampling          sampling: 1) eight,     minimum of two
               RIVPACS score           RIVPACS score           program will select a    one-square foot         randomly chosen
               (where applicable)      (where applicable)      500-specimen             samples randomly        squares in a sub-
               are reported.           are reported.           sample.                  selected from four to   sampling grid
                                                                                        eight riffles and       containing 30
                                                               Data analysis for the    composited, and 2)      squares. All
                                                               Washington National      single square-foot      organisms are
                                                               Parks network has        samples collected       removed from
                                                               been proposed to use     from each of the        randomly chosen
                                                               Hawkins models           eleven transects        squares until a
                                                               (RIVPACS                 (location along         minimum of

                                                                                                                13
Parameter    Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish       National Park Service   Oregon                   Washington               California North         Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II        Action Agency
Measured     Effectiveness           Biological Opinion   (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon           DOE and                  Coast Watershed          Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9        (BPA, COE, BOR)
             Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3              NP)4                    Plan5                    Comprehensive            Assessment7              Survey and BLM8                                and NMFS Research
             (AREMP)2                                                                                      Monitoring Strategy6                                                                             Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Evaluation Plan
                                                          approach)               transect alternates      500+macroinvertebra
                                                          North Cascades NP is    from left bank, center   tes is picked and the
                                                          currently developing    of stream, and right     process is continued
                                                          RIVPACS type            bank).                   to include all
                                                          model for the park                               remaining organisms
                                                          and adjacent USFS                                in the selected
                                                          land and also will be                            squares. Taxonomic
                                                          evaluating the                                   effort is the
                                                          multimetric                                      Northwest standard.
                                                          approach.                                        EMAP and CMS:
                                                                                                           Two strategies for
                                                                                                           sampling: 1) eight,
                                                                                                           one-square foot
                                                                                                           samples composited
                                                                                                           collected from four
                                                                                                           transects, and 2)
                                                                                                           single square-foot
                                                                                                           samples collected
                                                                                                           from each of the
                                                                                                           eleven transects
                                                                                                           (location along
                                                                                                           transect alternates
                                                                                                           from left bank, center
                                                                                                           of stream, and right
                                                                                                           bank). Application of
                                                                                                           RIVPACS model
                                                                                                           (being evaluated).
Fish and     A single pass with an   Not collected        Fish survey protocols   DEQ Oregon Plan &        EMAP and CMS:            Presence/ absence        Random habitat           Snorkeling,           Not collected.
Aquatic      electrofisher is made                        under development       EMAP: Single pass        Single pass              (area of occurrence)     surveys are based on     electrofishing, or
Amphibians   between each                                 for summer stream       electroshocking          electrofishing           of specific native and   randomly selected        hook and line
             transect. All animals                        resident fish in        through 40x channel      through 40x channel      exotic species.          GIS point. Fish and      sampling is done at
             identified and                               wadeable streams        width reach. All         width reach. All                                  aquatic amphibians       each measured pool
             enumerated.                                  with gradients less     individuals of each      individuals of each      Use bank estimates,      are also surveyed        and every other
             Approximately 10-                            than 8%.                species counted and      species counted and      dives, and e-fishers.    during these surveys.    measured riffle to
             20% of the fish are                          Probabilistic           lengths measured.        lengths measured.                                 At least 3 pools and 3   identify species
             measured, and their                          extensive sampling                                                                                 riffles totaling a       presence or absence
             condition estimated                          design to provide       ODFW: Three pass                                                           minimum of 60 m
             using displacement.                          reach estimators of     electrofishing surveys                                                     stream length are
             Snout-vent lengths                           frequency of            or snorkel surveys.                                                        sampled. Sample at

                                                                                                           14
Parameter     Aquatic and Riparian     Pacfish/Infish       National Park Service   Oregon           Washington             California North   Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured      Effectiveness            Biological Opinion   (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                Coast Watershed    Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
              Monitoring Program       (PIBO)3              NP)4                    Plan5            Comprehensive          Assessment7        Survey and BLM8                           and NMFS Research
              (AREMP)2                                                                               Monitoring Strategy6                                                                Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                         Evaluation Plan
              are measured for all                          occurrence (single      Only salmonids                                             least 15 meters of the
              aquatic amphibians.                           pass diver surveys      counted.                                                   fast water unit
                                                            from 100m                                                                          immediately above
                                                            segments).                                                                         the pool and record
                                                            Also reach estimators                                                              the fish captured.
                                                            for abundance of fish                                                              Walk upstream to the
                                                            in pools using 4-pass                                                              next pool and sample
                                                            diver surveys                                                                      it and the fast waters
                                                            calibrated by                                                                      unit above.
                                                            electrofishing                                                                     Consecutive
                                                            population estimates.                                                              sampling is preferred.
                                                            Amphibians – only                                                                  Continue sampling
                                                            tailed frogs as                                                                    until 3 pool-fast
                                                            tadpoles occur in                                                                  waters sequences
                                                            BMI Samples.                                                                       have been sampled. If
                                                                                                                                               a fish species or life
                                                                                                                                               history stage not
                                                                                                                                               observed in the 1st 4
                                                                                                                                               units is captured in
                                                                                                                                               the 5th or 6th unit,
                                                                                                                                               sample another pool
                                                                                                                                               and fast water unit.
Terrestrial   Time and area-           Not collected        Not collected           Not collected    Not collected          Not collected      Not collected            Not collected    Follows methods in
Amphibians    constrained searches                                                                                                                                                       BURTAC (1999).
              are conducted for at                                                                                                                                                       Stability is based on
              each transect. Search                                                                                                                                                      “natural” conditions
              begins at the wetted                                                                                                                                                       (e.g., vegetation), not
              edge and continues                                                                                                                                                         “unnatural”
              up the bank on either                                                                                                                                                      conditions such as car
              side of the stream for                                                                                                                                                     bodies, riprap, and
              five minutes (ten                                                                                                                                                          concrete. Method
              minutes total at each                                                                                                                                                      applies to both banks
              transect). Special                                                                                                                                                         and is measured at
              attention is given to                                                                                                                                                      the 11 transects
              seeps, springs, and                                                                                                                                                        within each site.
              other high quality
              habitats. Snout-vent
              lengths are measured
              for all captured

                                                                                                     15
Parameter      Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish            National Park Service   Oregon                  Washington                California North        Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured       Effectiveness           Biological Opinion        (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon          DOE and                   Coast Watershed         Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
               Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                   NP)4                    Plan5                   Comprehensive             Assessment7             Survey and BLM8                           and NMFS Research
               (AREMP)2                                                                                          Monitoring Strategy6                                                                        Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Evaluation Plan
               amphibians.
Road Density   Determined from GIS     Determined from GIS                               GIS coverages.          CMS: GIS coverages        Not collected           Not collected            Not collected    Not collected
               layer. Road density     layer. Road density                               Kilometers per          Which densities are                                                                         specifically, but is
               (miles of road per      (km of road per                                   hectare within          calculated?                                                                                 captured in the
               square mile of          square km of                                      watershed above                                                                                                     description of bed-
               watershed) is           watershed) is                                     sample point.                                                                                                       form types (Bisson
               calculated for both     calculated for                                                                                                                                                        and Montgomery
               the riparian area (<    riparian road density                                                                                                                                                 1996) in the
               100m from stream)       (within 100 m of                                                                                                                                                      classification system.
               and upslope (> 100m     stream channels
               from stream) For        (1:24000 map) and
               these analyses, the     for the entire
               stream layer was        watershed upstream
               buffered 100 meters     of the integrator
               each side and           reach. Densities are
               overlaid with the       calculated using
               roads to calculate      individual Forest
               road density            layers cardiographic
                                       feature files (CCF)
                                       layers).
Stream         The number of road      The number of road        At sub-basin level      GIS coverages           CMS: GIS coverages        At sub-basin level      All stream crossings     Not collected    Not collected.
Crossing       crossings was           crossing was              from GIS.                                                                 from GIS.               are noted during the
Density        estimated by finding    estimated from the        Also with field notes                                                     Also with field notes   survey, and details on
               the intersection of     forest and CCF            of any channel                                                            of any channel          bridges, culverts are
               roads and streams on    layers.                   influences.                                                               intersections           recorded.
               GIS layers.
Vegetation     Upslope vegetation      Four methods are          Level III surveys –     Type of vegetative      CMS: Type of              Type of vegetative      A general description                     The program will
seral stage    (all vegetation > 100   used to sample            20x20m plots on left    cover and the type of   vegetative cover and      cover and the type of   of the riparian zone                      collect information
and series     m from the stream       riparian using slightly   and right banks of      land use (e.g.,         the type of land use      land use (e.g.,         within one active                         on distribution, life-
               channel) and riparian   modified versions of      each x-section. Over    forested, urban,        (e.g., forested, urban,   forested, urban,        channel width of                          stage survival, redd
               vegetation data (all    survey techniques         and understory %        agriculture, open)      agriculture, open)        agriculture, open)      either side of the                        counts, age-structure,
               vegetation < 100 m      described by              cover estimated by      across the landscape.   across the landscape.     across the landscape.   channel is provided                       hatchery or wild
               from the stream         Winward (2000). The       dominant species and    Proportion of known     Proportion of known       Proportion of known     for each reach.                           origin, parr
               channel) were           Greenline method          seral class.            geographic area -       geographic area -         geographic area -       Detailed riparian                         abundance, and smolt
               collected from the      uses a line-transect      Stream canopy           Remote sensing          Remote sensing ,          Remote sensing          surveys are also                          abundance. These
               vegetation layer        method to                 closure by              Riparian Vegetation     some information          Riparian Vegetation     conducted.                                data will be collected
               developed by the        characterize              densiometer with 4      Structure               from EMAP.                Structure               Vegetation type:                          using weirs, traps,
               Interagency             vegetation                measurements –          i) canopy                                         i) canopy               N No Vegetation                           electrofishing,
               Vegetation Mapping      community types           upstream,               ii) understory                                    Canopy Cover            (bare soil, rock)                         snorkeling, seines,

                                                                                                                 16
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian     Pacfish/Infish            National Park Service   Oregon                Washington             California North      Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness            Biological Opinion        (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon        DOE and                Coast Watershed       Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program       (PIBO)3                   NP)4                    Plan5                 Comprehensive          Assessment7           Survey and BLM8                           and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                                         Monitoring Strategy6                                                                   Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Evaluation Plan
            Project (IVMP) in        (nine classifications     downstream, left and    iii) ground cover                            i) center of stream   B Sagebrush                               and census
            Oregon and               are used within the       right banks from                                                     readings              (sagebrush,                               techniques.
            Washington, and the      study area) along the     center of channel at    Canopy Cover                                 ii) left bank/right   greasewood, rabbit                        Amphibians will not
            CalVeg layer             first line of perennial   each x-section.         i) center of stream                          bank readings         brush, etc.)                              be collected.
            developed in             vegetation next to the                            readings                                     iii) percent solar    G Annual Grasses,
            California. Both         stream channel. The                               ii) left bank/right                          radiation             herbs, and forbs.
            layers were              data are summarized                               bank readings                                                      P Perennial grasses,
            constructed using        using a stability,                                iii) percent solar                                                 sedges and rushes
            Landsat Thematic         seral, and wetland                                radiation (solar                                                   S Shrubs (willow,
            Mapper remote            rating. The                                       pathfinder)                                                        salmonberry, some
            sensing data.            vegetation cross-                                                                                                    alder)
                                     section method                                                                                                       D Deciduous
            Vegetation was           characterizes                                                                                                        Dominated (canopy
            classified into the      community types                                                                                                      more than 70% alder,
            following categories:    along 5 cross-                                                                                                       cottonwood, big leaf
            Non-Forested/Grass-      sections within the                                                                                                  maple, or other
            Forb, Pure Broadleaf     riparian area and is                                                                                                 deciduous spp.)
             (> 90 % broadleaf),     summarized using a                                                                                                   M Mixed
            Mixed (Stands that       wetland rating. The                                                                                                  conifer/deciduous
            contain both conifer     Woody Regeneration                                                                                                   (approx. 50:50
            and broadleaf            method tallies the                                                                                                   distribution)
            species), and Pure       number and age of                                                                                                    C Coniferous
            Conifer (> 90%           woody plants along                                                                                                   Dominated (canopy
            coniferous species).     the greenline and is                                                                                                 more than 70%
                                     summarized as the                                                                                                    conifer)
            Conifers in both pure    ratio of young to old                                                                                                Size Class. Use
            and mixed stands         plants. Effective                                                                                                    groupings for the
            were classified by       ground cover is                                                                                                      estimated diameter at
            seral stage using the    collected along the                                                                                                  breast height
            following definitions:   vegetation cross-                                                                                                    (dbh) expressed in
            Early Seral - recent     sections using R4                                                                                                    cm of the dominant
            clear cuts to stands     Soils protocols.                                                                                                     trees.
            with trees less than                                                                                                                          Estimate diameter of
            25 cm (10 in) (dbh).                                                                                                                          young conifers below
            Approximate stand                                                                                                                             the first whorl of
            ages from 0 to 24                                                                                                                             branches. Enter just
            years old.                                                                                                                                    the first number(s) of
            Mid Seral - Stands                                                                                                                            any choice.
            trees from 26 cm to                                                                                                                           1- 3 Seedlings and

                                                                                                             17
Parameter   Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish       National Park Service   Oregon           Washington             California North   Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured    Effectiveness           Biological Opinion   (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                Coast Watershed    Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
            Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3              NP)4                    Plan5            Comprehensive          Assessment7        Survey and BLM8                           and NMFS Research
            (AREMP)2                                                                              Monitoring Strategy6                                                                Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                      Evaluation Plan
            52 cm (10 - 20 in)                                                                                                              new plantings.
            dbh. Approximate                                                                                                                3-15 Young
            stand ages from 24 to                                                                                                           established trees or
            80 years old.                                                                                                                   saplings.
            Late Seral - Stands                                                                                                             15-30 Typical sizes
            with trees greater                                                                                                              for second growth
            than 53 cm (20 in)                                                                                                              stands. West side
            dbh. Approximate                                                                                                                communities may
            stand ages >80 years                                                                                                            have fully closed
            old.                                                                                                                            canopy at this stage.
                                                                                                                                            30-50 Large trees in
                                                                                                                                            established stands.
                                                                                                                                            50-90 Mature timber.
                                                                                                                                            Developing
                                                                                                                                            understory of trees
                                                                                                                                            and shrubs.
                                                                                                                                            90+ Old growth.
                                                                                                                                            Very large trees,
                                                                                                                                            nearly always
                                                                                                                                            conifers. Plant
                                                                                                                                            community likely to
                                                                                                                                            include a
                                                                                                                                            combination of big
                                                                                                                                            trees, snags,
                                                                                                                                            down woody debris,
                                                                                                                                            and a multi-layered
                                                                                                                                            canopy.
                                                                                                                                            These size classes
                                                                                                                                            correspond to dbh
                                                                                                                                            estimated in inches
                                                                                                                                            of: <1, 1-5, 6-
                                                                                                                                            11, 12-20, 21-35, and
                                                                                                                                            36+ respectively.
                                                                                                                                            The detail riparian
                                                                                                                                            inventories consist of
                                                                                                                                            a series of belt
                                                                                                                                            transects extending
                                                                                                                                            across the riparian
                                                                                                                                            zone perpendicular to

                                                                                                  18
Parameter       Aquatic and Riparian    Pacfish/Infish         National Park Service   Oregon           Washington               California North     Oregon Dept. Fish &        FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured        Effectiveness           Biological Opinion     (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                  Coast Watershed      Wildlife Stream            Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
                Monitoring Program      (PIBO)3                NP)4                    Plan5            Comprehensive            Assessment7          Survey and BLM8                             and NMFS Research
                (AREMP)2                                                                                Monitoring Strategy6                                                                      Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Evaluation Plan
                                                                                                                                                      the stream channel
                                                                                                                                                      for 30 m on each side
                                                                                                                                                      every ½ to 1 km.
                                                                                                                                                      Information collected
                                                                                                                                                      includes tree size and
                                                                                                                                                      type for all large trees
                                                                                                                                                      > 0.03m dbh in each
                                                                                                                                                      of the three 10m
                                                                                                                                                      zones. Other data
                                                                                                                                                      collected include
                                                                                                                                                      geomorphic surface,
                                                                                                                                                      percent slope, percent
                                                                                                                                                      grass and forb cover,
                                                                                                                                                      percent shrub cover,
                                                                                                                                                      and canopy cover.
Channel         Entrenchment ratio      Not calculated         Aerial photos, maps,    Not collected    CMS: GIS coverages,      Not collected        Geomorphic reach           Not collected    Not collected
connectivity    (valley width divided                          field observations                       remote sensing, field                         descriptions include
with            by channel width)                                                                       observations,                                 valley width relative
floodplain in   measured in                                    Entrenchment by                          SSHIAP connectivity                           to stream width,
unconstrained   conjunction with                               Rosgen method at                         inventory                                     terrace height, and
reaches         channel cross section                          representative                           (hydromodification                            whether the stream is
                and profile                                    x-sections.                              methodology)                                  unconstrained single
                                                                                                                                                      channel,
                                                                                                                                                      anastomising, or
                                                                                                                                                      braided. The surveys
                                                                                                                                                      also describe the
                                                                                                                                                      length and type of
                                                                                                                                                      secondary channel
                                                                                                                                                      and presence and
                                                                                                                                                      type of off-channel
                                                                                                                                                      habitats.
Landslides      Still in development    Still in development                           Not collected    CMS: in                  NCWAP does this      Landslide location,        Not collected    As part of the
                                                                                                        development              with its geologic    type, and level of                          classification system,
                                                                                                        [Frequency: mean #       component at the     activity are required                       riparian cover group
                                                                                                        events/year by           basin and subbasin   comment fields.                             and riparian
                                                                                                        landslide type (e.g.     scale as we rotate                                               community type will
                                                                                                        shallow rapid)           through our 31                                                   be collected within
                                                                                                        Return interval: years   watersheds.                                                      reaches following
                                                                                                        between events                                                                            methods in Overton

                                                                                                        19
Parameter    Aquatic and Riparian   Pacfish/Infish            National Park Service    Oregon           Washington               California North       Oregon Dept. Fish &      FS R6 Level II           Action Agency
Measured     Effectiveness          Biological Opinion        (North Cascades          DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                  Coast Watershed        Wildlife Stream          Stream Survey9           (BPA, COE, BOR)
             Monitoring Program     (PIBO)3                   NP)4                     Plan5            Comprehensive            Assessment7            Survey and BLM8                                   and NMFS Research
             (AREMP)2                                                                                   Monitoring Strategy6                                                                              Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Evaluation Plan
                                                                                                        Extent: area disturbed                                                                            et al. (1997). Percent
                                                                                                        per time period or                                                                                vegetation altered
                                                                                                        event % landslide                                                                                 will also be measured
                                                                                                        prone geology %                                                                                   within each site
                                                                                                        steep slopes (>70%)]                                                                              following methods in
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Platts et al. (1987).
Bank Angle   Not collected          Protocols are             Not collected            EMAP protocol    CMS: EMAP                Not collected          Not collected            Not collected            Road density
                                    modified from Platts                                                protocol                                                                                          (mi/mi2) is calculated
                                    et al. 1987. Angles                                                                                                                                                   as the total length of
                                    are recorded for both                                                                                                                                                 roads within a
                                    banks at a minimum                                                                                                                                                    watershed divided by
                                    of 20 transects                                                                                                                                                       the areas of the
                                    located at an interval                                                                                                                                                watershed using GIS.
                                    equal to the bankfull                                                                                                                                                  The riparian-road
                                    width.                                                                                                                                                                index (RRI) is
                                                                                                                                                                                                          expressed as the total
                                                                                                                                                                                                          mileage of roads
                                                                                                                                                                                                          within riparian areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                          divided by the total
                                                                                                                                                                                                          number of stream
                                                                                                                                                                                                          miles within the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          watershed. Riparian
                                                                                                                                                                                                          areas are defined as
                                                                                                                                                                                                          those falling within
                                                                                                                                                                                                          the federal buffers
                                                                                                                                                                                                          zones.
Bank         Not collected          Protocols are             Length of eroded         EMAP protocol    CMS: EMAP                Estimated based upon   Percent of actively      Measure the linear       Not collected.
Stability                           described by Bauer        bank is recorded for                      protocols                categorization of      eroding banks is         distance of actively
                                    and Burton, 1993 and      Level II and Level III                                             stream bank            recorded for every       eroding banks along
                                    Overton et al. 1997.      surveys                                                            composition (bedrock   habitat unit. Bank       both sides of every
                                    Stream banks are                                                                             – silt)                stability is a measure   measured channel
                                    classified into feature                                                                                             of actively eroding      unit and tally
                                    types, cover, stability                                                                                             banks at an elevation    separately (left bank,
                                    class, and are then                                                                                                 above the bankfull       right bank, total for
                                    rated for stability.                                                                                                stream margin.           both banks). Bank
                                    All measurements are                                                                                                                         stability is a measure
                                    done on a series of 30                                                                                                                       of actively eroding
                                    cm wide at the same                                                                                                                          banks at an elevation
                                    locations as bank                                                                                                                            above the bankfull

                                                                                                        20
Parameter    Aquatic and Riparian   Pacfish/Infish           National Park Service   Oregon           Washington              California North   Oregon Dept. Fish &   FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
Measured     Effectiveness          Biological Opinion       (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                 Coast Watershed    Wildlife Stream       Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
             Monitoring Program     (PIBO)3                  NP)4                    Plan5            Comprehensive           Assessment7        Survey and BLM8                        and NMFS Research
             (AREMP)2                                                                                 Monitoring Strategy6                                                              Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                        Evaluation Plan
                                    angles                                                                                                                             stream margin.
Bank Type    Not collected          Classify the stream      Not collected           EMAP protocol    CMS: EMAP               Not collected      Not collected         Not collected    Measured indirectly
                                    banks at each transect                                            protocol.                                                                         as Rosgen channel
                                    location into various                                                                                                                               type (which includes
                                    types based on the                                                                                                                                  entrenchment) and
                                    fluvial processes                                                                                                                                   directly as the
                                    forming the stream                                                                                                                                  number of off-
                                    banks.                                                                                                                                              channel habitats (side
                                                                                                                                                                                        channels, backwater
                                                                                                                                                                                        areas, alcoves or side
                                                                                                                                                                                        pools, off-channel
                                                                                                                                                                                        pools, off-channel
                                                                                                                                                                                        ponds, and oxbows)
                                                                                                                                                                                        within a reach. This
                                                                                                                                                                                        measure is specific to
                                                                                                                                                                                        channels with
                                                                                                                                                                                        gradients <3%.
Bank         Not collected          Protocols have not       Not collected           Not collected    Not collected           Not collected      Not collected         Not collected    Not collected.
Materials                           yet been developed.
                                    PIBO will probably
                                    collect this
                                    information at each
                                    of the stream bank
                                    transects..
Impervious   Not collected          Not collected            Locations, size, type   GIS coverages    CMS: GIS coverages,     Not collected      Not collected         Not collected    Not collected.
surfaces                                                     at the catchment                         remote sensing (Hard
                                                             level. Field notes on                    surfaces such as
                                                             stream influence from                    roads, rooftops, and
                                                             reach level surveys.                     parking lots. %
                                                                                                      impervious cover
                                                                                                      which affect the
                                                                                                      pattern and extent of
                                                                                                      factors such as
                                                                                                      surface runoff
                                                                                                      (hydrograph),
                                                                                                      sedimentation, and
                                                                                                      stream temperature
Geomorphic   Not collected          Not collected            Not collected           Not collected    CMS: A measure of       Not collected      Reach descriptions    Not collected    Basin area, basin
index                                                                                                 stream channel                             are based on Grans                     relief, and drainage

                                                                                                      21
    Parameter       Aquatic and Riparian   Pacfish/Infish          National Park Service   Oregon           Washington              California North   Oregon Dept. Fish &     FS R6 Level II   Action Agency
    Measured        Effectiveness          Biological Opinion      (North Cascades         DEQ and Oregon   DOE and                 Coast Watershed    Wildlife Stream         Stream Survey9   (BPA, COE, BOR)
                    Monitoring Program     (PIBO)3                 NP)4                    Plan5            Comprehensive           Assessment7        Survey and BLM8                          and NMFS Research
                    (AREMP)2                                                                                Monitoring Strategy6                                                                Monitoring and
                                                                                                                                                                                                Evaluation Plan
                                                                                                            structure in                               and Swanson                              density are
                                                                                                            floodplain areas and                       geomorphic stream                        geomorphic features
                                                                                                            connectivity to                            types.                                   that are part of the
                                                                                                            floodplain.                                                                         classification system.
                                                                                                            Remote sensing, field                                                                These features are
                                                                                                            sampling                                                                            measured according
                                                                                                                                                                                                to procedures in Bain
                                                                                                                                                                                                and Stevenson
                                                                                                                                                                                                (1999). Valley
                                                                                                                                                                                                characteristics such
                                                                                                                                                                                                as valley bottom type,
                                                                                                                                                                                                valley bottom width,
                                                                                                                                                                                                valley bottom
                                                                                                                                                                                                gradient, and valley
                                                                                                                                                                                                containment are also
                                                                                                                                                                                                part of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                classification system.
    Restored        Not collected          Not collected           Observation of          Not collected    CMS: Linear miles of    Not collected      Stream restoration      Not collected    Not collected in this
    stream miles                                                   locations and                            restored habitat. %                        monitoring is also                       program.
                                                                   mapping in Level III                     area reconnected, #                        conducted through
                                                                   surveys. Miles of                        of reconnected                             this project.
                                                                   side channels                            patches
                                                                   measured in Level II
                                                                   surveys
    Total or        Not collected          Not collected           Observations during     Not collected    CMS: Frequency of       Not collected      Potential natural or    Not collected    Artificial barriers
    partial                                                        field surveys                            barriers by type and                       human created                            (road crossings,
    blockages to                                                   sometimes verified                       level of obstruction                       barriers are recorded                    dams, and fishways)
    salmon                                                         by fish survey data                      (total or partial).                        and details are                          will be identified
    migration and                                                  above barriers.                          Field sampling,                            recorded as part of                      following procedures
    rearing                                                        Also WA stream                           WDFW/WSDOT                                 the stream survey.                       in WDFW (2000).
                                                                   catalog                                  barrier inventory                                                                   Artificial barriers will
                                                                                                                                                                                                be assessed within
                                                                                                                                                                                                each reach.


1
  Please contact Steve Lanigan (slanigan@fs.fed.us, 503.808.2261) with any revisions
2
  Kirsten Gallo, kgallo@fs.fed.us
3
  Rick Henderson, rhenderson01@fs.fed.us
4
  Reed Glesne, reed_glesne@nps.gov

                                                                                                            22
5
  Rick Hafele, hafele.rick@deq.state.or.us
6
  Rob Plotnikoff, rpl0461@ecy.wa.gov or Steve Leider, steve.leider@esa.wa.gov
7
  Scott Downie, sdownie@dfg.ca.gov
8
  Kim Jones, jonesk@fsl.orst.edu
9
  Deborah Konnoff, dkonnoff@fs.fed.us




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