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					Never Lose Sight of Freedom

Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail

Annotated List of Links
The National Park Service has extensive resources available online for educators and the public on all sorts of
topics. Most sites also include pages for children, with age-appropriate activities for teachers to use in their
classrooms. Websites of special interest to teachers of the Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail include the
following:

http://www.nps.gov/
National Park Service Home Page

http://www.nps.gov/frontpage/welcome/index.htm
National Park Service Welcome from the Director

http://www.nps.gov/semo/
National Park Service website for the Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail

http://www.cr.nps.gov/history.htm
National Park Service portal for cultural resources related to history and historic sites, including specially themed
subwebs such as the below:

http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/civilrights/index.htm
National Park Service Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement

http://209.10.16.21/TEMPLATE/FrontEnd/index.cfm
National Park Service Underground Railroad Program




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Additional Internet Resources

Alabama History and Information

http://www.al.com/
al.com- broad (and heavily advertiser-based) access to information about Alabama, including links to Alabama’s
major newspapers

http://www.alabama.gov/
Alabama.gov- official website of the State of Alabama

http://www.aclce.org/
Alabama Center for Law & Civic Education- provides information on civic education programs available in
Alabama and links to national programs

http://www.touralabama.org/tours-trails/civil-rights-trail/
Alabama Bureau of Tourism & Travel- guide to the Alabama Civil Rights Museum Trail; site includes a
downloadable 24-page brochure of the museum trail including locations in Birmingham, Montgomery, Selma, and
Tuskegee

http://www.archives.state.al.us/ts.html
Alabama Department of Archives and History- provides numerous resources for teachers and students; ”Alabama
Moments in American History” links Alabama history to the teaching of U.S. history; includes good information on
the Reconstruction period in Alabama and on the Alabama Constitution of 1901

http://www.alabamamoments.state.al.us/
Alabama Moments in American History- an extensive collection of primary documents, maps, and short scholarly
essays written for the Alabama Department of Archives and History, linking Alabama history to parallel events in
American history; extremely useful for the teacher and student and cited frequently in the lesson plans for Never
Lose Sight of Freedom

http://www.avl.lib.al.us/databases/
Alabama Virtual Library- online database search; sign-in access to the Alabama Public Library System and other
extensive resources; requires a card available free at local libraries

http://alex.state.al.us/
ALEX - Alabama Learning Exchange; contains extensive resources for teachers

U.S. History (see also Civil Rights below)
http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/login.aspx
ABC-CLIO American History- extensive subscription-based web resource site for schools and institutions

http://www.vlib.us/amdocs/
AMDOCS- “Documents for the Study of American History”; impressive collection of links to primary documents

http://home.wi.rr.com/rickgardiner/primarysources.htm
The American Colonist's Library- “A Treasury of Primary Documents; Primary Source Documents Pertaining to
Early American History”; massive collection of links to documents written by, owned by, or known to the colonists;
maintained by history buff Rick Gardiner



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http://www.historians.org/
American Historical Association- “The professional association for all historians”; “encompasses every historical
period and geographical area and serves professional historians in all areas of employment”

http://americanhistory.about.com/
American History- website by Martin H. Kelly, an Advanced Placement American History curriculum developer
and teacher

http://sln.fi.edu/tfi/hotlists/government.html
American History & Government Hotlist- Franklin Institute links to American history, historical documents, and
teacher resources sites

http://www.earlyamerica.com/
Archiving Early America- “a unique array of primary source material from 18th Century America”; excellent site
on history and everyday life in early America

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/chrono.htm
Avalon Project- Yale Law School website of historical documents, 1492 to present

http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democrac/demo.htm
Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy- U.S. Department of State website of primary documents and background
papers

http://www.cah.utexas.edu/
Center for American History- University of Texas website of documents and exhibits; index to the collections at
http://www.cah.utaxas.edu/guides.html

http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/
Digital History- electronic resource center of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/index.cfm
Digital History of the United States- collaborative partnership of the University of Houston, the Chicago Historical
Society, National Park Service, and The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

http://www.multied.com/index.html
HistoryCentral.com- ”History’s Home on the Web” by MultiEducator, Inc.; includes sections on the Civil War and
Reconstruction

http://www.historynet.com/
The History Net- “where history lives on the web”; from the publishers of American History magazine

http://www.ushistory.org/
Independence Hall Association of Philadelphia- U.S. history resources with an emphasis on the Philadelphia area

http://americanhistory.si.edu/
National Museum of American History- Smithsonian Institute website; teacher resources, events information,
activities for kids

http://www.picturehistory.com/
Picture History- “on-line archive of images and film footage illuminating more than 200 years of American
history”; timeline index at http://americanhistory.si.edu/explorer/index.cfm

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/today.html
Today in History- Library of Congress website; includes 365-day archive and daily updates of historical events
from the past

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Civil Rights and African-American History
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/intro.html
The African-American Mosaic- Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture;
includes narratives of ex-slaves

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/home.html
Africans in America- PBS site of “America’s journey through slavery,” 1450 to 1865

http://www.800alabama.com/tours-trails/civil-rights-trail/
Alabama Civil Rights Museum Trail - download the Alabama Tourism & Travel agency 24-page Alabama Civil
Rights Museum Trail publication, with photos and descriptions of sites in Birmingham, Montgomery, Selma, and
Tuskegee

http://www.archives.state.al.us/cvl/cvl_rit1.html
Alabama Department of Archives and History- photographs of the Civil Rights Movement from the Alabama
Sovereignty Commission Administration Files

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/statutes/voting_rights_1965.htm
Avalon Project- Yale Law School website containing the text of the Voting Rights Act of 1965

http://www.bcri.org/index.html
Birmingham Civil Rights Institute- access to archives and gallery collections; excellent oral history resources
(best heard on high speed connection)

http://www.al.com/unseen/stories/index.ssf?story.html
Birmingham News Never-Before-Published Images- photos discovered in 2004 in the Birmingham News offices,
tracing the progress of the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham

http://www.blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/webc.cgi/home.html
Black History- stories relating to events in black history by people from all over the world; “presented as a public
service and is intended to educate, enlighten, and inspire people of all races. It is also intended to serve as a true
platform to discuss the state of racial relations, diversity, and true black history.”

http://brownvboard.org/monroe/tour/
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site- includes a historical background and text of the Supreme
Court ruling, and a photo collection of Civil Rights images

http://www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/features/moore/mooreIndex.shtml
Charles Moore’s Powerful Days in Black and White- Kodak gallery of Civil Rights photos

http://www.nd.edu/~theo/research/jhy_2/writings/history/mlk&civrts.htm
Chronology of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Civil Rights- University of Notre Dame timeline beginning with the
founding of the NAACP in 1910 and ending in 1969 with the indictment of James Earl Ray

http://www.splcenter.org/crm/memorial.jsp
Civil Rights Memorial Center- tribute by the Southern Poverty Law Center; includes “a series of photos focusing
on the Memorial's history and artistry”

http://www.abbeville.com/civilrights/
The Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History- site based on the photojournalism work of Steven Kasher;
includes a useful chronology of the Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to 1968



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http://www.crmvet.org/
Civil Rights Movement Veterans- links and resources of Civil Rights history; collection of oral histories;
memorials; photos; a timeline from 1951 to 1972; a veterans roll call of CORE, NAACP, SCLC, SNCC, and other
Southern Freedom Movement organizations during the 1960s; and transcripts and documents from the Movement

http://www.goerie.com/nie_civilrights/civil_rights_timeline__1619_-_.html
Civil Rights Timeline- timeline from 1619 to 2000 by the Edinboro University of Pennsylvania

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/civilrightstimeline1.html
Civil Rights Timeline- timeline from 1954-2005

http://www.congresslink.org/print_basics_histmats_civilrights64text.htm
CongressLink: Major Features of the Civil Rights Act of 1964- outline of the act and its background [many
similar web pages on other acts of Congress are available at http://www.congresslink.org]

http://cybersleuth-kids.com/sleuth/History/Black_History/index.htm
Cybersleuth Kids- an Internet search guide of Black History for the K-12 student

http://www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/case/144/
Gomillion v. Lightfoot- Oyez site for this historic racial gerrymandering case, including audio excerpts of the
arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court by Alabama Civil Rights attorney Fred Gray

http://www.multcolib.org/homework/civilrights/
Homework Center- excellent Civil Rights links page by the Multnomah County Library, Oregon

http://www.takestockphotos.com/imagepages/portfoliostable.php?CollectionID=c
Images of Change- portfolios of photos on Civil Rights subjects including: Martin Luther King, Birmingham
Church Bombing, Civil Rights Movement Leaders, Selma to Montgomery March, Supporters of the Civil Rights
Movement

http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/
Jim Crow History- resources and lesson plans for educators on the history of segregation, 1870s to 1950s

http://www.thekingcenter.org/
The King Center, Atlanta, Georgia- resources on Dr. King and nonviolent social change

http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/lbjforkids/civil.shtm
LBJ For Kids, Civil Rights section, the Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library, University of Texas- includes an
excellent subweb on the 1965 Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights March, a Civil Rights timeline, and a voting
rights timeline

http://www.long-walk.com/walk/TeachersGuide.pdf
The Long Walk to Freedom- exceptional teacher’s guide created as a supplement to the DVD of the same name;
loaded with Civil Rights history, Internet links, and bibliographical information

http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/
The Martin Luther King Jr. Papers Project- principal repository of King papers at Stanford University

http://www.archives.gov/midatlantic/education/desegregation/brown-poster.pdf
National Archives- poster of 1954 school segregation images, newspaper articles, and court cases

http://www.civilrightsmuseum.org/
National Civil Rights Museum, Memphis, Tennessee- information on exhibits and events; history of the Civil
Rights Movement at http://www.civilrightsmuseum.org/gallery/movement.asp


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http://www.votingrightsact.org/
National Commission of the Voting Rights Act- includes a comprehensive report by the Commission “detailing
discrimination in voting since 1982,” relating to the Voting Rights Act; report prepared after holding “hearings
across the country on the state of discrimination in voting and the impact of the Voting Rights Act” from March to
October 2005; consulted were “voting activists, election administrators, attorneys with experience in voting rights, .
. . academic experts, representatives of minority groups, and interested citizens who had knowledge of voting
discrimination”

http://www.nvrmi.org/
National Voting Rights Museum and Institute, Selma, Alabama- includes an online tour of the museum that
“documents the history of voting rights in America and brings to life the pivotal events leading up to the signing of
the Voting Rights Act of 1965"

http://www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/photo_gallery/photo9.html
PBS School Series Photo Gallery- “The Story of American Public Education”; includes images of schools in times
of immigration, discrimination, and desegregation

http://www.nypl.org/
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library- includes 16 categories of “Images
of African Americans from the 19th Century,” as well as “African American Women Writers of the 19th Century,”
among other resources

http://www.folkways.si.edu/index.html
Smithsonian Folkways Recordings- “Supporting cultural diversity and increased understanding among peoples
through the documentation, preservation, and dissemination of sound”; includes sound files of various recordings of
songs from the Civil Rights Era

http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/resource/063_afr.html
Sources for Images on African American History- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Reading Room
links to photographs and a bibliography of resources

http://www.splcenter.org/
Southern Poverty Law Center- resources related to diversity and efforts to combat hate groups; see also ”Teaching
Tolerance” site below

http://usinfo.state.gov/scv/history_geography_and_population/civil_rights/martin_luther_king_jr.html
U.S. Department of State- excerpts from Martin Luther King, Jr.’s speeches and a photo gallery of the Civil Rights
Movement

http://www.oyez.org/oyez/frontpage
U.S. Supreme Court Multimedia- an exceptional collection of resources on landmark court cases; provides access
to more than 2000 hours of Supreme Court audio; completed website will be an authoritative archive of Supreme
Court audio from October 1955 through the most recent release

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/civilrights/cr-exhibit.html
Voices of Civil Rights Exhibition- online “exhibition draws from the individual accounts and oral histories
collected by the Voices of Civil Rights project, a collaborative effort of AARP, the Leadership Conference on Civil
Rights (LCCR) and the Library of Congress”

http://www.voicesofcivilrights.org/photo_gallery_alt.html
Voices of Civil Rights Photo Gallery- ”joint project of AARP, the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR),
and the Library of Congress”; includes photos taken in Birmingham, Montgomery, and Anniston in Alabama, as
well as Arkansas, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Washington, D.C.



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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_Rights_Act
Wikipedia- online “free encyclopedia” article on the Voting Rights Act of 1965, including background and
legislative history

Teacher and Student Resources

http://www.aboutlearning.com/
About Learning, Inc.- home site for 4MAT lesson plan development and curriculum design

http://www.aclce.org/
Alabama Center for Law & Civic Education- information on civic education programs available in Alabama, and
links to national programs


http://www.alsde.edu/html/home.asp
Alabama State Department of Education home page- information on the high school exit exam, the No Child
Left Behind (NCLB) Act, “highly qualified teacher” information, National Board Certification, school calendar
information, etc.

http://www.alsde.edu/html/sections/documents.asp?section=54&sort=8&footer=sections
Alabama State Department of Education- Course of Study: Social Studies; Alabama K-12 curriculum approved
in 2004 for adoption in the 2005-06 school year

http://www.civiced.org/
Center for Civic Education- information on CCE programs, events, free or low-cost training, and free curricular
materials, including We the People and Project Citizen publications

http://www.congressclass.org/
Congress in the Classroom Online- teacher resources from the Dirkson Congressional Center; includes the
Congress for Kids section and CongressLink

http://cybersleuth-kids.com/sleuth/History/index.htm
Cybersleuth Kids- an Internet search guide of world and U.S. history for the K-12 student

http://school.discovery.com/schrockguide/history/hista.html
DiscoverySchool.com- The Discovery Network’s teacher resource website, with strong ties to programming on the
Discovery Channel, The Learning Channel, Animal Planet, and other cable program sources

http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/B/index.htm
From Revolution to Reconstruction and what happened afterwards- online biographies of historical persons,
documents, and essays in U.S. history; also see the history of this project, an outstanding example of using the
Internet as an instruction tool, at http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/I/pages.htm

http://www.kidinfo.com/
Kid Info- “committed to bringing the BEST educational resources to parents, teachers, and students”

http://www.king-raleigh.org/history/steps.htm
Martin Luther King Celebration Committee, Inc. of Raleigh, North Carolina- “The Seven Steps of Non-Violent
Action”

http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/about/
NAEP- “National Assessment of Educational Progress, also known as ‘the Nation's Report Card,’ is the only
nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America's students know and can do in various subject
areas” including U.S. history and civics; recommendations providing the basis for many state and local standards for
social studies curricula
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http://www.ncte.org/about/over/standards/110846.htm
National Council of Teachers of English, Standards for the English Language Arts- recommendations that are
the basis for many state and local standards for language arts curricula

http://www.neh.gov/
National Endowment for the Humanities- especially valuable for its list of workshops and seminars funded
annually, including Civil-Rights-themed teacher workshops such as “Stony the Road We Trod: Using Alabama's
Civil Rights Landmarks to Teach American History”

http://www.npr.org/
National Public Radio- extensive supplementary material related to National Public Radio programming

http://www.civiced.org/stds.html
National Standards for Civics and Government- Center for Civic Education; recommendations that are the basis
for many state and local standards for civics and government curricula

http://www.ncte.org/about/over/standards/110846.htm
National Standards for the English Language Arts- National Council of Teachers of English; recommendations
that are the basis for many state and local standards for language arts curricula

http://nchs.ucla.edu/standards/us-standards5-12.html
National Standards in History for Grades 5-12- National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA;
recommendations that are the basis for many state and local standards for history curricula

http://www.pbs.org/
PBS website- extensive supplementary material related to national PBS programming; see especially the
”TeacherSource” section at http://www.pbs.org/teachersource/

http://www.tolerance.org/teach/?source=redirect&url=teachingtolerance
Teaching Tolerance- major site for teachers and community youth leaders, with many resources available free to
educators including educational kits, videotapes, and subscriptions to Teaching Tolerance Magazine

http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/
Teaching with Historic Places- National Park Service website on using the National Register of Historic Places to
develop lessons plans on local and national history and culture; excellent collection of lesson plans with
opportunities for teachers to add to the collection

http://www.archives.gov/
U.S. National Archives & Records Administration- useful site for access to government documents; see
especially the “Digital Classroom” for lesson plans and resources based on primary documents such as the Civil
Rights Act of 1964 at http://www.archives.gov/education/index.html




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