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Mao Dun's _quot;Midnight_quot; in Introduction to

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									Mao Dun's "Midnight" in Introduction to
Dear Students:
High School extra-curricular language section of the seventh school to
read one of the famous "Midnight", is now open reading it!
Students to arrange a time please read and complete the following
exercises in a timely manner. If the conditions of the students, you
can print out the material in order to learn.
Language teacher
09.3.1
?
Mao Dun's "Midnight" Introduction to
First, the writer describes
????Mao Dun (1896 - 1981), formerly known as Chen Dehong, word
Yanbing. "Mao Dun" is published "disillusioned"
when using the pen name before. Zhejiang Tongxiang Wuzhen people.
Famous modern writer, an outstanding master of language, one of the
leaders of proletarian revolutionary literature and art movement.
????January 1921 Mao attended the first China initiated a new literary
societies - Literary Research, edited and have a significant impact on
the reform of the literary journal "The Short Story
Magazine." September 1927 to June 1928, he completed his debut,
"Eclipse" trilogy, including three medium-length:
"Disillusionment", "shake," "pursuit."
Before and after 1932, but also have a huge reputation for complete
access to the novel "Midnight" and the short story
masterpiece "Linjiapuzai", "Spring Silkworms."
1933, made the connection, "Spring Silkworms" characters and
stories created the "Autumn Harvest", "till
winter," constituted a broad impact on the rural trilogy of short
stories. The early 40s, wrote "Praise of White Poplar",
"Landscape on" and other excellent essays. His creation of
the novel as well as "corrosive" and "Red Leaves in
Flowers," and so on.
????After the founding, served as writer Mao Dun President of the
Association, the first Minister of Culture and other staff. March 27,
1981 Mao died in Beijing, who leaves a will, set up with his
royalties, "Mao Dun Literature Award", a special reward
outstanding achievements in the Novels of authors.
II Synopsis
????This is an early 30s destitution, war is more than a decade, but
in Shanghai, brings together the nation's largest financial
capitalists and industrial capitalists and big factories billowing
smoke, live a high society life of luxury and dissipation.
????Wu SunFu open national capitalists silk plant is the only
remaining one of several national industry. He encountered many
challenges. Known as the bond sector, known as Zhao Botao devil to
find him and his sister Fudu bamboo, fasting, and to jointly do a long
business, that is, buying stocks with low price and then sell at high
prices, profiteering. Urgent funds that knows Zhao Wu SunFu insidious
man, but one guy did take risks, but fortunately made a sum of money.
He and Sun Jiren, Wang and Fu also do a bank, they do not aim to use
the capital in the stock business, but also to develop several plants,
to enhance the strength of national industry. Subsequently, the
establishment of interest in the company, and await those who engage
in non-side mergers and small businesses.
????Lay wishful thinking, and can be felt Wu SunFu untimely. Factory
strike one after another, so that he can not full production. This
does not, pick the first female factory workers Yao Jinfeng,
organizations are nothing more women workers. Wu SunFu a stomach gas
down the cowardly old steward, staff was introduced at a young Tu
Weiyue. Though he is young, but it has and, like Wu SunFu confidence,
a quick mind. He does not have strong opponents, but secretly bought
rioters Yao Jinfeng, the collapse of the strike. Who knows, the
original was bought off a jealous fat women, women told her the secret
to its result, Yao Jinfeng seen as a capitalist running dog, ruin,
strike recovery, not rejection. Wu SunFu angry and went to the
factory, send a punitive expedition. In a very disadvantageous
position Tu Weiyue still is so calm. Wu SunFu door to greet his
factory, the layout of his report to the Wu SunFu. His vicious plan to
dismiss Yao Jinfeng Wu Jialing, but to enhance that betrayed Yao
Jinfeng a jealous women. Thus, Yao Jinfeng in the eyes of women but is
being wronged sisters, women will not accept this decision, therefore,
can serve as a concession, Wu then back down, he does not give Yao,
and give workers a day off. Thus, not only to quell strikes, but can
Yao Jinfeng women were inserted in the nail. Wu SunFu by the line
count. Sure enough, the strike settled.
????Bonds on the success and stability of the plant to Wu SunFu
complacent again. He and Sun Jiren, Wang and Fu set up a bank. Wu
SunFu attention to this national industry is not to use the financing
to the capital in the stock business, he looked down on fast flow
fictitious sister Fudu bamboo practice, he wanted to expand the
national industrial capital and the development of several coat
factory. Twists and turns of his career in developing more smoothly.
Now, in addition to his silk business, he has the acquisition of eight
low-cost small factories, operating daily necessities of life.
However, as the newly acquired plants need capital to expand the scale
of wages to the workers out, before we expected to develop. Therefore,
funding is imperative Wu SunFu. Difficulties not only here. As the war
frequently, there is no market for goods produced in a moment, this
looks like a big hand who stuck his neck enterprise development. Wu
SunFu and Sun Jiren so determined to bite the bullet and went to the
catastrophe. Wu SunFu sometimes can not help but be discouraged to
think: "On what plant, why would not do banking." Leighton
meal, Suiyou uncompromising attitude: "No! I still want to stay
here for! China's national industry to only a handful of items it!
silk relations, especially the future of the Chinese nation great!
long as the country as a country, the government like a government,
the Chinese industry must have hope! "
????Wu SunFu cause in time be developed gradually, Zhao Botao come
forward to make trouble here. His background is very complex, not only
for the political background, the military also has a deep
relationship with him. Zhaobo Tao Wu SunFu eyeing this piece of fat,
trying to swallow his business away. Wu SunFu his sights on the
biggest problem is the shortage of funds to the widespread rumors that
a bank organized Wu SunFu interest will not be on time, encouraging
investors to raise the deposit. Wu SunFu decisive posted notices
informed investors, who extracted within half a month who will not
expire exhausted, you can special accommodation, interest calculated
according to the day. This is only a move to put out the rumors.
????However, the capital of the Wu is increasingly tight. Town home
again with double changes, the resistance of the peasants in his home
town makes some industries suffered huge losses and thus have resorted
to all the tricks of funding. He began to viciously exploit the labor
of workers, have increased the workload, but also to deduct 20% of the
wages. Workers, to the consternation of the new strike will begin. The
new strikes and new dangers, and soon will be home and less abroad by
Wu SunFu.
????In a battle of wits in the moment he and Zhaobo Tao, Zhao Wu, a
mistress seeking refuge. She volunteered as Wu's eyes and ears. So, Wu
decided against. Zhao showed the cards to the Wu. Wu he would like to
invest 300 million bank, but the actual business of the shares to
control the Wu. If you do not accept the proposal Zhao, Wu funds will
be unable to maintain the reconstruction of each company and can not
stick to the improved sales of goods that day. Wu and Sun Jiren, Wang
and Fu, after discussions, a determination to fight with Zhao. They
will plant 8 to cobble together all the mortgages out of 60 million,
Wu has secured the property, the money used for public debt, which is
the stock business. Sure enough, the Wu did receive the message, Zhao
also go all out. Deadlock formation, Zhao Botao also feel a great deal
of pressure, flow of funds is also not working.
????Wu SunFu tension to the extreme, he finally know that such a
society in China in order to develop national industry and how
difficult it is. Unconsciously, he has been involved in the
speculative market to fictitious come. He had to rely on his beloved
pawn and financial capitalists Zhao Botao factory to make a desperate
it a try. In the financial, corporate and investment home exhausted
his three fronts. First time ever, he left his job, and friends and
spend a night prostitute.
????In the plant, renewed wave of strikes, this time the city
organized a general strike. Workers under the leadership of the
Communist Party, is unity. Tu Weiyue disintegrating and repeat trick,
but a lot of difficulties. A group of relatives to weaken Tuwei Yue Wu
SunFu authority, secretly pull lapel restrictions, stirred up trouble.
Good a factory, just pains to women who return to work, one of us
fights between the events of a situation has worsened. Wu SunFu
beleaguered aside other important things, personally went to factory
inspection.
????Bonds has done a critical time. Unsupported for Zhao Botao and
showed the strength of his trump card. He used "to maintain
domestic public debt would be" in the name of power the
Government to ban short selling. To do this just Hearing Wu SunFu
short side does not believe it. Wang and Fu is said with a wry smile,
Zhao Botao wrist not only that, he also go directly to the sport
Exchange Council and the broker will, they issued a document
encouraging the seller to increase the margin to more than double.
This is tantamount to making Zhaobo Tao Wu SunFu a penny to two cents
to the top. Wu SunFu desperate last hope left, that is, please join Du
Bamboo Vegetarian old brother, his strong capital investment to sell
the air, or a stroke.
????Wu SunFu worry about closing time in the final, not fast exchange
Du bamboo. His worry is unnecessary. Wu SunFu collapsed after the
exchange was sent home. His car pulled out of Exchange, the Du bamboo
just pulled into the car fast. DU Zhu Zhai finally appeared. Wu SunFu
Du from the phone that the advent of, only grow in one breath. But,
wait the outcome of the national capitalists is very unfortunate. As a
savior by his sister Fudu fast access to government bond market of
bamboo, he is not standing for Wu Sufu short side, but betrayed his
Qidi, made long. Wu SunFu complete bankruptcy.
III REVIEW¡¿ ¡¾works
????This article from the Wu family from the rural to urban Venerable
Master Kao began to write, because Wu Venerable Master Kao can not
accept honest noisy, red blood, suffering from brain death. Wu
Venerable Master Kao's condole the meeting, to many people. Wu Sun Po
promised Sun Jiren proposed such a group, "several different
sized entrepreneurs to organize a new group for the fictitious
business." Meanwhile, Wu Sun Po's brother also agreed to join
Zhao Botao led "long" companies. Pu and Zhao Botao from
Wusun contradiction between the struggle began. At that time these
turbulent times, Wusun Po rural home was robbed, suffered serious
losses. Formation of a new plant in order to raise capital, he was the
exploitation of workers, long wire, leading to demonstrations of silk
long strike, and ultimately the stock market fails, fall into the
"comprador of."
????Novel Chapter 1 by Wu Venerable Master Kao city, beginning the
book's prologue, Chapter 2-3 by Wu Venerable Master Kao's funeral,
please out of the book almost all the main characters, but also for
"Three Wire" foreshadowed . Chapter 4 to write double-Town
farmers riot, have not been continued since then, has drifted away
from the book is suspected. Chapter 5-8 written on three sides Wu
SunFu attack, victory across the board form a small climax. Zhao Wu
wrote the first battle of wits Chapter 9-12, Chapter 13-16 written by
Wu SunFu got hit into the rise of the labor movement's difficulties,
the first chapter written Wu SunFu 17-19 last struggle.
????Content from the novel point of view, the main write three clues
on what happened: One: the struggle against the bond market; II: Yuhua
workers strike; three: Two Town farmers struggle against the despotic
landlord. It is a typical semi-works city of Shanghai as the
background to national and comprador capitalists Zhaobo Tao Wu SunFu
the main line of the conflict, the early thirties to the people to
start a broad picture of Chinese society. - Urban and rural workers
and peasants struggle, the annexation of national industry and
commerce, warlord, rural bankruptcy ... ... magnificent works by
numerous clues and complex social relations, many sides to show the
dawn before the advent of "Midnight."
????"Midnight" of creation, after a thorough preparation for
life and thought. To better understand the early thirties of the
Chinese society, the writer visited the entrepreneurs, civil servants,
revolutionaries such a great variety of people, visited the Stock
Exchange to investigate the status of the national bourgeoisie, while
reading about the nature of Chinese society at that time controversy
article. In a lot of material to master, in-depth investigations and
studies written on the basis of "Midnight", reflects the
writer of the old Chinese society Marxist analysis and estimates.
????"Midnight," a vivid reflection of the early thirties a
variety of acute and complex social conflicts: the war intensified
faction within the KMT, the people suffered much war, imperialist
capitalism shift of world economic crisis, China's national industry
and commerce the brink of bankruptcy; urban and rural workers and
peasants, under the leadership of the party launched the revolutionary
struggle in full swing. It is in this broad work background to start
up the story, shaping the character image.
????"Midnight" is the activities of the characters in such a
broad historical background; and people's character and destiny
through the development of a powerful demonstration of clear
development trend of the times and the magnificent waves. It is with
Shanghai as the center, reflecting the whole picture of Chinese
society; O is written in nineteen thirty years and two months (May to
July) in the event, and these events where they buried the past and
the future of China's social context. The complex and diverse social
significance of major historical phenomena of life through careful and
precise structure shown great art.
????"Midnight" creative plot center, is represented by Zhao
Botao financial comprador bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie
represented by Wu SunFu struggle between the end result is Zhao Sheng
Wu defeated. Works are magnificent panoramic view of the screen,
strongly suggests that in the thirties, "China did not go the
road of capitalist development, the Chinese oppression of imperialism,
colonization was more."
IV¡¿ ¡¾art image
????"Midnight" successfully created a number of vivid
artistic image. Particularly among the typical Wu SunFu create the
most outstanding. As a representative of the national bourgeoisie, Wu
SunFu strong career, not a commonplace Beisuo figure. He has ambition,
we should "dead than alive, the so-called entrepreneurs" all
down, he has courage, well versed in "a small amount of
non-gentleman, non-toxic does not her husband," the famous
saying, know how to put someone's destiny into their own hands, he As
a seasoned entrepreneur with education, experience and wealth of
experience. However, in the semi-feudal old China, unable to move his
career. He faces two conflicts, one with imperialism brokers,
financial comprador capitalists Zhao Botao race of life and death; the
second is the sharp confrontation with the working class. His exposure
to the center of conflict, the course of events so that each side of
his character is fully displayed: resolute he sometimes arbitrary,
sometimes hesitate a bewildered, sometimes a firm confidence,
sometimes decadent terror, seems to intimate knowledge of the
distress, but in reality often moves perverse. Wu SunFu character
richness, complexity, and it is a true reflection of the Chinese
national bourgeoisie sides.
????"Midnight," which, Mao Lin Peiyao mouth by saying that a
basic concept, Wu SunFu her reckoning, "the twentieth century
hero of the industrial age machinery Knight and 'Prince'"
(Chapter 3). Wu SunFu the one hand, small businesses than his bully,
but, more than his background, like Zhao Botao, he no match for them,
so Wu SunFu later thought, "He knew his old circle of the head
sets in Zhuyin Qiu, now Zhaobo Tao take it enlarged to cover that
interest in the company of "(Chapter 17), which is" feed off
shrimp ", merciless and cruel business competitive society.
Description of the tone of Wu SunFu are filled with passion: "Sun
is just a big ambition. He also full of the spirit of adventure, hard
dry gall force; he likes working with people like him, he saw some
good companies on the No insight, no means, cowards of the mediocre
hands, ended up dead than alive, he is hated something. For this dead
than alive, the so-called entrepreneurs, often sun just going down
them without mercy, to get the enterprise His iron hand in to.
"(Chapter 3) and the bearing of this vision is that others do
not, there is a remarkable momentum, commanding feel. Mao Dun in
"Midnight," which gives the character of Wu SunFu romantic
temperament.
????Wu SunFu this person have different origins and educational
background. He is a student studying in Germany, a returnees to come
back after their studies abroad, founder of business. He received a
Western education, modern science, there is a background of modernity,
the world in the 1930s, the German walking in the forefront of modern
science. At that time the Chinese people's reckoning, the worship of
Germany to the United States is now a bit like the kind of worship,
scientific, economic, including the person that a high degree of
discipline and so on, all aspects of Germany is a worldwide model. So
let Mao Dun Wu SunFu to study in Germany, it is clear that reveals he
has a background of modern education. Today, as we say, is the most
with the world standards.
????Wu SunFu appearance is not a minor. He used his father's funeral,
together with the other two bosses for the establishment of a trust,
and this trust if the mess, he can breath and eat down to eight
plants, the transportation, textile, many utilities have monopoly
power in their own hands , according to today is to become a large
group of companies. Cotton spinning industry is now a sunset industry,
and that time was just emerging industry, then he do is cotton,
electricity, transportation, etc., are closely associated with the
modernization of industry. On this basis, Wu SunFu as a capitalist, he
would like to make money is certainly not a personal fortune, he has
very consciously to their business behavior, business behavior, with
the national interests, the country's future linked. So, when they are
ready to joint the company to eight plants were eating, watching Wu
SunFu draft merger, through the draft, has appeared on his mind a
thought:
????Wu SunFu holding that "draft", look at one side, one
side of paper ever rises to the great vision of the body: tall
chimneys such as forests, in gilded black smoke; ship in the wind and
waves, cars passing through the wilderness. He could not help but
smile slightly. And he added that the ideal may not be completely
squeezed. (Chapter 5)
????When they engage in a partnership with the KMT politicians called
Tang Wan Shan, Wu SunFu talking with the Three People's Principles,
about Sun Yat-sen's "nation-building strategy." Others just
want to make money without regard to this set, "Wu SunFu eyes
actually only excitement came a glory." (Chapter 3) can be seen,
in fact, what is imagined Wu SunFu, with Sun Yat-sen's imagination,
with the national bourgeoisie in China at that time imagined all the
same, as we said today, that is, to imagine a modern . Chinese people
into the 20th century, the biggest dream, is also the largest one,
"Orthodoxy" is how China to modernize, how to make China the
world's most prosperous future. This time, Mao Dun Wu SunFu at once to
give a very great personality. Beginning writers gave him a very high
starting point is to come through the modernization through the
quality of personality, that is, this person has always been with us
throughout the development of modern people to imagine how China
linked to is totally one.
Such capitalists, bound to the political, the state put forward their
own ideas and requirements. There is a detail that Wu SunFu with his
Taijiu Zi Du bamboo fast two people talking, because Du bamboo Lent is
a banker, he said: "On What Works! Really naughty! Why did not
run a bank? By my capital, this spirit, to do banking Bu Zhiyu fall
behind others in the strike? massive Bank of Shanghai is now time to
run, but hundreds of thousands of dollars ... ... "However,
having said that, he said," As long as countries like the State
Government like the Government, the Chinese industry must have hope
of! "(Chapter 2) Mao imagine is a great capitalist power, their
economic activities have with the modern Chinese politics were closer
together, even to some extent, to manipulate the military and was
politics.
????Wu SunFu who have a very strong modern personality. Has been
studied in the past, Wu SunFu scene emerged, such as living room,
factory, office, car, is a public scene. Almost no one is
claustrophobic and static scenes. Some of the other bosses, such as
his opponent Zhaobo Tao, Zhao Botao where there are stealthy, first
appeared in the garden rockery is behind, as in the conspiracy, and
then inside the hotel, the hotel is also a very private place This
character is always in the shadows. The scenario in public, Wu SunFu
all these activities are rushed, which is always in an action, he got
down from the car, walked into the living room, temper, handle
official business, and then immediately went out again, like Mao Dun
was a camera , has been followed by this person go. The artistic image
has been moving, heart moving, his face moving, the body moving, and
always by a strong dynamic to show the person's character. Example,
Chapter 7, debt write speculative Wu SunFu message waiting time is
like that. Appeared that he was a man pacing back and forth in the
living room, watching the time, talking to himself, into the library
calls, talking with the fee mustache, and even moving eyebrows:
"Wu SunFu impatiently cried, my heart burst of boredom, to find
room to blame the miserable and sullen, then a hand on the transition
to open the desk a large light yellow silk cover. a yellow fall Wu
SunFu face, we see his face purple blue inner tube. He Ning Li eyes
above the two moving Susu Nongmei Mao. "There is a strong
tension, appears to give the character a different feel. Wu SunFu
total collapse later, to despair, he suddenly went to rape a maid is
still burst out by the vitality of the animal power.
????Such a strong dynamic, with the automobile, with scenes of the
1930s combined the most modern, the people who were given the
characteristics of a modern aesthetic pursuit. Wrote in the chapeau to
the car: "The car fast moving further and further along the North
Suzhou Road, go east, turn to the south outside the White Bridge, and
that three cars will be like a hurricane, minute Zhongban Ying, the
1930-style new record. "wrote several works of the" 1930
style "car," a whirlwind move forward "and stressed
that a speed and rhythm, which is a modern feel, this feeling again,
and the heart Anxiety intertwined. Come from the classical
understanding of the meaning of the United States, the United States
must be pastoral, pastoral-style to the main static. We do painting,
painting in which no one is running, people are fishing, drinking,
very peaceful, this situation can constitute a beauty, it is classical
Chinese aesthetic traditions. Ancient Chinese literary works in most
of the scenes in a relatively static state, and then expand the
infinite detail, infinitely renewable, such as "Dream of Red
Mansions" Eat a Bowl of Tea can eat in one chapter, which is the
classic a description of the method. All modern literature is not
dynamic, but the 19th century, the industrial development of
civilization, people like to be whipped in an environment where the
people are caught in a social system to go is in a hurry movement.
This has become the early 20th century Western Modernism's aesthetic
phenomena of concern to the artist. In the early 20th century writer
who is also a large number of Chinese there. S Early
"Goddess" in the poems are like this, is the city moving,
horn shouting, drum in the ring, and why? He is very strong through
this sound and movement, to reflect the rhythm of an era. So, this
time the rhythm, he is certainly the performance with a noisy, full of
instability of the modern city are related.
????Mao Dun Wu SunFu performance which every detail, always highlights
the dynamic, can not say that he is knowingly in. This intentional, we
tentatively named it a modern character. Not to say, abruptly, running
around, and be called the modern character. And this has been the
cultural background of modern, modern quality posed by modern Wu SunFu
character, is a rare novel with a modern personality image.
????But to understand the character of Wu SunFu is not realistic, it
contains strong emotional Mao Dun, is written in the perspective of
looking up. Chapter 5 Write Wu SunFu example, through the perspective
of his wife to write, with a worship of the eye. Wu soul mate at first
worried about her affair with her husband Ray staff found it appeared
very frightened, Wu SunFu said: "The things to come, in the end
is coming!" She was pale and jumpy, nervous, not between husband
and wife equality, seems to rule Wu SunFu waiting. "Wu soul mate
suddenly looked up and asked," sitting on the sofa looking up,
she always walked in front of her husband, Wu SunFu shown by the text,
is that there is momentum, the tall image: " sharp eyes rattling
radiance ... ... is like a terrible vision of people torn to pieces.
"" He stood up and walked a few steps, waving his Bibo
force, "" eyes and his hunting from the air, ""
then , the answer is not so soul mate, he suddenly put down your hand,
great strides ran out. " This is a powerful, has a strong image
of the destructive power and creativity. Later, the
"capitalists" is the name not brilliance in politics,
critics at the time only character in the analysis of Wu SunFu into
several important personality, some political concepts are applied,
undermines the integrity of the artistic image, but also contrary to
art to create law. In fact, this novel from beginning to end, there is
no vilification of Wu SunFu, and there is no duality, Mao Lin Peiyao
itself is the position of standing, looking at a "twentieth
century, the heroic knights of the industrial age machinery and
'Prince'."
????"Prince," Prince Charming is what we said, well come
from the sky, and the character of Wu SunFu the book is read back from
Germany, he is a successful person. "Hero", this classic of
modern art of personality, its own in Shanghai, the background to have
a special charm. "Knight", I think this is a more critical
word, Knight had not see in today, no one and then the word, and even
in the era of Cervantes, "Knight" has not understood, the
Church ? Kyrgyzstan blame Germany is entirely to be laughed at, but
the Cavaliers have a basic spirit, that is, a person for their own
beliefs, for their own ideals, for their own loved ones, he braved the
risk more than you, regardless of all to talk to windmills. Finally,
with the windmills must be a failure, but for a strange, no one can
not see the faith, he can be destroyed, die for it. Wu SunFu who
actually have such a spirit, so this is a tragic hero.
????"Midnight" grand and rigorous structure, in order to
accommodate both the complex contradictions, rich life, many people,
but also be clues to clear, prioritized, writer, conceived in a very
cost pains. First, the authors designed a spectacular prelude.
Venerable Master Kao two chapters at the beginning of sudden death by
Wu, Wu kinds of people to condole the description of the government,
natural and clever debut for many roles, both preliminary figures show
the activities of a typical environment, but also pull out the various
contradictions and conflicts of the plot lines . Secondly, the main
part of (III-VI), arranged for a main line and a number of regional
cross-network structure development. Wu, Zhao struggle as the main
line of the plot development throughout the book, both of each branch
line of the context of their own development, and common services in
the main line of development, both rich, and coherent. The last three
chapters, as the book's climax and ending, pen force retracts the main
line, have written the Wu SunFu ink weight efforts that try to restore
a critical situation, write ups and downs, glittering.
????"Midnight" have is of proletarian revolutionary
literature movement in the counter-revolutionary culture
"encirclement and suppression" in moving forward, it shows
the left-wing camp, the battle performance of literature, from the
creation of proletarian literature is a proof of the invincible The
most promising power.
V. ¡¾Related Comments¡¿
????"Midnight" --- thirties picture of old China
????In 1933, a "real application of social science, literature
and art on the performance of China's social relations and class
relations" carry the tripod as --- "Midnight" was
published, several years later, "Midnight" in the
description the darkness of China, is gone, but the history of the
book is heavy left worth thinking about. "Midnight" to
describe China's large-scale social phenomena such as the panoramic
view of the whole construction from the value orientation, and
self-conscious sense of participation, and explore social and
political issues.
????The thirties of last century, China is in the dark rule of the
Kuomintang under Chiang Kai-shek was represented by the landlords and
big bourgeoisie usurped the fruits of the victory of the Revolution,
Chiang Kai-shek inside, outside imperialism, they pushed the Chinese
to further "two halves" of the social abyss. The national
bourgeoisie, the revolutionary struggle of workers and peasants such
as these historical terms, in the "Midnight" was a profound
interpretation. "Midnight" with a social science
perspective, class analysis, correctly reflected the melody and class
relations. Peak blood MR commented: "" Midnight "is a
pioneer in the Lu Xun, China opened up heroically fighting the modern
way of literature, realism in the way, secular music can draw up to
Provincetown milestone of revolutionary literature."
????Wu SunFu is "Midnight" Over ninety people in the most
distinctive character is typical of the industrial capitalist nation
thirties, is a typical interpretation of the national bourgeoisie. The
dual nature of the national bourgeoisie, most vividly reflected in his
possession. He has the development of national industry, ambition,
courage and means that he was "full of the spirit of adventure,
hard dry gall force" Therefore, he not only played in his home
township Shuangqiaoshan banks, pawnshops, oil mill, rice mill, power
plants, etc. There is a silk factory in Shanghai Yuhua, even, and Sun
Jiren, Wang and Fu and other organized interests of national
industrial capitalists in the trust. They imagined "their light
bulbs, hot water bottle, umbrella, soap, rubber slippers, remote
villages all over the whole of China!" They chanted, "As
long as countries like the State Government like the Government, the
Chinese industry must have hope."
????But "he frequently thought of conservative thought of
compromise." In his ambition to be a barrier comprador financial
capitalists Zhaobo Tao, he chose to suppress the strike to pass its
own crisis, while engaging in "speculative bond" in an
attempt to use this beat, "Treasury devil" Zhao Botao. The
reality is cruel, when the social and historical realities and the
inherent weakness of the national family, decided the fate of Wu SunFu
only as an attempt to use the "big release site," "one
dollar goods" approach to survive in the small business forest
boss. His grief is not his own, but the entire community.
????For today's readers, through the "Midnight" the early
thirties to recognize the reality of Chinese society, recognizing the
dual nature of the national bourgeoisie, ¾É Chinese weak understanding
of the social nature of colonial semi-sealed, to understand the
thirties the struggle of workers and peasants under the leadership of
the Party The surging trend and so on.
????Therefore, the "Midnight" is presented to future
generations, Mr. Mao's a historical picture, so that people today can
clearly understand the history.
????Meanwhile, the fourth chapter of the armed capture of the old
peasant landowners, Cao skinned uncle Wu SunFu and XIII, fourth
chapter describes the Shanghai Yuhua silk factory workers strike, are
accounts of historical events with a literary perspective, so that
people in literature to appreciate the magnificent appreciation of the
history of that period.
????"Midnight" is like a mirror that lights a corner of the
old Chinese society, Mao Dun as a storyteller, tells of the bitter
history of that period, showing a nation riddled with blood and tears.
????Described by scholars of history, and their descendants in the
eyes of reality
????Mao Dun with a keen eye, sharp peak of the pen, a thorough
understanding of the station dominated Chinese society trends, current
and power ... ... to make him a true description of the literature has
obvious value. Korean scholars in the Pu Xingbing that ""
Midnight "is the historical merits of China's social realism and
created a path of literary development." Can say
"Midnight" is an advanced form of social documentation. It
is the thirties the development of Chinese society, "cross"
to show to the future generations. "Midnight" is not only
describes the struggle of speculative market is constantly changing,
the bleak prospects for national industry, urban bourgeois society
live in dreams of living, and describes the working class, strikes,
riots, and so the revolution in rural areas.
????"Midnight" Social analysis of this novel not only banned
version of the KMT over the period, in the "Gang of Four"
also banned version over the period, thus, we can see that
"Midnight," the social impact and the "Midnight"
the progressive significance. These are built on the basis of Mao Dun
obsession with consciousness, as Wang Ruofei evaluation of Comrade Mao
gave, he said:
????Mao Dun's creative career, has been linked with and reflect the
Chinese nation and Chinese people's liberation cause of the general
public. In the era of his creation, but also the Chinese nation and is
the cause of the Chinese People's Liberation period of great change,
the China trend of the times are reflected in the creation of Mao Dun
Mao Dun in the ... ... from the creative process, we can see major
changes in Chinese society, you can also see the rise and fall of the
Chinese People's Liberation Movement of growth and decline. Mr. Mao
maximum success, it is his creation reflects the dynamic state of
China's large and, more importantly, he created the core content, with
the Chinese People's Liberation Movement to contact with the.
????A great man gone, leaving a number of works, a history passed,
leaving a spirit obsession, and this is the great Mao Dun,
"Midnight" great.
VI Analysis:
1, Zhao Botao image.
????Zhao Botao is the comprador capitalists, the U.S. monopoly
capitalist running dogs, political, and Chiang Kai-shek regime with a
deep relationship.
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Why?
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(2).

(4).




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