Phrase structure tree diagrams Phrase structure rules generate the by davebusters

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									Phrase
structure
tree
diagrams

Phrase
structure
rules
generate
the
deep
structure
of
an
English
sentence:

We
expand
each
constituent
of
S
–
this
sentence
has
several
NPs,
a
VP,
and
a
PP

Looking
at
the
two
major
NPs:

disambiguation:

the
same
surface
structure,
but
different
deep
structures
‐‐

Big
complicated
trees
could
be
analyzed
two
ways:






 big
and
complicated
are
weighted
equally‐‐

•  


                                               or
big
modifies
complicated
trees:

In
the
sentence,
The
perplexed
students
reread
the
chapter
in
the
book,
where
does
the
PP

in
the
book
fit
in
the
tree
structure?


What
is
you
change
the
prepositional
phrase
to
over
the
weekend?

Who’s
holding
the
prop
in
the
following?

Is
there
another
structure
if
someone

else
is
holding
the
prop?

Now
the
actress
is
holding
the
prop
‐‐

Who’s
old
in
these
sentences?

Two
sentences
strung
together
form
a
coordinated
sentence.

Here’s
what
they

look
like:

How
does
the
adverbial
introduced
by
because
function?

The
deep
structure
of
a
relative
clause
sentence:
‐‐
the
rel
pron
is
subject
of
the


clause’s
verb
.
.
.




Here
the
rel
pronoun
is
the
object
in
the
rel
cl:

A
sentence
with
a
complementizer
clause:

Sentence
with
an
infinitive
phrase
‐‐


								
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