Small University. Big Thinking.
                                                If	you’re	ready	to	unleash	your	potential	for	excellence,	
                                                consider	all	the	advantages	that	a	small,	smart	university	has	to	
                                                offer .	We’re	a	primarily	undergraduate	university	where	helping	
                                                students	to	realize	their	full	potential	is	our	first	priority .	Student	
                                                success	is	directly	related	to	quality	teaching,	and	our	A+	
                                                results	in	three	prominent	surveys	indicate	that	these	are	areas	
                                                of	student	satisfaction .	Our	goal	is	to	provide	a	high	quality,	
                                                personalized	learning	experience	–	one student at a time.

Genevieve de Bruyn, this year’s
Nipissing University Student Union (NUSU)
                                                TABLE OF CONTENTS
President, comes to us from Renfrew,
                                                SMALL UNIVERSITY. BIG ADVANTAGES.
Ontario, and is currently in her 4th year of
                                                	   What	is	the	Nipissing	Advantage?	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 2
studies in the Bachelor of Arts (Honours)
Sociology program with the Orientation to       SMALL UNIVERSITY. BIG IDEAS.
Teaching option.
                                                	   Is	the	university	right	for	you?	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                     4
                                                    What	can	I	study?	  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .           4
Having always been certain that she             	   Programs	of	Study 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .           5
wanted to teach, Genevieve came to              	                             .
                                                    Concurrent	Education	  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                 5
Nipissing University because she knew           	   Orientation	to	Teaching	(OTT)	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                        5
                                                	   Pre-Education	for	Physical	and	Health	Education	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                5
several teachers who had obtained their
teaching degree here and had spoken very
                                                SMALL UNIVERSITY. BIG SELECTION.
highly of their experience. Since coming
                                                	   Undergraduate	Programs	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 6
to Nipissing, she has immersed herself in       	   See	Insert	for	Campus	Tour	Information		 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . (Centre	Spread)
student advocacy and has consistently been
involved in student-oriented activities,        SMALL UNIVERSITY. BIG REPUTATION.
while keeping her focus on a career in          	   Teaching	Options	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .17
education and maintaining a significant         	   Teaching	and	Technology	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .17
level of volunteerism. Genevieve volunteers
with Frontier College Students for Literacy,    SMALL UNIVERSITY. BIG LIFE.
has been a Frosh Leader for two years and       	                                                       .
                                                    Single	Rooms	in	Residence		  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .18
                                                	   Townhouse	Style	Residences 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .18
was voted Best Female Frosh Leader for          	   Suite	Style	Residences	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .18
September 2006. As well, she served as the      	   Activities 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .18
Social Sciences Representative to NUSU          	   Determine	The	Cost	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .19
in 06/07. Genevieve returns to her home         	   Tuition	Fees	for	Full-time	Undergraduate	Studies 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .19
                                                	   Optional	Fees 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .19
town each spring to do contract work at a       	   Scholarships,	Bursaries	And	Awards 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .19
local elementary school through a program       	   					
called Tutors in the School, and volunteers     SMALL UNIVERSITY. BIG ENTRANCE.
regularly on university breaks.                 	   Applying	to	Study	Full-time	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .20
                                                	   Admission	Requirements	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .21
As for advice for all future students, “I       	   Admissions	Chart	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .24
encourage every student to become involved;
learning is about asking questions and
understanding the world around you. It
takes effort but it is always worth it,” says

One Student at a Time.
                                                                                          The Globe and Mail asked students to rate
                                                                                          their school and Nipissing University came
                                                                                                          out on top.


                                                                                             The Canadian Undergraduate Survey
                                                                                              Consortium polled students from 28
                                                                                           Canadian Universities to assess programs
                                                                                             and services. Nipissing students gave
Small University. Big Guarantees.                                                          their university top marks in several key

Guaranteed Entrance Scholarships
No rocket science here. No application is required either. If you have the marks you’ll                           2006 National Survey
receive the scholarship. Check page 19 for more information on other scholarships,                                of Student Engagment
awards and bursaries.

                                                                                                 The National Survey of Student
                                                                                             Engagement was administered to over
                                                                                            300,000 university and college students.
                                                                                                Thirty-one Canadian universities
                                                                                               participated, including all Ontario
                                                                                              Universities, and measured student
                                                                                             satisfaction and quality of educational
                                                                                            experience. Nipissing students indicated
                                                                                          higher levels of satisfaction than their peers
                                                                                                       in several key areas.

 * Tuition amount depends on program.             DAVE	MARSHALL	LEADERSHIP	AWARDS

                                                                                               The Council of Ontario Universities
                                                                                           developed a new on-line information tool
Guaranteed Single Room in Residence                                                         for students, parents and the public that
Residence is guaranteed to students admitted directly from high school. With                offers key data about, and the ability to
modern single rooms for all, completely wired for high-speed Internet access, it’s no             compare statistics relating to
wonder Nipissing’s residences are rated as some of the best in the country.                         Ontario’s 18 universities.

Look at what Nipissing has to offer, and if you want to find out                                      For full details visit:
more, check out                                  

                                               Small University. Big Advantages.
                                               Imagine	a	university	in	which	every	student	has	a	voice .	
                                               Where	faculty,	staff	and	students	get	to	know	each	other	by	
                                               name .	Where	classrooms,	hallways	and	social	events	are	the	
                                               venue	for	lively	debate	and	self	expression .	The	Nipissing	
                                               experience	is	more	than	classes,	books	and	studies .	It’s	time	
                                               spent	deciding	what	shape	your	life	will	take,	finding	out	about	
                                               yourself	and	exploring	new	interests .	It’s	a	journey	made	within	
                                               an	unparalleled	sense	of	community .

                                               What is the Nipissing Advantage?
Vicky Samuel is an exceptional
example of one who has come from a             Individual Attention and                      honourary degree recipients, is another
diverse and tumultuous background              Research                                      example of our commitment to educate
and who has travelled from afar to             Students have an opportunity to work          students and encourage them to voice
attend Nipissing University. Along with        one-on-one with their professors. Many        their opinions on social justice issues.
her parents and three sisters, Vicky left      students conduct undergraduate research
Rwanda in 1994 and eventually settled          – almost unheard of at larger institutions.   High Employment Rate
in Malawi. While there, Vicky was able                                                       Nipissing boasts a 95.3 % employment
to complete her Grade 12 with excellent
                                               Innovative Programming                        rate six months after graduation and a
marks and applied to the World University
                                               Nipissing is committed to improving           98.4% employment rate two years after
Service of Canada (WUSC). WUSC
submitted her name and programs of             its facilities and implementing new           graduation, which is above the provincial
interest to WUSC-partnered universities.       technology to enhance its programs            average*. (Source: Government of
Nipissing saw a perfect candidate in           — whether in the $1.7 million dollar          Ontario’s 2005 performance indicators)
Vicky and offered her acceptance into the      Central Analytical Facility, the Nursing
Bachelor of Science in Nursing program.        Simulation Lab, the laptop-integrated         Small Class Sizes
Vicky arrived as a refugee student in          Bachelor of Education program, or             Our average class has 34 students and a
2004.                                          with adaptive technology used to assist       student to faculty ratio of 21:1.
                                               students with learning challenges.
Now in her third year of the program,
Vicky is looking forward to being a
Residence Don again this year and              Nipissing is enthusiastic about               Nipissing is considered one of the
assisting other students with the transition   developing programs and partnerships          safest universities in Canada. We offer
from secondary school to university.           that increase civic and global involvement    a campus walk program and security is
                                               and that cultivate leadership skills. Apart   available 24 hours a day.
Of her experience she says, “I’m really        from the many international exchange
enjoying Nipissing and Canada. All the         partnerships we enjoy, Biidaaban is a new     City Transit Pass
people I’ve met have been very helpful         community service-learning program            Included in all full-time student incidental
and friendly. It has been reassuring for
                                               that will see students partnering closely     fees is a City of North Bay transit pass to
me to attend a university where I can
                                               with community groups, allowing them          make transportation a breeze.
get to know my professors and the other
students.”                                     to apply theories learned in class to real
                                               world situations. Nipissing’s partnership
                                               with the Toronto Star and Craig and
                                               Marc Kielburger, founders of Free the
                                               Children and Nipissing University
                                                                                                STUDENTS	OUTSIDE	CHANCELLORS	HOUSE

One Student at a Time.                           2
                                                                                               For Level of Interaction between Faculty
                                                                                                             and Students


                                                                                              99% of Nipissing University undergraduate
                                                                                                  students strongly agree/agree that
                                                                                                their professors seemed knowledgeable
                                                                                                             in their field.

North Bay Campus                                students, from increased course selection
Nipissing University is proud to be a           to technologically advanced classrooms.
primarily undergraduate university,             Students have the opportunity to study                              2006 National Survey
offering a variety of degrees in Arts,          full-time or part-time toward three                                 of Student Engagment
Science and Education, and is committed         different Arts and Science degrees; Child
to providing a safe and personalized            and Family Studies, Culture and the Arts
student experience. The main campus             or a 3-year liberal arts degree. Students
is located in North Bay, Ontario, and is        can also opt to do more course work in a             Nipissing University students
situated within a stunning 291 hectares         specific discipline, positioning themselves    demonstrated a high level of satisfaction
of pristine Canadian Shield forest. With        for further studies toward an Honours         with their educational experience, wherein
a plethora of lakes and forests at the          degree, which would be completed from           90% of first-year students and 89% of
doorstep, all students enjoy the natural        our North Bay campus.                         those in their final year rated their overall
beauty of our surroundings, while                                                                      educational experience as
researchers in the environmental sciences       Brantford Campus                                           good or excellent.
benefit greatly from the university’s idyllic   In September 2002, Nipissing University
location and cutting-edge lab facilities.       opened the Brantford Campus. Nipissing
Nipissing University’s residences are rated     and Wilfrid Laurier universities offer a
the finest and most modern in Ontario.          collaborative Concurrent Bachelor of
All first-year students are guaranteed a        Arts/Bachelor of Education program.
single room in residence. The university        You’ll earn a BA (Honours) in
features four residence complexes and           Contemporary Studies from Laurier and
offers just over 1,000 beds.                    a BEd from Nipissing. All required BEd
                                                courses are delivered in Brantford. You
Muskoka Campus                                  may enroll in either the Primary/Junior
In August of 1996, Nipissing University         ( Junior Kindergarten through Grade 6)                   For full details visit:
opened a satellite campus in Bracebridge,       or Junior/Intermediate (Grades 4 through  
Ontario. This year, the Muskoka campus          10) division, and you’ll have your choice
is expanding and facilities will serve all of   of placements in Public or Catholic
Muskoka as well as the outlying areas and       schools (from eight boards within 40 km
will offer significant improvements for our     of Brantford) to practice teach.

                                                  Small University. Big Ideas.
                                                  Students	are	choosing	to	study	at	Nipissing	because	of	its	
                                                  friendly	and	personable	atmosphere,	small	class	sizes,	access	
                                                  to	reputable	professors,	quality	of	teaching	and	the	availability	
                                                  of	undergraduate	research	opportunities .

                                                  Is Nipissing right for you?                     95 years and is internationally renowned
                                                  You’ll feel it the moment you step on          for the quality of its programs and its
                                                  campus. Over 60% of our students               innovative laptop learning initiative.
                                                  come from out of town, which means             Nipissing University offers BA/BEd
                                                  most everyone is eager to cultivate            and BSc/BEd Concurrent Education
Derek Stacey has a lot to say about               relationships with other out-of-towners        programs or a one-year BEd program after
student scholarship, research and                 and North Bay students will be eager to        completion of an undergraduate degree.
accessibility to education. This outstanding      show you around. The people here want
scholar, peer tutor, student grader,              you to succeed and they want you to            Nipissing also offers two unique
researcher, accomplished musician and             enjoy yourself while doing it!                 opportunities called Orientation to
ultimate Frisbee coach and competitor,                                                           Teaching (OTT) and Pre-Education
graduated from Nipissing in June ’06 having       Our main campus has 4,689 full-time            for Physical and Health Education
achieved both the Governor General’s Silver       students and is located in North Bay,          (PEP). If you are admitted to OTT
Medal and the President’s Gold Medal for
                                                  Ontario, a city of 56,000 people. It’s         (not applicable to Nursing or Physical
attaining the highest academic standing
                                                  considered one of the safest places to live.   and Health Education) or PEP (Physical
within the Faculty of Arts and Science and
the Bachelor of Business Administration                                                          and Health Education only) as part of
program. Equally impressive, Derek was            Although the name North Bay may give           your undergraduate degree and meet
awarded one of the most prestigious honours       the impression that it’s distant, it is in     the requirement of graduating with a
when the Social Sciences and Humanities           fact, only a 3.5 hour drive from Toronto       minimum overall average of 75% on all
Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) granted        and 4 hours from Ottawa.                       university courses, you are guaranteed
him a $17,500.00 Canadian Graduate                                                               a spot in the BEd program. This
Scholarship to pursue his Master of Arts in       What can I study?                              guarantee is offered for the year following
Economics degree. He has since garnered an        Nipissing University offers over               graduation only.
additional SSHRC fellowship to pursue his         20 different majors in a variety of
PhD. These accomplishments, Derek is quick        disciplines. You’ll benefit from the
to point out, were assisted by the availability   personal contact with your professors,
and quality of Nipissing’s guaranteed
                                                  the quality of teaching and the student
entrance scholarships and the opportunities
that smaller class sizes and easy access to       services we have to support you.
professors provided.
                                                  If you’re interested in teaching,
“One of the things that attracted me to           Nipissing’s Faculty of Education has been
Nipissing”, says Derek, “was the scholarship      providing teacher education for over
program. Another perk was the opportunity,                                                         STUDYING	ON	CAMPUS
generally reserved for post-graduate
students, to research alongside my
professors. The experience has definitely
                                                  For more information on Concurrent Education and Options for
been an advantage through the application
                                                  becoming a Teacher, please see Information for Students at
process to a graduate program.”

One Student at a Time.                              4
                                                                                                                                                       Faculty Members’
                                                                                                                                                     Knowledge of Subjects


Programs of Study                                                  Bachelor of Education
Administrative Studies                                             Master of Education
Biology                                                                                                                                    96% of Nipissing University undergraduate
Business Administration (BBA)                                      Concurrent Education                                                       students strongly agree/agree that
   streams: accounting, economics,                                 The Faculty of Arts and Science, in                                       professors were reasonably accessible
   human resources management,                                     conjunction with the Faculty                                                 outside of class to help students.
   marketing, technology management                                of Education, offer a concurrent
Child and Family Studies**                                         program leading to a Bachelor of Arts
Classical Studies                                                  (Honours) degree and a Bachelor of
Computer Science***                                                Education degree or a Bachelor of                                                                2006 National Survey
Concurrent Education*                                              Science (Honours) degree and a                                                                   of Student Engagment
Criminal Justice                                                   Bachelor of Education degree.
Culture and the Arts**
Economics                                                          Orientation to Teaching
English Studies***                                                 Thinking about a career in teaching?                                        When asked if they would attend the
Environmental Biology and Technology                               Consider Nipissing’s Orientation                                           same institution if starting over again,
Environmental Geography                                            to Teaching (OTT). As an OTT                                            Nipissing students indicated a high level of
Environmental Science and Physical                                 student you will take teaching-                                         satisfaction, with 89% of first-year students
 Geography                                                         specific courses as part of your                                        and 84% of final year students responding
Fine Arts                                                          undergraduate degree. OTT can                                                   that they would attend again.
Gender Equality and Social Justice                                 be combined with any Nipissing
Geography***                                                       degree, with the exception of
Geography of Regional Planning and                                 Nursing and Physical and Health
 International Development                                         Education.
Liberal Arts                                                       Pre-Education for Physical
Liberal Science                                                    and Health Education
Mathematics***                                                     Thinking about a career as a Physical
Native Studies                                                     Education teacher? Consider
Nursing                                                            Nipissing’s Pre-Education for
Philosophy                                                         Physical and Health Education (PEP).                                                For full details visit:
Physical and Health Education                                      You will have the opportunity to                                    
Political Science                                                  apply for PEP at the end of first-
Psychology***                                                      year. As a PEP student you will take
Religions and Cultures                                             specific education-related courses as
Social Welfare                                                     part of your Physical and Health
Sociology                                                          Education degree.

*available at both North Bay campus and Brantford campus **available at Muskoka campus only ***majors also available with Concurrent Education
Small University. Big Selection.
Undergraduate Programs

Biology and Environmental                                                                                    possible to make sure you have
Biology and Technology                                                                                       the tools to succeed.
You have an innate desire to
learn about life in its many                             Science, Geology,                               Student groups such as
forms. Perhaps you’re                                Mathematics or Physics courses.            the Nipissing University Business
fascinated with the                            Our students have gone on to graduate            Community (NUBC) will give you
world of organisms                           studies or successful careers in biology,          the opportunity to socialize with other
that live beneath the water, or the study    research, medical school, wildlife                 students who have similar interests,
of birds. You may be disturbed that so       management, forestry and consulting.               interact with your professors outside of
many of our plant and animal species         For a more information please visit                the classroom and make business contacts
are on the brink of extinction and you’re                         in the community and abroad.
determined to change the way our world
views conservation.                          Business, Administrative                           In first-year, you will be introduced to five
                                             Studies or Economics                               streams: Accounting, Economics, Human
As a Biology student, you’ll learn from      You may dream of owning your own                   Resources Management, Marketing
professors who are at the top of their       business or working in the exciting                and Technology Management. After
field. You may even have the opportunity     fields of accounting, economics,                   first-year, you can decide if you would
to conduct graduate-level research as an     marketing, human resources or                      like to specialize in one of the streams
undergraduate, something unheard of in       technology. The study of Business can              or take a more generalized approach to
larger institutions. Canada Foundation       take you to so many new and intriguing             your studies. Consider an International
for Innovation recently awarded three        places. During your studies you will find          Exchange in your third or fourth year.
of our renowned professors with grants       yourself among an incredibly supportive
that have allowed us to develop state-       group of people. Professors get to know            Our students have gone on to graduate
of-the-art research facilities, including    who you are and will do everything                 studies or to successful careers in
a central analytical facility, a fully-
automated greenhouse, a confocal
microscopy unit, and a genomics/gene
expression laboratory. Research students
graduating from our programs have the
advantage of training in sophisticated
contemporary biological techniques,
which is reflected in their high success
rate in obtaining prestigious national

You’ll be part of a community that will
do everything to help you succeed and
we offer many support programs such
as writing seminars, peer tutoring and
mentor programs.

In first-year, you’ll be introduced to
Biology, Chemistry, Technical Statistics
and, in addition to your electives, you’ll
have a choice between Environmental
                                                                  4th	YEAR	BIOLOGY	STUDENT	NICOLE	QUINT	CONDUCTS	RESEARCH	IN	THE	GREENHOUSE	FACILITY

                                                                                                                more about how the ancient Greeks and
                                                                                                                Romans lived, what they believed in
                                                                                                                and the language they spoke. In first-
                                                                                                                year, you’ll be introduced to Ancient
                                                                                                                Literature, Latin, Religion, Military
                                                                                                                Traditions, Mythology, Philosophy,
                                                                                                                Art and Architecture, Social and
                                                                                                                Political Thought, and differing theories
                                                                                                                developed by various historians.

                                                                                                                Our students have gone on to graduate
                                                                                                                studies, law school and pursued their
                                                                                                                interest in research, library or museum
                                                                                                                services, archeology, and education.
                                                                                                                For more information please visit

                                                                                                                Computer Science
                                                                                                                You sometimes dream in code, of
                                                                                                                creating the perfect robot, computer
                                                                                                                game or about the latest in artificial
                                                                                                                intelligence. Nipissing can provide you
                                                                                                                with a strong foundation in computer
                                                                                                                science theory and in applications
                                                                                                                such as artificial intelligence, robotics,
                                                                                                                graphics, networking and distributed
                       COMPUTER	SCIENCE	LAB                                                                     systems, computer security and software
                                                                                                                engineering. You can tailor your degree to
                       education management, accounting,              offered through our Muskoka campus        be more applied or theoretical and you’ll
                       taxation, e-commerce, government,              only, which is located in Bracebridge,    be supported by faculty who are genuinely
                       human resources, marketing, banking            Ontario.                                  interested in providing you with the skills
                       and international investment. For more                                                   to make your dreams a reality.
                       information please visit                       Our students have gone on to work in
                                 areas such as child welfare, social       In first-year, you’ll take a number of
                                                                      services, counselling, community          courses including Digital Systems,
                       Child and Family Studies*                      advocacy, social work, education and      Programming, Calculus, and Discrete
                       You want to make a positive difference in      community mental health. For more         Mathematics. Our students have gone
                       the lives of others. You believe that we all   information please visit                  on to graduate studies at renowned
                       have a responsibility to our children and                universities such as Harvard, have found
                       to our community. You may be interested                                                  employment in Silicon Valley or have
                       in the nature of family systems, how           Classical Studies                         pursued careers such as a system analyst,
                       communities function and how we all            You love wearing togas. Okay, perhaps     programmer, software analyst, software

                       relate to each other globally. This degree     that’s going a bit too far, but you       developer and programmer. For more
                       integrates courses from Psychology,            do have a keen interest in ancient        information please visit
                       Social Welfare and Sociology and is            civilizations. You may want to find out

                       * Offered at the Muskoka Campus only

                                                                                                      probation officers. For more
                                                                                                      information please visit

                                                                                                      Culture and the Arts*
                                                                                                      You’re a thinker. You enjoy observing
                                                                                                      life and like to study thought, ideas and
                                                                                                      culture. This program will broaden your
                                                                                                      understanding of social, political and
                                                                                                      cultural conditions in which thought
                                                                                                      and expression take shape. This degree
                                                                                                      is offered at the Muskoka Campus only.
                                                                                                      You’ll study in the heart of Muskoka in
                                                                                                      Bracebridge, Ontario.

                                                                                                      When you graduate you’ll have the
                                                                                                      critical thinking skills required to go
                                                                                                      on to journalism, foreign service,
                                                                                                      business, research and education. For
                                                                                                      more information please visit

                                                                                                     * Offered at the Muskoka Campus only


 Criminal Justice                                          Policing and Corrections streams and
 You’re interested in law and order. You’re                graduates of these streams will receive
 concerned about public safety or perhaps                  both an Honours BA degree and a
 you’re intrigued by forensic psychology,                  college diploma (Police Foundations or
 fraud, racial profiling, sentencing and                   Correctional Worker). When applying
 wrongful convictions. You want to make                    to this popular program, make sure you
 our world a better place to live in.                      send in your Supplemental Application.
                                                           See page 20 for details.
 Criminal Justice students complete
 core courses in Criminology, Law                          Our students have gone on to graduate
 and Research Methods, along with                          studies, law school or to work for the
 specialized courses in one of four                        RCMP, OPP, Ministry of Community
 program streams: Policing, Corrections,                   Safety and Correctional Services,
 Criminology or Administration and                         regional and municipal police forces
 Social Policy. Nipissing University                       and military police as police officers,
 works collaboratively with Canadore                       crime analysts, research and policy
 College (located on-campus) for the                       analysts, correctional officers and
                                                                                                                                      WOMEN	IN	MEDIA	LECTURE

                                                                                           You’ll study in a collaborative
                                                                                           environment with other students and
                                                                                           alongside professors who have very active
                                                                                           professional lives in addition to their
                                                                                           teaching careers.

                                                                                           In first-year, you’ll take courses in Art
                                                                                           History and art fundamentals related to
                                                                                           design, drawing and painting, as well as
ENGLISH	STUDIES	LECTURE                                                                    elective courses.

English Studies                                 Fine Arts                                  Our students have gone on to complete
You love literature in English – its            You may look at the world differently      their Masters of Fine Arts and/or have
stories, its songs, its language. You may       than others and you want to express your   become established artists. Many pursue
be an aspiring actor, writer, teacher,          point of view through art. Nipissing       careers in art history, communications,
scholar, journalist or poet. Whatever           University’s Fine Arts program provides    advertising, design, illustration, art
your aspirations, the individual attention      the essential mix between studio and       direction or as an art critic. For more
you’ll receive from your English Studies        academic training that will provide the    information please visit
professors will help you to reach your goals.   tools to pursue a career in Fine Arts.

In first-year, you’ll take Introduction to
English Studies, a unique course that is
delivered collaboratively by at least two
professors working in dialogue, along
with a seminar instructor, to present
course material in a lively, informative
and accessible way. Small group
discussion is important throughout the
program. Over the course of your degree,
you’ll learn valuable research methods
and literary skills through courses
focusing on Literary History and Genre,
Culture, Media and Language and

Many of our graduates have continued
their studies in the Faculty of Education
or have gone on to successful careers
in law, academia, journalism, theatre
and library sciences. For more
information please visit
                                                                                                                    FINE	ARTS	STUDIO	CLASS

Gender Equality and                            Our students have gone on to graduate       you take Environmental Geography
Social Justice                                 studies as well as to successful careers    or Environmental Science and
You believe in basic human rights. You         in law, international development and       Physical Geography, you’ll also take an
recognize that thinking about gender           research, communications, government,       introductory course in Environmental
also means thinking about power.               health, research and advocacy, media, and   Science. If you’re an Honours
Understanding how power works in               education. For more information please      Geography student you’ll
the worlds we build is one of the most         visit               want to consider completing a
important keys to redressing why some                                                      Geomatics Certificate alongside
people seem to have more than others.          Geography                                   your degree. You’ll cover additional
Gender Equality and Social Justice at          You may want to ensure that your            skills that employers are looking for,
Nipissing is one of the most innovative        generation leaves a strong and healthy      such as surveying and mapping, the
programs in Canada and each one of our         environment for the next, or you may        Global Positioning System (GPS),
courses speaks to questions of justice.        be interested in the rocks, trees and       Remote Sensing, and the Geographic
                                               water that make up the Earth. Perhaps       Information System (GIS).
In first-year, the program offers students     you’re intrigued by city grids from
a broad exposure to the historical and         the window of an airplane or you’re         If you are a GRID student you will
contemporary debates that underpin             always the designated navigator on road     take a variety of courses that prepare
questions of gender equality and social        trips. The field of Geography is very       you for applied studies in Regional
justice. Students will learn about social      diversified and at Nipissing you can        Development, Urban Planning and
movements such as civil rights, women’s        choose between four degree programs;        International Development. You may
rights, queer rights and environmental         Geography, Environmental Geography,         also be interested in the annual field trip.
rights as well as some of the controversial    Geography of Regional Planning and
debates surrounding global travel,             International Development (GRID),           Our students have gone on to graduate
reproductive rights, pornography               and Environmental Science and Physical      studies or successful careers as map
and identity politics. Students may            Geography. Also offered is a certificate    editors, land surveyors, researchers,
develop interests in critical studies of       in Geomatics as well as a certificate       policy advisors, land use planners,
popular culture; the politics of resisting     in Environmental Management. In             conservation officers, and meteorologists.
inequality through the law; the United         first-year, you’ll be introduced to         For more information please visit
Nations and Truth Commissions;                 Human and Physical Geography. If  
transnational organizing for social
justice; histories of colonization; feminist
philosophies; postmodernism; and the
intersections of race, class, ability, sex
and gender.

In upper-year courses you will have
the opportunity to concentrate your
studies in one of three streams: Gender
Relations, Women and Culture, and
Human Rights and Social Justice. The
program is highly interdisciplinary with
immediate links to programs in Religions
and Cultures and Philosophy and courses
cross-listed in almost all the humanities
and social science disciplines.
                                                                                                 NIPISSING	GEOGRAPHY	STUDENT	IN	MALAWI,	AFRICA

                                                       intellectual, political, military and         It emphasizes breadth rather than
                                                       environmental angles. Our students            specialization and you can develop a
                                                       have gone on to graduate studies, law         program that is based on your specific
                                                       school or successful careers in journalism,   interests and goals.
                                                       education, archival research, museum
                                                       work, politics and government. For            The majority of courses taken in this
                                                       more information please visit                 degree will be in the Humanities and
                                                                 Social Sciences, although you will be able
                                                                                                     to take courses in Business and Sciences
                                                       Liberal Arts                                  as well. In first-year, you can choose
                                                       You’re interested in many disciplines         from a very wide range of disciplines.
                                                       and would rather not focus on one             Our students have gone on to careers in
                                                       major. Nipissing’s liberal arts program       teaching, journalism, law, administration,
                                                       gives you maximum flexibility to study        public relations, theatre arts and
                                                       a range of disciplines, without having        Marketing. For more information please
                                                       to focus on one in particular.                visit


You love stories from the past. You enjoy
reading about our history and the events
that have shaped our lives. You believe
that we should never forget the past, so
that we can avoid making mistakes in the

Our professors have expertise in North
American, European, International, and
Community and Oral History, and cover
the past from ancient times to the day
before yesterday. They like to work with
students and are dedicated to teaching
you the research and critical skills needed
to succeed.

In first-year, you’ll begin with
introductory courses in either Canadian
History, World History or European
History. In your upper years, you’ll
examine history from a variety of
perspectives including economic, social,
                                                                                                                                  STUDENT	LOUNGE


Liberal Science                                          Mathematics                                 Discrete Mathematics and Probability
If you’re interested in exposure to a                    You love Math. It’s almost like a second-   and Statistics. In upper years, you’ll
range of scientific disciplines, Nipissing’s             language to you. Math is one of the few     select from a variety of courses such as
Liberal Science program provides a                       subjects that can transcend boundaries,     Analysis, Algebra, Differential Equations,
broad-based understanding of science.                    opening up a number of opportunities        Combinatorics & Graph Theory,
You will study the basic concepts and                    to you as a Mathematics graduate. The       Topology, Mathematical Modeling and
orientations of modern science and                       four-year (Honours) degree allows you       Mathematics of Finance. Mathematics
consider its role in today’s society. The                to tailor your program to your particular   students have a great opportunity to
program is general in nature.                            career interests and strengths. In this     complete research as an undergraduate.
                                                         degree you’ll choose from three different   In fact, it’s a requirement in fourth-year.
In first-year, you’ll take introductory                  streams: Pure Mathematics, Applied
courses in a minimum of two science                      Mathematics, or Non-specialized.            Did you know that a degree in math
disciplines and at least two courses from                Nipissing’s Mathematics professors are      provides you with a variety of career
Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics.                      known for their dedication to their         choices? Our students have gone on to
                                                         students. There is also a Math Drop-in      graduate studies, law school or successful
Our students have gone on to careers                     Centre available to assist you with any     careers in teaching, statistics, economics,
in teaching, library services, scientific                math problems that you may have.            accounting, finance, insurance and as
journalism and pharmaceutical sales. For                                                             an actuary or analyst. For more
more information please visit                            In your first two years, you’ll take        information please visit                        courses in Calculus, Linear Algebra,

                          POWWOW	ON	CAMPUS                                                             NURSING	STUDENTS	IN	THE	SIMULATION	LAB

Native Studies                                information please visit                      where you will work side-by-side with
The Medicine Wheel is a traditional native              nurses in practice and in our state-of-
holistic approach with which to gain                                                        the-art Simulation Lab, where you will
insight and to guide life, and is a central   Nursing                                       demonstrate your skills in simulated
template to Native worldview. It is also      The number of heart-felt thanks               patient case scenarios. In addition, those
the impetus for the various unique courses    that patients give nurses everyday            interested will have an opportunity
offered in this program. Students will be     is immeasurable. Most of us will be           before graduation to experience an
offered valuable learning opportunities       admitted to a hospital during our             international Nursing Placement.
and information to create life-enhancing      lifetime. You may remember getting
and transformative opportunities for the      your tonsils out, having an operation, or     It’s a wonderful privilege in life to be
individual and their future directions in     perhaps you were with a loved one in the      a nurse. Nurses make an invaluable
both career and life experiences.             last stages of their life.                    contribution to the health and well-being
                                                                                            of individuals, families and communities.
Some of the courses in the Native Studies     Nipissing’s Bachelor of Science in            As the needs of health care increase,
Program include: Introduction to Native       Nursing (BScN) degree, in collaboration       Nipissing feels it’s even more important
Studies; Native Philosophy; Native            with Canadore College, offers a program       that we graduate nurses who are
Kinships With Environment; Native             designed to equip you with the clinical       professionally prepared for a technology-
Creativity and the Arts; and Concepts         skills and professional abilities necessary   enhanced, fast-paced hospital
of Wellness in First Nations                  to meet the growing needs of health care.     environment, research opportunities
Communities. Students can major                                                             and/or graduate studies. With a Nursing
or minor in Native Studies and have           In first-year, you’ll be exposed to a         degree you can work in public health,
gone on to a wide palette of successful       broad-based curriculum that covers the        community and hospital nursing, health
careers in areas such as government,          physical, emotional, social and spiritual     education, case management or become
social services, community health,            aspects of health. Most importantly,          a professor or researcher. For more
advocacy, teaching, law, fine arts; and       you’ll experience nursing right away in       information please visit
environmental management. For more            our unique job shadowing experience,

                                                                                                                                              the YMCA for aquatic classes and the
                                                                                                                                              dance studio at Widdifield Secondary
                                                                                                                                              School. In second, third and fourth-
                                                                                                                                              year a unique community leadership
                                                                                                                                              placement will allow students to become
                                                                                                                                              sports and fitness leaders within North
                                                                                                                                              Bay. A variety of courses for upper year
                                                                                                                                              students include: Human Anatomy and
                                                                                                                                              Physiology, Nutrition, Wellness and
                                                                                                                                              Physical Activity Promotion, Exercise
                                                                                                                                              Physiology, Biomechanics, Coaching,
                                                                                                                                              Injury Prevention and Care, Fitness
                                                                                                                                              Assessment and Prescription, Health and
                                                                                                                                              Exercise Psychology and Contemporary
                                                                                                                                              Health Issues.

                                                                                                                                              Interested in becoming a Physical
Philosophy                                                             Physical and Health                                                    Education teacher? Students have
The Greek word philosophia means love                                  Education                                                              the opportunity to apply for the Pre-
of wisdom. What is knowledge? What                                     You are interested in recent research that                             Education for Physical and Health
is the meaning of life? What is real?                                  reports the decline in physical fitness                                Education (PEP) option at the end of
What is right and wrong? Why do we                                     in the general population of North                                     first-year. PEP students take specific
consider something beautiful or ugly? As                               America and you’re curious about the                                   education related courses throughout
a Philosophy student you’ll have lively                                attention to food and nutrition levels                                 their degree and will be guaranteed a
debates and discussions around these age-                              being encouraged by the Canadian                                       place in the one year BEd program after
old questions and how they relate to life                              Government and agencies like the World                                 graduation.*
today including areas such as film, gender                             Health Organization. You believe in the
issues and existentialism.                                             importance of health promotion, disease                                Students may go on to careers in
                                                                       prevention and human performance,                                      sports management, kinesiology,
The study of philosophy will help you                                  and you want to investigate how physical                               fitness assessment and promotion,
learn to think clearly and abstractly, and                             activity affects physical, mental and social                           athletic therapy or coaching. Many
to discuss the possibility and nature of                               well-being.                                                            will decide to go on to graduate studies
moral standards. In first-year, students                                                                                                      and pursue a teaching degree or sports
are introduced to Philosophy and take                                  Students in first-year will study                                      medicine. For more information
elective courses. If you are taking an                                 core theoretical courses including:                                    please visit
Honours degree, it is important to note                                Introduction to Physical Education,                                    physicalandhealtheducation.
that you will combine majors, adding to                                Motor Development, Health Concepts
the breadth of your degree.                                            in Physical Education, Leadership, and                                 Political Science
                                                                       Dimensions of Physical Activity. There                                 You’re fascinated by the characteristics,
Studying Philosophy will prepare you                                   is also a practical physical education                                 assets and inner workings of the ideal
well for law school, graduate studies                                  component in each year of the program,                                 state and the study of the processes,
and careers in teaching, journalism,                                   which offers students an opportunity to                                principles, and structure of government.
administration, government, and social                                 engage in a variety of sports and physical                             As well, you want to explore the
work. For more information please visit                                activities in the gymnasium, on the field,                             organization of various political                                          or within community facilities such as                                 institutions and the relationship to

* Guarantee applicable to PEP students who graduate with a minimum 75% cumulative average on all university courses. This guarantee is offered for the year following graduation only.

                                                                                                               FIRST-YEAR	PSYCHOLOGY	LAB

political and moral philosophy, political    you will study with professors whose         as Early and Late Childhood or Adult
economy, foreign policy, history and         research includes aging and cognition,       Development, Cognitive Psychology,
other disciplines concerned with the         the psychology of art, work stress,          the Psychology of Work, Social
social sciences.                             autism, abnormal child sexual behaviour,     Psychology, Sports or Health Psychology.
                                             psychological measurement and                Other students may choose to include
As a Political Science student you’ll        behavioural neuroscience. You will have      courses in their degree dealing with
examine Canadian politics and local          an opportunity to conduct independent        clinical areas such Psychopathology,
government, great political questions        research as an undergraduate, work in        Counselling, Tests and Measurement,
and the origins of international relations   productive labs and participate in courses   or Childhood Disorders. Students can
and foreign policy. The approach to your     that have a service learning component.      study animal behaviour, using their
studies will include a range of economic,    In upper years, you may have the             findings to determine laws of behaviour
sociological, psychological and historical   opportunity to become a Teaching or          that apply to all organisms and to
modes of analysis.                           Research Assistant. These hands-on           formulate theories about how humans
                                             experiences will give you a significant      behave and think. All students will have
Political Science students may go on to      advantage when pursuing graduate             the opportunity to develop skills in the
careers as government advisors, policy       studies.                                     area of research design and statistics.
makers, or even run for office themselves.
Others may further their studies in          Students can pursue either a Bachelor        An exceptionally high number of our
law or journalism. For more                  of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree      graduates go on to world-class graduate
information please visit                     in Psychology. In first-year, students       programs, teaching or research careers.          will take the introductory course in         For more information please visit
                                             psychology and other elective courses
Psychology                                   that are of personal interest. Science
The Study of Psychology allows us to         majors may also choose from courses          Religions and Cultures
explain and predict human behaviour.         such as Biology, Calculus, Chemistry         You feel it is impossible to fully
Unlocking the mysteries of the human         or Physics to enhance their degree. In       understand our contemporary world
brain is a challenging and exciting          second year students will be able to study   without understanding the part religion
field of study. At Nipissing University,     human behaviour by taking courses such       has played in its political, social and

                                                                                         social welfare has in our society. Our
                                                                                         students secure positions in social work,
                                                                                         government, counselling, residential
                                                                                         centres, social planning, advocacy groups,
                                                                                         administration and self-help groups. For
                                                                                         more information please visit

                                                                                         You often wonder how shifts in society
                                                                                         will affect us. Day-care, for example, is
                                                                                         a common part of life today, but was
                                                                                         almost unheard of 20 years ago. Are day-
                                                                                         care children more independent as adults
                                                                                         because of their experience, and has it
                                                                                         shaped the world we know today? In our
artistic development. The program            presentation in the media.                  not-so-distant past we looked after the
in Religions and Cultures uses an            Students graduating from this program       aged in our homes. As our population
interdisciplinary and non-confessional       may go on to graduate studies, pursue       ages will we see a change in attitudes
approach to study the world’s religious      work in the area of cultural affairs and    toward the elderly? Considering the
traditions. Anthropological, historical,     development, or consider a career in        age of civilization, computers are a
philosophical, psychological and literary-   teaching or government. For more            relatively new phenomenon to our
critical methods are all used to broaden     information please visit                    world. Are computers creating an
our knowledge and appreciation of       anti-social society?
religion in the ancient and modern
world.                                       Social Welfare                              As a Sociology student you’ll examine
                                             You’re an advocate for change. You          these shifts and the ways in which social
In first-year, students will be introduced   believe in second chances and you           structures and institutions such as class,
to the teachings and history of the          want to empower and enrich the lives        family, community, and power influence
world’s religious traditions. In upper       of others. As a Social Welfare student,     society. You’ll also explore how social
year classes, more specific examination      you’ll build on social justice work that    problems such as crime and abuse
of how religious thought and practice        has been done in areas such as poverty,     affect society.
inform cultural identities will be the       women’s rights, health care, education,
focus. Courses such as “Death and            unemployment and Aboriginal rights.         In upper years, you’ll have the
Immortality,” “Religion and Violence”        You will review social welfare concepts     opportunity to complete undergraduate
and “Sacred Cinema” are just a few           and the history of Social Welfare in        research. This unique experience will
examples of what is offered in this          Canada. This course also includes a         provide you with a distinct advantage
dynamic program where the interplay          40-hour volunteer placement, which          after you graduate.
between religion and culture is critically   provides you with an opportunity to
explored. In depth study of particular       experience first-hand how a social          Our students have gone on to graduate
religious traditions will coincide with      agency works.                               studies or successful careers in
investigation into the influence of                                                      government, health care, law school,
religion on contemporary ethics and          In first-year, you’ll examine the social,   corrections, research, business and
politics as well as the role of religion     economic and political context of           teaching. For more information please
in the construction of gender and its        how societies work and the role that        visit

    Small University. Big Reputation.
    Teaching Options
    Our history of offering education programs extends well over 95 years and we
    are known in Canada as a leader in teacher education. We were one of the first to                                                     A+
    implement a laptop computer program and we continue to lead in this area with using
                                                                                                                             Availability of Faculty Outside
    technologies such as Smartboard. If you’re interested in our teaching programs, you
                                                                                                                                   Classroom Hours
    have four options to choose from:

           Nipissing’s Orientation to Teaching (OTT) or Pre-Education for Physical
           and Health Education (PEP) and the one-year consecutive Bachelor of
           Education (BEd) degree.
           You	will	take	teaching-specific	courses	throughout	your	undergraduate	degree	
           (General	or	Honours)	and	you’ll	be	guaranteed	a	place	in	the	one	year	BEd		
           program	after	graduation* .	OTT	is	not	applicable	to	Nursing	and	Physical	and		
           Health	Education .                                                                                         91% of Nipissing University undergraduate
                                                                                                                       students were very satisfied/satisfied with

           Concurrent Education, North Bay Campus
           Each	year	of	your	undergraduate	degree	studies	(majors	in	Computer	Science,	                                  Study skills/learning support services.
           English,	Geography,	History,	Math	or	Psychology)	includes	Education	courses .		
           You	graduate	in	5	years	with	both	a	BA	(Honours)	or	BSc	(Honours)	degree	and		
           a	BEd	degree .

           Concurrent Education, Brantford Campus
           You	will	take	education	courses	throughout	your	undergraduate	Contemporary	Studies	                                                2006 National Survey
           degree	and	graduate	in	5	years	with	a	BA	(Honours)	degree	from	Wilfrid	Laurier	and		                                               of Student Engagment
           a	BEd	degree	from	Nipissing	University .	Apply	directly	to	Wilfrid	Laurier	University .

           The one-year consecutive BEd degree upon completion of an
           undergraduate degree.
           You	can	apply	to	the	Faculty	of	Education	after	you	achieve	either	an	Honours	or	
           General	undergraduate	degree	from	Nipissing	University,	or	another	recognized	
           university .                                                                                                   Nipissing’s students rated the level
                                                                                                                         of student to faculty interaction more
    *Guarantee applicable to students who graduate with a minimum 75% cumulative average on all university courses.      favourably when matched up against
     This guarantee is offered for the year following graduation only.
                                                                                                                                 Ontario universities.
    For a complete comparison of all four options please visit All routes meet the requirements
    of the Ontario College of Teachers for the Certificate of Qualification. For
    OTT and Concurrent Education you’ll need to include a supplemental
    application. Please see page 20 for details.

    Teaching and Technology
    Nipissing offers you the ITeach Laptop Learning program.

    Being a leader in education technology means that you’ll benefit from added
    Information Technology (IT) skills that employers are seeking.                                                                For full details visit:
    Depending on the route you have chosen, during the last two years of Concurrent
    Education and in the one-year Bachelor of Education students are required to purchase
    a laptop computer from the university. The laptop will be provided to you with
    the latest education software already installed such as the curriculum unit planner,
    computerized report cards, educational CD-ROMs and Ministry of Ontario software.

                                                Small University. Big Life.
                                                Our	residences	are	the	finest	accommodations	you’ll	find	in	
                                                the	province	and	single	rooms	are	guaranteed	to	all	first-year	
                                                students	coming	directly	from	secondary	school .	Residence	
                                                life	is	about	meeting	new	people	and	exploring	new	ideas .	It’s	
                                                about	studying,	socializing,	living	independently	and	making	
                                                your	own	choices .

                                                Single Rooms in Residence                    Suite Style Residences
                                                If you’re a current high school student      There are three suite styled residences.
Ian Wassink, from Walkerton, Ontario,           who receives full-time admission by May      Founders House and Chancellors
made his decision to come to Nipissing based    26, 2008, and you meet the residence         House, located on the lower campus
on the reputation of the Faculty of Education   application and deposit deadline, you        and Governor’s House on the main
and information he received through a           are guaranteed a single room in residence.   campus. Lower campus is a short walk or
liaison visit at his high school. He was        Students in residence have access to         a three-minute bus ride to your classes.
attracted to the unique advantages offered      coin-operated laundry rooms, common          Each fully-furnished suite accommodates
in a small university setting where classes     areas and lounges. All residences are        four students and features four single
are small, professor to student interaction     smoke-free environments. Every               bedrooms, a kitchen with fridge and
is high, residences have the top rating in
                                                room has a telephone and is wired            stove, a living room and two full
Canada, and where a generous entrance
                                                for the Internet.                            bathrooms.
scholarship program is in place.
Currently a third-year Bachelor of Arts         Townhouse Style                              Activities
(Honours) History student with Orientation      Residences                                   There is a genuine sense of belonging that
to Teaching, Ian made a conscious effort to     The townhouses are located on the main       naturally develops in residence. Students
achieve academic success while maintaining      campus and accommodate six students to       are provided the opportunity for many
noteworthy extra-curricular involvement and     a house. Built on two levels, the fully-     great experiences. The residence staff, in
on-campus employment. When he arrived           furnished townhouse has a kitchen with       conjunction with Residents’ Councils,
at Nipissing, this Carl Sanders Scholarship
                                                a fridge and stove, a living room, three     organizes a variety of fun events to suit all
recipient gained employment on the security
                                                bedrooms and a half-bathroom on the          interests such as potluck suppers, skating
staff at The Wall (the on-campus pub),
accepted the volunteer position of VP Social    main floor. The upper level contains         parties, the winter carnival, athletic
for the Residence and Inter-Residence           three bedrooms and a full bathroom.          events, movie nights and coffee houses.
Council, where he earned the Residence
Upper Year Student of the Year award, and
served as Residence Representative on the
                                                SUITE	STYLE	RESIDENCE                        TOWNHOUSE	STYLE	RESIDENCE
Student Council (NUSU). Ian occasionally
writes for The Hibou (student newspaper on
                                                                                                                 GROUND	LEVEL

                                                                                                                                             2ND	LEVEL

campus), and most recently, was elected to
the position of NUSU Vice-President Internal.
“I like to do the things other university
students do for fun, like spend time with
friends and join clubs. I heartily recommend
that all students get engaged in their
university community,” says Ian.

One Student at a Time.                           18
Determine the Cost
Maintaining a budget throughout your stay at university will help ensure that you
achieve your goals and have less stress doing it.                                                                                                               A+
                                                                                                                                                    In the category of Class Sizes

Tuition Fees for Full-time Undergraduate Studies (2007-2008)

Canadian Citizens and Permanent Residents                                                                                                                                             2006
BBA	and	Computer	Science 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $4,605 .00
Concurrent	Education		(Year	1)	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $4,9 .00
All	Other	Programs 	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $4,15 .00

International Students                                                                                                                       90% of Nipissing University undergraduate
Undergraduate	Programs	  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $10,500 .00
                       .                                                                                                                      students were very satisfied/satisfied with
                                                                                                                                             Services for students needing financial aid.
Compulsory Incidental Fees
Student	Incidental	Fees	  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $926 .25
(includes	a	City	of	North	Bay	transit	pass,	health	services,	student		
services,	student	insurance	plan,	e-mail/Internet	access,	student	ID		                                                                                              2006 National Survey
card,	student	government,	student	centre	and	athletic	complex	fees)			                                                                                              of Student Engagment

Optional Fees
Residence	fees	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $4,22	-	$4,76 .00
On-campus	parking .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	 .	$90	-	$210 .00
Locker	rental	 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . $20 .00
                                                                                                                                             Nipissing demonstrates solid, comparable
Optional	meal	plans	are	available	to	residence	and	non-residence	                                                                            results in the Level of Academic Challenge
students	for	$200,	$750	or	$1,500;	or,	choose	a	personal	plan	starting		                                                                     with respect to all Ontario universities, the
at	a	minimum	of	$25 .                                                                                                                          US peer group and NSSE institutions.

This information is provided for guidance only. Fees are subject to change from year to year.

Scholarships, Bursaries and Awards

Check out our guaranteed entrance                                         can make a big difference! Secondary
scholarships outlined on page 1. Last                                     school applicants from outside Ontario
year, nearly 80% of our students received                                 are eligible for entrance scholarships
an entrance scholarship. Scholarship                                      and may contact the Liaison Office
averages are calculated using the best                                    for information. Applicants who apply                                         For full details visit:
six final 4U/4M marks completed as                                        by May 1, 2008, will be automatically
of June 30, 2008. Your final grades                                       considered for entrance scholarships.

For a complete list of scholarships, please visit

                                              Small University. Big Entrance.
                                              You’ll	want	to	make	note	of	helpful	information	about	what	
                                              you’ll	need	to	apply .	Look	for	details	such	as	application	
                                              deadlines,	course	requirements	and	whether	a	supplemental	
                                              application	is	required	for	your	program(s)	of	choice .

                                              Applying to Study Full-time

                                              Secondary School Students                    Ontario university choice may use the
                                              Ontario secondary school students will       Nipissing international application form.
Tara Schuck graduated in June ’07,            apply through the Ontario Universities’      You can download the application form
from the Bachelor of Arts and Science         Application Centre (OUAC) 101                at or contact
(Honours) in Criminal Justice program,        application process.                         the Liaison Office at: liaison@nipissingu.
Criminology stream. A top-notch                                                            ca to request a copy. International
student from Kemptville, Tara visited         Students attending Canadian secondary        applicants interested in applying to more
the campuses of her top three university      schools outside Ontario will apply           than one Ontario university should
choices and found her home away from          through the Ontario Universities’            apply through the Ontario Universities’
home at Nipissing. And, it’s a decision she   Application Centre (OUAC) 105D               Application Centre (OUAC).
doesn’t regret.
                                              application process.
“The people within the North Bay and                                                       Applying to Study Part-time
Nipissing University communities were         For admissions consideration to              Applicants to part-time university
so friendly, encouraging, and inviting; I     a Nipissing degree program with              study apply directly to Nipissing
knew I wouldn’t be just a number and I        Orientation to Teaching (OTT),               University using the Nipissing part-
could become involved in various school       Concurrent Education or the Honours          time application form found at: www.
activities, as well as many community         Bachelor of Arts degree in Criminal or contact the
events,” says Tara, who has a remarkable      Justice, applications must be received via   Liaison Office at:
academic record and an equally laudable       the Ontario Universities’ Application        to request a copy.
history of volunteerism. With an 85%
                                              Centre (OUAC) and the completed
average, she has achieved both the Queen
                                              supplemental applications must be            Supplemental Applications
Elizabeth Aiming for the Top Scholarship
and a Carl Sanders Scholarship for all        submitted to the Office of the Registrar     (Criminal Justice, OTT and
4 years of her undergraduate degree,          at Nipissing by February 22, 2008.           Concurrent Education)
has garnered two Nipissing University
Leadership awards and received the            Canadian Citizens and                        Supplemental application forms will
Nipissing University Alumni Association       Permanent Residents                          be automatically mailed to Criminal
Criminal Justice Award (2006). Tara was       not Presently Attending                      Justice, Concurrent Education and OTT
an International Student Mentor, the          Secondary School                             applicants. They can also be downloaded
varsity Ministry Director at Greenwood        You will apply through the Ontario           at:
Baptist Church, a delegate at the 1st         Universities’ Application Centre             Applications must be received via the
Conservative Party of Canada Policy           (OUAC) 105D application process.             OUAC and completed supplemental
Convention in Montreal, and Vice-                                                          applications must be submitted to the
president of the Criminal Justice Student
                                              International Applicants                     Office of the Registrar at Nipissing
Association. Most recently, Tara scored in
the 89th percentile on the LSAT exam and      International applicants who plan to         by February 22, 2008, in order to be
has been accepted to pursue a Law degree      make Nipissing University their only         considered.
at Queen’s University.

One Student at a Time.                         20
Admission Requirements

Canadian Secondary School Applicants
Applying to your program of interest     A minimum average of 70% is
at Nipissing is simple – there are no    required for consideration for admission                                                    A+
hidden formulas. A minimum average       to all other programs. Averages for all
of 75% and a supplemental application    programs are based on the best six                                           Sense of Personal Safety/Security
(Personal Statement of Experience) is    final 4U/4M or equivalent courses
required for consideration for admission including all required courses. Please
to the Criminal Justice, Concurrent      refer to the admissions chart for specific
Education and Orientation to Teaching    course requirements. Refer to the                                                                                 2006
(OTT) programs. A minimum average        chart below for the number of
of 72% is required for consideration     courses included in the admissions
for admission to the Business program.   average computation.
                                                                                                                        93% of Nipissing University
Alberta                           Five Gr. 12 courses numbered 30 or 31
                                                                                                                      undergraduate students strongly
British Columbia                  Five Gr. 12 courses including four provincially examinable                       agree/agree that professors encouraged
                                  courses (courses with percentage grades not letter grades)
                                                                                                                  students to participate in class discussions.
Manitoba                          Five academic Gr. 12 courses at the 40 level or the former 30 level
New Brunswick                     Five academic Gr. 12 courses numbered 121 or 122
                                  (courses numbered 120 may be considered)
Newfoundland                      Six two-credit academic courses at level 3                                                              2006 National Survey
Nova Scotia                       Five Gr. 12 courses at the 541 level                                                                    of Student Engagment
                                  (441 level courses may be considered)
Nunavut/Northwest                 Five Gr. 12 courses numbered 30 or 31
Ontario                           Combination of six 4U/4M courses
Prince Edward Island              Five Gr. 12 courses numbered 611 or 621
Quebec*                           One year of CEGEP completed with a minimum of                                    Nipissing students gave higher ratings
                                  12 academic subjects                                                              with respect to a Supportive Campus
Saskatchewan                      Five Gr. 12 courses numbered 30 or 30A                                              Environment when compared to
Yukon                             Four Gr. 12 examinable courses
                                                                                                                            Ontario universities.
                                  (courses with percentage grades not letter grades)

* Candidates from Quebec who have completed the two-year CEGEP program will be considered for admission with
advanced standing. Students who have completed the three-year professional program in a CEGEP with a cumulative
average of “B” or better will be considered for admission with advanced standing, to a maximum of 30 credits.

International Baccalaureate                                   Advanced Placement
Applicants who have successfully                              Applicants who have completed
completed the International Baccalaureate                     Advanced Placement (AP) courses are
(IB) diploma with at least six subjects,                      encouraged to submit their examination
including three at the higher level, with                     results. Official AP score reports must
a minimum final grade total of 24, will                       be sent directly to Nipissing University.                      For full details visit:
be considered for admission. Advanced                         Advanced standing will be granted for           
standing, to a maximum of 18 credits, may                     most AP courses completed with a grade
be granted for courses completed at the                       of 4 or higher, to a maximum of 18
higher level with a grade of 5 or higher.                     credits.

                                                 Admission Requirements                        will be assessed on an individual basis for
                                                 (continued)                                   transfer credit/advanced standing).

                                                 International Applicants                      Applicants from Great Britain
                                                 Applicants will be expected to show           and Other Countries with
                                                 proof of English proficiency and must         GCE Equivalents
                                                 have completed courses in certain             Applicants must present the General
                                                 academic disciplines depending upon the       Certificate of Education (GCE) with
                                                 degree program applied to. For guidance,      satisfactory standing in at least five
                                                 please refer to the admissions chart at the   academic subjects, two of which must
                                                 back of the book.                             be at the advanced level or satisfactory
                                                                                               standing in at least four academic
Megan Stacey graduated in June ’07               International applicants do not typically     subjects, three of which must be at the
from the Bachelor of Science in Nursing          qualify for transfer credit for previously    advanced level.
program. A directed individual with intuitive    completed post-secondary courses at
leadership abilities, Megan was attracted        non-Canadian institutions. Part-time          Other International Applicants
to Nipissing because she wanted to study at      university study is not available to          Applicants possessing the requirements
home – she was born and raised in North          international students. International         necessary for admission to a recognized
Bay – was interested in Nursing, had friends     secondary school applicants are eligible      university in their home country will
who attended Nipissing and wanted to             for Nipissing’s Entrance Scholarships         normally be eligible for admissions
play varsity volleyball. Megan’s aptitude in
                                                 starting at $1,250 for “A” average            consideration.
setting and accomplishing her goals has put
her in good stead.
                                                                                               Proof of Proficiency in English
Megan was awarded with the OCAA Female           Applicants from the                           All student visa applicants from areas
Athlete of the Year in 2007 and OCAA             United States                                 where the language of instruction is not
Female Volleyball MVP for three years            Applicants graduating with a “B”              English are required to supply proof of
running. In addition, for all four years of      average from Grade 12 at an accredited        proficiency in English.
her undergraduate studies, she was the           secondary school and presenting high
co-captain of the Nipissing Lakers volleyball    scores in SAT Reasoning or ACT                International applicants studying in
team, the Nipissing Female Athlete of the
                                                 examinations including the Writing Test       Canada on a student visa authorization
Year, the Nipissing Female Volleyball MVP,
                                                 component and at least two SAT Subject        who have attended an Ontario secondary
an OCAA Volleyball League All-Star and the
OCAA Volleyball All Canadian.                    Tests or AP/IB subjects appropriate to        school, or a Nipissing University
                                                 their proposed area of study are normally     approved school, full-time for at least the
As well as helping to coach in the Nipissing     eligible for admission. Scores below 500      past three years, are exempt.
Lakers summer volleyball camps every year,       in any part of the SAT Reasoning or           Permanent resident applicants whose
in her spare time, Megan volunteered her         SAT Subject Tests are not acceptable.         first language is not English may also be
professional expertise at the University         Please refer to the admissions chart at       required to provide proof of proficiency
Student Health Services TB and Flu Shot          the back of the book for specific subject     in English. Permanent resident applicants
clinics. It seems very appropriate that after
                                                 requirements. Other applicants from the       who have lived at least three years in
graduating, this driven young woman
                                                 U.S. must have completed a minimum of         Canada, or in a predominantly English-
accepted a full-time position at the North
Bay General Hospital on the In-patient           30 semester credits (45 quarter credits) at   speaking country, are exempt.
Surgical Floor. As for future goals, Megan       an accredited post-secondary institution
says she is “seriously considering the pursuit   (U.S. applicants who have completed           Acceptable proof of English proficiency
of either a Master degree or becoming a          more than 30 semester credits at an           is the Test of English as a Foreign
Nurse Practitioner.”                             accredited post-secondary institution         Language (TOEFL) with a minimum

One Student at a Time.                            22
score of 550 PBT, 213 CBT, including a      Physical and Health Education, Dance,                               A
TWE score of 5.0, or 80 iBT (minimum        etc. Students enrolled at other universities     The only university to achieve an A for
20 in each section); the Michigan           may apply to take Nipissing University                   Quality of Residences
English Language Assessment Battery         courses for transfer credit to their home
(MELAB) with a minimum score                university via a Letter of Permission.
of 90%; the Canadian Assessment             Letter of Permission applicants apply
of English Language (CAEL) with             directly to Nipissing University.                                                      2006
a minimum score of 60; or the
International English Language Testing      College Applicants
System (IELTS) with a minimum overall       Applicants from Colleges who have
band score of 6.0 (with no band less than   completed a recognized diploma
                                                                                           94% of Nipissing University undergraduate
6). Applicants should note the Nipissing    program with a minimum 70%
                                                                                            students were very satisfied/satisfied with
University TOEFL code is #3614.             overall average are normally eligible
                                                                                                the overall quality of education.
                                            for admission consideration to select
Applicants with                             programs. Some programs are
Post-Secondary Studies                      restricted to applicants with higher
Applicants who have attended a              averages. Applicants who have not
college or university may be eligible       completed a diploma program must                                        2006 National Survey
for admission to select programs and        present a minimum of one full year of                                   of Student Engagment
possibly receive transfer credit for        a recognized college diploma program
completed studies. Official transcripts     with an overall 70% average in order to
from all institutions attended are          be considered.
required for admission consideration.
Prerequisite subjects must be met for       Mature Students
                                                                                           Nipissing results were comparable among
specific programs as outlined in the        Applicants who are not admissible to
                                                                                              first-year students in the category of
Admission Chart.                            Nipissing University based on previous
                                                                                            Enriching Educational Experiences when
                                            academic results may be considered
                                                                                           balanced against Ontario universities, US
University Applicants                       for admission on probation to select
                                                                                                   peers and NSSE institutions.
Applicants in good standing at              programs as a Mature Student. Full
recognized universities may apply to        academic disclosure is required and
Nipissing University. Transfer credit is    official transcripts must be submitted.
usually awarded for university courses      Mature students admitted to Nipissing
previously completed (at an accredited      will be restricted to a reduced course
university) with “C” grades or higher.      load to begin their studies. Mature
                                            student applicants must be 21 years of
Dependant on the program applied to,        age or older at the start of the term being
transfer credit is not normally granted     applied to, and must have been away
for practical or clinical courses taken     from formal academic education for at
in specific areas such as Engineering,      least the past two years.
                                                                                                      For full details visit:

For further admissions information and forms be sure to

Admissions Chart
The following chart lists prerequisite courses required for Nipissing University degree programs in 2007.

                                 OUAC        Minimum                                                                       Required 4U or Equivalent courses from other
  Degree Program               Application   Entrance   Majors                                                             provinces or countries
                             Program Codes   Average

  Bachelor of Arts               PAH           70%      English Studies, Environmental Geography†~,                        English
  (BA) Honours - 4 year                                 Gender Equality and Social Justice, Geography†~,
                                                        Geography of Regional Planning and International Development†~,
                                                        History, Philosophy**, Political Science**, Psychology^, Sociology

                                 PAJ           75%      Criminal Justice*                                                  English

                                 PAX           70%      Mathematics                                                        English; Calculus & Vectors; one other Mathematics

  Bachelor of                    PBA           72%      Accounting, Business Administration, Economics,                    English; one Mathematics
  Business Administration                               Human Resources Management, Marketing,
  (BBA) Honours - 4 year                                Technology Management

  Bachelor of Arts               PAG           70%      Classical Studies, English Studies, Environmental Geography,       English
  (BA) General - 3 year                                 Fine Arts, Gender Equality and Social Justice, Geography,
                                                        History, Liberal Arts, Native Studies, Philosophy,
                                                        Political Science, Psychology, Religions and Cultures,
                                                        Social Welfare, Sociology

                                 PAD           70%      Administrative Studies                                             English; one Mathematics

                                 PEC           70%      Economics                                                          English; one Mathematics

                                 PAC           70%      Computer Science                                                   English; Calculus & Vectors; one other Mathematics

                                 PAM           70%      Mathematics                                                        English; Calculus & Vectors; one other Mathematics

  Bachelor of Arts               PML           70%      Child and Family Studies, Culture and the Arts                     English
  (BA) General – 3 year
  Muskoka Campus

  Bachelor of Physical and       PPE           75%                                                                         English; one of Biology or Exercise Science
  Health Education                                                                                                         (Chemistry and one Mathematics is recommended)

  Bachelor of Science            PBI           70%       Biology^                                                          English; Biology; Chemistry; one of Calculus and Vectors or
	 (BSc)	Honours	-	4	year∆	       	             	        	                                                                  Advanced	Functions

                                 PCS           70%      Computer Science                                                   English; Calculus & Vectors; one other Mathematics;
                                                                                                                           and one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics

                                 PTE           70%      Environmental Biology and Technology                               English; Biology; Chemistry; one of Calculus & Vectors or
                                                                                                                           Advanced Functions or Physics

                                 PEV           70%      Environmental Science and Physical Geography†~                     English; Chemistry; one of Calculus & Vectors or Advanced
                                                                                                                           Functions; one of Biology or Physics

                                 PSA           70%      Mathematics                                                        English; Calculus & Vectors; Advanced Functions; one of
                                                                                                                           Biology, Chemistry or Physics

                                 PSY           70%      Psychology^                                                        English; Calculus & Vectors; one of Chemistry or Physics

(* Supplemental application required) (** Available only as combined degrees) (+ A Certificate in Geomatics is available to students in these majors)
(^ A Certificate in Neuroscience is available to students in these majors) (~ A Certificate in Environmental Management is available to students in these majors)

  Bachelor of Science              PSB            70%   Biology                                                  English; Biology; Chemistry; one of Calculus & Vectors or
	 (BSc)	General	-	3	year∆		        	              	     	                                                        Advanced	Functions

                                   PSC            70%   Computer Science                                         English; Calculus & Vectors; one other Mathematics; one of
                                                                                                                 Biology, Chemistry or Physics

                                   PLB            70%   Liberal Science - Sequence in two of Biology, Computer   English; two of Chemistry, Mathematics (either Calculus &
                                                                                                                 Science, Environmental Science, Geology, or Mathematics
                                                                                                                 Vectors or Advanced Functions) or Physics

                                   PSM            70%   Mathematics                                              English; Calculus & Vectors; Advanced Functions; one of
                                                                                                                 Biology, Chemistry or Physics

                                   PSP            70%   Psychology                                               English; Calculus & Vectors; one of Chemistry or Physics

   Bachelor of Science in          PSN            70%   Nursing                                                  English; Biology; Chemistry
   Nursing (BScN) - 4 year                                                                                       (One Mathematics is recommended)

   Concurrent Bachelor of          PCP            75%   English, History, Geography, Psychology                  ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), one Math
   Arts (BA) Honours/                                                                                            (minimum grade of 60%)
   Bachelor of Education
   (BEd) Primary/Junior                           75%   Mathematics                                              ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), Calculus & Vectors, one
    – 5 year*                                                                                                    other Math (minimum grade of 60% must be achieved in
                                                                                                                 one Math)

   Concurrent Bachelor of          PCP            75%   English, History, Geography, Psychology                  ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), one Math (minimum
   Arts (BA) Honours/                                                                                            grade of 60%)
   Bachelor of Education
   (BEd) Junior/Intermediate                      75%   Mathematics                                              ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), Calculus & Vectors, one
    – 5 year*                                                                                                    other Math (minimum grade of 60% must be achieved in
                                                                                                                 one Math)

   Concurrent Bachelor of          PEP            75%   Computer Science                                         ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), Calculus & Vectors, one
   Science (BSc) Honours/                                                                                        other Mathematics, and one of Biology, Chemistry or
   Bachelor of Education                                                                                         Physics (a minimum grade of 60% must be
   (BEd) Primary/Junior                                                                                          achieved in one Math)
   – 5 year*
                                                  75%   Mathematics                                              ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), Calculus & Vectors,
                                                                                                                 Advanced Functions, one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics
                                                                                                                 (a minimum grade of 60% must be achieved in one Math)

   Concurrent Bachelor of          PEJ            75%   Computer Science                                         ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), Calculus & Vectors, one
   Science (BSc) Honours/                                                                                        other Mathematics, and one of Biology, Chemistry or
   Bachelor of Education                                                                                         Physics (a minimum grade of 60% must be achieved in
   (BEd) Junior/Intermediate                                                                                     one Math)
   – 5 year*
                                                  75%   Mathematics                                              ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%), Calculus & Vectors,
                                                                                                                 Advanced Functions, one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics
                                                                                                                 (a minimum grade of 60% must be achieved in one Math)

   A Nipissing Degree with          Indicate      75%   Elementary*                                              ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%),
   Orientation to Teaching         “with OTT”                                                                    one Mathematics (minimum grade of 60%)
   (OTT)                        when selecting                                                                   and requirements for degree program and
                                 program code                                                                    major to which the person has applied.
                                degrees above
                                (not applicable   75%   Secondary*                                               ENG4U (minimum grade of 70%)
                               to PPE and PSN)                                                                   and requirements for degree program and
                                                                                                                 major to which the person has applied.

(* Supplemental application required) (** Available only as combined degrees) (+ A Certificate in Geomatics is available to students in these majors)
(^ A Certificate in Neuroscience is available to students in these majors) (~ A Certificate in Environmental Management is available to students in these majors)


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