Hare ????????Wild rabbit Compared with the rabbit ears rabbit hole a little longer. Hare General solitary, without the hole, they rely on quick run to escape danger, the running speed can reach 50 kilometers per hour. Each female hare and hidden in a shallow nest of Health and a few nest in rabbit rabbit, a few hours after birth, young rabbits can run. Great economic significance of hunting hare is an animal. China has two types of snow rabbit and grass rabbits were introduced as follows: 1. Bielik (State three types of protected animals): (1) bielik distribution: China's snow rabbit called Rabbit. Mainly in the northern part of Heilongjiang Province, and Sanjiang Plain Daxinganling forest area, also in southern Daxing'anling. Because the limited geographical distribution, has been protected as a national three animals, only in the quasi-annual hunting regulations on hunting. (2) bielik form: l0 bielik since January in white, by the end of November or early December to complete the process of molting, when the winter white wool body, only two black ear tips. In summer, snow rabbit's head, back brown, abdomen white. About 50 cm in length and weighing 2.5-4 kg, a large rabbit grass in North China. (3) life habits: bielik is a typical forest-dwelling animals, usually living in the bushes, rivers, lakes and spruce trees along the dominant mixed in. In winter, the woodland, forest edge, and the bush, but also track the activities of common bielik network; those covered in young broad-leaved forest and logging in burned areas, it is a place bielik life. Summer to feed on herbaceous plants in winter eating bark and twigs and saplings, in case of large population, often to harm the trees in some areas. Snow rabbit litter each year two or three times during pregnancy about 50 days, ranging from only 3-5 per litter, and sometimes as many as 10. Health and eyes open, dense hair cover, 10 days to live independently. Life of 8-10 years. (4) economic value: bielik winter skin soft, thick hair plush fur rabbit skin better than others. 2. Grass Rabbit: Also known as mountain grass rabbit rabbit, hare and mountain jump. Because of their fur and grass similar to the name. More types of rabbit are northeast, Mongolia rabbit, rabbits and several species of South China, and their morphological similarity, the same habits, it is be described. (1) the distribution of rabbit grass: grass rabbit fertility is very strong, and can adapt to different living environment, so widely distributed, almost all provinces have their traces, but in the less densely populated areas, more desolate regions . Among them, located in the northeast region of Northeast rabbits, rabbits located in Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu and other provinces, South China Rabbit distributed in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan. (2) the form of rabbit grass: the grass brown hair color, there are red-brown and dark brown; chest hair white or dirty white. Summer short hair, short but not cashmere. Coat color differences, related to the environment with their habitat, indicating a high degree that they can adapt to the environment, concealed himself. Rabbit grass short forelimbs, hind legs long and powerful, good running, l0 meters per second. Good vision, field of vision; ears and long, can make lateral twist, capture sound, so the hearing is very sensitive. But the South China rabbit ear small, also known as small rabbits. Into a beast weighing 2.5 kg, body length 40 cm. (3) living habits: Inner Mongolia, northeast, north, south and other regions of the grass rabbit, like living in a mixed water, the shortage of farmland near the slopes, bushes and grasslands, sand desert areas. Northern Hebei Province, especially hi prickly acacia habitat in the young forest, and full of Yang, Liu Youlin the river banks and farmland near the foothills. Zone with the following three conditions, rabbits quantity, otherwise less. These three conditions are: ¢Ù with hiding the environment, such as bush, prickly acacia Young, having trees in the wasteland and so on. ¢Ú Outlook both predators, they do not affect the run of the area. Dense high grass and alpine slopes, a small number of rabbits, high grass hamper its Outlook and the run, steep slope is not conducive to its activities. Relatively gentle slope of the bushes with the mountain grass is not Mao's living conditions, a Yudi harm is conducive to go into hiding and fled, but not conducive to predators Zhuixi, so a lot of acacia young growth in the rabbit. ¢Û must have food and water nearby areas. Although the hare is easy to solve the food, but the bean fields and radish, cabbage, vegetable garden near the slopes, often a lot of rabbits. Water is also a great impact on the hare, especially in spring and late autumn the dry season even more; lactating females, need to drink every day a lot of water. Dryland hare and there are no hunting significance. Only relatively fixed rabbit grass habitat. In addition to education there is a fixed nest of Aberdeen, the usual leading a nomadic life, but the scope of some wandering, life is not easy to leave the habitat areas. Spring and summer, in the dense young forest and bush life, autumn, winter, dying a hundred herbs, rabbit is often lurk at a Congcao, a lump of soil, or such other suitable place, the grass with the front paws of rabbit dug into shallow Xiaoxue hide. This Xiaoxue, about 30 cm, 20 cm wide, shallow front, the more deeper later, the last of about 10 centimeters deep end, to loop-like, Hebei Province, the hunter hiding in the pits this hare is called " An Son. " Grass Rabbit lurk in which only the lower half of hide behind the body, back, or slightly higher than the horizon line, with the role of the stealth camouflage. Frightened away or food left, and then hidden again when digging, there are also using the old name "An" to hide. Grass Rabbit alert nature, hearing and visual Ling Geng, run away quickly, cover tightly, reproductive ability, predators are numerous, but the rabbit family is still very prosperous. Grass Rabbit nocturnal, like walking has gone through several fixed animal trails. Starting from the dusk, night, sometimes it dawn yet lurk. Chase of the spring heat, the day the sky dark, or drizzle, the road off people thin, they come out activities. Usually only be disturbed during the day, before abruptly fled from the lurk at, they immediately think it safe hiding place dug "An" lurk. Complexity of the grass diet rabbits, with the habitat environment. General eating tender grass, wild herbs and leaves of certain trees and shrubs; winter eating grass, chewing on the bark of branches and saplings, but also eat lichens, in the quantity of time, often to the forest caused by disasters. Live near the grass in the fields Rabbit, Pirates of the fresh sweet potatoes, vegetables, fruit trees grazed, especially eating radishes, spring pea recently excavated into a piece of chewing by their harm, especially drama. Rabbit reproductive grass: three children or four births a year, that is conceived in early spring females in February. Pregnancy one and a half or so, beginning the second month of each child, three, four, four per litter in May - five, six - five from each litter in July - seven, increased in January, the weather turned warm, rich diets, litter size is also increased. Spring and summer if the dry season, the infant survival rate is high, huge increase in the number of autumn hare; if the early rainy season, rabbits died of disease due to moisture and more, the number of autumn is not so much. In general, the removal of all causes of death, a proliferation of 6-9 females average only one year young rabbits. But after a winter of hunting, the arrival of spring, but also sharply reduced the number of rabbits. (4) economic value: rabbit edible; fur available, but the crispy skin panels, low value. China's annual yield, is very valuable meat hunting animals. If an excessive number of regional hare, bringing agriculture, forestry cause serious damage locally, then were eliminated as a pest. ? 3. Hybrid hare: Hybrid is the result of years of Yang Zhi hare exploration and practice, hybrid breeding success, the success of domesticated rabbits, changed its timid and scared and afraid of some bad habits of rabbits. Hare Department of herbivorous birds, tender meat, mellow pollution, is the real green delicacies game. Handpicked by the World Society for the rabbit, "Beauty of meat" and "health of meat." (1), physical characteristics Coat color appearance and taste exactly like the hare meat, wool gray brown color depth across the entire root hairs, the middle shallow. Apex Department has shiny black edges, the first large, long ears erect, eyes are dark brown, the body is raised, full, fine limbs like an adult weighing up to 3.5 to 4.5 kg. (2), Performance Hare high survival rate, reproductive ability, and females breed 7-8 litters per year, only 8-12 per litter, lactation high strength, fast growth, resistance to coarse food, disease rates high, raising up to 2-2.5 and 3 months kg. (3), the main advantages and disadvantages Hare, like rabbit, like the tame cats, both meat and flavor to keep rabbits, but also to adapt to domestic environments. Under the conditions of weight gain than wild fast, easy to raise crude Health, disease epidemic, a strong anti-natural climate factors, technical difficulties and rabbits almost. However, compared with the rabbits, hares more feed consumption low, fast growth, meat quality is good, the meat high, short, strong ability to adapt. 4. Hunting methods: (1) trace the selected hunting area and seek: ¢Ù accurately selected hunting grounds, is a very important first - step. Start hunting for hunters hunting under the usual investigation, according to the above described activities, habits and laws of the hare, the prevailing local climate conditions, water depletion status, and hunters in the past hunting experience, accurate selected hunting grounds, the first step to success . After the hunters into hunting, but also to observe whether the rabbit's foot track intensive, full track, whether the fresh feces and so on. If the rabbit track density, the new multi-track, the main path kicking foot runway is too new exposed soil or snow turning track close enough to the new hunters to enter the hunting ground searches, will soon be startled hare, then, the reserves of hare hunting and more should be well organized hunting. If hunting small rabbit trail, or more than the old track, new track less, or even see a new track; or old manure and more manure less new, then the hunting of the hare is running out, meaning there is no hunting. Little hare many reasons may be: to reach hunting grounds before the hunter has been hunting here before, and left the gun funnel too much, less the old track and more new track, it may be too cool hunting last year, kind of little rabbit, together with climate, rainfall negative, rabbit mortality rate is too high or because the living conditions of rabbits and causing serious damage, add water depletion, water pollution by pesticides or near the hunting areas and hunting grounds was admitted to the wolf (Fox ) Carnivore and so on. Regardless of whether the hunter was to ascertain these reasons, as long as the rabbits that much, should be immediately transferred. ¢Ú hare hunters to enter the hunting ground search and found that they can hunt them. Hare hunters must be noted that traces of heat, the rabbit can be found under the tracks. Fed rabbits after the feeding ground, often forced hop Cuanxiang road, or side of the food side of the walk, and finally follow the original track back in situ, in the shelter lurk together. Hares lurk up, it's enough to trace hidden, often high-jump or side jump out of the many circles or double track, or track in its path a few times on the shuttle run, the formation of children line footprint from Behind, then gently without leaving a trace to as much as possible concealed place; or sideways hop, the formation of off track, place be in hiding, or in less snow or no snow on the grass going and to conceal the traces of it, so that Seeking hunters track search momentary loss into the state. Lurk up the rabbit, its head is always toward the feet trace out its own direction, at any time be vigilant and observe it through the track to hit the predators. Rabbit hunter found in the snow, the new track, through the track in pursuit of, they should leave a little rabbit trail that traces so as not to step on the chaotic, interrupted trace. Relative orientation of the ring around the track should be more, so confused. After the first track in a ring, and can be found as the second and third ring disappeared. After the loop track, then double-track, three track, after which rabbit Wangpang hop, step away or light, rabbit trace interrupt, the rabbit to lurk in the very near soil fertility. Hunters encountered two-track, three track time, do not rush away, to look after the walk trail at the break, but also to move forward along track carefully observed, often shot was being able to lurk with the hare, is called "playing lying. " But in most cases, a rabbit hunter in a sudden Cuantao only to be found shooting, called "dislodge." Snow rabbit and grass rabbit hunters in the winter so close to one, twenty meters of the close, before they suddenly jump out from lurk at the escape, this is the gun hunters hunting opportunity. To lurk in the rabbit shooting is being hidden, hunters search through the track, first track down the snow rabbit look ahead distance of about thirty meters, in which there is no exception within thirty meters to go any further, see goes a period of encounter Behind, off track at, but to slowly look can often be found being concealed within meters of the rabbit. Although rabbits have very good camouflage in their habitat at the Litu hidden, but it is the natural scenery of hills and less consistent with the small exception, as long as hunters look carefully, it will be able to see through the disguise, by Sheji static solid target opportunity. Specific practices, please refer to the "hunting observation" the introduction, this is not superfluous talk. However, if looking through the track seek, Qiuzhan eager to observe the rough, the rabbits are often hidden from the "An child" catch up in the coax, then moving the body only shooting targets. Coax up by rabbits, usually run by a closed curve (the same way wolves and foxes), this circle is not round, but they eventually went back to the original start up the place. Rabbit small, running circles are small, wolves and foxes to most of the circle. Therefore, to coax the rabbits from the track, the best from - a hunter in the original start up and concealed places, and the other hunters chase along a trace, while chasing side playing, if she had not been the name, then, that the ambush hunters, soon be able to shoot back to place the rabbit. Living in the snow rabbit habitat areas, if December's winter has not snow, turned white rabbit is so conspicuous, although they then try to hide, but that white winter hair, always with the surrounding hay, yellow leaves and other natural scene out of tune, it is easy to expose them. Track seek time, more snow much easier to find. ¢Û hare lurk to change. Hare habitat changes with the seasons, climate and human disturbance are closely related. The advent of autumn, the weather turns cold, the trees fall, a hundred herbs wither, when the hare is still life in its habitat, etc. lurk bush. Winter, snow north wind, rabbits are now back in the warm wind sunny lurk, this sunny, mostly gentle slopes, ravines aspect, and often has some of the rabbit shelter grassland; valley, marsh life, rabbits, when more than lurk in the "wart pull in" more or pebbles in the dry flood in; live near farmland near the rabbit, which is often hidden in the wheat fields, fall plowing, the rice the lower ridges. Spring, the weather was warm, late winter hair off the hare, rabbit living in the mountains, then they are more lurk in the cool of the shady, sunny or shade ditch lurk and so on. Hare living near the riverside, then wet a little bit more in the flood but it is cool, lots of shade air habitat. Foxes, rabbits and other animals, females, in the special needs of breast-feeding water. Spring dry season, waterfront living with an important condition for the hare, concealed in a good condition of the water areas there is often a lot of rabbits. Female rabbits not only need water when a large number of male rabbits in the drought season, also need water; time is the breed of rabbit, hunters found a long, often buried nearby with only a few, very far from the Hunters should carefully look for, and often can not even be. According to the above palm hunters these laws seek rabbit hunting much easier. (2) Seeking a trace patrol hunting law: seek hunters track the snow, please refer to the above description on the rabbit trail, sneak seek to find, found that "lying Rabbit", static body of target shooting; startled rabbit escape, shooting targets moving body, fun abundant, is the winter snow season, the most common kind of play. Non-snow patrol hunting areas, habitat conditions should be to have the hare to search the area and found buried in the hare, the static solid target shooting, in most cases, is when the hare is to coax from the stampede, the body moving target shooting. (3) rabbit hunting with hounds hunting method: This method is part of the dogs described in detail, this is not superfluous talk. (4) Hunting Act V: rabbits like to feed in the same place, starting from the dusk, night activities, dawn place only through the total return path lurk, so all night can be ambushed. In order to save energy to both dawn and dusk times better. V ambush hunting hare has the following three locations: ¢Ù Select the main activities in the rabbit trail. ¢Ú Select the rabbits often go to food places. ¢Û Select the rabbits often go to the drinking water source of water, especially in the dry season, water, limited in scope, then the best. V is very important hidden hunting, hunters ambush in order to achieve the desired results. Stealth Hunter 1-2 meters high in a tree; or standing on the trees without leaves (such as pine) in the back, the hunter chest area below the cover up, very good. Moonlight night, in hidden corners in stealth. Ambush wind can do better, it will not only invisible, but also omitted the smell of the hunter. (5) hunting, rabbit hunting methods lasso with the snow: snow, patrol Heqiang hunters hunting within a startled rabbit in the range to shoot his gun. If you do not attack them, or outside the range of startled both cases, the scared rabbit, very difficult to close to within range of the second shooting. Then the hunter can topography, surface features, rapidly disappeared in situ rabbit rabbit set 3-5 sets, and then track the chase, after a few laps of the track, the rabbit often drill sleeve arrested. This method is effective than single shotgun. (6) night light rabbit hunting law: at night, in the rabbit habitat and feeding ground, silent hunter walking with a flashlight looking for exposure, when the torch light to the rabbit when the rabbit's eyes were red, light fixed gaze , Ying-hunting into the fast close, gun shooting, this method is in place more effective hare. When hunting, the use of irradiation volt flashlight, but also easy to target hunters. (7) hunting rabbit hunting law: often used in the hunting method, a fan to promote hunting and rabbit hunting are two scared. Sector to promote hunting: hunters three to five people in the hunting grounds fan out, parallel to the advance, each hunter is about 40 meters distance, speed to normal walking one-half is appropriate. Search forward side edge of shooting, the rabbit may be the hunting ground to catch up all the coax is a good effect of the annihilation tactics, see "Hunting the form of" introduction. Frightened rabbit hunting: to coax the rabbits from missed or did not open fire on fleeing the capacity to deal with this shock rabbit, only to hunting tactics can be effective. Scared rabbits often hide in the gully in the water, and Taiwan under the ridge fields. Ditch hiding in the hills scared rabbit, after the coax from the ditch to escape along, the more post away. Therefore, good marksmanship to choose the top scorer in the minor groove (or post spinal) ambush, the other hunters search fray them away into the ditch, was hit hit, not hit, the order will be rushed to the ambush ditch along scared rabbit shooter there. This is a good tactical rounded up scared rabbit. (9) snow rabbit hunting after the law: snowing, snow depth over 40 cm long, difficult escape hare, who can chase, dog bite, the way to beat them hunting rabbits. The beginning of the first day of snow fall, snow hare static volt fixed, their head above the snow, the rabbits in the snow breathing, forming - a rat hole like a vent, the hunter vigil observation, rat hole without voles of the footprints, holes must be a hare's breath can be clubbing or netting. The second day of heavy snow, bunny rabbits and weak drilled snow cave to feed. The third day of heavy snow at night, all the rabbits are out of activities, snow rabbit left a clear trail, which is the best time to seek a trace hunting. In the vast snow, from the rat hole like a rabbit hole is not easy to find, only the second and third track seek is the day of rabbit hunting, hunters should not miss the boat. (9) from rabbit hunting with a hunting method: ¢Ù lasso hunting rabbits, both simple and sound effects, a hunter - set of 200 times can be set about hunting quite good results. Snow from the snow began to melt ice until the spring is the best period lasso rabbit hunting. Lasso to the total traffic in the rabbit and the rabbit in the forest trail access on the runway, you must choose a place in the sprint hare. Let set, you can not step on the trail of chaos rabbit, rabbit hunters in the path to the side walk. Lasso Trail with rabbit perpendicular set. Rabbits weighing 2-3 kg (such as grass rabbit), lasso the lower from the ground (or snow) 10 cm, 13-15 cm diameter noose, rabbits weighing 4 kg (such as snow rabbit), lasso lower from the ground (or snow) 12-15 cm, 15-20 cm diameter noose. Use the wire must also be clear taste of rust and grease taste. Lasso hunting rabbits, hares drilling as long as the sets will be strangled. Hunter harvest ground to ground check, so that stolen by other birds and animals eat. ¢Ú rabbit hunting with foot clip to slow in the rabbit place can slow the line in the rabbit trail, but also in the rabbit's feeding ground, where the lasso does not work, use the folder results step good. Rabbit hunting with foot clip, hunters can not step on the trail of chaos beast Trail. Spring hare Traditional breeding efficiency is the key to a good grasp Hare is herbivorous, grain type of small livestock, the staple food weeds, leaves, sweet potato vine, etc. These feed sources is broad, low prices, and thus low cost of breeding, the cost of a commodity is only a few dollars rabbit. Hare strong resistance to disease, the survival rate is extremely high is easier than raising rabbits, breeding competence, reproductive females, 6-8 births per year, only 7-8 per births, feeding and 3 months listing adult rabbits can grow 2-3 kg, the current market prices have been 18-20 yuan / kg, even at the lowest price of 10 yuan / kg, and its profits are 20 yuan or more, considerable benefits. The current market fundamentals is blank. The minimum investment threshold of rabbit breeding, breeding animals, the most immediately suitable for the development of large-scale farmers, has been poverty alleviation projects by the United Nations as the best recommendations to governments. CCTV-7 "Daily Agricultural Economics," November 14, 2005 also "hare domestic business opportunities", by Zhao Bao me hare breeding farm project conducted a special interview. Spring air temperatures rise, the higher fertilization rate hare, but also weeds, forage production season, feed rich, so a good grasp of the relevant breeding hares in spring, is the key to improving economic efficiency hare, now its Spring complicated techniques are described below: First, farmers selected rabbits to select superior breeding stock should be a top priority, introduction to learn more about the kinds of games when the management level, professional level, quality of personnel, keeping the environment of breeding birds, can lead to improved varieties to ensure efficient. Wild male rabbits selected athletic, well-developed, sexually active young rabbits preferred. Wild females to choose well-developed genitalia, the normal laws of estrus, calving rate, milk yield of high quality products. Second, grasp the weight of breeding time, when the rabbits to reach more than 70% of adult body weight can be carried out when the initial distribution. Wild females in heat once every 15 days, lasting 2-3 days. Mating time should be arranged in the evening, it is easy to care during the day when the litter. Females can be a male rabbit mating with a two (usually an interval of 4 hours) or with two male rabbits have mated (usually an interval of 2 hours) and double with complex methods; after mating females in the hip Lift and pat a few times, so that muscle tension, prevent backflow of semen, can increase the fertilization rate. 5-7 days after mating, the female into the male hare, rabbit cage, if the parent company hare hare refused to climb hips are pregnant, contrary to re-allocation. Third, the production and management of breeding females in the late pregnant females should be carefully managed, to prevent abortion should pay attention to the nutritional level of diet and feed hygiene, do not feed moldy feed, not a sudden change in diet, and not lightly to catch, shock. 5 days to increase litter size at 1-1.5 times the amount to feed, more feed green succulent feed (such as dandelion, P. sonchifolia, lettuce leaves, etc.) and soybean meal, fish meal, bone meal, minerals and a small amount of salt to enhance the Mother's milk production hare. Fourth, rabbit breeding management best artificial birth of pups nursing, pups with a clean towel to remove dirt, blood, hair, etc., until after the afterbirth females give birth to females feed some warm water, preferably 5% of the brown sugar water or 0.9% saline, and then be moved to pad with soft grass rabbit incubator feeding once every 24 hours and then placed in an incubator females feeding time. Pups born 16-17 days after feeding, you can feed some green and tender grass, and gradually increase to feed some nutritional value, palatability, and easy to digest the full price to feed ,35-40 days after weaning. Fifth, health and epidemic prevention in spring rain, humidity, is the peak season of various diseases, keeping in mind that moisture, prevent disease, rabbits should be checked daily health and well Tushe, rabbit cage for cleaning, disinfecting and sterilization work, the best rabbit cage cleaning once a day, 7 days a disinfectant every time, preferably on a regular basis using a flame sterilizer, can disinfect, but also reduce Tushe humidity. In rainy days, the ground can spread some lime, plant ash and other disinfection, sterilization, moisture. Also, ground observation, isolation of sick rabbit to timely treatment, the cages should be disinfected.