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Steroids_In_Baseball

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					Title:
Steroids In Baseball

Word Count:
586

Summary:
The pharmaceutical anabolic steroids are believed to have been
inadvertently discovered by German scientists in the early 1930s.
Anabolic steroids or androgenic steroids are the synthetic derivatives of
testosterone that promote muscle and bone growth. These steroids are
medically used to treat uncontrolled weight loss in wasting diseases.


Keywords:
steroids in baseball


Article Body:
The pharmaceutical anabolic steroids are believed to have been
inadvertently discovered by German scientists in the early 1930s.
Anabolic steroids or androgenic steroids are the synthetic derivatives of
testosterone that promote muscle and bone growth. These steroids are
medically used to treat uncontrolled weight loss in wasting diseases.
However, these steroids are often used by bodybuilders, athletes, and
sports persons to increase their muscle mass, strength, and stamina. The
first known use of anabolic steroid— testosterone propionate was
mentioned in US weightlifting/bodybuilding magazine, Strength and Health
magazine in 1938.

The International Amateur Athletic Federation, now the International
Association of Athletics Federations, became the first international
governing body of sport to ban anabolic steroids in sports. These drugs
were banned by FIFA, Union Cycliste Internationale (cycling), and
International Olympic Committee in 1966-67.

However, Major League Baseball remained lenient about the use of steroids
in baseball. The use of steroids in baseball became hotly debatable in
the mid 1990s. Steroids in baseball became hot subject of sports news,
magazines, and rumors. Though, a 1988 US federal law declared the use and
distribution of anabolic steroid drugs for nontherapeutic illegal, Major
League Baseball did not test for steroids in baseball until 2003.
The was a drastic rise in home runs since 1995 that greatly contributed
to strengthening the influence of steroids in baseball; Mark McGwire,
Sammy Sosa, and Barry Bonds had all stunningly surpassed the home run
record set by Roger Maris - whose 61 homers in 1961 had not been
challenged in over 30 years.
Often, post 1994 period is referred to as “Steroids Era.” There were a
number of stories on steroids in baseball. The first evidence of steroids
in baseball came out when a bottle of a nutritional supplement was found
in Mark McGwire´s locker; the bottle was found containing Androstendione,
a prohormone. Ken Caminiti revealed to Sports Illustrated that he won the
1996 NL MVP award while on steroids. He also revealed that 50% of the
players in the league were using steroids. In a book published during
steroids in baseball imbroglio, Jose Canseco admitted using steroids and
also revealed that 85% of all players in MLB were using steroids.

The fact was “eye-opener” for MLB. The Journalists Lance Williams and
Mark Fainaru-Wada exposed the BALCO scandal associated with steroids in
baseball & other sports in 2003. The nutrition center BALCO, was accused
of distributing steroids to many star players, like Barry Bonds, Jason
Giambi, Gary Sheffield, Benito Santiago, Jeremy Giambi, Bobby Estalella,
and Armando Rios.

The most famous instances of steroids in baseball are that of Jason
Giambi and Barry Bonds, who were suspected of using anabolic steroids in
baseball. Giambi admitted before a U.S. grand jury that he used a duo of
undetectable steroids known respectively as "the cream" and “the clear.”
He also admitted that he received the drugs from his personal trainer
Greg Anderson during the 2003 season. On the other hand, Bonds revealed
that his trainer told him the substances were the nutritional supplement
flaxseed oil and a pain-relieving balm for his arthritis.

The Major League Baseball conducted random testing steroids in baseball
in 2003. The League toughened its policies a bit on the use of steroids
in baseball. The players, such as Ryan Franklin and others were suspended
for ten days, but a Congressional panel argued that the penalties were
not tough enough, and took action. Thus, several top players, such as
Rafael Palmeiro, McGwire, Sosa, Canseco and Curt Schilling were testified
in front of Congress on March 17, 2005. Congress has been continuously
pressuring MLB for instituting a comprehensive testing policy for its
players.