McCann v. Wal-Mart Stores Inc 210 F.3d 51 (1st Cir. 2000) Parties: Plaintiff – Debra, Jillian and Jonathan McCann, – Wal-Mart customers who were accused of shoplifting and detained by Wal-Mart Defendant –Jean Taylor and Karla Hughes – Employees of Wal-Mart who wrongfully accused P’s children of stealing from the store. Facts: Wal-Mart employees stopped the P as they were about to leave the store and said that P’s children weren’t allowed in the store because they were caught shoplifting a couple of weeks earlier. The employees told the P that they had to come with them and that they were calling the police. The employees then stood guard over the P until the security guard came by to identify the alleged shoplifter. Procedural Posture: The jury awarded P with $20,000 in compensatory damages. Wal-Mart appeals, claiming that P didn’t prove false imprisonment. Issue: Whether P has a valid claim for false imprisonment? Holding: Yes. Ruling: The court affirmed the trial court’s ruling. Rule: The actor which is intended to , and does in fact, “confine another within boundaries fixed by the actor where in addition the victim is wither conscious of the confinement or is harmed by it. Legal Reasoning: The direction to the P, the reference to the police, and the continued presence of the Wal-Mart employees were enough to make a reasonable person believe either that they would be restrained physically if they tried to leave, or that the store was claiming lawful authority to confine them until the police arrived. Actual physical restraint isn’t necessary for a person to have a valid claim for false imprisonment.