Strong trap Blogger ago Reporter: social stratification, with the elite, Advantage family; world divided, a well-developed, strong and the like. May be in order to achieve harmony, the stronger party always shown a charity, the pursuit of justice faces. Of course, some true and some have good human nature, but also sinister intention of the human heart. Human nature, rich people can help the poor get rich, but will not make the poor become rich like him, they need a deep divide between the obvious and even insurmountable, otherwise how could he love and be recognized by society, to make up self-missing opportunities? The muddy water between countries that may be even more unpredictable. I am not a hatred of the rich, I am not denying the social charity. I just told a number of vulnerable groups, whether groups or organizations: the strong side of superstition, not "recommendations" and "recommend" their "good intentions" may not give them good education, enrichment and development of the real path, during or exaggerated or hidden, or to join the social ethical and legal factors, or ulterior motives - the path of development according to their specified, is a strong willingness to maximize the interests of one party. To participation in social policy or international rule-making, implementation and monitoring, not just as a play-off, so that the process of playing to play and gain playing with profit, so the other can not be controlled. V. above, a humble opinion, only nonsense, let us also look at the "rich trap - why the developed countries kicked the ladder," the book review it! --------------------------------------------- ??????????????????????????"Kicked the ladder" is to not let you go beyond ? ???????????Study: Pan Qiwen, contained in the "Chinese Academy of Social Sciences report," 26 May 2009. ? In today's world, we see some no shortage of "kind" of developed countries. To help developing countries that they had "the good life", described as "busy before the busy post-" to make plans, "sell" various policy proposals. However, Zhang University of Cambridge, Department of Political Economy Summer Associate (Ha-loon Chang), Dr. is in the "rich Trap: Why do developed countries, kicked the ladder?" In the developed countries are recommended to developing countries, the so-called "good policy "and" good system "is to guide development than for In the country's "wealth ladder," while today's developed countries are trying to kick this "ladder" - it would undoubtedly be kicked out of developing countries among the developed countries of the "ladder" and its fundamental purpose is to maintain two different levels of development among countries and for "a lifetime meal ticket." Here, the "good policy" often refers to those so-called "Washington Consensus" unanimously approved the policy, including restrictive macroeconomic policies, international trade and investment liberalization, privatization and deregulation. "Good system" referred to must be those developed countries, especially Britain and other countries were used in the system, including: democracy, "good" bureaucracy, independent judiciary, the private property rights (including intellectual property rights) in strong protection, transparent and market-oriented corporate governance system and the financial system (including the central bank with independent political status), etc.. According to today's standards, immediately recommended that all developed countries to developing countries "good policy" and "good system" in its early history is highly "imperfect", even if these "imperfect" policy and system, the developed countries themselves are not well used, or simply not used. Developed countries have climbed different "ladder", then why they should "kick" catch up strategy climb the "ladder"? It is because they attempt to use its strength in the world economy, making economies of developing countries level of development never reach their level. They usually take measures that, in formulating the international economic system of Guize Shang "Qian Kun Tai diversion": Yifang Mian, Ta Men orally on Yaoqiu developing Caiyongnaxie Tamen has never Fa Zhan Er Shi Yong over the so-called "good policy" and " a good system ": On the other hand, when the developing countries in a way they set up a" wealth ladder "to climb, especially when the level of economic development in developing countries will be near or at the level of their development before they will create all kinds of excuses, "kicked the ladder." (including the re-development and changes do not help the economic development of developing countries in international economic rules and standards), the level of economic development in developing countries will never get what they are now up height. Intellectual property system, for example, the major countries in Europe and the United States until the late 19th century, intellectual property system still very chaotic, governments refuse patent protection for chemical products, acquiescence imported technology patented in China and the neglect of foreign patents, etc. and so on. The United States more than 100 years after the founding of beginning to recognize foreign copyrights, starting from the first introduction of intellectual property law to the initial sound, Western countries took more than 100 years. However, they are asking developing countries to rapidly implement intellectual property regimes, especially in April 2007, the Sino-US intellectual property rights issues "conflict" sudden escalation - when the U.S. government announced to the world trade organization of trade action against China, the two were accused of copyright enforcement in China and restrictions on American movies, music, books, products into the Chinese market and developing countries ... ... the current year compared to developed countries, development, upgrading the system does has "advanced" a lot, which makes short-term reform of space within the system and the role of constantly narrowing. The IP determines a country's position in the international division of labor in developing countries in the process of "jump" or "leapfrog" development, made by developed countries to temporarily can not accept or not accept, so they "trying" the "ladder" aside. At the same time, the developed countries maintain the "global standard" of the intellectual property system and the common control system will also require developing countries to training (Even worse, from the foreign employment) a large number of world-class legal experts and accountants, The developing countries most need is engineers and craftsmen. Therefore we can say whether in the policy areas, or areas in the system, the developed countries today are in the "kick the ladder." Some systems that benefit the majority of developing countries, but its specific form could still be a controversial topic. Such as the central bank's control of systemic risk is necessary, but disputed whether it should be required, as orthodox theory not subject to political influence and only focus on controlling inflation? As the authors put it: "reform, in particular, is to consider the really good policy and good system integration can bring great potential when Fa Zhan, should be bold to try. But this does not mean forcing all countries should be one kind of fixed the Anglo-American Deng Fa Zhan mode, Yebingbushi Yaoqiu developing countries to upgrade their system too fast level. " Both developed and "Kick the ladder," the hidden purpose behind what we have reason to ask the question: the developed countries to developing countries recommended the so-called "good policy" and "good system" when, if they are deliberately conceal their "success secrets" mean? book brings together various viewpoints with the orthodox history of capitalism's historical information, the developed countries in the course of their development policies and institutions adopted a comprehensive yet concise description of and discussed. In other words, this book raised the question: "How true that the rich countries become rich?" On the short answer is: not through the use of the developed countries to developing countries that their policies and the system recommended by Today's position. Most of them have frequently used the "bad" measures and policies such as protection of infant industry policies and export subsidies. These measures and policies today are not in favor of the World Trade Organization, even firmly resisted. Before they become well-developed (ie, until the late 19th century and early 20th century), they were now only a small number of developing countries as essential systems, including central banks, limited liability companies and other "basic" system. Therefore a matter of policy, the author sensibly pointed out: "The developing countries should be allowed to present the current stage of development in their countries through the effective use of the 'bad policy'." Looking at the book, not difficult to find countries "Kick the ladder," the danger is that it will further lead to new imbalances in the world economy, expansion of the world economy the gap between rich and poor countries: it will make it on the international economic organizations (including the WTO, WB, IMlz) developed a fair international economic rules and authority cast doubt on the intensification of the developing and developed countries in the economic development of contradictions and conflicts. To correct the developed countries "Kick the ladder" type of selfish way to approach the current reform of international economic organizations, so that it not only represents the interests of developed countries, but also to fully reflect and represent the interests of developing countries. "Wealth ladder" needs of developing countries and developed countries to establish, once the "wealth ladder" to reach a consensus, it does not allow any State or States free to "kick."