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									                                                                                                                     DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
                                                                                                                          OF CONGO


     ANGOLA                                                                                    Atlantic            ANGOLA
                                                                  SPOTLIGHT                                        Huambo

      Environmental Vision Signals Hope1                                                                Lubango
      Thirty years of civil war have wreaked havoc with Angola’s ecosystems. Enormous
      pressure from heavily concentrated human populations in the coastal strip was a                    NAMIBIA
      direct by-product of the conflict. Subsequent over-exploitation of soil and over-                                  BOTSWANA
      grazing has led to erosion and desertification. International demand for rare trop-
      ical wood species and domestic use of fuelwood furthered significant devastation
      of the tropical rainforest. The disappearance of a national symbol, the Giant Sable antelope, was a further indication of the
      extent of the environmental destruction.

      The Angola National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) was issued in 2004 with GEF support of US$ 382,000 and
      additional co-financing through the Norwegian Development Agency. The NBSAP was developed as a result of the project,
      Support for Capacity Building for Improved Environmental Planning and Biological Diversity Conservation and addresses major
      shortcomings of environmental management in the country. In addition, it will enhance the capacity needs of the Ministry of
      Urbanism and Environment, overseeing the completion of the National Environmental Action Plan, and combating poverty.The
      project has 4 strategic components, including: capacity building in planning and environmental management; increasing envi-
      ronmental awareness, education and social mobilization; conservation of biological diversity; multilateral environmental agree-
      ments and transboundary initiatives.

      Results of the action plan have been positive. Local communities were encouraged to participate in the strategy and commu-
      nity members were trained in environmental preservation. A training seminar was held in early 2005 to familiarize relevant
      stakeholders with the project and the first National Workshop was held. Further, UNDP provided technical and financial support
      for the Giant Sable Expedition. The rare Giant Sable is endemic to Angola and was rediscovered in 2005, miraculously surviving
      almost 30 years of war. Though not a license for further destruction, the sighting illustrates the durability of the environment
      and serves as a reminder that environmental preservation is key to maintaining biodiversity long-term.

      Total UNDP-GEF and Co-Finance:      $373,000
          Total UNDP and Co-Finance:     $1,140,000
                               Total:    $1,513,000

 While Angola is extremely rich in natural resources and biological diversity, armed con-
 flict accompanied by increased levels of poverty has led to grave effects on the natural
 environment and the quality of human life. The current activities supported by UNDP
 aim to help the government reverse this trend by strengthening national capacity to
 properly protect the environment and manage natural biological resources in a sustain-
 able way and as a means to support the overall development planning process and an
 effective contribution to the national poverty reduction efforts.2 “The environment is a
 cross cutting issue in UNDP Angola. Initiatives in this area provide for an interagency
 approach between environmental NGOs and civil society under the Ministry of Urban
 Affairs and Environment.”

                                                                                                                                   Pierre-Francois Pirlot, Resident Representative

               UNDP is supporting the Government of Angola in strengthening national capacity to protect the environment and manage natural bio-
               logical resources. The GEF-funded development of a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, lasting until 2006, will play a signif-
               icant role in ensuring proper conservation efforts.

               With funding from GEF, UNDP assists countries with shared waters to improve their watershed and coastal zone management practices

               in support of sustainable development. UNDP is supporting two GEF-funded regional projects concerning shared waters with Angola’s
               neighbors. The Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem and the Okavango River Basin both contribute significantly to shared
               resource management and the sponsorship of activities that will maintain the ecological integrity of both marine ecosystems.

               Angola is participating in a regional methyl bromide (Me. Br.) phase-out project, implemented by UNDP for low volume consumers in
               Africa. This project provides policy strengthening assistance to prevent the introduction of Me. Br. use in the country.


                   Mr. Camilo Ceita – Camilo.ceita@undp.org                                                                                               Some of our Partners working with
                   Ms. Gabriela Nascimento – gabriela.nascimento@undp.org                                                                                 UNDP and the Government in Angola
                   Tel.: 244-2 331 181 / 244 2 331 249                                                                                                    NORAD
                   Fax: 244 2 335 609                                                                                                                     Chevron Texaco
                   http://mirror.undp.org/angola/EnergyEnvironnement.htm                                                                                  UNEP

     Capacity Building for Environmental Planning and Biodiversity Conservation in Angola Final Evaluation Report, available at: http://mirror.undp.org/angola/LinkRtf/ang02_005.pdf;
     http://mirror.undp.org/angola/EnergyEnvironnement.htm; *Frameworks and Strategies for Sustainable Development                                                                            31

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