NHL Network Newsletter Part 1 by bdm94754

VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 9

									NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARKS
Network
Volume III, No. 1                             National Park Service, National Historic Landmarks Program                                     Summer 2000



        Angel Island Immigration Station:                                                                          Major Steps for
         Preserving a National Treasure                                                                              Stewards
                                           by Daniel Quan                                                                   by Mary L. Leach




F
        ROM  1910 TO 1940, ANGEL I SLAND                 Station was designated a National Historic



                                                                                                                T
        Immigration Station, located in the              Landmark in 1997.                                               HE        NATIONAL        H ISTORIC
        San Francisco Bay, was the primary                   The immigration station is part of Angel                      Landmark Stewards Association
port of entry for immigrants arriving on                 Island State Park, a unit of the California                       (NHLSA) has taken the first
the West Coast. Its most significant role                Department of Parks and Recreation. The                major steps in becoming a national organi-
was as a detainment center for Chinese                   movement to preserve and restore it has                zation. Its Articles of Incorporation and its
immigrants, who were subject to exclusion-               been led by the Angel Island Immigration               Bylaws were recently filed in the
ary immigration laws from 1882 until                     Station Foundation, a volunteer group that             Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In addi-
1943. While detained, many Chinese                       successfully lobbied for $250,000 in state             tion, its 501(c)(3) application for recogni-
immigrants carved poignant, emotional                    funds for initial stabilization of the deten-          tion as a charitable organization is being
poems into the walls of the detention bar-               tion barracks, thereby allowing the building           finalized for submission to the Internal
racks. Over 100 poems have been docu-                    to be opened to the public. Since then, no             Revenue Service. In the meantime, the
mented, many of which are still visible                  other public or private funds have been                University of Maryland Foundation has
today. For this reason and because the sta-              secured to continue the preservation effort.           agreed to receive charitable contributions
tion played a key role in the shaping of the             The landmark designation provided the                  on behalf of the NHLSA. Supporting
American West, Angel Island Immigration                                                   continues on page 4   membership gifts totaling over $6,000 from
                                                                                                                individuals and organizations interested in
                                                                                                                its mission have been received.
                                                                                                                    In late January, a Nominating
                                                                                                                Committee was appointed and charged
                                                                                                                with developing a national Board. Andrea
                                                                                                                Lazarski, New York State Capital NHL,
                                                                                                                agreed to chair this committee along with
                                                                                                                Russ and Jackie Mariott, General Floyd
                                                                                                                House NHL, and Florence Leon,
                                                                                                                Hermitage NHL, assisted by Vicki
                                                                                                                Sandstead of the National Park Service.

                                                                                                                                           continues on page 13

Carved Chinese poetry in the detention barracks, Angel Island Immigration Station, California.
Photo courtesy Daniel Quan, 1999.                                                                                     Grants to NHLs . . . page 12
                                                        MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS



                                                         In 2000 and Beyond
                                                                                 by Paula Cook




         A
                       S WE TURN OUR CALENDARS THIS YEAR,                                      our communication with you, our circle of National
                   we enjoy the timely opportunity to reflect on                               Historic Landmark owners and friends.
                   our success as a growing program and plan                                       In this issue of National Historic Landmarks
         for our contribution to the continuing preservation                                   Network, learn about on-going activities of the
         and appreciation of National Historic Landmarks.                                      National Historic Landmarks program in
            This year you will notice changes in how we pro-                                   Stewardship News; find out about Grants to NHLs;
         vide public outreach. In response to your concerns,                                   hear from the National Historic Landmark Stewards
         we have given National Historic Landmarks Network a                                   Association about its growing success as well as activ-
         new look. We are also in the process of expand-                                       ities of other NHL friends groups, NPS collabora-
         ing our program web site to provide greater and more                                  tions and recent NHL designations in National
         effective access to technical information. We have                                    News; read about NHL-related activities of the
         developed a multimedia presentation all about                                         Advisory Council on Historic Preservation and the
         National Historic Landmarks we hope will serve                                        National Trust for Historic Preservation in
         stewards in communicating the importance of these                                     Partnership News; and note news items of import in
         most significant historic resources. We have also pub-                                Bits in Bytes.
         lished a directory of service providers through a part-                                   We look forward to continuing to provide quality
         nership between the National Park Service and the                                     assistance to you, our readers, both in 2000 and
         National Trust for Historic Preservation as part of a                                 beyond.
         continuing effort to identify who can assist you with
                                                                                               Paula Cook coordinates media and communications including National
         your particular National Historic Landmark needs.                                     Historic Landmarks Network, for the National Historic Landmarks
         Our efforts in this year, as in the past, are to improve                              Assistance Initiative, National Park Service



                                                                                                                                         Mission of
                     National Historic Landmarks Network                                                                          the National Park Service

                                        Published by the National Park Service
                                                                                                                                The National Park Service is dedicated to
                                                     Robert Stanton                                                          conserving unimpaired the natural and cultural
                                                         Director
                                                                                                                              resources of the National Park System for the
                                                Katherine H. Stevenson
                            Associate Director, Cultural Resource Stewardship and Partnerships                                enjoyment, education and inspiration of this

                                                      John Robbins                                                                       and future generations.
                                     Manager, National Center for Cultural Resources                                         The Service is also responsible for managing a
                                                    Joseph T. Wallis                                                           great variety of national and international
                                        Acting Chief, Heritage Preservation Services
                                                                                                                              programs designed to help extend the benefits
                                                    Frank J. J. Miele
                                                                                                                            of natural and cultural resource conservation and
                                                           Editor
                                        Senior Historian, Southeast Regional Office                                                  outdoor recreation throughout
                                                    Susan Escherich                                                                    this country and the world.
                              Coordinator, National Historic Landmarks Assistance Initiative
                                                       Paula Cook
                                               NHL Network Coordinator
                                                    Jerry Buckbinder
                                                   Production Manager

    National Historic Landmarks Network is published biannually and is free of charge. Articles may be submitted to
    Frank J. J. Miele, Editor, NHL Network, NPS Southeast Regional Office, Atlanta Federal Center, 1924 Building,
    100 Alabama St., SW, Atlanta, Georgia, 30303. Phone 404.562.3171. E:mail <Frank_Miele@nps.gov>.
2
      S T E W A R D S H I P
          s         s       s         s         s        s           s            s   s      s
                                                                                                         N E W S s          s            s




                 A I ASKA
              C A LL F O R N I A                          Gary Gauthier, NPS
                                                           Superintendent of

    Kake Cannery                                                Sitka National
                                                         Historical Park, pres-
                                                                ents the Kake
   Receives Plaque                                       Cannery NHL plaque
                                                          to Samuel Jackson,
              by Janet Clemens                               President of the
                                                         Organized Village of
                                                                         Kake.
                                                          Photo courtesy Janet
                                                                      Clemens.



K
         AKE      CANNERY, LOCATED 90
           miles southeast of Juneau, is
           Alaska’s newest National Historic
Landmark. The cannery owners, the
Organized Village of Kake, invited the              expected to take place in Kake, stormy          who worked for the cannery. Mr. Jackson
National Park Service to present the NHL            weather      cancelled    all     scheduled     also thanked NPS Alaska Support Office
plaque during their community’s tradition-          flights–leaving the NPS delegation and the      staff Sande Anderson, Steve Peterson, and
al “Kake Day” celebration held in early             President of the Organized Village of Kake      Linda Cook for their support and technical
January. Annually, the event provides               stuck at the Juneau airport. In the spirit of   assistance over several years. The NPS pre-
opportunities for the Kake people to                “the show must go on,” Gary Gauthier,           pared HAER documentation as well as the
remember and commemorate their history.             NPS Superintendent of Sitka National            NHL nomination for the cannery.
The Kake Cannery is central to this cele-           Historical Park, presented Samuel Jackson,         The Kake Cannery NHL stewards are
bration, especially for residents who               President of the Organized Village of Kake,     seeking funding to restore some of the his-
remember the days when the cannery was              with the hefty bronze plaque in a quiet cor-    toric buildings for community and tourism
the economic mainstay of the community              ner of the airport.                             uses.
and employed their relatives and friends.               Superintendent Gauthier spoke words
                                                                                                         Janet Clemens is National Register Historian with
    While in operation, the Kake Cannery            of appreciation for the efforts of both the           the Alaska Support Office, National Park Service
was a self-contained site where workers             Organized Village of Kake and local resi-
lived during the entire salmon season. The          dents, especially Mike and Edna Jackson,
large industrial-style buildings are charac-        to preserve the cannery. Mr. Jackson spoke
teristic of most salmon canneries erected in        of memories about his father and others
Alaska in the late 19th and early 20th-cen-
turies. The buildings reflect the catching,
                                                                  CALIFORNIA                        vate homeowners (Rancho Los Alamos),
processing, and canning of North Pacific
                                                                                                    National Parks (Yosemite), private institu-
salmon and the housing of Alaska Native,
                                                                                                    tions (San Francisco Presidio) and cities
Euro-American, Oriental, Filipino, African               Stewards Meet                              (San Francisco Cable Cars). The meeting
American, and other foreign labor cannery
employees. The cannery has a strong cul-                  in Monterey                               was organized by Michael Crowe, NHL
                                                                                                    Coordinator in the NPS San Francisco
tural link with the Tlingit Natives who                          by Michael Crowe                   Office and Matilde Gil, graduate student
fished and worked at the cannery and con-
                                                                                                    intern from Madrid, Spain. They were
tributed to its labor force. A unique feature
                                                                                                    assisted by NPS staff from Washington,


                                                    T
of the main cannery building exterior is the                  HE HISTORIC SETTING FOR THE
                                                                                                    Boston, and Philadelphia. The meeting was
“Lucky Lady” mural that noted Tlingit                         first meeting of NHL owners and
                                                                                                    held in conjunction with the California
artist Charlie Gunnock painted in a Pacific                   stewards from California and
                                                                                                    Preservation Foundation annual meeting.
Northwest Indian style in the early 1900s.          Nevada was Monterey, California. The
                                                                                                    Next year, the NHL stewards meeting will
    Because of steady use, the sprawling            meeting was held Thursday, April 13 at the
                                                                                                    be held in San Diego, either in Balboa Park
complex remained in good condition until            NHL Cooper-Molera Adobe, also a
                                                                                                    or at the Hotel Del Coronado, both NHLs.
1977, when the cannery closed indefinitely          National Trust property. Approximately 35
after several years of poor salmon runs.            people gathered to meet and discuss ideas             Michael Crowe is an Architectural Historian and
                                                                                                               Coordinator of the NHL Program with the
This is the only cannery that has been des-         and issues relevant to the group. The                             Pacific Great Basin Support Office,
ignated a National Historic Landmark.               NHLs represented ranged from education-                                         National Park Service

    Although the plaque ceremony was                al institutions (Stanford University), pri-


                                                                                                                                                        3
             CALIFORNIA                         struggling with internal organization,          one of the 11 Most Endangered catapulted
                                                Foundation members actively sought              Angel Island into the national spotlight in
springboard for the Immigration Station         avenues for funding site preservation.          1999. With momentum gathered,
Foundation to reinvigorate the preservation     Public relations soon played a key role in      California State legislators were called
campaign.                                       the visibility and credibility of the organi-   upon to lend their support to the project.
   Five years ago, the Foundation launched      zation. Public awareness continues through      The result was a state appropriation of
an awareness campaign in conjunction with       on-site media events, newspaper articles,       $400,000 for planning and initial imple-
its application for National Historic           television and radio interviews, and the        mentation, and inclusion of a $15 million
Landmark status. What resulted was a            touring exhibit program.                        line item for the immigration station in a
traveling exhibition and speakers program           Following landmark designation, the         California State Parks bond measure that
that has been touring the country for four      Foundation focused on the strategic part-       passed in March 2000. First Lady Hillary
years. The campaign provided a platform         nerships needed to achieve its preservation     Rodham Clinton lent her support by deliv-
for networking with legislators, public         goals. A cooperative agreement was devel-       ering the keynote speech at a fundraising
agencies, and community groups to raise         oped with the Angel Island Immigration          event co-sponsored by the Foundation and
awareness and form alliances.                   Station, the California Department of Parks     the National Trust’s Save Americas
   Through this process, the Foundation         and Recreation, and the National Park           Treasures Program.
realized it did not have a clear preservation   Service. Interest was expressed by Senator          With both Federal support and private
vision nor the internal structure to support    Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii), who authored           support from the National Trust, the Getty
a long-range project. Rather than plunging      legislation providing $100,000 in seed          Trust, and numerous regional foundations,
ahead, it took one step back to re-evaluate.    money to study the feasibility of an immi-      the Immigration Station Foundation has
Board development and recruitment was           gration museum project in the San               been able to, “leap tall buildings in a single
tackled first. Next came the transition from    Francisco area; possibly on Angel Island.       bound.” With Foundation building blocks
an all-volunteer board to one with a pro-       National recognition has been bolstered         in place, the group is now poised to tackle
fessional staff and an operating budget.        through three National Trust grants to          building assessments, feasibility studies,
Concurrently, the mission and vision of the     study preservation of the station. The          and master planning–the elements neces-
organization and the type and extent of         Station was designated an Official Save         sary to guide future preservation and
programs that could be supported were           America’s Treasures project by the              restoration efforts.
considered. For the past few years, the         National Trust for Historic Preservation.
                                                                                                    Daniel Quan is an architect and interpretive exhibit
organization has been in a fluid state as       This opened the door for nomination as          designer who is a board member and past president of
policies, plans, and solutions have been        one of the National Trust’s “11 Most              the Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation. He
                                                                                                       currently coordinates preservation studies at the
debated, instituted, and refined. While         Endangered Sites in America.” Inclusion as                                          Immigration Station




Angel Island
Immigration
Station
Foundation’s
workplan illus-
trating the many
steps and rela-
tionships
involved in
developing this
project.
Chart courtesy
Daniel Quan.




                                                                                                       4




4
The Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill in                     The Shenandoah-Dives Mill NHL                company rented a mill until the
Silverton, Colorado in the 1930s.
Photo courtesy the San Juan County Historical Society,   nomination was the culmination of a joint        Shenandoah-Dives Mill was built. Through
Silverton, Colorado.                                     project with the San Juan County                 booms and busts, the Shenandoah-Dives
                                                         Historical Society, the Town of Silverton,       mine and mill weathered the market, even-
                 COLORADO                                the University of Colorado at Denver, and        tually playing a critical role in supplying
                                                         the Intermountain Region Support Office-         base metals to manufacturers supporting

     Colorado Mill                                       Denver, National Park Service. In the
                                                         absence of a National Historic Landmark
                                                                                                          US military preparedness during World
                                                                                                          War II. Eventually, overseas markets seri-
     Achieves NHL                                        theme study on 20th-century mining, the          ously affected the American mining indus-
                                                         nomination required a thorough study of          try, and after 63 years of operation, the
         Status                                          the nation’s metal flotation mills from the      Shenandoah-Dives Mill closed in 1992.
              by Dawn Bunyak                             development of flotation for commercial              The Shenandoah-Dives Mill contains
                                                         use in 1905 through 1959, when this size         virtually all of its working components
                                                         mill became obsolete. This overview of           enclosed within a 1,000-ton mill complex.



O               N F EBRUARY 16, 2000, THE
               Secretary of the Interior des-
               ignated the Shenandoah-
Dives Mill in Silverton, Colorado, a
National Historic Landmark. The
                                                         flotation mills in the United States was
                                                         dependent upon the assistance of numer-
                                                         ous Federal and State agencies, as well as
                                                         private mining and milling companies. The
                                                         result of this research is a published survey,
                                                                                                          The complex displays all of the buildings
                                                                                                          and processes illustrative of flotation
                                                                                                          milling, including conveyance to the mill
                                                                                                          by aerial tramway, mill building, conveyors
                                                                                                          and crushing plant, administrative and
Shenandoah-Dives is the first 20th-century               Frothers, Bubbles and Flotation, by Dawn         operations office, machine shop (a com-
flotation mill to be added to this presti-               Bunyak, which provides a framework for           plete inventory of equipment), and fully
gious listing. It is also the 16th National              identifying and preserving milling and min-      equipped metallurgical lab/assay office.
Historic Landmark designated in the state                ing resources. The Shenandoah-Dives Mill         The mill building contains all of its original
of Colorado, with the last designation in                NHL demonstrates how partnership                 technological components (flotation cells,
1987. The Shenandoah-Dives Mill, which                   between local, State, and Federal entities       classifiers, filters, and crushers) demon-
is locally referred to as the “Mayflower                 can further the preservation of nationally       strating the evolution of the 20th-century
Mill” after the Mayflower mine portal on                 significant sites and structures.                mining and milling industry and the prod-
King Solomon Mountain, is two miles                          Constructed in 1929, the Shenandoah-         ucts it made available to manufacturing in
northeast of Silverton on Highway 110.                   Dives Mill was designed for milling base         the era of American industrialization.
    The Shenandoah-Dives Mill is national-               metal ores (gold, silver, copper, lead, and          After numerous public hearings and
ly significant for its exceptional integrity as          zinc) from low-grade gold ore by the flota-      amendment of mining permits, the
an early 20th-century flotation mill, reflect-           tion method. In the summer of 1925, a            Sunnyside Gold Corporation donated the
ing America’s mining heritage and the evo-               group of Kansas City, Missouri, capitalists      “Mayflower” Mill to the San Juan County
lution of important milling practices in                 contracted Charles Chase of Denver to            Historical Society in 1995. Silverton com-
hard-rock mining operations primarily                    travel to the San Juan Mountains in south-       memorated the donation of the mill with a
found in the Rocky Mountain West. It is                  western Colorado to locate and purchase a        gala      celebration.     “The       historic
the only intact and fully functional mill of             gold mine for their investors. By 1927, the      Shenandoah-Dives Mill was saved from
its type, and is one of only four extant                 Shenandoah-Dives Mining Company was              demolition and
mills of this size remaining in the US.                  formed and began mining operations. The
                                                                                                                                       continues on page 6

                                                                                                                                                        5
destruction,” said Beverly Rich, San Juan         Historical Society are proud to have saved               arranged by calling the San Juan County
County Treasurer. “The community is               a national treasure.”                                    Historical Society at 970.387.0294. The mill
especially proud now that the mill has been          The mill, an interpreted site, is open to             is located two miles north of Silverton on
awarded Landmark status. We knew all              the public from 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.                   Colorado Highway 110 and 56 miles north
along what an important place this com-           daily, beginning Memorial Day through                    of Durango on Highway 550.
plex has been in our local history, and now       mid-September. Tours, led by retired min-
                                                                                                                            Dawn Bunyak is a Historian with the
its importance nationally is known as well.       ers and mill men, are every half-hour                                   Intermountain Support Office-Denver,
Silverton and the San Juan County                 throughout the day. Special tours can be                                                National Park Service




               FLORIDA                            ous pre-1821 buildings still standing within             decades of archeological investigations con-
                                                  the historic district. The first day’s tour con-         ducted within the town area, nor does it
                                                  cluded with a summation of the current                   contain a complete listing of all of the pre-
       St. Augustine                              state of the NHL nomination for the St.                  1821 Spanish colonial buildings known to
                                                  Augustine Town Plan Historic District.                   exist in St. Augustine. Additionally, the
         Field Trip                                   On the second day, the park rangers at               NHL nomination does not include the out-
           by Mark R. Barnes                      the Castillo provided an in-depth tour of                lying defensive works of the old Spanish
                                                  the old coquina stone fort of San Marcos.                town.
                                                  The students were able to get an up-close                   Previously, SCAD students worked on a



N
          ATIONAL     PARK S ERVICE STAFF         view of the old fort and ask questions                   long-range, four-year project to inventory
          from the Castillo de San Marcos         regarding the present NPS efforts to stabi-              the approximately 1,500 historic buildings
          National Monument and the               lize and preserve this national resource. For            in the Savannah Historic District in an
Southeast Regional Office (SERO) played           those hardy enough, the tour moved south                 effort to assist SERO in revising the NHL
host to preservation students from the            to visit Fort Matanzas, which guards the                 nomination form for this resource. Other
Savannah College of Art and Design’s              southern approach to St. Augustine.                      SCAD students have helped NPS by revis-
(SCAD) Historic Preservation Department           Superintendent Gordie Wilson and the                     ing older NHL nomination forms for the
during a field trip to St. Augustine, Florida.    park staff are all to be commended for their             Scarborough House in Savannah, Georgia,
SCAD’s Historic Preservation Department           support of this tour and for providing the               and by conducting background research for
currently has one of the largest enrollments      students with such a great preservation                  new NHL nominations, such as Fort James
among the historic preservation degree pro-       experience.                                              Jackson, located down river from
grams in the nation. The department                   SCAD and SERO hope this field trip                   Savannah, and recently designated by the
Chair, Hector Abreu, accompanied the stu-         will develop into a student project to revise            Secretary of the Interior as an NHL.
dents on the field trip. He has encouraged        and enhance the present St. Augustine                       In 2000, SERO will be meeting with
students to visit National Historic               NHL nomination. The current nomination                   professors and students in historic preserva-
Landmarks in the coastal area of the south-       does not include any information on the                  tion programs throughout the southeast to
eastern United States and to work                                                                                     encourage them to work in con-
with the NPS in enhancing the doc-                                                                                    junction with the NPS in visiting
umentation on existing landmarks                                                                                      NHLs, acquiring new photos and
as part of their training in historic                                                                                 slides, and conducting assess-
preservation.                                                                                                         ments of the information needed
    On the first day, the SCAD stu-                                                                                   to upgrade the present documen-
dents were treated to a visit of an                                                                                   tation on these nationally signifi-
archeological excavation being con-                                                                                   cant properties. In this manner,
ducted by the St. Augustine City                                                                                      SERO will be able to accomplish
Archeologist, Carl Halbirt. Mr.                                                                                       a great deal of site visitation and
Halbirt discussed the history of                                                                                      information gathering with the
archeological investigations within                                                                                   assistance of preservation stu-
the old Spanish town and specifical-                                                                                  dents, who gain valuable experi-
ly his new excavation on St. George                                                                                   ence towards a career in historic
Street near the City Gates.                                                                                           preservation.
Following this, Mark Barnes of the NPS-          Students from the SCAD Preservation Department
                                                                                                                      Mark R. Barnes is an Archeologist with the
SERO continued the tour of the St.               during their tour of the Castillo de San Marcos in St.
                                                                                                                                      Southeast Regional Office,
                                                 Augustine, Florida. Department Chair Hector Abreu
Augustine Town Plan Historic District,           (right). Ranger Frank Suddeth (left), who led the tour.
                                                                                                                                           National Park Service

describing the history of the development        Behind him is costumed interpreter John Cipriani.
                                                 Photo Courtesy Mark R. Barnes, 1999.
of the Spanish town and visiting the numer-
6
              A I I HI RNI
             CMLCF OG A NA


  Mackinac Island
  NHL Updated
        by Katherine Cederholm




M
             ACKINAC    I SLAND’S INVOLVE-
            ment in the expansion of the
            Old Northwest and the island’s
role as a military and fur trading outpost
prior to 1830 were the basis for its designa-
tion as an NHL in 1960. This year, a
revised nomination is being presented to
update the island’s NHL status. The
amendment expands the designation to
include the entire island and its acclaim as
a fashionable tourist destination since the
mid-19th century. The resort area endowed
the island with luxurious summer cottages             A 1909 view of Fort Mackinac, featuring the upper         story. Ms. Copeland emphasized the staff’s
                                                      gun platform and the west end of the village.
and premier inns and hotels, including the                                                                      preparation of an effective application for a
                                                      Photo courtesy Mackinac State Historic Parks, Michigan.
1887 Grand hotel.                                                                                               Federal Save America’s Treasures grant for
   Mackinac Island is located in the straits                                                                    $2.65 million. A visit from First Lady
of Mackinac, between the upper and lower              with the farthest traveling from Alaska.                  Hillary Rodham Clinton also assisted in
peninsulas of Michigan. Over 80 percent of            While the Stewards came from all over the                 this NHLs’s preservation efforts. Jane
the island is under the jurisdiction of               country and from an incredibly diverse                    Couch, fundraising consultant, spoke to
Mackinac State Historic Parks. The island             number of sites, once together, they learned              the plenary session on best approaches for
retains its historic atmosphere through a             that they had many things in common                       the NHLSA to raise money for its purpos-
ban on motorized vehicles and through                 besides working with an NHL. The stew-                    es. Jim Pepper, from the Northeast Region
dedication to preserving its heritage of orig-        ards organized into five affinity groups by               of the NPS, also addressed the plenary ses-
inal buildings and features.                          ownership-type for in-depth discussions on                sion, providing insight on ways the
                                                      needs and solutions for NHLs.                             NHLSA can proceed in advocating for
   Katherine Cederholm is Museum Educator with the
              Mackinac Island State Park Commission       A great deal of time was also spent on                NHLs.
                                                      the National Historic Landmark Stewards                       By the conclusion of the Congress, the
                                                      Association (NHLSA), the newly formed                     Stewards had a clear sense of what was
             NEW JERSEY                               non-profit group organized to preserve,                   needed for all NHLs throughout the
                                                      protect, and promote all NHLs in the coun-                nation. During the closing session,

          Cape May                                    try. The NHLSA hosted an opening recep-
                                                      tion on Monday evening. During the
                                                                                                                Stewards summarized the affinity group
                                                                                                                discussions, focusing on a list of goals for
          Congress                                    reception, the NHLSA working committee                    NHLs and how the NPS, the NHLSA and
                                                      invited all NHL stewards to sign a ceremo-                NHLs themselves can accomplish these
          A Success!                                  nial charter for the organization, in support             goals. Some of the goals identified by the
       by Lisa Kolakowsky Smith                       of the formation of the group.                            Stewards were advocacy, education of the
                                                          Marie Rust, Director of the Northeast                 public on NHL existence and significance,
                                                      Region of the National Park Service,                      and outreach to all NHL stewards



F
       OR THE FIRST TIME,     NHL STEW-               opened the meeting on behalf of Robert                    throughout the nation. Sharon Park spoke
       ards from all over the nation joined           Stanton, Director of the National Park                    on behalf of the NPS, offering support for
       together for a Congress in Cape                Service, who was unable to attend.                        a variety of issues to benefit NHLs includ-
May, New Jersey to discuss, what else?                Stephanie Copeland, Director of Edith                     ing facilitating relationships between
National Historic Landmarks!                          Wharton’s home, The Mount–an NHL in                       Superintendents of National Parks and
   Stewards from 16 states and the District           Massachusetts–shared the compelling story                 Stewards of NHLs, publishing “success
of Columbia, including attendees from all 7           of her restoration project and how the                    stories” of NHLs on the website, continued
regions of the NPS attended the Congress,             NHL turned from dire straits to a success
                                                                                                                                            continues on page 8

                                                                                                                                                             7
support for NHL Congresses, and the            Prison has also been featured many times           like tropical Malaysia in Philadelphia in
NHLSA.                                         on television in documentaries and other           December! The poor extras were in
   The Congress lasted for four informa-       spots. For example, CSPAN did a one-hour           shorts, tank tops, and sandals and were
tion-filled days and gave the Stewards a lot   live spot from Philadelphia and filmed the         constantly sprayed with water to look like
of time to get to know each other and to       entire show from the Prison. That was              they were perspiring. They had to suck on
sympathize with each other’s needs. The        nerve wracking. When Dan Rather broad-             ice cubes so their breath wouldn’t show!
Congress was coordinated by the staff of       cast live from Philadelphia a few months           We were all bundled up watching–and the
the Northeast region of the NPS with the       ago, he listed quirky Philadelphia museums         cold quickly moves through your feet in
support and assistance of the other regions.   and included the Prison. There have been           the Prison in winter.
                                               a few documentaries as well, like the hour-            I also liked watching the way they cov-
                                               long show on the History Channel and two           ered things. They used shelves to cover
           P E N N S Y LVA N I A
                                               BBC shows. They finished one in October            radiators because there would be no radia-
                                               that will air on A&E and filmed one on             tors in Malaysia. The paint matched per-
      Hooray for                               Supermax Prisons that opens with Eastern           fectly; it was even peeling paint. They also

     Hollywood or                              State and will air in the fall.
                                                   LMKS: This is a pretty exciting adven-
                                                                                                  extended walls. You would tap on them
                                                                                                  and they would be Styrofoam. They also
    “Lights, Camera,                           ture. How are you chosen to be in a movie?         built a guard box onto the front of the
                                                   SK: We don’t do anything. Actually,            Prison and perfectly matched the stone.
        Action!”                               they come to us. The City (of Philadelphia)            Another interesting thing was the Jaguar
         by Lisa Kolakowsky Smith              has a great Film Office that directs site          car used for a scene in the movie. A Jaguar
                                               scouts our way.                                    mechanic travelled from New York for the
                                                   LMKS: So let’s get down to business.           days they used the car. It may seem like an



I
     N    OUR   FIRST   INSTALLMENT      OF    Is it lucrative?                                   expensive thing to have a mechanic just in
     “Hooray for Hollywood,” we learned            SK: It is lucrative. For a commercial          case, but if the car breaks down, there
     how an NHL was using the power of         shoot, we bill on a floating scale, based on       would be 180 people standing around. It’s
Hollywood to restore the engines and cars      the size of the crew, including the talent.        all about time and making things faster and
that are crucial to the understanding of the   Part of the use contract includes paying for       smoother.
B&O Railroad Roundhouse. In this issue,        an employee to be on-site at all times dur-            LMKS: Did you keep any of the sets?
we will learn about what it is like to have    ing filming. We require one employee for               SK:We photographed the additions but
the masses from Hollywood descend on an        every 25 crew members. This is in addition         didn’t keep any.
NHL to shoot a major motion picture, or        to a location fee. We are also strict with our         LMKS: How long did it take to shoot
two, or three–                                 fees. We always charge a half-day mini-            Return to Paradise?
   Lisa Kolakowsky Smith recently inter-       mum, no matter how little time is actually             SK: It took 15 days. Of course, the
viewed Sean Kelly, Program Director of         spent in the Prison.                               Prison had to be closed for all 15 days, so
Eastern State Penitentiary, an NHL in              LMKS: Is the fee structure different for       we would never do this during tour season.
Philadelphia. They met to discuss the expe-    different purposes?                                We have done shoots when the Prison is
rience Sean and the Penitentiary staff have        SK:Yes. For documentaries about the            open in restricted areas that are not on the
had with Hollywood–the good and the            building, access is free. For still photogra-      tour. We would never consider closing the
bad. Their discussion follows.                 phy, the fee is a little less than for commer-     site from tours or doing anything that
   LMKS: What movies have been                 ical shoots.                                       would disturb the tour program. Film
filmed in the Prison?                              LMKS: What is the most interesting             shoots support the museum with money
   SK: Return to Paradise and 12 Monkeys.      part of making movies in the Prison?               but not the other way around.
The Prison was also the set for Tina               SK: It would have to be during Return              LMKS: So, what are the benefits of
Turner’s music video for Return to             to Paradise. It was fascinating to watch the       film-making at a historic site?
Thunderdome. It has also been the set for a    filming. Do you know, they can’t mix arti-             SK: A great thing about the making of
bunch of “B” movies and four rap videos.       ficial and natural light? It has to be one or      Return to Paradise was what the crew left
   LMKS: What about being featured in          the other. The crew liked the building             behind. When the Prison was closed, the
other media?                                   because of the light. But, they put tents          City of Philadelphia sold off the metal
   SK: Well, Anthropologie (a clothing         over the buildings in which they were              doors for scrap. The film crew replaced
store) just shot their new catalog here.       shooting and used stadium lights to simu-          the doors with balsa wood and did an
ESPN shot photos of the Temple basket-         late natural light. In real life, it looked cold   absolutely convincing job of accurately cre-
ball team for their Halloween magazine         and blue but in the movie, it was very con-        ating the historic appearance. The original
issue. There were also still photos of two     vincing.                                           doors were 400 pounds and the new ones
new bands, Danzig and Silver Chair,                Another interesting part of making that        are 10 pounds and much easier to use for
although I don’t know who they are! The        movie was trying to make the Prison look
                                                                                                                              continues on page 9
8
our purposes. While this isn’t a recom-            smoking. We also specify in the location               Festival last summer. We showed 12
mended preservation treatment, we at least         agreement or contract that we can end the              Monkeys in the parking lot adjacent to the
have functional doors.                             shoot at any point for any reason. Finally,            Prison and over 800 people attended.
    The publicity is also good but we do it        you must make the renter get a certificate                 LMKS: What have you learned from
mostly for the money. The year we did              of insurance. In our case, the City of                 your experiences?
Return to Paradise, we realized significant rev-   Philadelphia as owner is an additional                     SK: Start negotiations high for site fees.
enue from the project. So much of our              insurer.                                               When you ask for the fees, you can’t just
money is restricted, it is rare to get a big          LMKS: How do you feel about how the                 be vague. Their heads should snap back. If
chunk of money to use for basics like keep-        Prison is depicted in film or photography?             they don’t, you’ve asked for too little. For
ing the lights on and cleaning the bath-              SK: In 12 Monkeys, the site was unrec-              Return to Paradise, two guys came into the
room. No one wants to pay for toilet paper!        ognizable as a prison. We were amazed that             office with cameras in a black bag and said
    LMKS: Do the benefits of filming out-          they built a soundstage they could have                they were filming a small film. We didn’t
weigh the costs to the site?                       built in London. Maybe the Prison was just             know and negotiated from that. They
    SK: They don’t. Part of the cost for           mood for the actors.                                   ended up renting two floors of the
filming pays for our employees. The crew              In Return to Paradise, it was really won-           Wyndham Hotel for the film! They would
of Return to Paradise had 180 people on crew       derful how they captured the mood of the               have been willing to pay three times more
which we weren’t ready for so they ended           place even though it was supposed to be in             than we asked.
up getting away with murder. We never              Malaysia. Again, they were here for the                    No one that big has come back ...yet. It
saw that happen before and hope never to           character of the Prison. They did some                 will happen. You just never know how
see it again. On another note, film making         amazing things in the filming, though.                 much they can afford.
is a different experience for different prop-      They took out the whole streetscape,                       LMKS: Sean, thanks for talking with
erty types. If our site was a small house          which was crazy but a lot of fun. Besides              me. As we end, what advice would you
museum, I would be very nervous, but this          the buildings, they removed their trailers,            leave for your fellow NHL stewards look-
building isn’t fragile so it works well for        too. But if you look closely in the movie,             ing to get into the film location business?
movies.                                            they matted the foreground and side but                    SK: First, insurance is essential–$1mil-
    LMKS: What are some of the dangers             forgot the distance so you can see the                 lion per occurrence, $2 million total.
to the site that your colleagues should be         London Grill restaurant in the back-                       Second, wearing ID tags for crews
aware of?                                          ground!                                                should be mandatory and in the contract.
    SK: Film crews take a toll on the build-          LMKS: Do you market your film                           Third, have a primary contact on the
ing and there is no getting around it. At the      experience?                                            crew who is responsible for the rules.
Prison, it is not so visible because there are        SK: No, not really. We do mention it                    Finally, get a big security deposit.
no pristine surfaces. Of course, with 180          on tours though. We also had a film night
                                                                                                              Lisa Kolakowsky Smith is an Architectural Historian
people crawling around, it can take its toll.      during the Sonoco Welcome America                           with the NHL Program in the Philadelphia Support
In the early days, we didn’t read them the                                                                                         Office, National Park Service

riot act. Now, the rules are very clear
upfront and we review guidelines carefully.
The film site manager should also identify
a person on the crew who will be responsi-
ble for the actions of all of the crew so they
have to police themselves and you only
have to formally deal with one crew per-
son. One experience we had with the crew
of Return to Paradise was funny. It was made
clear to the crew that the Prison gate was to
be manned or locked at all times. The sec-
ond time we found the gate unmanned and
unlocked, we padlocked the gate. They
solved this issue among themselves quickly.
Getting them to identify fault and responsi-
bility within their own group forces them
to be accountable.
    Drafting a good contract is also VERY
important. In ours, we state that the renter
can’t tape or nail to any surface, there can       Filming at Eastern State Penitentiary, Philadelphia.
be no open flames of any kind, and no              Photo courtesy Eastern State Penitentiary.

                                                                                                                                                               9

								
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