How to improve children's memory ????Memories good or bad a person is not born, a good memory is the day after tomorrow's education, training, culture obtained. Memory can not be bad, which is the brain not working, poor memory can not say that the results are older. Psychological research shows that from 18 to 30 years old, is the memory of the "best of" the most efficient memory of this period. The gradual decline after the age of 35 memories. If the 18-year-old to 35-year-old man's memory as the average score of 100 (maximum), then 35 to 60 years of age, the average scores of their memory about 95,60 years old to 85 years of age is about 80-85, from this seems, the human memory impairment is very slow. Primary and secondary students are in the strong memory of the period, the sea of knowledge is inseparable from the memory. We have learned should continue to organize induction, so that in the minds structured, systematic, not chaotic. Some people mind the memory of material compared to books in the library, order after order to make way into the new book. So, how can enhance memory, in teaching to improve students memory efficiency? ? A clear memory of purpose, motivation and responsibility We start looking for an example of everyday life to illustrate! For example, we asked people who live upstairs, they are always up and down, the stairs a few levels? Most people could not answer. But ask a blind man who lived upstairs, he was able to answer them. Why? Because the former did not remember the purpose and needs of stairs series, while the latter is the opposite. This shows a clear goal, the memory will be effective. Similarly, some teachers in teaching the students before class to put forth requirements, finished some time after school to check it out of effect when the court, required to do so than not to mention the effect of higher. Therefore, a clear specific purpose is an important condition for improving memory. Teachers ask students to first preview, do not know in advance where to mark, when attention lectures, do not know where it is easy to understand and memorize. Students can not write down everything, but there are choices are often to be useful, especially things of interest to first remember. Teachers should try to interest students in learning the content, particularly in learning more intellectual interest in the activity itself. If the students to solve math topic that has great fun; experience in language classes in the mother language of the United States, the United States where, or are interested in art appreciation, no doubt the quality of teaching these courses can be raised to a new level. Of course, responsibility, love their work and study, but also can enhance memory. Thus, memory development, with a clear memory of whether the purpose of closely related, and as people towards work, passion for learning, interests, sense of responsibility increased and enhanced. ? Second, focus attention, enhance memory Note that awareness of mental activity, mental activity is selective on certain things. In our study had such experiences: reading texts, fiction, focus, concentrating on reading two times, than the casual, distractions to read Shibian clustered, to better remember what they have learned the content, so focus is enhance the memory of an important condition. Some students forgetful, so much of their memory is not good, but simply not good at concentrating. A not very good people to organize their attention, there will be a good memory. We must train students for each teacher dedicated spirit, to teach them to focus, eliminate interference approach. Teachers should teach students not to study and work, "casual" side wants to learn to correct side of something else, or while doing homework, listening to the radio broadcast's bad habits. Classroom teaching should remove all obstacles. Practice has shown that students do not understand the material, the material does not remember the strong, or the assignment was an error, often caused by the lack of attention. Therefore, concentrate on learning is an effective measure to enhance memory. ? Third, understand what was easy to remember Understanding is the basis of memory, remember to prison, first to understand thoroughly. Not thoroughly understood, even if the material by heart, but also unreliable. The so-called understanding, is to expose real objects and objects of the nature of things. Popular point that understanding is to understand, to understand material that is the what, why is so. Many of the concepts of scientific knowledge is composed of many of the concepts, theorems, laws, rules and formulas should be based on the understanding of memory. For example, the concept of pi, to guide students ranging in diameter from three round the circumference and diameter of the relations obtained regularities, "regardless of diameter, for any one round, its circumference is the diameter of 3.1415 times ", 3.1415 is a constant, the constant name is called pi, with" ¦Ð "said. Students with this understanding, respect and the resistance is inversely proportional; remember algebraic formula "(a + b) 2 = a2 +2 ab + b2", from the binomial Zicheng be the cross multiplication and memory to understand the principle. The same is true history lesson, for example, students to remember which year Revolution, the Communist Party can tell the students it was established 10 years earlier than the students know that the CPC is set up in 1921, also remembered 1911 Revolution in 1911. Thus, efforts to build this thing and the link between what is known, also enhance understanding and memory of a good way. ? Fourth, use of intention memory and ability to train interested in memory People's knowledge and experience, and some have no intention of memories accumulated in daily life practice, we have seen, heard and thought about things, done many things, there was no intention to remember them, but these things but naturally in your head, become an integral part of personal knowledge and experience. For example, impressive in reading text language teachers, history teachers talked about interesting stories, geography teachers, the board readily drawn map of China, an experimental physics and chemistry teachers, some of the charts, teachers did not ask students to remember, but Students recall that deep. Psychological research shows no intention to have a very selective memory, that in life things of great significance for people's interests, needs, activities and tasks for the purpose of things, things that can arouse emotional activities, human impact on the deep, often easier to remember. In teaching the students do not intend to make full use of memory, so that students receive a good impact and accumulation of knowledge and experience. Teaching the use of memory in a good way intention is to hope that students will remember what a campaign organization to become the object of the students. For example, many schools symbolic run to the wall hangs a map there are many cities, the students during the course of the run, the results with a small flag inserted in the map, which city that has run up. Activities have been carried out long-distance running, the city has not claimed a title, but the results of students remember along the city, as the name of these cities have become the object of their activities. Although not asked to remember, but all remembered. So do not intend to memory as long as the appropriate planning, use of appropriate methods of teaching have a great effect. Use knowledge of students do not intend to memory consolidation, so that they can spend less energy, but can not guarantee that the systematic knowledge. Rely mainly on teaching students interested in memory, but only this memory, but also that students will be tired. Therefore, teaching must be no intention to combine memory and intention memory, alternately. Education alone has no intention memory, students often can not remember what non-missing. Therefore, the training intends to remember is very important. For example, a pilot, two class teachers as a requirement to recite the text in the first class of students, said: "I recite this text to check next week." In other classes, the students said: "I Tomorrow we should check to recite the text. "This means that, for the first class required is long-term memory, while the second class on short-term memory is required. The teacher did not check the next day after the second week did not check after a lapse of two weeks before he checks the results as a second class performance results of the first class. This can be seen on students and memory tasks and requirements are different, the effect of memory on the different requirements than the effect of long-term memory effects of short-term memory is better. Because short-term memory requirements, students meet class teachers only ask questions about the temporary record, soon forgotten. Teachers to train students interested in memory (mostly long memory) capacity, is obtain systematic knowledge and skill to pass. In the intention to remember, it is very important is to check. Check to urge students to remember intentional, if not check, they may not seriously to remember. Check first by the teacher, the best to gradually teach them their check, their check is in fact very positive intention and memory. ? Fifth, the significance of memory and machine memory combined The two memories are closely linked, closely related, are mutually reinforcing. On the one hand, the mechanical memory of it as much as possible significance of the time, help improve memory effect; other hand, the significance of memory must also have mechanical memory to help, to ensure the accuracy of memory. Therefore, teaching should be meaningful combination of memory and machine memory, but the significance of memory should be mainly because the significance of memory has more memory than the mechanical advantage. Psychological experiments show that significant memory efficient than mechanical memory. For example, the following two groups of materials that need to be recorded. The first group of materials are: willow, two herons, day, white, on Ming, yellow, line, Oriole, a, Chui, I. Green. The second group of materials: two Oriole Ming Tsui Lau, a line of egrets in the Blue Sky. The results of the first group of materials is the most they can remember the 78, while the second group of materials is not read Du Fu quatrains people will remember exactly. Material is 10 with two words, only the link between words meaning somewhat different, showing significant memory efficient than mechanical memory several times higher. Therefore, the teaching of reading to try to overcome that, "without understanding" "rote" approach. How to help students remember what significance? Significance is the link. Knowledge and objective reality as the link, link between old and new knowledge, knowledge of links between the various parts. To enhance the significance of memory and teachers should make full use of visual aids, visits, laboratory and other means to link theory with practice. Sometimes can be meaningless to the original material, "Fu added," an artificial sense, this is what we usually say "memory techniques", such as compiled songs or jingles, etc. to improve memory efficiency. For example: chemical element symbols difficult to remember, we can have one of the K K, Na Na, Ca calcium, Mg magnesium, Al aluminum, compiled "Canadian beauty" of the jingle; also compiled the valence song: "One price potassium and sodium hydrogen chloride of silver, barium and magnesium oxide calcium divalent zinc, ammonia tetravalent silicon to 35, three valuable elements of aluminum gold; 12 copper and mercury 246 S, 23 to 35 iron phosphate, there tetravalent carbon and silicon lead, more than a few to remember clean price "; English alphabet song, it does not take much effort people can remember. In another example, a unit telephone number is 4418, this number can add meaning, turn it into a 4 plus 4 equals 8, so 4418 is easy to remember. Remember that Marx was born in 1818 and died in 1883, voices a similar statement can be replaced, we can use the homonym for "another wave of another wave, another wave will be allocated to casual" or "one to crawl, a climb to climb the hill to the "to remember; to remember that" 2 and the square of the number of "formula" (a + b) 2 = a2 +2 ab + b2 ", available jingles," the first square, square tail, the product of twice the sum of the central , equal to both ends of the second sign as "to remember. In a short time to remember the names of many people, but also with a sense linked to memory. For example, "Fu Hao" to its homonym "living Buddha" link; "white benevolence" may be associated with white; "rich sein" can be analyzed as the "Mount Fuji on the people." Other knowledge in mind when the appropriate use of mnemonics can be. Simply grab their characteristics, and it and some things familiar link is easy to remember. Mechanical memory should combine together with the significance of memory, but the study also encountered a number of meaningless or meaning less material, the memory of those materials necessary to use mechanical memories. Not only that, sometimes the material itself is meaningful, because the limited level of understanding learners, can not understand the significance of a time, then you can use mechanical memory of the way first, the material it down, and then gradually deepen understanding and strengthen, which is common. Therefore, the role of mechanical memory can not be ignored, and the significance of memory it can often complement each other, and some interesting material, such as formulas, formulas, poetry, Pham Van, etc., in order to remember exactly skilled, but also need to understand, based on repeatedly to remember memorize. Teachers according to teaching materials and clever use of sense memory machine memory, to improve the efficiency of Memory. ? 6, "features" and "five to" is the fundamental memory Reading and study is a perceptual knowledge to rational knowledge of the process of development. Rational knowledge is built based on perceptual knowledge. People's senses to participate in learning activities more emotional material obtained richer, so up to the more rational and profound, more comprehensive, the more solid memory. The so-called "features" is the eyes, ears, mouth, hands, brain, learning should not only watch, with the ears, mouth reading, handwriting, and use the heads, all the senses are mobilized for more kinds of collaborative activities organs, eyes and ears be smart, hands and brain, and use. The so-called "five to", that is, eyes, ears, mouth, hands and mind to rural villages. Eyes to look at that carefully; ears that listened carefully; rural villages is dedicated, independent thinking; exported to is seriously read, speak, speaking, discussion; hand to is to do more, and more practice, more shows, more action. Teachers in teaching students to use the full features do five to provide students with a variety of sensory activities, and will be able to fully grasp the characteristics of things, a comprehensive understanding of the linkages between them, memory efficiency is high. ? 7, suggestive and conducive to memory Lenovo is to think of other things from one thing. Some external information often raises memories of our past. Lenovo is premised on mutual suggestive of various things in the past in the minds of the link has been established. Memories often form associations, some of the same object, can Anzhe be memorizing the different Lenovo recall, many teachers, students answer questions in the association to encourage students to always remember. Lenovo has the following. Close to the association from time and space close to the things remembered. For example, think of Tiananmen, people think of the Great Hall, the Revolutionary Museum, revolutionary martyr's memorial, and Chairman Mao Memorial Hall, the front door of the tower and so on. Similar associations that reflect the object similar places. For example, for scores of teaching, they can and division, decimals linked to. Association that reflects the object contrast against sexual. For example, say National Geographic, it may be China and the United States, Japan and the United Kingdom, the United Kingdom and France compared the effect of memory on the better. Lenovo relationship from a causal relationship between things, subordinate relations associate, to recall a related things. For example, let students know the relationship between temperature and air pressure and wind temperature and latitude, topography, relationship, not difficult to understand the characteristics of temperature distribution in China from south to north with increasing latitude, while the lower parts of the same latitude as the terrain it the higher and lower reason. Teachers try to expose the reality in teaching a variety of links between objects, so that students develop a variety of associations, so that you can greatly enhance the memory effect. ? 8, master forgotten law, reasonable organization review I remember things do not review, will be forgotten. What is forgotten? Where memorizing things over can not be restored under certain conditions, or showed the wrong recognition and memory, called forgotten. What kind of review would be reasonable, have to look at what rules forgotten. According to the results of psychologists found that forgetting is a slow down after the law. That today remember the material, forgotten tomorrow, many will forget the day after tomorrow, but will be less forgotten, the more the less to forget back. First, the review must strike while the iron is hot, in a timely manner. Second, forget the meaningful material slowly and less, meaningless material faster and remember more. Therefore, the review should start when the machine understanding. Third, the material faster and in the middle part of the forgotten more than two parts of slower and less forgotten. This is due to inhibition of proactive and retroactive inhibition attack from both on the double impact of the results. Therefore, the time necessary to review the material on the middle part of the effort and spend more. Fourth, the memories of similar materials are also susceptible to interference since forgotten. For example, the study of history class, immediately to learn a language lesson, then these two materials will interact to some extent, so the two can not well remember. Therefore, when reviewed in a similar material as possible to find different points. Fifth, the larger amount of material, generally forgotten, after the memorial was more; memorizing a small amount of material, the less forgotten. So increase the amount of work is wrong. In addition, the forgotten also depends on the people's interest and emotions, which in teaching should be addressed. Why does it forget? Forgotten because of the memorial created when the neural connections being formed under certain conditions, result-suppression, forgetting to lift the speed of development or temporary nervous connection with the consolidation of the extent and depth of the suppression. The first reason forgotten place, a temporary neural connections stronger than irrelevant stimuli suppressed the original reflex, lead to rejection of the results. This is a temporary forgetting, changes in circumstances after the rejection to lift the temporary neural connections they recover. For example, examination, because of excessive stress, would have to remember a time not answer the material, but also easily remembered after the content was forgotten. The second reason is forgotten, as the cerebral cortex nerve cells after long-term or intense work generated by the fatigue caused by overloaded inhibition results. To avoid this phenomenon, review should be diversified, should pay attention to Laoyijiege. Forgotten third reason is that, as a temporary neural connections, not to strengthen but dissipated, resulting in suppression of the phenomenon. To avoid this phenomenon we must strengthen in time, timely review. According to these forgotten and generation of forgotten causes, and forgetting to fight, it is necessary to organize a reasonable scientific review. Organization review the basic way to consolidate memory, is to prevent forgotten the fundamental way to improve memory efficiency. Then review how to organize it? 1. To timely review. Forgotten place is slow down after the law, it must be promptly reviewed. Experiments show that the memorial was forgotten after the 12 days maximum, then gradually slow. According to this rule, after reviewing more than first few've learned to forget in time before the review can be more effective, until almost forgot to review it, it is worth the candle. "Today's completion of homework today, do not wait till tomorrow" is a good learning experience, and also a good way to fight against forgetting. 2. To properly review the time allocated. Review can be conducted continuously, called centralized review; can also review, between a certain time interval review, called distributed review. Typically, decentralized than centralized review review, because the review focused on easily increase the burden of brain cells, causing fatigue, resulting in inhibition; scattered review the heavy mental step-wise, to avoid fatigue, the time interval, also can play to strengthen the role, so obviously. According to this law, schools must have plans to organize the usual review, focused review of post-out assault by means, is detrimental to the development of adolescent physical and mental health. Do not also review the nature of two similar materials. Learning a material, immediately went to learn the material models are very similar in nature and often occur around the two materials interact and interfere with each other. Alternate review of several of courses than a continuous review of the effect of homework better. Should avoid the single subject teaching alone into, to make rich learning content, learning lively. Note Arts curriculum scheduling interval, not to row with the subject of a similar nature, prevent a single approach. Review should be diversified. Monotonous mechanical repetition, tends to produce inhibition of cerebral cortex and fatigue. Review diversification and consistent with the characteristics of the child's age and can mobilize their initiative and enthusiasm to learn. The so-called diversification, that is, in different ways, from different angles to consolidate the learning content. For example, the same word review, you can use dictation, fill in the blank sentences, analysis shaped the radical, write synonyms or antonyms, etc. ways to make students through the review and deepen understanding of knowledge, so that analogy. ? 9, use of memory, in enhancing teaching achievements Teachers should not only impart knowledge to students, but also to guide students to learn some good memory method. The basic approach is an effective memory to understand and review, all other methods, two basic methods by which derived. One of the more important methods are: 1. The use of part of the memorizing, memorizing the whole memorizing and integrated approach It depends on the length of the text, short text or poems, you can use the whole memorizing. Memorizing a whole is beginning to end to read over and over again until the date to remember. If the text length, you can use part of the memorizing method, that is, to memorizing the text section, until all remember the date. Memorizing section when the situation occurs in reverse order, in order to avoid this effect, the best method using integrated memory, the part of the memorizing and memorizing the whole combination, first memorizing material as a whole, to seize the main points of the full text, and then subdivided part of the memorial, particularly difficult part of the multi-read several times, and finally the sections together into a whole, so memorizing like effect. 2. Repeated reading and try to memorize the combination method Remember a text can be simply repeated the memorial can also be combined with read memories of memorizing. The latter approach allows students to pay attention to what some have mastered and which part of the recall that is not good, then the energy and time to focus on the part with the easy to remember. Studies have shown that both the mechanical memory or sense memory, repeated reading and trying to recall the method of combining, than simply memorizing better than repeated over and over. 3. Comparative Law Comparison is to identify the similarities between objective reality point of a way of thinking. By comparison, the variety of things Biyi Bi, will enable us to accurately understand the inherent characteristics of a variety of things, but also know the same things in common. Memory activity in comparison, to follow two ways. First, with the requesting different, that is, in common or as much as possible on the basis of similarity to find their differences. Second, diversity in unity with, or at different points on the basis of as much as possible to find the common ground or similar points. For example, the quadrilateral in the square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus, trapezoid area formula, etc. can be compared. 4. Classification method Classification is in accordance with the objects of the same features or attributes, grouping them, divided into a class, so that tends to focus on decentralized, fragmented composition of the system, chaotic coherent composition. Library collection, storage management administrator is using grouping. Human knowledge is can be classified, then it will facilitate the keeping and also to facilitate the extraction, and absorption of new knowledge. Five. Memorization method Memorize the material is remembered in verse, which recall flow in, use them can be handy. Memorization in three steps: the first step to understand learning materials, the second step of reading and trying to recite to repeated approaches to combining memory, the third step is to prompt review. 6. Rote method Rote method is that people bring himself to remember but it must be remembered that can not easily remember the material. How to memorize it? The most fundamental way is repeated again and again, often repeated. 7. Recitation method Recitation method is a special memory. It requires the objective order of things in accordance with the fixed, regardless of the severity of major and minor, there is no omission errors to go to memory. Memories are many ways, such as there are opposing memory, the laws of memory, the morning memory, the read-write memory, the list of mnemonic ... ... different people's memories are different. Some good image of the memory, some good memories of abstract words was read the recall rate was listening to the recall rate was on action memory anchored, fast, accurate, and someone experienced to think through the issue of recall rate and so on. Teachers, according to the characteristics of each student, individualized guidance to a number of ways, but note that most people are of mixed types of memory. ? 10, with scientific minds, with a brain health Memory is a function of the brain, study depends mainly on the brain, mental workers must learn to use a scientific brain. A person who would use the brain, good at the brain, the proper allocation of study time, so that diverse learning content, you can learn to get better results. Active learning activities rely mainly on the brain, but the brain can not work indefinitely long time, fatigue or brain cells. Should play an active role in the brain, must be a labor there Yat, work and rest. Teachers not to occupy students during recess time of 10 minutes and calisthenics, do not underestimate the ten minutes between classes, students between classes and sports activities appropriate than staying in the classroom function of nerve cells above the 30% . Get enough sleep, eight hours on study and work have a significant impact, adequate sleep helps learning and memory retention, at least to provide the conditions for long-term memory. Sleep, the brain cells through the elimination of fatigue, the brain to be restored, thus enhancing the ability to learn. Brain's functional state and the entire body's health, therefore, to improve the memory must also pay attention to health, attention to regular physical exercise and the strengthening of nutritional choline is the memory of one hormone, it is chicken, fish, meat, egg content of more . Is a gradual increase in the knowledge from less to more, implemented progressively from simple to complex. To give full play to the potential of brain function, we should reasonably arrange learning, entertainment, sports activities and rest. Some people are very tired in the case has still burn the midnight oil, so the study results can only be a duplication of efforts, also affected the recovery of energy the next day, over time, may cause neurological disorders and even lead to nervous exhaustion, frequent headaches, dizziness, memory will decline. So reading Mo gear, as long as scientifically arrange a time with a reasonable brain, is to have more scientific and cultural knowledge. In summary, we improve the efficiency of memory compiled the following songs: ? Memory Song Purposeful interest in high, remember the image of prison to understand. Focus on strong memory, combined with good mechanical significance. Collaborative features Qi movement, association review less forgotten. Memory approach to flexible Laoyijiege Using brain.
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