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                                                                     UNITED STATES 

                                                         DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

                                                             Harold L. Ickes, Secretary 

                                                                NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

                                                                Arno B. Cammerer, Director 

                                                            PLATT NATIONAL PARK 

                                                  Platt National Park in Southern Oklahoma sha res with Hot
                                           Springs Na ti ona l P~rk in Arkansas th e distinction of havi ng
                                           been se t asi de because of the mi ne ra l properties o f the
                                           waters. They were reserved by the national government to make
                                           the water s available without exploita t i on to all class e s of
                                           vi si tors. Though many persons go to Pla tt to drink i t s heal ­
                                           ing waters. othe r s are drawn by it s rec re a ti onal an d s ce nic

                                                  The pa r k i s adjacent to the town of Sulphu r . and extends
                                           in irregula r form for a distance of approxi matel y th r ee mile s
                                           from northe ast to s outhwest along Trave rt ine and Ro ok Cr eeks.
                                           The elevation varies from 920 to 1150 fee t. The gent ly ro ll­
                                           ing a rea of the park offers a pleas ing r e lief f rom the oom­
                                           para t i vely l evel s u r rounding country.

                                                 Mo st of t he are a is well wooded and traversed by pi otur­
                                           e sque streams wi th a number of springs . smal l waterfal l s . and
                                           oascade s. Travertine Creek. wh ic h f lows through most of the
                                           Eastern end of the park. is a beautiful stream of clear
                                           sparkling water. fed by numerous springs. Rook Creek enters
                                           the park from the north. just below the prinoipal entranoe
                                           from the town of Sulphur, and Travertine Creek empties into

                                                To the south 0 f Rock Creek is "Bromide Hill" a steepI

                                           wooded bluff 140 feet high. From the summit. known looally as
Shady Roads invite the Summer Traveler 

"Robbers' Roost", easily reaohed by trail or road , t here i s a                      Muoh of the park area i s oharac t e rized by con gl ome ra t e
splendid view to the north and east, over the whole park and                   r ock which ou t c r ops f requently. Al ong Traverti ne Creek the r e
the town of Sulphur. Far in the distanoe to the southwest oan                  are interesti?g depo si t s of traver t i ne r ock, a va ri ety of so ft
be seen the pioturesque Arbuokle Mountains and the Washita                                                                                th
                                                                               l imestone f ormi ng we ird and fan tast ic shape.s . wi_ compara­
River Valley. The prinoipal mineral springs of the park issue                  t ive r apidity . Fr equen tl y ,' it almo s t encases living roo t s,
from the base of this hill.                                                    s t ones, or. other object s .

                         SPRINGS LONG USED                                                               PRINCIPAL SPRINGS

       It i s not def i nitely known when the ~pring waters were                                                           aj
                                                                                     There a re t hirty-two springs. of m or importance and
first used for ourative purposes. Tradition has it t hat the                   s everal mino r ones . E1gh1een ~~y be b road l y classed a s sul­
waters we r e known t o t he Indians, and t hat for many decades               phur , six as t re sh water, four as iro n! and thre e as brom ide
before t he coming of the white man , the oreek banks were dotted              springs.
with t he t epees of t he Indians who oame to drink the waters
at oertain seasons of the year. It i s further recorded t hat                       .The waters . of t.he springs are fo. r the e.quab~e u.s~. ~ t:. ,a ll
wh i temen f irst lea rne d of the sp rings from the Indial)s. The
  ·                                                                            visito r s, but t hey should be taken extensive l y onl y on the ad­
summi t of Bromide Hill was known to t hem a s "Council Rock" and              vice of compet ent phys icians .       The Na ti.ona l Pa r k Se rvi ce
f rom t here Signal f ire s fla shed message s t o distant poin ts.            facilitates the useful ne ss of the sp rings only .by p r otecting
Whether t hese l egends are t ru e or no t, the area now included              and maintaining t hem ac co rding t o t he best possible standar~s.
i n t he park was for yea rs, and still cont i nues to be, a f avor­           There are no p rovisi o ~s in t he park o r at the t own of Sul phur
i t e camping ground and m    eeting place fo r t he Indians. The              for fr ee consult~t~on of physic ian s or t ~ ea t men t of t he.si ck .
abundance of wa t e r i n a compa r atively arid a r ea al so attract ed
numbers of wild animals , and gave the region a reputat ion as                      Pavilio n Springs , Sul phur Bromi de Sp ring, and Medicine
a hunt i ng ground. Trace s of this linge r in . t he nam    ing of the        Spring are among t he best kn own of the mine ral waters of
p rinoi pal sp rings after t he antelope ·and buffalo .                        the park. The best known of the Pavilion group is "Big Tom."
                                                                               These springs are l ocated on Highway No. 18 across from
     No one knows definitely who was the fi r st whi te man to                 Travertine Creek, near the former location of the old town of
9iew the r egidn , but it i s rega r ded as fa i rly certain tha t             Sulphur. The Sulphur Bromide Spring issues from the base of
Thomas Nuttal , the famous botanist , was t he r e in 18 19 on his             Bromide Cliff and is dispensed from the Bromide Pavilion.
memorable trip from Fort Smi th, Arkansas.                                     Medicine Spring is also located here and dispensed from the
       Plat t Na.tional Park i s loea·ted wi thin the holdi ngs of th-e
Choctaw Nation of t he ol d Indian Ter ritory ; . establ isned in          1        The waters of Biaok Sulphur Spring are strongly impreg­
1832, and the greater part of t!1e area was purchased fro m the                nated with sulphur. This spring is located directly across
Indians when t he Sulphur Sp r ings Rese r vation was established              Rock Creek from Flower Park and is dispensed from a small
in 1902 . O J une 29 , 1906, t he name was chan ged to Pl att
               n                                                               pavilion. Hillside Springs issue from a grot to in a rock
Nat i onal Pa rk i n honor of Or ville Hit chcock Platt, Senator               wall just below the park office. This water is also sulphur,
from Connecticu t for 26 years, who was d i stinguishe~ for his                and flows about eighty gallons per ~inute.
s ervi ce to t he r ed m as a member of the Committee on Indian
Affairs .

                          NATURAL SPRINGS                                          The p lant l ife of the park is varied and interesting be­
                                                                             cause this sec ti on of the country is a meeting place of
       In the eastern end of the park along Trave rti ne Creek a re          vario us p l ant groups . In addition to the fami liar eas t e rn and
two natural springs of oonsiderable vo lume, f l owing over                  northern hardwoods the r e are many distinc tl y ~ out h e rn trees
0 , 000,000 gal l ons per day of pure natural wa ter . I t is s aid          and desert p lants , inol ud ing yucca.
that these were named from t he herd s of ant elope and buf falo
f rom the surrounding p rairies whioh forme r ly came t ijere to                  The most no t eworthy flowering t rees are the re dbud,
d rink .                                                                     white flowering dogwoo d , Chi ckasaw plum , fi r s t t o bloom in the
                                                                             spring, and various hawthorns. The rarest tree in the park is
      Buffalo Springs boils through a bed of sand in a m t      os           the Indian Cherry.
interesting manner. An extens i ve deve l opment of the adj ao ent
area has been undertake n by the Nat i onal Pa rk Serv ioe, so that                              on
                                                                                  The most comm of t he vine s is the ·Virginia creepe r,
it now includes a natural stone basin for the sp ring, a bar­                notable for its brilliant s carlet ooloring in autumn. Woolly
beoue pit, and ample parking spa oe and p i cnic grounds. Buf falo           Dutchman's ·Pipe with its curi ous f lowers, wild frost or opos­
Spr ings marks the easte r n end of the pa rk and t he terminus of           sum grape, popular because of its frag rant flowers, and bit­
the trail and road system.                                                   tersweet flaunting br i ght colo r ed berri es in winter a lso con­
                                                                             tribute mat~rially to the beauty of the park.
     Antelope Springs, a short distan ce away, bursts from a
group of conglomerate rocks in the hill side.          This spring                 The handsome s tanding cyp r es s or t he Spanish la rk~pur ,
flows at the ra~ e of 2000 gallons p e r mi nut e, and is probably                                   e
                                                                             blooming in midsumm r , i s the mos t spec tacular wi l d flQwe r~
the most popular sp ring in the park. Ne arby picnic grounds                 Other favo rites a re t he primrose, lovely pu rp le Kansas gay­
and a parking space have been developed.                                     feather, blue salvi a, showy cardinal flowe r , golden r 9d , and
                                                                             t he aste rs . The prairie lily springs through t he turf on the
                                                                             golf oou rs e a f t er heavy rains. This curious plant is also
                        ANIMALS AND PLANTS                                   ca lled the r a in l ily.

       Visitors t o Plat t Na t i ona l Pa rk have an opp ortunity to              Ptiokle y pea r, ball cactus, and green-flowered hedge hog
see bison and el k, and oc casional ly deer. The raccoon, opos­              caotus , ea ch an i nt eresting desert .plant , are fairly c.ommon
sum, skunk, and cot ton t ai l rabbit are com    mon. J ack and swamp        on t he uppe r level s of the park. Another interesting pi-ant
rabbits are s ee n oc oas ionally, and once i n a wh il e a muskrat.         is the sensit ive brier or eat's claw, an unusually handsome
Fox squirrels s curry about t he camp grounds makin g new friends            pink sensiti ve p l ant . It is also known as gander's teeth.
eve r y day.
                                                                        ..                        RECREATIONAL FACILITIES
       Bird lovers will f i nd many feathered f avorites in the
pa rk at all seasons. The western meadow lark, prairie horned                       Platt Park has been deve loped for the f ullest enjoyment
l a rk, sparrow hawk, and dove are to be seen in the open areas,             of its visi tors. A careful ly planned trai l leads frolU t he summi t
and in the woodland are the robin, cardinal, orchard oriole,                 of Bromide Hill to Buffalo Spri ngs , a di stance of nearly four
brown thrasher, yellow-bellied fly oatoher, and many others.                 mi le s. From the m  ain entrance to "Robbers ' Roost " on Bromide
Along the streams are the kingfisher, winter wren, and little                Hi l l is t mile and from the same place to Buffal o Springs is
gr een heron.                                                                3 mi le s. Ano t her trail known as the "Cli ff side Trai l " leads

                                   4                                                                          5

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LEGE N D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ~-                                     ROADS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,-_      ................
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   C::: ,'                 CREEKS
from abou t half way up Bromide Hill t o Black Sulphur Springs                                           SWIMMING
No. 2 and the Peri meter Boulevard. The s e tra i l s are carefully
laid out to avoid the brilliant sunligh t as m    uch a s po s sible,            Swimm i ng and wadi ng are allowed alo ng Trave rt i ne Cr eek .
and the grades are easy. The trails are su itable fo r hors e­             There are several swimming pools, wi th bath houses and showe rs
back riding from Pavilion Springs to th e i nt ersection · o f             i n the town of Sulphu r .
"Cli f fside Trai l" and along that trail to Black Sulphu r
Springs No.2, and also from Pavilion Sp r i ng s to. Buffal o                                            FISHING
Springs. Usually the park superintendent or the local hotel
managers can arrange for hiring saddle horses.                                    Fishing with hook and line i s permi t ted in Rock Creek.
                                                                           Travertine Cre ek is st ocke d with tro ut, but is open fo r on ly
     Within the park there is a comple te circuit dri ve eight             a fe w days per year, at the di s cretion of t he supe r intendent.
miles in length.     This road has been designed according to
park standards, to give as comprehensive and scenic view of                                       THE TOWN OF SULPHUR
the pa rk as possible; and offers a pleasing va ri e t y of scenery.
                                                                                The town of Su lphur is immed i ate ly adjacent to t he park
                               FISHING                                     and forms p ractic ally th e entire northern bounda r y . Sulphur
                                                                           has a population of more t han 4,000 , and is governed unde r the
       The streams of the PQrk are wel l stocked with fish. In             laws of Oklahoma and by c ity ordinances. The National Pa rk
Trave rtine Creek there are rainbow trout, and cropp ie, blue                                                         at
                                                                           Service exercises no contro l ove r any m ters conne cted with
gi l l~ and perch are p lentiful in Rock ,C reek.                          the town.

                        PUBLIC CAMP GROUNDS                                      Sulphur is di vi ded centrall y by Rock Creek i nto East
                                                                           Sulphur and We st Sulphur . The to wn has i ts own wa ter supply
        Free camp grounds wit h wate r, lights , and s anitary fa­         system, and in additi on is furni shed wi th all of the publ i c
ci li t ies are ma i n tained at th ree place s wi th in the park:         utili t y servic es of modern c1 tie s.     There a r e churche s of
Cold Sp r ings, Centra l Camp Grounds, and Bromide Springs. The            every de nominatio n, excellent ci t y and state s chool s, hosp1 ~
l a tter area was e stab l i shed p rimar i.ly fo r t he be ne f i t o f   t als and sanitar i ums , bath houses, theaters, swimming and
peopl e coming to th e pa r k t o d r ink the wate rs.                     am usement pl aces, a conven ti on hal l, and good hotels, re stau­
                                                                           rants, and tourist cabin s.
                            PICNIC AREAS
       The r e are a number of at tract i ve picn i c sites in the
park , m ost of which ar e & quipped with tab le s , firepl ace s , and                                    a
                                                                                Pla tt National Park is m intained by the Na ti onal Pa rk
wa t er.   A picnic area accommodating large pa rti es has been            Servic e of the Department of the In t erior. The supe rint endent
construc t ed at Traver ti ne Isl and.                                     is William E. Branch, and genera l informati on may be ~e cured
                                                                           from hi m at the park o ffice.
                         GOLF AND TENNIS
                                                                                  Al though the principal season fo r visitors is dur ing the
     A nine-ho le gol f cou r se ha s been developed within th e           summar months, Platt Na t i onal Pa rk is open throughout the
park and is adminis tered by the Platt National Pa rk Gol f Cl Ub.         yea r . Because of the streams and abundant shade, the park
There is al s o a double tenn i s cour t with asphal t sur f ace.
                                  S                                                                          9
area is not iceably cooler than the surrounding country in                   Mystic Cave, never completely excavated or explored, is
s ummer. The fal l and spring months are delightful, and the            located twelve miles south of Sulphur. A subterranean stream
wi n ters a re usual ly mild and ~ o pen .                              flows along a tortuous passage, and there are abundant sta­
                                                                        lacti te and stalagmi te formations of considerable beauty.
                     HOW TO REACH THE PARK                              Fish and crawfish found here are blind and of albino coloring.

       PIa t t National Park is · oeated in Sou t hern Okl ahoma,            The Devil's Den, near Tishomingo, twenty-six miles away,
approx i m ately midway between Oklahoma City and Dal las, Texas.       is a grotesque formation of huge granite boulders, of con­
I t is 300 miles west of . Hot Sp.rings National Park, Arkans a s,      siderable interest and beauty.
and 600 miles east of Carlsbad Caverns Na tional Pa rk, New
M i co . I t i s easily re ached by splendid highways shown on
the map of Oklahoma in this bookle t. Co nne c tion wi th m or
bus lines both nor t h and south may be made at Davi s, whi le
servic e to Ada on the east and Durant to t he s outheast is
main t a ined from Sulphur. An airport i s now being construc ted
at Sul phur, and will of fer servi ce to Dallas and Tulsa.

       Railway service is ·maintained by the Santa Fe Rai l way at
Davis, wi th direct service nor th t o Oklahoma Ci t y, Kansas
City , and Chi oago , and direct co nne c tions at New t on , Kansas,
f or Denve r, ·Colorado , and Paci f ic coast point s . From Davi s
south t here is dir ec t serv i ce t o Dal las and Fort Wo rth, ·with
in t erc hange service to Houst on, Galves ton and sou th Texas
points. At Scullin on the east connec tions are made with the
Frisco Lines for Tulsa and Saint Louis to the north and east,
and to Dallas on the south.

                   NEARBY POINTS OF INTEREST

     There are a number of interesting points near the park
which visitors'may wish to see.

      Turner Falls State Park is a love l y area in the heart of
the scenic Arbuckle Mountains .    The falls are a beautiful
spectacle. and the entire region is one of rich geologic in­
terest, particularly structural geology and paleozoic fossils.
Pri ces Falls is also located in the heart of the Arbuckles,
and consists of numerous falls in a beautiful mountatn stream.
Shel l Mound is an interesting heap of fossil shells found
nea r Doughe rty.

                                 10                                                                  11
                                                                              Gambling in any form is prohibited.
                     Rul e s and Regul a ti ons
                                                                              Drive   car~fully   at all times.
       The park regulations are designed for t he pro te ct ion of
the natural beauties as well as for the c omf ort and c onven­                The penalty for violation of the rules and regulations is
ience of visitors. The following synops i s i s for t he gene ral        a fine not exceeding $500, or imprisonment not exceeding six
guidance of visitors, wh o are re que ste d to a ssis t in t he a d­     months, or both, together with the costs of the proceedings.
mi ni stration of the park by observing the ru le s. The com  plete
r e gulations may be seen at the offi ce of t he s uperint endent
of the park.                                                                   THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ACCIDENTS 

                                                                                                OF ANY NATURE. 

     The destruction, inj ury , defacemen t o r di stu rbance of any
buildings, signs , equ ipment, r?cks and mi ne r a ls, o r flo ra and
fauna of the park is prohib ited.

       No camping sh~ll be permitted upon any land not spec ifi ­
ca ll y designated for t hat purpose by the superi ntenden t . Camps
may not be mainta ined i n the park fo r a pe r i od longer than 30
days without pe rmissio n in writi ng from the superi nt endent.
Camps must be kep t cle an.         Rubbi s h and ga rbage s houl d be
burned on camp fir es . Ot he r r e fuse should be placed i n r e~
cepta cl es p rovide d f o r tha t pu rpo s e.

      Fi res shal l be l igh te d only when nece s sary and when no
l onge r nee de d shall be c omple tely ext i ngui shed. No lighted
ciga rette, cigar , match o r othe r burning m t e ri al shall be
thrown away unless cqmplete l y ex t ingu i shed .

      The hunting, killing , wounding , f right en ing , c aptu ring,
or attempting to c'a ptu re any wil d bi rd o r animal is p rohibited.

     Fishing excep t wi th hook and l i ne i s p r ohibi ted.   The
limit for a day's cat ch p er person is 15 f ish. Fi s hing i n any
of the waters of the park may be p roh i bi t ed by order of the

     Between the hours of 8:30 p . m. and 7:00 a.m. from October
1 to April 30, inclusive, and between the hours of 11:00 p.m.
and 7:00 a.m. from May 1 to September 30, inclusive, the park
is open only to . campers and persons traveling through and upon
the roads. Loitering in the park is prohibited.
    - - ~ - -_-;r-- - - - - - - - - - - - -                                           ~            K ANS.
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                                                                      Approaoh Roads to Platt National Park

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