Aerobics movement has "human nature" characteristics. Exercise is one form of exercise necessary to artificially create a movement to practice. In order to achieve the purpose of enhancing physical fitness, aerobics can be scientifically by changing posture, movement direction, movement direction, movement routes, movement frequency, movement speed and movement to regulate the rhythm.
Health Care Careers Directory 2010-2011 Exercise Science Includes: • Exercise physiology (clinical and applied) • Exercise science Exercise Science • Personal fitness training Career Description Exercise science encompasses a wide variety of disci- History plines, including but not limited to, biomechanics, In 2003, the American College of Sports Medicine sports nutrition, sport psychology, motor control/devel- (ACSM) petitioned the Commission on Accreditation opment, and exercise physiology. The study of these disciplines is of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) for integrated into the academic preparation of exercise science pro- inclusion of two new professions in the CAAHEP system. The peti- fessionals. Exercise science professionals work in the health and tion envisioned a baccalaureate-level profession, tentatively desig- fitness industry, and are skilled in evaluating health behaviors and nated as health and fitness specialist, and another at the master’s risk factors, conducting fitness assessments, writing appropriate degree level, as clinical exercise specialist. Both professions were exercise prescriptions, and motivating individuals to modify nega- voted unanimously to be eligible for participation in CAAHEP in tive health habits and maintain positive lifestyle behaviors for April 2003. In April 2004, a Committee on Accreditation for the health promotion. Exercise Sciences was voted admission into the CAAHEP system as a collaborating Committee on Accreditation with the American Employment Characteristics College of Sports Medicine as their sponsoring organization. Two As an integral part of the health and wellness team, sets of standards and Guidelines were formally approved by the exercise science professionals can work with personal CAAHEP Board of Directors in 2004, with the health and fitness fitness trainers and exercise physiologists in a number specialist, now designated as the exercise science professional of different settings, such as corporate, clinical, community, and and the clinical exercise specialist, as the exercise physiologist. commercial fitness and wellness centers. Exercise science profes- For exercise physiology, the standards laid out two tracks: applied sionals work with the apparently healthy population and clients and clinical. with controlled disease, leading and demonstrating these clients in safe and effective methods of exercise. The exercise science pro- fessional can also assess risk factors and identify the health status Exercise Physiology of clients. Career Description Educational Programs Exercise physiology is a discipline that includes clini- Length: Exercise science programs can be completed cal exercise physiology and applied exercise physiol- in a 4-year bachelor’s degree level program. ogy. Applied exercise physiologists manage programs Prerequisites: Applicants should have a high school to assess, design, and implement individual and group exercise and diploma or equivalent and meet the specific institutional entrance fitness programs for apparently healthy individuals and individuals requirements. with controlled disease. Clinical exercise physiologists work under Curriculum: Exercise science programs include a comprehen- the direction of a physician to apply physical activity and behav- sive academic curriculum and at least one culminating internship ioral interventions in clinical situations, in which they have been experience. scientifically proven to provide therapeutic or functional benefit. Employment Characteristics Personal Fitness Training As a clinical part of the health and wellness team, exercise physiologists can work with personal fitness Career Description trainers, exercise science professionals, and physi- Personal fitness trainers are skilled practitioners, who cians in cardiac rehabilitation, typically in a hospital or clinical work with a wide variety of client demographics in setting. Exercise physiologists work with clients who have been one-to-one and small group environments. They are diagnosed with a chronic metabolic, pulmonary, or cardiac disease. familiar with multiple forms of exercises, used to improve and maintain health-related components of physical fitness and perfor- Educational Programs mance. They are knowledgeable in basic assessment and develop- Length: Exercise physiologist programs can be com- ment of exercise recommendations. In addition, they are proficient pleted in a 2-year master’s degree level program. in leading and demonstrating safe and effective methods of exer- Prerequisites: Applicants should have a high school cise, and motivating individuals to begin and to continue with diploma or equivalent, meet the specific institutional entrance healthy behaviors. They consult with and refer to other appropri- requirements, and have a bachelor’s degree in exercise science. ate allied health professionals when client conditions exceed the Curriculum: Exercise physiologist programs will include a com- personal trainer’s education, training, and experience. prehensive academic curriculum and at least one culminating internship experience. Exercise Science Employment Characteristics Certification As an integral part of the health and wellness team, American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) personal fitness trainers can work with exercise sci- 401 West Michigan Street ence professionals and exercise physiologists in a num- Indianapolis, IN 46202 ber of different settings, such as corporate, clinical, community, (317) 637-9200 and commercial fitness and wellness centers. Personal fitness www.acsm.org training involves working with apparently healthy population, and American Council on Exercise (ACE) leading and demonstrating safe and effective methods of 4851 Paramount Drive exercising to these clients. San Diego, CA 92123 (888) 825-3636 Educational Programs www.acefitness.org Length: Personal fitness training programs can be completed in a 1-year certificate program or in a National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) 2-year associate’s degree level program. 1885 Bob Johnson Drive Prerequisites: Applicants should have a high school diploma or Colorado Springs, CO 80906 equivalent and meet the specific institutional entrance require- (800) 815-6826 ments. www.nsca.com Curriculum: Personal fitness training programs will include a National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) comprehensive academic curriculum and at least one culminating 26632 Agoura Road internship experience. Calabasas, CA 91302 (800) 460-6276 Inquiries www.nasm.org Careers The Cooper Institute American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmo- 12330 Preston Road nary Rehabilitation (AACVPR) Dallas, TX 75230 401 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 2200 (972) 341-3200 Chicago, IL 60611 www.cooperinst.org (312) 321-5146 www.aacvpr.org Program Accreditation Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Medical Fitness Association (MFA) Programs (CAAHEP) in collaboration with: PO Box 73103 Committee on Accreditation of the Exercise Sciences (CoAES) Richmond, VA 23235-8026 401 West Michigan Street (804) 897-5701 Indianapolis, IN 46202 www.medicalfitness.org (317) 637-9200 ext 147 American Kinesiotherapy Association (AKTA) www.coaes.org 118 College Dr. #5142 Hattiesburg, MS 39406 (800) 296-2582 www.akta.org
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