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					PLS 440: Session 5, Topic 2                               9/29/2010 8:27:00 PM

 Glorious revolution


 The Rise of Parliament
       Kings would call parliaments to approve “touchy” issues
           o No taxes unless parliament approves
           o No war unless parliament approves
       New idea that parliament is no the sovereign
           o The people are being represented by the parliament
                   English revolution
       Two houses
               o The house of Lords –highest aristocrats (nobility)
               o The house of commons –the gentry (middle-level aristocrats)
                    Many get rich through capitalism
                    Eventually becomes the most important


 The English Revolution


 Intro
            Immense cultural transformation in 1600s
            Civil war breaks out in 1642
            English behead kin in 1649


 Middle Class revolution
        Middle class
        Gentry are the ones who did
        Conservative Lords are therefore also on the “outs”
             o Liberal-thinking gentry rise up and take control over English
                politics
            1688 have glorious revolution
            Constitutional monarchy
               o Established constitutional monarchy and king has to share
                   power with parliament
                       Parliament names the king
                             Has to be subject to the law
                             Parliament is permanent institution
                       English people have basic rights that cannot be
                        infringed by king
                       Elections where middle-class people can
                        meaningfully elect
                       Parliament has right to remove king
               King   retains such powers
                       Command in chief
                       Absolute veto
                       Power to “prorogue”
                             Power to send parliament home
                       Spoils and patronage
                            King is the one to give out govt jobs
                      Life-tenured job
   English bill of Rights
      o When king came to thrown, they agrees certain rights
              English Declaration of Right –English Bill of Rights
                      Cant tax people without parliament
                      No detention of citizens without cause shown
                      No military in the private home
                     Limitations on when Marital law could be declared
                     King did not have the power to “suspend law”
                     No excessive bails, cruel-and-unusual
                      punishments
                          Jury trials in criminal cases
             Wrote American’s bill of rights based on English bill of
               rights
   The two party system
      o Parties form
               Tory and whigs
               Whigs
                    Stand for
                         New financial institutions
                         Letting people participate more in picking
                           leaders
                         The sovereign was parliament b/c it was
                           elected
                                Religious freedom
                                Progressive
                    Tories
                         Liked the old world
                         Chains of being
                         Land as power
                         Were against modernity – wrong believers should
                           go away
                         They were against the new financial institutions
                         Conservative
           o Quote Robert Bucholz *see slide

England as the First Modern Country?
      England in Early 1700
          o Permanent Parliament
          o Central role for the House of Commons
          o Party press
          o See slide for rest
The power sharing relationship
        Out of turmoil and social sectors
        See slide for illustration
        Virtual Representation –Peasants, serfs
            o They are not in the government but the house of commons
               takes care of them
                   Some of them might have be in government
        Where is the Judicial Branch?
            o There is no supreme court
            o House of lords would be like having the senate being the
             court
“On “Constitution”
      “English Constitution”
          o Don’t have a written constitution
          o The term “Constitution” means
                 Sense of the formal limitation of sovereign authority
                       “rule of law?”
       public understanding about the institutions and their
        legitimacy
     the most important STATUTES that pass the
        enlightened power-sharing relationship
            laws passed become apart of the constitution
     enthymeme –sufficient enforcement mechanisms?
        (Glorious power-sharing configuration)
o Constitution works within government rather than above
  government
9/29/2010 8:27:00 PM
9/29/2010 8:27:00 PM

				
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Description: Notes for Constitutional Development, taught by Dr. Sean Wilson, Esq.